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Containing over 7000 Malay Words or Phrases
with their English equivalents, together with


Of Household, Nautical and Medical Terms etc.




Missionary of the Methodist Episcopal Church

Author of "A Practical Malay Grammer" etc.


Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. Price $2.OO.








This vocabulary has been prepared for use in connection with my "Practical Malay Grammar." It was originally intended to incorporate with the Grammar an English-Malay and a Malay-English Vocabulary, each containing some three or four thousand words, but in view of the fact that most people require a vocabulary containing as large a number of words as possible and are subjected to much disappointment and annoyance when they find that their vocabulary does not contain just the very word which they require, it has been thought better to publish the vocabularies separately and to make them as complete as is consistent with the low price at which such works are expected to sell.

The list of words which is here offered to the public contains over six thousand words and phrases. In such a list it is of course impossible to include all the Malay words which may be met with in even a very limited range of Malay reading, and the student will no doubt meet with some expressions in conversation with Malays which will not be found in this vocabulary. Great care, however, has been taken in the selection of the words, and it is hoped that very few which are in common use or are likely to be needed by the student in the first two or three years of his study of the language have been omitted.

In this vocabulary, as in the "Practical Malay Grammar," the Malay words are printed in roman letters only. Comparatively few Europeans make any serious attempt to learn the Arabic character, and those who do will no doubt require a dictionary rather than a vocabulary. The omission of the Arabic characters has enabled the printers to put out this work in a very compact form and at a cost considerably below what it would otherwise have been.

The great defect of Malay vocabularies printed in the Roman character has always been the difficulty of finding many of the words owing to variations of spelling. This has been particularly the case in regard to the romanization of the short vowel sound, which even in the same work has been represented by different letters in different words, according to the derivation of the word or the fancy of the author, so that in many cases the student has had to hunt for a word in two or three different places before he has been able to find it.

This difficulty has been obviated in this work by the adoption of the same system of romanization which has been used in my Grammar and in all the other Malay publications of the Methodist Publishing House. Its peculiar feature is the entire omission of the short vowel. This makes it just as easy to find a word containing the short vowel as it is in a Malay dictionary printed in the Arabic character, for instead of having to look up such a word as nschaya or psaka under two or three different vowels, the student will be able to find it at once from the sound. It is believed that this will be found to be a very great advantage.

The introduction should be carefully studied by those who desire to make an intelligent use of this vocabulary. Part of the introduction has been reproduced from the Grammar, but there will also be found a large amount of entirely new matter explaining the use of prefixes and suffixes, the accentuation of Malay words, and the use and pronunciation of foreign words, etc. The student should not fail to make the fullest use of the Grammar, not only on account of the importance of thoroughly understanding the grammatical construction of the language, but also because he will otherwise be unable to profit by the frequent references made in the vocabulary to the numbers of the paragraphs in the Grammar, where fuller information will be found in regard to the use of certain words than could be given in a vocabulary.

Derived words will only be found under their roots. Owing to the immense number and variety of the derived forms in the Malay language, this is the only arrangement which is at all satisfactory, and has been adopted in all dictionaries and in one or two vocabularies. At first the student will no doubt have some difficulty in finding out what is the root of some of the derivatives, and it will be necessary for him to make himself thoroughly acquainted with the use of prefixes and affixes; this, however, will be found to be a blessing in disguise, for it is impossible to read or speak the Malay language intelligently without a thorough understanding of the derived forms.

An appendix containing lists of English words with their Malay equivalents has been added. The vocabulary itself contains many similar lists; for instance a list of the different classes of workmen will be found under tukang, a list of the classifiers or numeral coefficients under s-, cloths under kain, stones under batu, etc. The lists of nautical terms and diseases should be of special use to sailors and doctors respectively, and housekeepers will find a very complete list of foods and household terms.

In the preparation of this vocabulary I am particularly indebted to Favre's Malay-French Dictionary and to Klinkert's Malay-Dutch Pocket Dictionary. When in doubt as to the precise meaning of a word I have occasionally referred to Wilkinson's Dictionary, Part I, but as the second part has not yet been published this work has only been referred to in regard to such words as come in the first half of the Malay alphabet. My list of words has been compared with other vocabularies in order to ensure that no important word has been omitted. Several alterations and additions have been made at the suggestion of Dr. Luering, and my thanks are due to him for the valuable assistance which he has rendered me by reading and criticising the manuscript previous to publication.


Singapore, July, 1902.



The demand for a new edition of this vocabulary has enabled me to correct a few errors which crept into the first edition, and to add a number of words which, though not in frequent use, are liable to be met with by the student.

An attempt has also been made in this edition to indicate words- which are peculiar to the Malay spoken by the "Babas," or Straits-born Chinese, and some of their differences of pronunciation. The difference between Baba Malay, and the language as it is spoken by the Malays themselves, consists, however, not merely in such variations as can be shown in a vocabulary. There is a radical difference in the structure of the sentences. For the most part the same words are used, but the idiom is different, and would require a more thorough elucidation than could be given in the introduction to a vocabulary. It is hoped, however, that the Baba Malay words here given, marked (B.), will help to explain some of the peculiarities of pronunciation met with in the Settlements, where Chinese influence predominates.

W. G. S.
Singapore, July, 1912.
The Vowels.

The five vowels have the continental sounds :

  • a as in father.
  • e as the ey in they.
  • i as in ravine.
  • o as in hole.
  • u as in rude.

In open syllables these vowel sounds have always a greater degree of intensity than in closed syllables.

In addition to the above there is in Malay, as in nearly all Orien- tal languages, another simple vowel sound which is often called the short vowel sound. In the different systems of romanizing, this short vowel sound has been variously represented by a, a, e, e, i, i, u. u; but all these different methods of representing this vowel sound are open to the great objection that they mislead Europeans and even natives into giving it an incorrect pronunciation, and in a dictionary they have the additional disadvantage of giving rise to so much divers- ity and uncertainty in the spelling of words containing the short vowel that prolonged search is often necessary before it can be dis- covered which of these vowels has been used by the lexicographer to represent the short vowel in the particular word which is being sought for. Experience has shown that the best way to spell words contain- ing the short vowel with a view to helping the student to a correct pronunciation, is to omit the vowel altogether, and it is believed that the omission of the vowel will obviate the difficulty of finding such words in the vocabulary. The exact sound of the short vowel should be learnt if possible from a Malay; it is almost identical with the half-vowel sound in the first syllable of such words as " machine " and " balloon."

When two vowels come together, both must be sounded, but the first must be run into the second; thus au has very nearly the sound of ow in "cow," as pisau, man; and oi has almost the sound of the English i in "ice," as, sunjai, pakai.


The consonants in Malay are pronounced as in English, except that the r should always be sounded much more clearly and with more of a riig than in English. The consonant ry represents a single sound in Malay, and should be pronounced like the ng in " singer," never as in " single ;" the latter sound is represented in Malay by njg; thus the two sounds are found in the words: si-nja and sirg-gah. The letter k in Malay when it occurs at the end of a word is not sounded like the English ~k, but the syllable in which it occur? must be pronounced very short indeed, and the breath drawn in so as to produce the shortening of the sound. The apostrophe at the end of a syllable indicates a similar abrupt sound. Final h has also the effect of shortening the last syllable, but not more than half as much as final Jc.

In the transliteration of the purely Arabic letters no distinction has been made between o and * ; ^ and ^> ; -r and o ; or ^ and i> The other Arabic letters have been transliterated as fol- lows: ^ th. kh, j dh, j z, JL sh, ^ dl, ii tl, .gh, >_* f. The nasal letter 'am c. which changes its sound according to the vmvel written with it, is represented by a rough breathing (*) placed before the vowel. The purely Aiabic letters given above are very generally mispronounced by Malays, dh being pronounced as z, th as >. and sometimes f as p, and z as j. Such words are given in the vocabulary under both letters in order to make it easy for the student to find them; thus idhin will also be found under izin, and thalatha, under salasa.

Orthographic Signs.

As already stated, the inverted comma represents the Arabic nasal letter 'ain. It is placed before the vowel which has the nasal sound, as in the words 'alam, 'ilmu, m'alim, do'a.

The apostrophe represents the Arabic sign -hamzah, both at the end of a word as described above and also in the middle of a word between two vowels, where it indicates that the vowels must be pro- nounced separately ; this is also the case where the short vowel sound is followed by another vowel, as in the words s'isi, k'atas, t'akan, the hamzah being used in such cases in the Malay character. The apostrophe is further used to indicate an initial short vowel before the consonants m and n, as in the words 'mas, 'ntah, 'nggan, etc.

The hyphen is used in this Vocabulary to show the division of the words into syllables, except where the division is marked by an apostrophe or an inverted comma or by the mark ' which shows where the accent falls, as described below. In ordinary writing the hyphen should only be used where a word is reduplicated, or to separate from the words to which they are attached those prefixes, suffixes and other particles which do not form an integral part of the word itself; these are: the preposition k-. the abbreviated numeral s-. the passive prefix di-, the pronominal suffixes, -ku, -mu, and -nya, and the particles -lah, -kah, -nah, -tah. The preposition di is

distinguished from the passive prefix di- by the absence of the hyphen.
References to the Grammar.

Words which are followed by numerals in parentheses are re- ferred to in the " Practical Malay Grammar " in the paragraphs of which the numbers are given, where in every case some Further explanation of such words will be found. By this means the Voca- bulary becomes to some extent an index to the Grammar, and in regard to the use of certain words the student is enabled to obtain a large amount of information which could not possibly be looked for in a Vocabulary.

Root Words and their Derivatives.

In the Malay language a very large number of words are derived from root words by the addition of prefixes or suffixes. Sometimes several prefixes and suffixes are attached to the same word, and there is so much variety in their use that it would be extremely cumbersome to insert all such derived words in alphabetical order as separate words. The plan which is followed in this vocabulary is that which has been adopted in all Malay dictionaries, namely to put all derived words under the head of the roots from which they are derived.

Some prefixes and suffixes are only used to form nouns, and others are used with verbs. The former are :

  • Prefix p, which denotes the agent.
  • Prefix p and suffix an, forming abstract nouns from verbs.
  • Prefix per and suffix an, forming verbal nouns from verbs.
  • Prefix k and suffix an, forming nouns from adjectives and nouns
  • Suffix an forming nouns from verbs, and usually expressing the thing which is affected by the action.

The verbal forms are :

  • Prefix ber, which forms present participles with intransitive verbs.
  • Prefix ter, which forms past participles.
  • Prefix di-, which forms the passive voice.
  • Prefix m, used with transitive verbs.
  • Suffixes kan and i, which form transitive verbs.

In this vocabulary the derivatives will be found in the follow- ing order: (1) compound words and phrases formed with the simple root in combination with other words; (2) the verbal derivatives; (3) derived nouns. Only those derivatives are given which are in ordinary use; the fact that any particular derived form is not found in the vocabulary must not be taken as an indication that it cannot be used.

In the case of words which are essentially verbs or can be used as verbs in the root form, the derivative formed with the prefix b<>r or ///. as the case may be, is given immediately after the root. Where the prefix ber is thus given it may be taken to indicate that the verb is intransitive, and where the prefix is m that the verb is transitive ; in the latter case one of the suffixes Jean or i is sometimes given to show which of these forms is most commonly used; in some cases either may be used. Some roots may be used either transitively or intran- sitively, in which case the derivatives with ber and m are both given. It must be understood that the prefix m can always be used with deri- vative verbs formed with the suffix Jean or i; this being the case it has not been thought necessary to give the derivative formed with m as a distinct form of the word.

In derived words formed with the prefixes ber, ter, per, di- and Jc, the first syllable of the root undergoes no change, and the word can therefore usually be discovered without any difficulty, but with the prefixes m and p the root in many cases changes its form. A refer- ence to the following list of changes will usually enable the student to decide what the root is : If the root commences with

  • I, m, n, or r, it undergoes no change ;
  • b, the prefix becomes mm or pin, as buka, mmbuJca;
  • p, the prefix becomes mm, or pm, and the initial p of the root is elided, as putus, mmutus;
  • d or /, the prefix becomes mn or pn, as dapat, mndapat;
  • t or cli, the prefix becomes mn or pn and the initial t or cli of the root is elided, as tarcih, mnaroJi;
  • g or li or a vowel, the prefix becomes mrg or prg, as gali, mrg gali ;
  • Jc, the prefix become mrg or prg and the initial Jc of the root is elided, as Jcararg, mrgararg ;
  • s and sometimes ch, the prefix becomes mry or pry and the initial s or cJi of the root is elided, as suroh, mryuroli.

The chief difficulty in discovering the root arises when the root commences with p, t, or Jc, from the fact that when the initial letter has been elided there is no means of knowing what that letter may have been; thus the root of m,mutus might be either mutus or putus, and that of mnaroh and mrgararg might be either naroh or taroli, or kararg or ararg respectively. When in doubt the student must look for both forms. Thus with derivatives commencing with mry, the root should first be sought for under the more common letter s and then under cli, those commencing with mn should be looked for first under t and then under n, those commencing mm under p or m, and those commencing mrg under Jc or under the vowel which follows the mrg. Similarly of course with derivatives formed with p in its various forms.

Words of Foreign Origin.

The Malays have a remarkable aptitude for adopting foreign words, which in most cases become assimilated to the Malay style of pronunciation, the spelling being sometimes changed to suit the new pronunciation. It is important that the student should know the source from which such foreign words have come, in order that he may be able to discriminate between synonymous words and decide which should be used in conversation with the various nationalities ly whom Malay is spoken. Thus one would not hesitate to use words of Chinese origin in speaking with the Baba Chinese, or to use Javanese words in conversation with persons who come from the Dutch Indies, whereas one should avoid words of Arabic or Persian origin except when speaking with educated Malays. It should be remembered, however, that some foreign words have become so thoroughly incor- porated in the language as to be well understood by all, as for instance such words as waktii, 'umor, smoa, burni, fikir, fakat, etc. A large number of English, Portuguese and Dutch words, however, though well understood in the Settlements, are practically unknown to native*. living in the interior, so that it is necessary to exercise some disere- tion in the use of such words.

Spelling: of Foreign Words.

Malay lexicographers have usually romanized words of foreign origin in harmony with the spelling of the language from which such words are derived rather than with the way in which they are pro- nounced by Malays. This plan of having a different system for roman- izing foreign words causes great confusion in a vocabulary and has been avoided as far as possible in this work. Such words will be found spelt phonetically according to the Malay pronunciation. Thus Sanskrit and Arabic words which are pronounced by Malays with the short vowel sound are so spelt in this vocabulary, whereas most lexi- cographers who use c for the short vowel have spelt such words with a, i, or u, as tanira, nixcJwya. and pusaka, which are here spelt in Ira. nschaya and psaka. The former arrangement, though perhaps scienti- fically correct, presents such unnecessary difficulties to the unsophistic- ated mind that a consistent system of phonetic spelling appears pre- ferable. Again it may be more accurate to write kalimat shahadu/. but as the Malays always say klimah shah a flat, it would be misleading to spell otherwise.

Accent in Root Words.

In order that one may pronounce correctly, it is just as important to know on which syllable the stress should be laid as it is to have every word spelt phonetically. A novel feature of this vocabulary is that the stress on each word is shown by means of an accent, in the same way as is done in Webster's Dictionary. It will be noticed that in root words the accent usually falls on the penultimate. When the vowel of the penultimate is short, however, the accent very fre- quently falls on the last syllable. In some two-syllable words there is an almost equal stress on the two syllables, and in such cases the accent depends a great deal upon the position of the word in the sen- tence. For instance when the words tiarg, lurun or tahan come at the end of a sentence the accent falls on the last syllable, but when placed elsewhere in the sentence there is some uncertainty as to the accent, though it generally seems to be on the penultimate. Words of Arabic- origin are often accentuated by the Malays in a manner different from the Arabs. In this vocabulary no attempt has been made to indicate the original Arabic pronunciation; the aim has been to accentuate every word in the way in which it is ordinarily pronounced by Malays in the colloquial language.

Accent in Derivatives.

Many authorities on the Malay language have maintained that in derivatives the accent moves forward on the addition of a suffix from the penultimate of the root to the penultimate of the derived word. The Dutch scholar van der Wall was the first to controvert this theory, which is also opposed by the grammarian Gerth van Wijk, and is undoubtedly incorrect. As a rule the accent in derivatives remains on the same syllable on which it stood in the root, the principal excep- tions being words ending in arg, in which the accent falls on the penul- timate of the derivative on the addition of the suffix an. Those who wish to see the arguments on both sides of this question will find it fully discussed in a paper on " The Evohition of Malay Spelling," in No. 36 of the Journal of the Straits Branch of the Eoyal Asiatic Society, published as a separated paper by the Methodist Publishing House.

In regard to the division of the syllables it will be found that on the addition of a suffix commencing with a vowel the final consonant of the root is carried forward to commence the new syllable. The Malays invariably divide the syllables in this way, each syllable being begun with a consonant wherever it is possible. The same thing is done when a prefix ending in a consonant comes before a root com- mencing with a vowel, as m-tya-k-n from mig and aim.


Another special feature of this vocabulary is that synonyms or words of cognate meaning and sometimes those of exactly opposite meaning, are referred to in the case of a very large proportion of the words. This is intended to open up a very wide field of study to those who wish to make a careful comparison of the precise meanings of Malay words, and who desire to be #ble to discriminate between words of nearly similar meaning. The advanced student is strongly re-

commended to make such words a special study.
A. D. anno domini, in the year of our Lord.
adj. adjective.
adv. adverb.
Ar. Arabic.
B. Baba Malay.
Cf. compare.
Chin. Chinese.
conj. conjunction.
cor. corruption.
D. Dutch.
e.g. for example.
Eng. English.
Eur. European.
fig. figuratively.
Gr. Greek.
Hind. Hindustani.
impers. impersonal.
intrans. intransitive.
Jav. Javanese.
lit. literally.
N. North.
Neth. Netherlands.
num. coeff. numeral coefficient.
Pers. Persian.
Port. Portuguese.
prep. preposition.
q. v. which see.
Sk. Sanskrit.
Tam. Tamil.
trans. transitive.
X. used only in Christian literature or among native Christians.
= equals.
(20) paragraph 20 of the "Practical Malay Grammar."
Malay-English Vocabulary.
a'bad (Ar.), that which has no end, an eternal future; see azal.
a-bah-a'bah (Jav.), harness.
a' ban?, elder brother.
a'ban-ta'ra (Sk.), herald; see bntara.
a'bok, see habol:
a'bu, ashes.
a'chaig, messenger, envoy.
a'chap, plunged deeply into water, or (a weapon) into the body.
a'char (Pers.), pickles.
a'cheh, a kind of leech; Acheen.
a'chi (Eng.), axle.
a'chu, m-rga'clm, to threaten, brandish, feint, pretend.
a'chu-an, mould, matrix, plan, model.
a'chum, nt-ti/a'cJium, to stir up hatred, irritate.
a'da (45, 50-54), to exist, be, be present, take place.
ada-kan, to bring into exis- tence, cause, make, invent, produce.
k' a' da' an, existence, condition, characteristics.
a'da-tya, a word used to empha- size the close of a sentence.
a' da-pun (133), a punctuation word.
a'dab (Ar.), politeness, courtesy.
a'daig, m-rga'daiy, to lie in wait for, lie in ambush.
a'das ma'nis, aniseed.
a'das p-das' , cummin.
a'dat (Ar.), custom, habit.
ku'rarg 'adai, uncouth, rude.
a'dek, younger brother or sister.
a'dek ber-a'dek, to be brothers and sisters.
'a'dil (Ar.), just, fair.
k'a'di-lan, justice.
a-din'da, younger brother or sister (polite form of ad(k).
a'di-pa'ti (Sk.), a Javanese title.
a'di-ra'ja, di-ra'ja (Sk.)i, a Ma'lay title.
a'do-hi', alas.
a'don, m-rga'don, to knead, maVb dough.
a'du, ber-a'du, to sleep (court language).
per-a'dn-an (124), bed, bed- room, sleeping place (court language).
a'du, m-rga'du, -tan, to cause a fight, a contest or a dispute, make a complaint.
prrj-a'du-an (124), complaint, accusation.
'a'fi-at (Ar.), good health.
a'fi-un (Ar.), opium; also apian.
a'gak, to guess, conjecture, esti- mate. Cf. gamak.
a-ga'ma (Sk.), a religion. Also pronounced igama and 11 gam a.
a-ga'ma Is' lam, the Moham- medan religion.
a'gar, in order that, so that.
a'tjar ja'igan, lest.
a-gar-a'gar, a seaweed and the jelly made therefrom.
a'gas, sandfly.
a Sn (Jav.), great, in certain phrases, as: ti'arg a'goirj, mainmast.
a had (Ar., first), Sunday ; usual- ly ha'ri aliad; see hart.
a'hal, ah'lu (Ar.), people.
ali'lu 'n-nu'jum, astrologers.
ah'li (Ar.), familiar with, accus- tomed to.
ah'mak (Ar.), foolish, stupid.
ah'wal, or ih'wal (Ar.), plural of hal, q.v.
aib (Ar.), disgrace, shame; disgraceful, despicable.
r a"ib-kan, to despise.
Ai-ro'pa, Europe; also Iropah. a-ja"ib (Ar.), wonder, marvel; wonderful, marvelous.
a'jak, m-rga'jak, to persuade, in- cite, invite, urge a person to accompany one= (B.) ajat.
a'jal (Ar.), destiny, term of life.
a'jar, m-tya'jar, -kan, -4, to teach, chastise, preach (X.).
b-la'jar (98), to learn.
p-la'ja-ran (124)), lesson, the thing taught.
p-rga'jar (121), a teacher, preacher (X.).
p-rga'ja-ran (124), instruction, doctrine.
a'ji, m-rga'ji (103), to read, learn to read, especially the Koran.
a'jok, m-rga'jok, to mimic, ridi- cule.
'a'kal (Ar.), understanding, in- telligence, reason; the mind.
'a'kal bu'di, intelligence.
ber'a'kal (114), intelligent, in- tellectual, sensible.
a'kan (45, 148, 150), to, for, in order to, shall, will.
ta'a'kan, will not, it cannot be that.
a'ka-nim' (Ar.), persons of the Trinity (X.); plural of iiknum.
a'kar, root, a generic term for climbing plants. See also banir, jargkar, tunjarg.
akh'bar (Ar. plural of khabar), news, a newspaper.
a'khir (Ar.), the end, the last; last, final.
a'khir-rya, the end of it, at last.
a'khi-rat (Ar.), the future life, eternity. dun' in a'khi-rat, in this world and the next, for all time.
ak-sa'ra (Sk.), a letter (of the alphabet). See huruf.
a'ku (6, 7), I, me.
m-rga'ku, -i (103), to confess, avow, guarantee, undertake to do a thing.
p-tya'ku-an, confession, creed (X.).
a-la-baig'ka (Port.), crowbar.
a'lah, to lose in a conflict, suffer defeat; also kalah (B.).
a'lah-kan, to defeat, subdue.
'a-la'i-hi' (Ar.), unto him.
'a' lam (Ar.), the universe, the world.
'a'lam bar-zakh', Hades, the abode of departed spirits.
"a-la'mat (Ar.), sign, token, mark, emblem, symbol, ad- dress of a letter.
a I a rj>;, transverse, across.
a-lu'njan, bar, sand bank at the mouth of a river. pa'laty, cross bar, transverse beam. Of. malarg.
a'larg, usually a-larg-a'larg, k-pa'- lanj or a'laig k-pdlarg, in- significant, of slight extent or degree, of no account.
a'larg-kah, is it a small thing? an emphatic interrogation,
as a'laig-kah ba'ik, would it not be good?
a'lap, -in-nja'lap, to gather fruit 1> cutting with a knife on the end of a pole. Cf. 70- lole.
a'las (164), that which is placed under anything, lining, foundation.
a'his-knn, to line, put some- thing under.
a'lat, apparatus, instruments, equipment, weapons. Cf. perl-okas.
a leh, ber-a'leh, to change one's position, move (intrans.).
n'leh-kan, to remove, shift.
a-li-a'li, a sling. Cf. Isirg. li-hah (Ar.), gods; plural of ilali.
"a'lim (Ar.), learned, scholarly, well informed.
a'lir, m-tga'Ur, to flow (as water).
al-ke sah (Ar.) (133), punctuation word.
Al-ku'dus (Ar.), the holy.
Roh' Al-ku'dus, the Holy Ghost.
Al'lah (Ar.), God.
al-ma'ri (Port.), an almeirah, wardrobe.
Al-ma'seh (Ar.), ilie Messiah, Christ.
al'pa (Sk.), neglect. Also 1'pa.
al'pa-kan, to neglect.
a'lu, m-rga'lu-kan and m-tya-lu- rga'-lu-kan, to go to meet or receive a person.
a'lu (Jav.), a pestle for husking rice ; usually antan.
a'lun, large waves, a swell; see ombak and g1oinba.rg.
a-lun-a'lun (Jav.), courtyard, open space before a house. Usually Jilaman.
a'lur, a channel, groove, water- course.
a lu-ran, canal, ditch.
al'wat (Ar.), aloes-wood; usual- ly gharu.
a'mah, a Chinese nurse.
'a'mal (Ar.), deed, action; good works, meritorious action.
a'man (Ar.), peace, security.
a - m a ' n a t ( Ar. ) , trustworthy ; fidelity, trust, trustee. Some- times pronounced umanat.
a-ma'nat-kan, to entrust.
a'maig, m-rga' nravg , to threaten. Cf. ugot and gertak.
a-ma'rah, anger; see marah.
a-mas', gold; see 'mas.
a'mat, very.
m-iiga-ntat-a'ma-ti, to give special attention to, watch very closely.
am 'bang;, the upper and lower beams of a door frame. Cf. jnary.
'am 'bar (Ar. 'anbar], amber.
am'bil, m-rgam'bil (55), to tak'e, fetch.
ant'bil a'rgin = nia'kan a'rgin, to go for an airing or plea- sure excursion. m-iy am'bil lia'ti o'rarg, to gain people's affections.
am'bin, a scarf or band for se- curing burdens carried on the back.
am-ho'i. oh! exclamation of as- tonishment.
am'bol, m-rgam'bol, to rebound. Cf. anjal.
am-boig-am'bong:, a plant, the pith of which is used for lamp wicks.
ambun, see 'mbun.
a'min (Ar.), amen; true, faith- ful.
a'mir (Ar.), chief, commander.
a'mok, m-rga'mok, a frenzied as- sault; to attack furiously, " run amuck."
am'pat, or 'm'-pat (29-35), four
am' pat b-las' ', fourteen. . am'pat per-s-gi' or am'pat per- sa'gi, square.
am'pat pu'loh, forty. k' am' pat, all four. s-per-am'pat, a quarter. yarg k' am' pat, the fourth.
am'pu, m-rgam'-pu, to hold in the hands, govern, rule over, support, sustain.
am'pun, m-rgam'-pun, -kan, -i, pardon, forgiveness: to for- give, pardon. k'a in' pit-nan, forgiveness.
am-pu n/a, to possess, own. pu'rya (12, 14. 15, 21), the pos- sessive particle. iinn-)in-iija"i, to possess, own.'
a-nai-a'nai, the white ant; see smut put fli.
a'nak, child, the smaller part of a thing, the young of animal?- and plants.
a'nak A' dam, children of Adam, the human ran-.
a-nak-a'na-kan, a doll.
a'nak arg'kat, adopted child.
a'nak a' yam, chicken.
a'nak a'yer, a small stream.
a'nak hi'ni, family.
a'nak boty'su, youngest child.
a'nak Wall, the dependants of a Malay chief.
a'nak chu'chu, descendants.
a'nak dam, virgin.
a'nak da'yorg, oarsman, rower.
a'nak km'bar, twins.
a'nak kun'cln, key.
a'nak la-ki-la'ki, boy.
a'nak li'dali, the uvula.
a'nak mu'rid, a pupil.
a'nak neg'ri, native of a coun- try.
a'nak pa'nah, arrow.
a'nak pi-a'tu, orphan.
a'nak p-ra'hu, boatmen, sailors.
a'nak p-rem'pu-an, girl.
a'nak ra'ja, prince.
a'nak ro da, spokes of a wheel.
a'nak sati-da'ra, nephew, niece 1 -
a'nak su'lorg, first-born.
a'nak su'rgai, tributary stream.
a'nak targ'ga, steps of a ladder.
a'nak tin, step-child.
a'nak turf gal, only child.
a'nak ya'tim, an orphan. ber
-a'nak, to have children, bear- children.
ber-a'nak-kan (117), to bring forth, to beget.
per-a'na-kan, native, native- born.
ka'nak-ka'nak, infant.
a-nak-n'da, a-nan'da,, child, (po- lite form of an a/i).
a-nam or 'nam', six. For derived forms see ampai.
ananas, see nanas.
an'bi-a (Ar.), prophets; plural of nabi.
an'chak. a plate or basket of ham boo in which offerings to tbe spirits are placed = (B.) lancJiak. . Jin-tun' iin'rliak, to put out offerings. -in dam. in-Kjan'darn (Pers.), to dress arrange (hair) ; fringe.
an 'dan?, torch of dry coco-nut leaves.
an-de'ka (Jav.), you, pronoun >f tbe 2nd person, used in addressing superiors.
aneka, see anika.
a-rgan-a'igan, thoughts, medi- tations, unsatisfied desires.
a-tgan-a'ipan lia'ti, conscience (X.).
anj'gal, light, buoyant, high in tbe water (of a ship).
aig'gok, m-tgatg'yok, to nod or bow the head.
aig'gor, the grape vine.
anj-go'ta (Sk.), a member, limb, )>art of the body. ^n^'grek, orchid.
a'igin, wind. <in i 'hi I ii ' > i/in, see ambit. rJia'kap a'tyin, empty talk. di a'ia* a'igin, windward, west- tern lands, <l ba'icah a'njin, leeward, Ma- layan lands. jna'kan a'tyin, see ambit. HHi'la a'i</in, the points of the compass. jw'l-ok a'njin, a storm cloud.
a'njin-kan, to dry in the air.
aig'ka (Sk.), a figure, arithmeti- cal symbol.
arcj'ka du'a, the figure two, sign of reduplication.
aig-ka'ra (Sk.), perverse, vio- lent.
aig-ka'sa (Sk.), the sky, the heavens.
arg'kat, m-iyaiy'l-at, -kan (55, ), to lift up, raise. lU'/'kat a'nal', to adopt a chilch
a'nak aig'kat, adopted child. ber-aty'kat, to depart.
aiy'ka-tan, expedition, fleet of ships, caravan. maiy'kat, to die (court lan- guage). parg'katj stage, platform, tierj rank, position.
aig'kau or 'ng'kau (6, 8, 10), thou, tbee, you.
aig'kop, tweezers, small pincers.
aig'kut, m-iyaiy'kut, to fetch and carry, carry piece by piece.
aig'sa (Sk.), goose.
an-ia'ya (Sk.), tyranny; see anyaya.
a-ni'ka (Sk.), of various sorts, all kinds of; also aneka.
an'jal, nt-if/an'jal, to resist pene- tration, resist or throw back a weapon, cause to rebound. Cf.
an'jing, dog.
an'jong, a raised hall or veran- dah, cabins in the poop of a si lip. iii-ii/an'joty ta-yaiy-la'yaiy, to tlirow a kite up in the air.
an'jur, m-ryan'jur, to project, stand out, precede.
p-irjan'jur, one who precedes, a guide.
an'sur, ber-an'sur, to progress. ber-an'sur-an'sur, gradual ly.
an'tan, pestle of a mortar.
an-ta'ra (Sk.), between, anumg;
an interval of time or space. p-rgan-ta'ra, a go-between, me- diator (X.). s-man-ta'ra, while, whilst, dar- ing.
an-te'ro (Port.), the whole, all, entire.
an-tinj-an tin<, ear-drops.
an 't- las or at'las (Ar.), satin.
an'tok, m-rgan'tok (103), to doze, sleep.
an'tok, ber-an'tok, to collide, strike against. ba'tu ter-an'tok. stumbling block (X.).
a'nu, a certain (person or place). si-a'nu, Mr. so-and-so.
a-nu'g-rah (Sk.), favour, grace, the gift of superior to an in- ferior. Sometimes nugralia.
a-nu'g-rah-kan (149), to give (to inferiors), bestow a fa- vour.
a'n/am, m-iya'iyam, to plait, in- terlace (as basket work). Cf. slampet.
an-ya'ya (Sk.), tyranny, perse- cution, oppression.
an-ya'ya-kan, to persecute, op- press, injure.
a'n/ut, drifting; see haryut.
a'pa (18, 19), what?
a-pa-a'pa, whatever.
a-pa-bi'la, when.
a'pa fa' sal, why?
a'pa gu'na, wliat i> the use?
a-pa-ka-'ld, when.
a'pa-lah, prithee, if you |>li';i.-<-,
a'pa ma' chain (19). what kind! of?
a'pa s-bab' , why?
ba-rarg-a'pa, whatever.
ti-dak a'pa, it is nothing, never mind.
b-b-ra'pa, some, several : how- ever much (144).
b-ra'pa, how much, how many.. however much or many (in- definite number).
s-b-ra'fia, as many as. as ninda as.
b-ta'pa, how? why?
k-iia'pa, why?
nt->ya'pa, why?
si-a'pa (18, 19), who?
ba'raty si-a'pa, whoever.
p-rga' pa-lean, to do something: to a jjerson.
a'pam (Tarn.), a thin cake made- with flour.
a'pi, fire.
a-pi-a'pi, the generic name for several kinds of trees. ba'ra a'pi, embers. bu'rga a'pi, sparks, fireworks. gu'notg a'pi, volcano. lea' pal a'pi, steamship. ka'ifu a'pi, firewood. k-re'ta a'pi, locomotive engine,. railway. p-ri'ok a'pi, bomb. di-ma'kan a'pi, consumed by fire.
a'pil (Eng.), appeal.
a'pit, m-vga'pit, to press, nip^ squeeze. ber-a'pit, close together, in pairs. p-rga'pit, a pinch of anything; (as snuff).
a' pi-Ian, a press for printing, or for extracting the juice of sugar-cane, etc.
a'pi-un, opium; see afiun.
a'poig, driftwood; to drift.
a'ra, trees of the genus fig. 'A'rab (Ar.), Arabic, Arabian.
a'rah, towards, in the direction of.
a'rak (Ar.), spirituous liquors, arrack.
a'rak, ler-a'rak, to march in pro- cession. per-a'ra-kan, state carriage, processional car, procession.
a'raig, charcoal.
a'raig ba'tu, coal.
a'ratg di mu'ka, disgrace. b-narg' a'rarg, chalk line. ka'yu a'raiy, ebony. 'a' rash (Ar.), throne (of God); also 'arsli.
a'rif (Ar.), intelligent, well-in- formed, cultured.
ar'ki-an (133), then, thereupon. Also arakian.
a'ror^, m-iya'roiy, to wade, fofd
a river, cross a sea or strait. *arsh' (Ar.), throne (of God).
ar'ta (Sk.), property; see lierta.
ar'ti or er'ti (Sk.), meaning, signification.
ar'ti-iya, that is to say. m-iyer'ti (103), to understand, comprehend. m-ryer'ti-kan, to explain, give the meaning. p-rger'ti-an, understanding, in- tellect, intelligence, sense.
a'rus, current, tide; see haru*.
ar'wah (Ar. plural of roh), the spirits of the dead, feasts in honour of the dead.
a-sa' or sa f , one; see satu. da'lani s-pu'loh a-sa', one in ten, a tithe.
a'sa-kan, to unite, make one.
a'sa (Sk.), hope. Also see asal. pu'tus a'sa, hopeless.
a'sah, m-rga'sah, to grind, whet, sharpen. Cf. kilir. ba'tu a'sah, whetstone.
a'sak, m-rga'sak, to fill tightly (as a bag), ram in, press (as in a crowd).
a'sal (Ar.), origin.
a'sal-u'sul, descent, origin, gen- ealogy.
a'sal, if, provided that ; also a'sal- kan, and sometimes asa.
a'sal ja'rgan, lest.
a'sam, acid, sour; also masam. li'mau a'sam, the lime fruit.
a'sap, smoke. 'a'shik (Ar.), in love, enamour- ed; love, passion.
a'sin (adj.), salt, saline; also masin.
a'sin?, separate, apart, distinct, foreign, private. o'rarg a'sirg, a stranger. neg'ri a'sirg, a foreign country.
a'sirg-kan, to separate, set apart.
a'soh, m-rga'soh, to nurse, take care of children. p-iya'soli, a nurse.
a'su, dog, in the expression gi'gi
a'su, canine teeth.
a'sut, m-rga'sui, to incite, stir up, instigate: (B.) vsut, q.v.
a'su-tan, instigate.
a'tap, thatch, usually of palm leaves : hence any roof cover- ins 1 .
a' tap gn'tirg, a tile roof.
a'tas, on (27), above, over, against (150). cli a'tas a'tgin, windward, west- ern lands.
a'tau (Sk. ataiva), or.
a tla-mat (Ar.), greatness, pow- er; great, mighty.
at' las (Ar.), satin.
a'tur, m-nja'tur, -kan, to arrange, put in order.
a' iu-ran (125), arrangement.
a'um, m-rga'um, roar (as a tiger).
a'ur, several kinds of large bam- boos.
a'wak, thou, you.
aVal (Ar.), first; commence- ment, beginning.
a'wan, cloud.
a Vat (Penang), why.
a'yah, father. Usually bapa.
a' yali-n' da-, father (polite form).
a'yak, m-rga'ya'k, to sift.
a'ya-kan, a sieve.
a'yam, a generic name for fowls.
a' yam b-lan'da, a turkey.
a'yam hu'tan, jungle fowl.
a' ya in i'telc, poultry.
a'yam jan'tan, cock.
a'yam km-bi'ri, a capon.
a'yam mu-ti-a'ra, guinea fowl.
a'yam sa'borg, a fighting cock.
a'nak a'yam, chicken.
aom-ba'la a'yam, one who tends poultry. layer bu'lu a'yam, latteen sail.
a ya-pan, food, eatables (court language).
a'yat (Ar.), verse of the Koran, or of the Bible (X.).
a'yer, water, liquid, juice.
a'yer aiy'gor, wine.
a'yer a'pi, strong acids.
a'yer ball' , a flood, inundation.
a'yer b-ku', a'yer ba'tu, ice.
a'yer di'deli, whey.
a'yer gu'la, molasses, sirup.
a'yer kan'ji, gruel, rice water.
a'yer k-ras', spirituous liquors.
a'yer ma'du, honey.
a'yer man'di, bathing water.
a'yer 'mas' , gilding.
a'yer ma'ta, tears.
a'yer ma' war, rose water.
a'yer mi'num, drinking water.
a'yer mu'ka, complexion, ex- pression of the face.
a'yer pa'saiy, flood tide.
a'yer sm-bali'yarg, water for religious ablutions.
a'yer su-rut' , ebb tide.
a'yer ta'war, fresh water.
a'yer teh', tea.
a'yer ter'jun, waterfall.
bn-anj' a'yer, to ease oneself; see buarg.
ma'ta a'yer, spring.
ta'nali a'yer, one's native land.
a'yun, ber-a'yun, to swing, rock, oscillate.
a'yu-nan, a rocking cradle, swing.
a'zal (Ar.), that which had no beginning, an eternal past. Cf. abad. 'a'zi-mat (Ar.), charm, spell,
amulet. Also targkal.

bab (Ar.), chapter.
baba, foreigners born in Malaya, especially Chinese.
babi, pig.
babi hutan, wild pig.

gila babi, epilepsy.
bacha, mm-bacha, to read.
bachang, the horse mango.
badak, the rhinoceros.
badam (Pers.), the almond.
badan (Ar.), the human body. Cf. tuboli.
bagai, kind, sort.
ber-ba-gai-bagai (115), pl-bagai, ba-gai-bagai, of various kinds.
s-bagai, the same kind, even as, like.
bagaimana, see bgimana.
bagan, (Penang) landing stage ; see pangkalan
baghal (Ar.), mule.
bagi, to, for, towards; (Penang) to give, cause = kasi.
bagitu, see bgitu.
bagus, beautiful, fine, nice.
bah, flood, inundation. Cf. sbak.
bahang, radiant heat.
bahkan, yea, moreover.
baht-ra (Sk.), state bange; ark (X.).
bahu, shoulder.
bahwa (Sk.) (138). a punctuation word ; see bhawa.
bahya or bahi-a (Sk.), danger, peril. Also mara bahya.
bai-duri (Sk.), certain precious stones, opals, cats eyes, etc. Cf. manikam.
baik, good, well; (B.) in good health.
ba-ik-baik. be careful.
baik. . baik . . , both . . and . .
baik-lah. all right.
baik paras, handsome.
ada baik? (B.) are you well?
jaga ba-ik-baik, be careful.
khabar baik, lit., good news, a reply to salutation; see khabar.
mm-bai-ki (103), to mend.
k-bai-kan, goodness.
bait (Ar.), house, in certain phrases, as:
ba-itullah, the house of God.
Baitul-mu-kadis, Jerusalem.
baja, manure.
mm-baja, to manure.
baja (Sk.), steel.
b-si baja, steel.
bajak, plough. Cf. tnggala.
mata bajak, ploughshare.
tangkai bajak, plough handle.
baji, wedge.
bajik, only found in its derivative:
k-baji-kan, virtue, good deeds, welfare, advantage.
baju, coat, jacket. Cf. jubah.
baju dalam, underwear, vest.
baju rantai, coat of mail.
baju zirah, coat of mail.
tangan baju, sleeve.
baka, origin, birth, breeding.
baka (Ar.), eternal, imperishable, as opposed to fana, perishable. Cf. kkal.
bakar, mm-bakar, -kan, to burn, roast. Cf. hangus.
bakar b-si. to make iron hot.
ter-bakar, burnt.
bakau, mangrove.
baki (Ar.), surplus, remainder, cash balance.
bakong, lily.
baksis (Pers.), present.
bakti (Sk.), loyalty, loyal service, devotion.

ber-bakti, devout, loyal.
k-bakti-an, loyalty, devotion.
bakul, basket. Cf. kranjang, garing and raga.
ba-la" (Ar.), trouble, affliction, calamity; also bla.
bala (Sk.), soldiers, an army.
bala tnt-ra, an army.
balai, a hall, the roof resting on pillars, and not enclosed by walls; a police station (Penang and Perak).
balai-rong or balai ruang, a kings hall of assembly.
balak (D.), a beam, baulk.
balang, a long-necked bottle.
balar, whiteness of the skin, as of an albino.
balas, mm-balas, -kan, to send a reply, recompense (good or evil), return, revenge, reward.
balas dndam, to revenge oneself.
balas urat, to answer a letter.
bala-san and pm-bala-san, reward, requital, revenge.
balau, a timber tree.
baidi (Hind.), iron pail.
baldu, see bludu.
balek, ber-balek, to turn (163), return; (B.) on the contrary. Cf. kmbali,
balek sakit, relapse.
putar balek, shuffling, prevarication.
balek-kan, to turn round or upside down, upset.
baligh (Ar.), adult, at the age of puberty; also akal baligh.
balu, widow, widower; usually janda. Cf. bujang.
balut, mm-balut, to wrap, bandage. Cf. barut and bbat.
bambu, the bamboo; see buloh and aur.
bami (Chin.), Chinese vermicelli with meat and vegetables.
banchi, poll-tax, census.
bandar (Pers.), a seaport town, shah-ban dar, harbour-master.
ban-darsah (Ar.), a village mosque; see mandarsah. Cf. surau, and msjid.
banding, a match, counterpart, peer, compeer; to compare; also bandingkan.
bangat, quick, rapid, hurried. Cf. chpat, Ikas, dras, lajic and pantos.
bangat-kan, to hurry a person,, or work.
bangau, heron.
bangkai, carcase, corpse. Cf. mayat.
bangkit, ber-bangkit, to rise (to a standing posture or as dust), rise from the dead (X.).
bangkit-kan, to raise up, rouse up.
k-bangki-tan , resurrection ( X . ) .
bangku (Port.), a bench, stool.
bangsa (Sk.), a race, nation,, people, caste, good breeding.
ber-bangsa, of good birth, noble.
bangsal, shed.
bangsal kuda, stable.
bangsat, vagabond, tramp, pauper.
bang-sawan (Sk.), noble, of good birth.

bangsi, flute, flagiolet.
bangun, to arise, awake. Cf. jaga and sdar.
bangun-kan, to arouse, erect, build.
bangu-nan, building, erection.
ba-ngun-bangu-nan, tower.
bani (Ar.), sons, people; see bni.
bani-an (Hind.), a Hindu trader.
bani-an, a shirt.
banir, projections at the base of certain trees which extend to the ground like buttresses.
banjar, a row, series. Cf. deret.
bantah (149), ber-bantah, to dispute, angue, quarrel.
per-banta-han , dispute, quarrel.
bantai, mm-bantai, to slaughter; beat severely.
bantal, pillow, cushion.
tikar bantal, bedding (of a native).
banting, mm-banting, -kan, to beat together, dash down; to beat as clothes on a stone in washing them : to toss about in bed as in delirium.
banting k-pala, to rack ones brains.
banting tulang, to exert oneself.
bantu, mm-bantu, to help, aid, assist. Cf. tolong.
bantun, mm-ban tun, to tear up by the roots, pull up, pull out. Cf. chabot.
bantut, abortive.
bangak, much, many, very; quantity (36, Note).
banyak orang, many people.
orang banyak, the people, thepopulace, a crowd.
s-banyak, so many, as many.
k-banya-kan, the majority, the major part; common, ordinary.
bapa, father. Cf. ayah,
bapa sau-dara, uncle.
bapa tiri, step father.
mak bapa or ibu bapa, parents.
baptis and bapti-san, baptism. (X.).
baptis-kan, to baptize (X.).
bara and bara api, embers, live coals.
barah, abcess, ulcer, tumour. Cf. pkong, bistil and jrairat.
barang, things, goods, personal property, baggage. Also barang-barang.
barang apa (20), whatever, anything.
barang bila, whenever.
barang di mana, wherever.
baraig-kali, perhaps.
barang k-mana, whithersoever.
barang si-apa (20), whoever, anyone.
barang s-su-atu, whatever.
barang yang , whatever.
s-barang, any, anything.
barat, west.
barat daya, south-west.
barat laut, north-west. s-sat barat, altogether astray.
baring, ber-baring, to lie down.
baring-kan, to lay down.
baris, a line or row, a line of soldiers, hence drill : vowel points.
baris di atas, the Arabic vowel sign fathah = a.
baris di bawah, the Arabic vowel sign kasrah = i.

banft di hadn-pan, the Arabic dlanintah = u.
baris mati, or tanda mati, the sign jazm, q. v.
barus, kapur barus, camphor.
barut, mm-barut, a bandage or bodice worn by native children ; to bandage a wound.
bar-zakh and alani bar-zakli, Hades, the place of departed spirits.
basah, wet, moist.
basali kuyup, wringing wet.
basali-kan, to wet. l-aiu basa-han, bathing cloth.
ba"sat (B.) (Chin.) bed bug.
basi, mouldy, stale.
basoh, mm-basoh, -kan, to wash.
bata and batu bata, a brick.
batal (Ar.), futile, ineffectual.
batal-lfan, to bring to nought.
batang, trunk or stem (of trees and plants) : numeral coefficient of long cylindrical objects (83, 84).
bata ty ayer, watercourse, main stream of a district.
batang hi doty, the bridge of the nose.
bataty kayu, trunk of a tree.
bata irj leliir, the neck.
ba-tara (Sk.), a title given to Hindu gods. Usually btara.
batas, ridges, banks round wet rice fields, hence boundaries; also bataftan.
batek (Jav.), l-ain batek, cotion prints or hand painted cloths.
batil, a small metal bowl or drinking cup.
batin, a title of Malay chiefs.
batin (Ar.), concealed, inward, esoteric, as opposed to tlahir, outward.
batok, cough. Ixttok l,--rii(/, coiiMimption.
batok mlctk, vliooping cough.
batu, stone, rock, milestone, and hence a mile.
bain api, flint.
bain a*ah, whetstone.
batu batfi, brick.
batu b-rnni, loadstone.
batu b-si , granite, or any hard rock. Cf. bat it ubin.
batu darhity, the weight of a steelyard.
batu !/ili>U, a stone roller for grinding curry stuff.
batu kpa la, the crown of the head, the cranium.
batu karaig, coral, coral reef.
baln kisa-ran, millstone.
batu k-likir, gravel. Ixitn k-risek, gravel, finer than the above.
batu lieliin, pebbles.
batu M-laka, flooring tiles. Cf. batu nihin and batu ubin.
bain nihin, flooring tiles.
bntu ter-antok, stumbling block (X.).
bntu ubin, flooring tiles; (in Singapore) granite. Cf. rubin.
batu uji, touchstone. arattj batn, coal. iii/t-r hnhi. ice. < IKI/I hatu, lithography. Uiiht Ixihi, loaf sugar. jnni batu, the second mate of a vessel. ninin/i batu, a brick house. tiikfiifj batu, mason, bricklayer.

ban, odour, smell, fragrance.
ban busok, a bad smell.
ber-ban , having a smell, odorous.
ban-bauan (130), incense, perfumes.
batir, mixed, confused, in disorder. cliampur baur, in confusion.
bawa, mm-baiva (55), to convey, carry, take, bring.
baica diri, to take oneself off.
bawa iman, to embrace the faith, become a Mohammedan.
baica jalan, to lead the way.
bawa lari, to run away with.
baica masok, to take in, introduce.
bawa mulut, to talk scandal, gossip.
bawa pergi, to take away.
bawah, below, under. deri bawah, from below. . di bawali, below. di bawali angin, leeward, Malayan lands. k-bawah, to the lower side. f, onon.
bayam, spinach.
bayan, a kind of parroquet.
bayan?, shadow, image.
bayar, inin-bai/ar, to pay.
bayar riiat, to pay a vow.
baya-ran, a payment.
b-hal , ignorant, stupid. Cf. bodoh.
b-han. burden, load.
b-bat, to wrap round, bind round with cloth, etc. Cf. balnt and band.
b-b-rapa, some, a certain quantity; however much (144) ; see a pa.
b-dak, a cosmetic made of rice flour, toilet powder.
b-daki, to powder.
b-dal, to beat violently with a stick; to eat to excess. Cf. gasak.
b-d-bah (Pers.), ill-omened, accursed, wretched.
b-diT, firearms. obat b-dil, gunpowder.
b-dong;, kain b-donj , swaddling clothes. Cf. larnpin.
bea, cowrie shells; taxes, customs.
bebas, free, having liberty. Cf. merdheka.
bebas-kan, to set free, liberate. k-beba-san, liberty, freedom.
becha (Chin.), jinrikisha.
bechak, puddle, muddy or swampy place.
beda or beza (Sk.), difference, distinction. .
beda-kan, to distinguish, discriminate.
behkan, see bahkan.
bela, human sacrifice, suttee; vengeance. tun tut bela, to seek vengeance.
belek, mm-belek, to look closely.
belok, to luff, tack (in sailing).
be lot, treachery; to be a traitor. pm-belot, a traitor.
beigkaig, see bengkok.
beigkok, crooked, bent.
bengkang bengkok., zig-zag.
beigonf or biigoig, confused (of the mind), disconcerted,, stupid.
benteig, fort, stockade. Cf. k idnt.

berak, to ease oneself; see buang ayer.
beranda, see branda.
beraig, furious, wild with rage.
ber-hala, an idol. nimah ber-hala, a heathen temple.
beriigin, see bringin.
berkas, a faggot, a bundle of things tied together. toerkat (Ar.), blessing, benediction, good influence.
bcr-kati, to bless. Tierkek, snipe.
Berma (Sk.), the Hindu god
Brahma; also brahma.
berman (Sk.), a brahmin; also brahman.
ber-naqg:, to swim; see rnang. T>er-ni-aga, to trade; see bniaga.
berok, see brok. >er-oleh, to possess, own; see oleh. T>erseh, clean. Cf. suchi.
berseli-kan, to clean.
bersin, sneezing; to sneeze.
besan, ber-besan, related by marriage of their children.
besok, to-morrow; see esolc. -beta (Hind.), slave, servant. Used as a pronoun of the 1st person by royalty. T>-gi-mana (144), how, in what way? ib-ginda (Sk.), a title given to kings and princes, and used as a pronoun of the 2nd or rd person. "b-gini, thus, so, like this.
b-gi tu, thus, so, like that.
b-hagi, mm-b-liagi, -kan (149), a division, share, part; to share, divide.
b-hagi-an, a share.
b-ha-gia (Sk.), good fortune,
blessing ; blessed, happy; also berbhagia.
b-hana (Sk.), sound of voices, noise.
b-hara (Sk.), a measure of weight. to lab b-hara, ballast.
b-haru (161), new, recent; newly, lately, just, then and not till then.
b-hasa (Sk.), language, good manners, politeness.
bitdi b-hasa, tact and politeness. jalan b-hasa, idiom. juru b-hasa, interpreter. kuraty b-hasa, impolite.
bhatra, see bahtra.
b-hawa (138) (Sk.), a punctuation word, generally introducing a quotation. Also baliwa.
b-haya (Sk.), danger; see bahi/a.
bi-adab (Pers.), rude, disrespectful.
biak, prolific, fertile.
biar, -kan, to allow, permit; sometimes used almost in the sense of although (let it be), as, biar lambat pun jadi juga, though it be a long time it will do.
bi-ar-biar, intestinal worms.
bi-asa (Sk.), accustomed, experienced, intimate, usual.
bi-asa-lcan diri, to accustom oneself, practise.

bi-awak, the iguana or monitor lizard.
bibi (Hind.), lady, aunt; form of address to ladies. "bibir, the lips, edge or rim of anything.
bibir cliawan, the edge of a cup.
bibir mata, eyelids.
bibir iiuilut, the lips.
bibit, mm-bibit, to carry or pick up with the tips of the fingers. Ibi-chara, deliberation, discussion, discourse, conversation, advice, opinion, legal proceedings, court of justice.
bcr-bi-chara, to discuss, consult.
bi-thara-kan, to advise.
bi-da-dari (Sk.), nymphs in Hindu mythology, houris.
bidai, hanging screens or blinds made of split rattan or bamboo. hi dak, a pawn in the game of chess; see ch-atur.
bidai, thimble; better didal.
bidan (Sk.), midwife. Cf. dukun.
bidang, broad, extensive; numeral coefficient of sails, mats, etc. (84)
bidu-an and bi-du-anda, body guard, royal messenger.
bidur, an ingot or block of tin. ibijak (Sk.), learned, clever, skilful; (B.) fluent of speech.
bi-jak-sana (Sk.), intelligent, skilful, discreet.
bijeh, tin ore.
biji, a seed, grain; numeral coefficient of small objects (83, 84).
biji mata, eyeballs.
bikin (B.), to make, do. Cf. buat.
bila, when, when? a-pa-bila, when.
bilah (83, 84), numeral coefficient of knives, swords, needles, etc.
bilal (Ar.), the man who calls to prayer, the muezzin.
bilalaig, see blalang.
bilang, mm-bilang, to count, recount, reckon, tell, say. ter-bilang, famous, renowned.
bilang-kan, to reckon, consider, account.
bi-langan, reckoning, number.
biIek, room.
bilur, scar, mark of a blow, weal.
bi-ma-sakti (Sk.), the milky way.
bimbaig, anxious, uncertain, vacillating, irresolute.
bin (Ar.), son, son of.
bi-nasa (Sk.), ruin, destruction; to go to ruin.
bi-nn sa-kan , to destroy.
bi-nataig, animal.
biigkis, a gift, a present sent with a letter.
bingonj, confused, disconcerted, stupid.
bini, wife. Cf. istri. anak bini, wife and family. !><, -bini, to have a wife, be married (of the man).
ber-bini-lfan, to take to wife.

bin tartf, star; also a decoration.
bintang ber-asap, comet.
bintaig ber-ekor, comet.
bintang ber-idar, planet.
bintang p-tang or bintang barat, Venus as an evening star.
bintang timor or bintang babi, Venus as a morning star.
bin-taigor, the name of a tree; see bntangor.
binti (Ar.), daughter of.
bio (B.) (Chin.), temple.
bi-ola (Port.), violin.
biras, brother-in-law or sisterin-law.
bi-ri-biri (Hind.), sheep. Cf. domba and kambing.
biru, blue. haru biru, confusion, disorder.
bisa, poison; poisonous, painful.
bisa (Jav.), able, capable, can.
bisek, ber-bisek, to whisper.
bisiig, chattering, or any unpleasant noise of that kind.
Bisnu (Sk.), the Hindu god Vishnu.
bisu, dumb. Cf. klu.
bisul, a boil, abcess. Cf. jravat and bar ah.
b-kal , supplies for a journey, especially food, provisions.
b-kas, mark or impression left by any body or action ; vessel in which anything is contained.
b-kas lea ki, footprint.
b-kas taigan, handwriting, signature.
b-kas tuboh, that which has touched the body, clothes presented as a token of affection.
b-ku, congealed, coagulated, frozen. aijtr b-ku , ice. Cf. ayer bain.
b-la" (Ar.), affliction, calamity. misfortune; also ba-la".
b-la, mm-b-la, to nurture, .-upport, bring up children. < L plihara.
b-lachan, a composition of dried fish and prawns used to seasou curries.
b-lachu, unbleached calico.
b-lah, mm-b-lah, to split, cleave, divide, cut in two lengthwise. s-b-lah or sblah, one side of that which is divided, hence one side of anything. sblalt kanan, the right side. sblah kiri, the left side. sblah mata, one eye. sblah sini, this side. Often = the other side. ;i.-: sblah gnnoig, the other side of the mountain. sblah in-tyblah or k-dua &lah , both sides. sblah-kan, to lay aside, separate.
b-la jar, to learn; see ajar.
b-laka, altogether. entirely. quite.
b-lakan?, the back, the posterior: behind, hereafter, afterwards.
b-laka-ngi and b-lakang-kau, to turn ones back on.
b-lalai, the trunk of an elephant, the proboscis of insects.
b-lalaig, grasshoppers, locii.-t.and crickets.
B-landa, Dutch; a corruption of Hollander; also wolanda

b-lang, piebald, variegated; spotted, striped.
b-la nga, an earthenware pot used for cooking.
b-lanja, expenses, cost of anything, allowance to meet expenses, hence salary.
b-hinja-kan, to expend.
b-lan-tara, wild, waste places, as : liulun h-lan-tara, the jungle. rimba b-lan-tara, the wilds of the forest.
b-Ias (30). a word which fonn.s the numerals from eleven to nineteen, similar to the English "teen."
b-las, pity, sympatrn;, compassion.
b-ld*kan, to arouse sympathy or to have pity on.
b-lat, network of rattans laced together, used with fishing stakes: hence fishing stakes or fish traps.
b-latok, woodpecker.
b-layer, to sail; see layer.
b-lerang, brimstone, sulphur.
b-letir, to babble, chatter; see Mir.
b-li, to buy, purchase. jnnl })-}{, to trade, buy and sell. /iin-h-li, that which buys, the pru-e or the buvei.
b-li an, a timber tree.
b-li kat, the shoulder blade.
b-Iion?, the lange Malay axe. Of. l-a/>ak and palil. nnjin puiing b-lionj, waterspout. ;b-lit, a coil, a turn; a necklace or a bandage; to encircle (as a snake).
b-ludu (Port.), velvet; also pronounced baldu.
b-Iukar, underwood, jungle cut down and grown up again, scrub. Of. hutan and rimba.
b-Iulang, untanned or raw hides; callus, callosity of the skin.
b-lum (72), not yet: this word sometimes has onlv the force of a simple negative.
b-lum kahwin, unmarried.
b-ltini lagi, not _yet.
b-l>nn masak, unripe or insufficiently cooked.
b-lum per nali, never yet. s-b-lum, before (conj.).
b-Iunjgu, fetters, shackles.
b-lut, eel.
b-nam, ter-b-nam , sunken, depressed, partly buried.
b-naig, thread.
b-nairj araig, chalk line.
b-nar, true, right, just, good. *-b-nar->ya, truly, verily.
b-narkan, to confirm, autholise, approve, justify. li-b-na ran , accuracy, truth, verification, righteousness.
b-nara, a washerman ; usually dobi.
b-nasa, ruin; see binasa.
b-na tang, animal; see binatanj.
bn-chana (Sk.), trouble, injury, harm.
bnchi, miH-bnchi, to hate.
bnda, a thing, an article or object, especially valuables. In 1 )la bnilii, property, especially household property. ntata bnda, jewellery.

bn-da-hara (Sk.), the title of the highest official in a Malay State, originally meaning treasurer. per-bn-da-haraan, treasury.
bn-da-hari (Sk.), treasury officers.
bndang. fields (either irrigated or dry). Cf. hiima, lada-ng and saii-ali.
bn-dera (Port.), flag. ti-ang bn-dera, flagstaff.
bndul, the beams on which the walls of a native house rest.
bndul piritu, threshold.
b-neh, seed, grain.
Big-gala, Bengal.
Bng-gali, a Bengalee.
b-igis, cruel; cruelty.
bigkak, a swelling; swollen.
big.karoig, a kind of lizard.
bigku-aig, the screw-pine, from the leaves of which kajangs are made, see kajang; also mtykuang.
bni or bani (Ar.), sons.
bni Israel, the children of J Israel.
bn-iaga (Sk.), trade, commerce; to trade: also mniaga and berniaga.
bntaitf, mm-bnfarc/, to spread out, lay out (as a mat or cloth). Cf. ham par.
bn-taigor, the name of several timber trees.
bntar, in its derivative: s-bntar, a moment, an instant.
bn-tara (Sk.), herald, an officer of court.
bntok, curved; numeral coefficient of rings, fishhooks,, etc.
b-nua, a lange region or country,. continent. oraig b-nua, aborigines.
bochor, leaky. nt n lut bochor, tell-tale, blab..
bodoh, foolish, stupid. Cf. bbal. k-bodo-han, stupidity.
boek (B.) (Chin.), stocking.
bohoig, false, untrue; a lie or falsehood. Cf. dusta. pm-bohong, a liar.
bokor, a metal basin.
bola (Port.), a ball, billiards,. football.
boleh, able, can, may, could.. might. See oleh.
bolu (Port.), sponge cake; also buah hulu.
bom (Eng. and D.). a boonu the pole or shafts of a carriage.
bomba (Port.), pump, fire-engine, syringe.
bomo or bomor, a native doctor. Cf. dukun and doktor..
bon da, mother (polite style) : a contraction from i-bu-nda.
bonskar, mm-bongkar, to pull 1 up (as an anchor).
boigkar saiih, to weigh anchor..
boigkok, hunchbacked, bent (as-an old man).
boigsu, youngest child, la>l born ; also anak bongsu.
bopeqf, pockmarked.
bor (D.). auger, drill.
borong;, wliolesale, outright, en masse.

boros, extravagant, prodigal.
bota (Sk.), a goblin, demon.
botak, bald, premature or unnatural baldness owing to disease. Cf. gondol.
bo to I (Eur.), bottle.
boya (Port.), a buoy.
b-rahi, sexual passion.
B-rahma, the Hindu god Brahma; usually berma.
B-rahman (Sk.), a Brahmin; usually berman.
brai, see chrai-brai.
b-randah (Port.), verandah.
b-raigan, arsenic.
b-raigan, chestnut.
b-ratyan babi, oak.
b-rani, brave, daring, courageous; to dare tp, have the courage to.
batu b-rani, loadstone.
b-si b-rani, magnet.
b-rani-kan diri, to make bold, encourage oneself.
b-rapa, how much? how many? also used as a contraction for
bbrapa; see apa.
b-rapa banjak, how many.
b-rapa herga, how much (price) ?
b-rapa Tcali, how often.
b-rapa la ma, how long.
b-rapa puloh, how many tens. s-b-rapa, as much as, as many as.
b-ras, husked rice. Cf. padi and
b-ras berteh, rice roasted in the husk.
b-ras kutyit, rice stained with saffron.
b-ras puluf, glutinous rice.
b-rat, heavy, difficult, important; weight (36, Xote).
b-ratkan di atas orang, to lay the responsibility on a person.
b-ri, mm-b-ri, -kan (78, 149), to give, grant, concede, allow, permit.
b-ri hati, to encourage.
b-ri ingaf, to remind, caution.
b-ri i-sharat, to make a sign.
b-ri izin, to give permission or leave.
b-ri jawab, to answer.
b-ri ma kan, to feed.
b-ri masok, to let in.
b-ripin jam, to lend.
b-ri saksi, to witness, testify.
b-ri sa-lam, to salute.
b-ri ialiu, to inform, tell.
b-ri takot, to frighten. pm-b-rian, a gift, present.
b-riigin, the waringin tree.
b-rinjal (Port.), the egg-plant = iron/, q. v.
b-rita, news, information = werta.
b-rok, an ape, often trained to gather coconuts.
b-roti, a lath.
b-ruan?, a bear.
b-ruga, ayam b-ruga, jungle fowl.
B-runai, a State in N. Borneo, whence the whole island is so named.
b-rus (Eng.), brush.
b-sar, big, lange; size (36, Note). liari b-sar , festival, holiday. hati b-sar, proud. orang b-sar, chief, headman. fuon b-sar, the senior in office.

b-sarkan, to enlange, exalt, magnify. k-b-saran, grandeur, greatness. pakai-an k-b-saran, uniform.
b-serta, together with ; see serta.
b-si, iron.
b-si baja, steel.
b-si b-rani, magnet.
b-si kuda, a horseshoe. fiatu b-si, granite. talii b-si, rust. tukary b-si, blacksmith.
bs-tari (Sk.), polite, accomplished, well-bred.
b-tapa, how; see apa.
b-tara (Sk.), a title given to Hindu gods.
b-tina (87), female (of animals).
b-tiig, sandbank. Cf. tbiry.
b-tis, the lower leg.
buah b-tis f and jantory ~b-tis, the calf of the leg.
b-tul, correct, true, accurate, straight, erect, real, genuine. Cf. lurus. liati b-tul (B.), sincere, honest.
b-tulkan, to straighten, repair.
buah, fruit; numeral coefficient of houses, ships, towns, etc. (83, 84).
buah b-tis, the calf of the leg.
buah chatur, chessmen.
buah liati-lcu, my treasure, a term of endearment.
buah hulii, see bolu.
buah pala, nutmeg.
buah pirygary, the kidneys.
buah p-lir,ihe testes.
buah tim-baryan, weights. anak buah, the dependents of a Malay chief.
ber-buah, to bear fruit.
buah-bua-han (130), fruits.
buai, to rock, swing (as a cradle). Cf. ayun.
bit-aian, a cradle, hammock.
bu-ang, mm-bu-ary, -kan, to throw away, get rid of, waste.
bu-ary arichak, to put out offerings to the spirits; see anchak.
bu-ary ayer, and bu-ang ayer
b-sar, to ease oneself.
bu-ary ayer da rah, dysentery.
bu-aty ayer k-chil, to urinate
bu-ang bini, to put away ones wife.
bu-ary iryus, to blow ones nose.
bu-ary undi, to cast lots.
bu-ang wary, to waste money. sakit bu-ang -bu-ary ayer, diarrhoea.
buas, wild, fierce, ferocious (of animals). Cf. liar.
buat, ber-buat (116), mm-buat (100), to do, make, cause.
bu-at-buat, to pretend.
buat retyan, frivolous.
bua-tan, manufacture.
bua-tan Ai-ropa, European make. per-bua-tan, deed, act, action.
bu-aya, crocodile.
buboh, mm-buboh, to put, place, lay. Cf. Itak and taroh.
bubok, wood-maggots, weevils.
bubol, mm-bubol, to make or mend nets.
buboig, see burnbory.
bubor, gruel, broth.
bubu, a fish-trap of rattan.
budak, child, boy or girl.

budi (Sk.). wisdom, prudence.
budi bi-chara, wise discretion.
budi b-hasa, tact and politeness. a kal budi, intelligence.
ber-lnidi, wise, prudent.
bu-diman (Sk.), wise.
bueh, foam, scum, froth.
Bugis, A Malayan race inhabiting the island of Celebes.
bujang, unmarried, single, a bachelor or widower. Of. janda.
bujok, 1nm-biijok, to coax, entice, persuade: also pujok.
bujor, lengthwise, the long: way, as opposed to lintairj, transversely.
buk, see buku.
buka, mm-buka, to open, uncover.
bukn jalan, to lay out a road.
bukn kain, to take off clothes.
buka k-dai, to set up a shop.
buka layer, unfurl sails.
buka pu-asa, to break off or cease fasting.
buka rahsi-a, to reveal a secret.
buka to pi, to raise or take off ones hat. ter-buka (110), opened.
bukan (69, 70), not, is not. are not.
bu-kan -buka n, non-existent, of no account.
bukit, a hill. Cf. changkat. kaki bukit, the foot of a hill. orang bukit, wild tribes.
buku, joints (as of the fingers), knots in wood, lumps.
buku (Eng.), a book. Also buk.
bulan, the moon; a month.
bulan datang and bulan dpan, next month.
bulan d-liulu, and bulan lalu, last month.
bulan g-lap, when the moon is invisible.
bulan per-nama, full moon.
bulan timbul, new moon.
bulan t-raig , moonlight.
bulan?, mm-bulaig, to wrap or wind anything round with cloth. Cf. bbat and balut.
bulat, round, spherical, cylindrical.
bu-lat-bulat, entirely. dtyan s-bu-lat-bulat hati, with the whole heart.
bu-li-buli, a small, long-necked bottle. Cf. balary.
buloh, bamboo, of many kinds. Cf. aur and bambu.
buloh bangsi, the Malay flute.
buloh p-rindu, a?olian pipe.
bulu, feathers, down, wool, hair of the body. Cf. rambut and roma.
bulu k-nitr/, eyebrows.
bulu lanilak, the quills on a porcupine ; when removed from the animal they are called duri I an dak.
bulu niaia, eyelashes.
biClu roma, hairs on the human body.
bulu tnfkok, the mane (of a horse). layer bulu ayam, the Malay latteen sail. ulat bulu, hairy caterpillar.
bumbong, the ridge of a roof, a roof: usually bum-bongan, sometimes bubory and bubongan. tulang bumbong, ridge pole.

bumi (Sk.), the earth, the ground.
bundar, round; a ring or circle drawn with a pen.
bunga, flower; also ornamental designs.
bunga a pi, sparks, fireworks.
burya chngJceh, cloves.
bunga Tcarang, sponge; also lumut karang.
bunga pala, mace.
bunga wang, interest on money.
buigar, in the phrase:
buali bunga-ran, first-fruits.
buigkus, a parcel, bundle.
bungkus-lcan, to wrap up.
bunoh, mm-bunoli, to kill, murder. pm-bunoli, murderer. per-buno-Jian (124), place of execution. pm-buno-han (124), murder.
buntiig, pregnant. Cf. hamil.
bun tut, the posterior, the buttocks, the end, the tail, the last. Cf. pantat and punggong
bungi, sound, noise.
buryi surat, the contents of a letter.
ber-buryi, to sound, make a noise.
bn-nji-bunji-an, music.
bu ri-tan, stern of a ship.
burok (163), rotten, worn out, decayed, bad (of vegetable substances and manufactured articles). Cf. liaus.
buroig, bird.
burong liantu, owl.
buroty onta, ostrich.
buru, mm-buru, to hunt, chase. pm-buru, hunter. liantu pm-buru, " the spectre huntsman."
burut, hernia, rupture.
busar, a bow, an arc of a circle, an instrument for cleaning raw cotton. Cf. pariah,
busok (163), putrid, rotten, d&r composed, bad smelling, foul.
ban busok, a bad smelL nama busolf, a bad reputation.
busut, ant-hill.
buta, blind.
buia-tuli, blind and deaf, hence used of doing things blindly or recklessly.
buta (Sk.), an evil spirit, de>mon; also bota.
butaig (Eng.), button.
butir, a grain, small particle; numeral coefficient of gems (83, 84).
buyoig, a water jar, smaller than tmpayan, q. v.

Ch cha'bai (Sk.), the chili, capsi- cum; also lada China. cha'baig, main branch of a tree, bifurcation ; forked. Cf . dalwn and chararg. cha'bok (Pers.), a whip. cha'bol, licentious ; outrageous behaviour. cha'bot, mn-cha'bot (146), to puli out, pull up, uproot, ex- tract, draw a weapon (cf. Inn us)', in Perak chabot means also the royalty on tin. Cf. bantun. cha'chak, to thrust into the ground (as a pole). <poem> cha char, small pox. cha'char a'yer, chicken pox. ta'ixun cha'char, to vaccinate. cha'chat, blemish, spot, stain, defect. Cf. clila. cha'chiig, a wonn= (B.) tachirg. chah'ya (Sk.), light, luminosity. Cf. sinar. ber-chah'ya, luminous; to shine. cha"ir, thin (of fluids), liquid; as opposed to pleat, thick, glutinous. cha'kap, ber-cha'kap, to speak; (sometimes) to profess one's ability to do a thing, be cap- able of. Cf. tutor. per-cha'ka-pan, speech, oration, phrase. cha'kar, to scratch (as a bird). cham', cli am' ban, to recognize, observe, take note of. cham pak, mn-cham'pak, -kan, to throw, throw down, throw away. Cf. bnaiy and limpas. champiig, see chompaiy. cham'pur, mn-cham'pur, -kan (149), to mix, mingle. chain' pur ba'ur, in confusion. chamti, see climti. cha'nai, to polish (metals). cha'narg, a gong. <han'du, opium prepared for smoking. Cf. apiun and madat. charg'gong;, awkward, incon- gruous. Cf. jaiggaL <hatg'kat, a low hill; cf. buJcit. chang'ke (B.), tea cup. <chaqg:'kol, a large hoe used for digging. chaig'kok, mn-cliaiy'lcolc, to graft. Cf. tut. chan'tek, pretty. chap', a seal, stamp; to print; also chapkan and chitak. chap' ba'tu, lithography. tu'kaiy chap', printer. cha'pai, mn-cha'pai, to seize, take hold of. cha'pe (Jav.), weary; usually pnat. cha'pek, halting, limping. Cf. tempaiy and pencharg. cha'ra (Sk.), manner, style, cus- tom. cha'ra Chi'na, in Chinese stylo. cha'rarg, a small branch, twig. Cf. cJtabaig and dalian. cha'rek, mn-cha'rek, -kan, to tear, rend. Cf. koyak. cha'ri, mn-cha'ri (Sk.) (14G). to seek, look for. cha'ri 'a'kal, to devise means. cha'ri ma' kan, to get a living. pn-cha'ri-an, livelihood. cha'rut, wn-clia'rut, to use ob- scene language. chat' (Chin.), paint. tu'kary chat', painter. cha'tur (Sk.), the game of chess j also main gajah, q.v. The pieces used are called raja, mntri, gajaU, kuda, tir, and bidak. bu'ali cha'tur, chessmen. pa' pan cha'tur, chess board. cha'wan (Chin.), cup, bowl. Cf. margkok and piala. cha'waig, a branch = chabarg. cha'wat, loin-cloth. cha'yir, see cha'ir. ch-bis', a fragment, small piece. <poem> chd'ra (Sk.), opposition, defect; against. the* = tndta', q.v. che'bok, a piece of coco-nut shell, used for ladling water. Cf. gayorg. checher, see chichir. che'dok, mn-clie'dok, to ladle. cheh', pshav ; exclamation of dis- gust or scorn. cherg'si (B.) (Chin.), kitchen spoon. che'pir, a metal tray or saucer. cher'cha, mn-cker'clia, to abuse, insult. Cf. mal'i. cher'dek, cunning, shrewd, clev- er, sharp. che'rek, a kettle. cheret, see cliirit. cherewet, see chrewet. cherita, see clirita. cher'mat, careful, frugal, econo- mical. cher'min, mirror, looking glass, pane of glass. Cf. leaclia. cher'min ma'ta, spectacles. cher'min mu'ka, looking glass. cher'p-lai (Tarn.), mongoose. cher'pu (Tarn.), sandals. Cf. tram pah. cher't-ra, cher't-ra-kan (Sk. cha- ritra), a narrative, tale; to narrate; also clitra and ch- rita. che'tek, shallow. Cf. toltor. chi'chak, the common house lizard. Cf. tkel: chi'chir, to spill, drop out in small quantities, dribble. Cf. clinch or. chi'chit, great-grandchild. chi-ke'weh (B.) (Chin.), family, chim'che n (B.) (Chin.), the op;-n court in a Chinese house. Chi'na, China, Chinese. la' da Chi'na, the chili, red pep- per. chin'charg, to chop up, mince. chin'chin, a ring. chin'chu (Chin.), a supercargo. chin'ta (Sk.), sadness, solicitude,, heartache, love. ber-c.hin'ta-kan, to mourn for. per-clnn'ia'an, mourning, sor- rowing. chi'rit, diarrhoea; usually buarg- buarg ai/er. chi'rit da' rah, dysentery. chi'rit lin'targ, meteor. chi'ta (Sk.), feelings, sensation-. emotions. du-ka-chi'ia, sorrow. su-l-ci-chi'ta, joy. chi'ta (Hind.), print, printed calico, chintz. chi'tak, to print: usually chap. chi-um', mn-chi-um', to smelU kiss. ch-kar' (Hind.), haixl over (of a helm or rudder). ch-kek', to throttle, strangle. chkeweh, see chikcweh. ch-ki' (Chin.). Chinese card:*. ch-kra-wa'la (Sk.), the firma- ment. ch-la', mn-ch-la' . -knn. defect,, fault, flaw; to blame, cen- sure. Cf. chachat. ch-lah', crack, crevice, fissure. ch-la'ka, misfortune, calamity,, unlucky; an imprecation. <poem> ch-la'na, trowsers: usually sluar. ch-lek', open (of the eyes). ch-lek' kan ma'ta, to open the eyes. ch-lop', mn-cli-lop' , to dip into, soak, steep, dye. ch-lor', to scald, immerse in hot water or oil. ch-lor' a'yam, to dip a fowl in hot water before plucking it. ch-mar', dirty. Cf. kotor and najis. chm'bul, a small box. chm-bu'ru, jealousy. c/i >n-btt'ru-an, jealous. ch-mer'laig, glittering. chm-pa'ka (Sk.). a tree with sweet-scented flowers. chm'p-dak, a fruit similar to the jack-fruit, but smaller. ch'm-.ti (Tarn.), a whip. Cf. chabok. chncharg, see chin chary. chn-chu'rut, the musk rat. chn-da'na (Sk.), sandalwood. chn-da'wan, mushroom, fungus. ch-rgan?' and ier-ch-rgarg' , amaz- ed, astonished. chig-ka'dok, grasshopper. chi^'keh, the clove tree. bu'irja chrg'keh, cloves. chrg'kon?, sunken (of the eyes). chig'k-ram, earnest money. chig'k-rek, a ciicket. cho'ba, mn-cho'ba, to try, at- tempt; also used in giving orders in the same way ;i> the English word " plea- (157). cho'ba i, to tempt. pji-cho'ba'aH, temptation. cho'ki or chu'ki, the Malay game of draughts; also dam, q.v. cho'kin (Chin.), bathing cloth.. Cf. basahan. chok'mar, a battle axe or club. chom'paig, in the phrase: choni pa rg-ch a mpiry, ragged. chon'd-roig and chon'dongt- slanting, out of the perpen- dicular. Cf. meriig, serget and serorg. chon'dorg ma-ia-lia'ri, when the sun is low. chotg'kak, pride; proud. Cf- somborg. chorg'kak, cowrie shells; also a game played with shells on a board containing 18 holes. choig'po (Chin.), a cook. chon'toh, pattern, sample. chon'teig, to smear, daub. cho'rak, the colour or pattern of a print or sarorg. cho'reig, streaked, striped, stain- ed. cho'ron?, a pipe, lamp chimney. ch-pat', quick, quickly. Cf. ba- rgat, clras, Ikas, laju. ch-pi'au (Port.), a hat, cap. Cf. to/>i and soiykok. ch-rai', ber-clt-rai' (149), to part from, separate from. ch -ra i'-b-ra i', scattered. ber-ch-rai' d'igan bi'ni, di- vorced. ch-rai'kan, to separate, detach. ch-re'wet, importunate. ch-ri'ta (Sk.), a tale, story. Cf. chertra. ch-rok', corner of a room, hidden place. <poem> ch-ru'tu (Tarn.), cigar. chtra ='chrita and chertra. cht'ri (Hind.), an awning. chu-a'cha, clear sk} r , fine weath- er. chu hit, to pinch. chu'chi, to clean. Cf. suchi. chu'choh, to kindle, set fire to. chu'chok, to stab, pierce, poke, push in, push through. Cf. tikam. chu'chok a' tap, to stitch ataps with rattan. chu'chok sarg'gol, hairpin. chu'chor, to flow, trickle (as water, tears, etc.). chu'chu, grandchild. a'tiak chu'chu, descendants. chu'ka (Sk.), vinegar. chu'kai, tax. chu'kai k-pa'la, poll tax. chu'kai pin'tu, house assess- ment. <huki, see choki. chu'kop, enough, sufficient, com- plete. Cf. pada. chu'kor, to shave. tu'kaiy chu'kor, a harher. pi' sau chu'kor, a razor. chu'la (Sk.), the horn of the rhinoceros and of some fabu- lous animals. chu'ma, only. Cf. salmja and liatya. per-chu'ma and chu-ma-chu'- ma, in vain, to no purpose, for nothing, gratis. Cf. sia-sia. il, to pick with a pointed instrument. rhtutf'kil gi'gi, tooth-pick, chu'pak, a measure of capacity. chu'rah, nin-diu'rah, to pour out, spill. Cf. turn pah and luatg. chu'ram, steep, precipitous, slop- ing (as the side of a hill). chu'ri, mn-cliu'ri, to steal. chu-ri-chu'ri, secretly, stealth- ily. pn-chu'ri, a thief. chu'ti (Hind.), leave of absence. D da'chiig, a steelyard. ba'tu da'chitg, the weight of a steelyard. da da, the breast, the chest. tarn' par da' da, to beat the breast. da'deh (Sk.), curdled milk. a'yer da' deli, whey. da'du (Port.), dice, da'erah, see da'irah. daf'tar (Pers.), a list, inventory, register, index, table of con- tents. da'gaig, foreign; a foreigner; also o'rarg da'garg. da-ga'iyan, merchandise. da'ging, the flesh of living bodies or fruits, also dead meat. (la'qiiy ba'bi, pork. (la'f/ity da' rah, blood relation- ship. da'giif/ kam'birg or da'yiry &- ri-bi'ri, mutton. ila'giry 1m' bit, beef. da'gu, the chin. dahaga, see dhaga. da'hak, phlegm. da ham, see dham. <poem>

da'han, the smaller branches of a tree. Cf. chabatg, chararg, rantiirj, and chatcaig. da' hi, the forehead. dah'shat (Ar.), terrified; terri- ble; terror. b-ri' dah'shat, to cause terror. da"in?, dried fish; also ikan krirg. da' i rah (Ar. circuit), district, neighbourhood. Cf. jajdhan. da'kap, ber-da'kap and mn-da'- kap, to embrace. Cf. plok. da'ki, dirt on the skin. da'ki, usually in the form mn- <lfi'ki, to ascend, climb (a hill). dak-si'na (Sk.), south; usually slatan. da'ku, phonetic form of aku, when following words ending in n. da' lam (27), in, inside; while, whilst, during. da'lain an-ta'ra i'tu, in the meanwhile. da'lam ber-ka-ta-ka'ta, while speaking. ba'ju da'lam, vest, undercloth- ing. <!<' ri (hi'lani, from within. </(' da'lam, in, inside. k-da'lam, into. iiin'sok k-da'lam, to go in; to go into a king's palace (court language). o'ratg da'lam, royal household. da lam (36, Xote), deep; depth. da'leh, excuse. ber-da-leh-da'leh, to make ex- cuses. da-li'ma (Sk.), the pomegranate. da-lu-da'lu, willow. dam' (D.), the game of draughts. Cf. choki. da'mai, peace, concord. Cf. sjah- tra and sntausa. ber-da'mai, at peace. da'mai-kan and ber-da'mai-kan t to pacify, reconcile. pe r-da' m ai-an, reconcil iation, atonement (X.); da mar, resin: hence a torch. da' mar ba'tu, common resin. da' mar la'ui, a timber tree. da'mar ma'ta ku'chirg, a fine kind of resin. damdam, see dmdam. dam'par, ter-dam'par, aground, stranded. Cf. kandas. dam 'pin?, ber-dam'pirg, near by, close to. dan, and. Cf. pun. da'nau, a small lake. Cf. tasek. da'pat, mn-da'pat (45, 55), to find, obtain, get, be able. ta'da'pat ti-a'da, it cannot but be, it must. da'pa-ti, to find, obtain, get. da'pat-kan, to come up to or reach a person, meet. pn-da' pa-tan , earnings. da'pur, cooking place, kitchen, stove, oven. dar' (Ar.), abode, dwelling; only used in such phrases as: da'ru 's-sa-lam' , the abode of peace. da'ra (Sk.), usually a'nak da'ra, a virgin. da'rah, blood. dii'rit da'rah, dysentery. ta-lian' da'rah, to stop bleeding, -t;i rich.

in' pat turn' pali da'rah, birth- 

place. <poem> da'girg da'rah, blood relation- ship. ma'bok da'rah, faint through loss of blood. bu-arg' a'yer da' rah, dysentery. da'rat, dry land, land as opposed to water. bcr-ja'lan da'rat, to go by land or inland. na'ik k-da'rat, or tn'run da'rat, to land, disembark. mn-da'rat, to go inland. dar'jat (Ar.), rank. darji, see derji. da'taig (62), to come. Cf. mari and sampai. bu'lan da'targ, next month. yarg a'kan da'targ, future. ber-da'targ sm'bali, to come and address a superior. da'ta-rgi, to attack. da'targ-kan, to bring to pass, bring about, cause. k-da'ta-rgan, arrival, coming; attacked (by sickness, etc.). da'tar, flat, level ; usually rata. da'tok or da'to', grandfather; a title of Malay chiefs. This word is used by Chinese to denote their gods = Chinese Tcorg. da'tok ne'nek, ancestors. dau'lat (Ar.), power, state, ma- jesty ; hail ! dau'lat tu'an-ku, your majesty. da'un, a leaf, blade of grass. da'un ka'yu, the leaf of a tree. da'un teli' , tea-leaves. da'un t-li'rga, the lobe of the ear. d'a'wa (Ar.), a prosecution, Inw- sujt. Ti-'na d'a'wa, to be prosecuted. mn-d'a'u'a and d'a'wa-kan, to prosecute. da'wai, wire. Cf. kawat. da'wat (Ar.), ink. Cf. tinta. tm'pat da'tvat, inkpot. da'ya (Sk.), means, resource. plan ; also in a bad sense,. trick, stratagem. ti'pu da'ya, trickery, deceit. da' i/a u-pa'ya, resources, mr;m> of doing things. per-da'ya-kan, to deceive, dupe.. outwit. da'ya, in its derivatives: la' rat da'ya, southwest. s-la'taii da'ya, south-southwest. Da'yak, the inhabitants of the interior of Borneo. da'yaig, a girl, a maid-servant at court : used as a form of address in speaking to a girl. da'yoig, an oar. a'nah da'i/oiy, oarsman, rower^ ber-da'i/org, to row. use an oar. d'bar, ber-d'bar. to palpitate, beat (of the heart). d-dak', l)ran (of rice). d-bu', dust ; see Ibu and dekar, see dikar. den'derv:, dried meat. de'ret, a row, series. Cf. ber-de'rct, in a row. der-ha'ka (Sk.), rebellion, trea- son : to rebel : also muder- liaka. der-ham' (Ar. dirl-ain}. a small silver coin. de'ri or da'ri (27), from (usual- ly of places). dc'rl n'/tis. from above, above- df'ri Jin' 'trail, from below. dc'ri da'ldiii, from within. <poem> dc'ri-lidi' , al)out, concerning. 'If'ri In'ar, from outside. df/ii ma'na, whence? dc'ri-jM'da, from (of persons), on account of (150), owing to (140), than (89, 90); li.i'ik ilr'i i-pa'da or I'bch ba'ik dc'ri-pa'da, better than. </// xa'na, thence. df' n x-hab' , on account of. de'ri si'tii, thence. der'ji (Hind.), Indian tailor. der'ma (Sk.), almsgiving, alms; usually sdkah. der-ma'wan (Sk.), charitable, beneficent. de'sa (Sk.), a district, territory, country. de'wa and de-wa'ta (Sk.), the gods of Hindu mythology. de'wan (Pers.), hall of justice, law court. de-wa'sa (Sk.), time, period; usually zman or iasa. de'wi (Sk.), goddess; fern, of de'wa. d-gil', obstinate. d-ha'ga, thirst. bcr-d-ha'ga, thirsty. d-ham', a slight cough, made to attract attention or to clear the throat. ber-d-ham', to cough as de- scribed above. dhat' or zat (Ar.), substance, essence. zat' Al'lali or dha-tu TJah, the divine essence or nature. dho'bi, washerman; see dobi; also bnara. d-hu'lu, previous, former; be- fore (adv.] ; see hulu. d-lni'la kn'la, formerly, in olden times. - d-h u'hi de'ri-pa'da, before (prep.}. n < in' ti d -/in 'I it, wait a moment. sa'bar d-hu'lu, please be patient. z'ntan d-hu'lu, olden times. d-lm'hi-i, to precede, go before. d-hu'lu-kan, to prefer, put first. di- (105), a particle prefixed to verbs to form the passive. di (26, 27), at, in. di'a (6, 9, 13, 15), he, she, it, they, him, her, them ; also to. di'a o'rarg, they (colloquial, not found in Malay writings). di'a pn'tya, his, hers, theirs. di-am', ber-di-am' f silent, quiet; to be silent, be quiet, dwell, live. Cf. titqgal and dudoTc. di-am -di-a m' , quietly, secretly. ber-di-am' di'ri,to keep silence. di-a' mi, to inhabit. di-am' lean, to silence, put to silence; to permit. Tf-di-a'man, habitation, dwell- ing place. di'an, a candle. Cf. Ulin. ka'Tci di'an, a candlestick. di'ai^, mn-di'arg, to toast, warm at an open fire. Cf. parrj- garff. ljci--di'anj and ber-di'arg di'ri, to warm oneself at a fire. di'dal (Port), thimble; also tidal di'deh, mn-di'deh, to boil, bubble. a'yer di'deh, the water in which rice has been boiled = (B.) ai/er am. di'kar, mn-di'l-ar, to fence (with I.-ris or sword) ; also dekar. di kau, thee, phonetic form of aiylcau, chiefly used after words ending in n. <poem> dikit, see sdikit. di'na (Sk.), poor, unfortunate. hi'na di'na, the poor and lowly, the common people. di'nar (Ar.), a coin, usually of gold. din'ditg, a partition, interior wall of a house. di'fgin, cold, cool. Cf. sjuk. di-ni-ha'ri, early dawn, twilight. diraja, see adiraja. dirham, see derham. di'ri (22-24), self, oneself; also sn-di'ri. ba'wa di'ri, to take oneself off. bef-di-am' di'ri, to keep silence. da'lam di'ri, inwardly, in one's heart. min'ta di'ri, to excuse oneself, take leave. s'o'rarg di'ri, alone, by oneself. kn-di'ri, self. sn-di'ri, self. sa'ma sn-di'ri-rya, among them- selves. ber-di'ri, standing erect; to stand. di'ri-kan, to erect, construct, establish. ber-di'ri-kan, to erect. di'rus, mn-di'rus, to sprinkle; also diris; usually perchek. d-kan , the bamboo rat. d-kat , close, near, nearly, al- most ; also d-kat' d'rgan, and d-kat' k-pa'da. Cf. Jiampir. d-ka'ti, to approach. d-kat'kan, to bring near. dla"if (Ar.), weak, feeble, in- firm; usually ImaJi. d-ta'ki (B.), male = tofci-tofc*. dlam'mah ( Ar. ), the vowel point corresponding to o and u; see baris. d-la'pan, eight; also pronounced lapau. (For derived forms- see am pat). d-li'ma, pomegranate; see dalirna* d-mam', fever. d-mam' gi'gil, ague. d-mam' k-pi-a'lu, continued! fever. d-mam' ku'ra, intermittent fe- ver. dm'dam, rancour, animosity; see- dndam. d'mi or da'mi, when, as, at ihe- time when; by (in oaths). dm'ki-an or d-mi-ki'an (143)- thus, in this manner, in that manner. dm'ki-an i'ni, in this manner. dm'ki-an i'tu, in that manner^ dm'ki-an ju'ga (162 a), just ift that way. dn'da (Sk.), a fine, mulct. k'na dn'da, to. incur a fine, dn'dam, desires, longings; also- in a bad sense, a desire for vengeance. ba'las dn'dam, to revenge one- self. m-na'roh dn'dam, to harbour revenge, bear malice; see- dryki. rin'du dn'dam, anxious long- ings. d'r^an, with, together with, and, (91) as. d'rgan dm'ki-an, that being tlie- case. d'rgan hi'dop-nja, alive. d'rgan ka-dar'-nya, proportion- ately. d'rgan na'ma Al'lah, in the- name of God. d'rgan p-ren'tah, by order. d'rgan s-lrg'kap-iya, fully equip- ped, complete. <poem> d'ryan s'o'rarg di'ri, alone. d'rgan ti-a'da, witliout. ber-ch-rai' d'ryan, to separate from. ser'ta d'rgan, together with. d rgar, m-n'rgar, (102f), to hear, listen. d'rgar-kan, to listen to. k-d'tya-ran, it was heard (im- pers.). p-n'rga-ran, the sense of hear- ing. drg ki, envy, malice. m-na'roh dry'ki, to bear malice. drg'kur, ber-dry'kur, to snore. d-igorg', ber-d-rgorg' ' , to buzz, hum. d'rgu or du'rgu, stupid, dull-wit- ted ; usually bodoli. do"a (Ar.), prayer. ba'clia do" a, to read or repeat prayers. min'ta do" a, to pray. ber-do"a, to pray. do"a-kan, to pray for. do'bi (Hind, dhobi). a waslier- man, Cf. bnara. do'dol, a kind of sweetmeats. dok'tor (Eur.), a doctor, one who practises western medi- cine. Cf. bomo and dukun. dorn'ba (Pers.), a sheep. Cf. kambiiy and biri-biri. a'nak- dom'ba, a lamb. a'nah dom'ba Al'lali, the Lamb of God (X.). do'sa (Sk.)-, a crime, an offence; sin. ber-do'sa, to commit an offence, be guilty of a crime or sin; sinfiil. dosin, see dusin. d'pa, a fathom. - d-pan', in front of; see liadap. d-ras', rapid, swift. Cf. laju^. pantas, Ikas and bargat. d-ri'ta, mn-d-ri'ta (Sk.), to with- stand, bear, endure. Cf_ talian. ti-a'da ter-d-ri'ta, unendurable^ unbearable. d-ru', mn-d-rii' , to roar (as the- noise of waves or voices). d-rum', mn-d-rum', to kneel (of elephants and camels). d-rum'kan, to cause to kneel. ds'tar (Pers.), turban, head- cloth. du'a, two. (For the usual de- rived forms see ampat). Cf.. pasary and ganda. du-a-du'a, both. du'a ka'li, twice. du'a la' pis, double (as cloth). du'a-ti'ga, two or three. ber-du'a and ber-du-a-du'a, in~ pairs. du'a-kan, to make two. pn-du'a, second, duplicate. du'dok, to sit down, sit, remain,. dwell. du'dok ber-si'la, to sit with legs crossed like a tailor. du'dok d'ryan, to be married to.. si'la du'dok, please be seated. du'do-ki, to sit on, inhabit. du'dok-kan, to seat (a person). k-dii'do-kan, seat, place of" abode. du'ga, mn-du'ya, to find out the depth, sound, probe, fathom. ba'tu du'ga, sounding lead. Cf. prnrn. 'ta'li du'ga, lead-line. du'it (D.), a copper coin; in Singapore = J cent, in Pe- naig = 1 cent. <poem> du'ka (Sk.), grief, sorrow, sad- ness; also du-ka-chi'ta. ber-du'ka and ber-du-ka-chi'ta, to be sad, grieve. du korg, inn-du'koiy, to carry a person or a child, usually on the back or hip, sometimes in the arms. du'ku, the name of a fruit. du'kun, a native doctor, midwife. Cf. dokior, bidan and bomo. du larg, a salver or tray, usually of wood; smaller than the talam. dulapan, see dlapan. du'li (Sk.), dust; a form of ad- dress to kings, as du'li b-gin'- da, du'li yaig di-per-tu'an, your or his majesty; see jun- dun'ia (Ar.), the inhabited world. Iter'ta dun'ia, worldly goods. i'si dun'ia, the inhabitants of the earth. naf'su dun'ia, worldly lusts. per-i' da-ran dun'ia, a cycle, pe- riod of time. dun'ia a'khi-rat, in this world and the next, for all time. du'igu, stupid; see drgu. du'pa (Sk.), incense. Cf. starggi. du'ri, a thorn, spine. du'ri Ian' dale, porcupines' quills. Cf. bulu landak. ber-du'ri, thorny. du'ri-an, the name of a fruit. the durian. du'sin (Eng. and D.), dozen; also lusin. dus'ta (Sk.), false, mendacious, untrue; (B.) jus'ta. sak'si dus'ta, a false witu du'sun, a village; the country as opposed to the town. eh'wal, see lineal. e'ja, to spell ; see lieja. e'jek, m-iye'jelc, to tease. * ekh'las (Ar.), sincerity; sincere; also ikhlas. ek-Ii si-a (Gr.), the church, the church universal (X.). Cf. perhimponan and (jreja. e'kor (84), tail; numerical coef- ficient of animals. c'kor ma'ta, the corner of the eye. bin'taiy ber-c'Jcor, comet. e'la (Port), an ell, a yard. e'lak, m-rge'lak, to dodge, avoid a blow, evade an order. 'elmu, see 'ilmu. e'lok, beautiful, handsome, pleas- ant, excellent. k'e'lo-kan, beauty, excellence. e'nak (Jav.), pleasant, nice, agreeable to the senses; usually sdap. eiggan, see 'ig-gan. erg's il (D.), hinges. e'rei^;, lateral, on the side. e're-njan rumali, the side of a house. bi'lek e're-trjan, a side room. E-ro'pah, Europe; also Airopah. erti, see arti. e'rut, twisted, crooked. e'sok, to-morrow; also besok. k'c'so-kan lia'ri-rya, the next day. <poem> fa a I or fi'MI (Ar.), act, deed, action, conduct, behaviour. fa-ham' (Ar.), understanding, knowledge : acquainted with ; often pronounced p-ham'. sa'lali fa-liam', misunderstood. m-fa-hatn', to be informed about, know, understand. fa'i'dah (Ar.), profit, advantage, benefit: also fa'edah. ber-fa'i'dah, useful, advanta- geous. fa' jar (Ar.), dawn. Cf. dim- It an. fa'kat (Ar.), to confer; deliber- ate, agree; also muafakat, and pakat. s-fa'kat, in agreement, in collu- sion. ber-fa'kat, to be in agreement. fa'kir (Ar.), a religious mendi- cant, beggar; poor. falsu, see pahu. ia'na (Ar.), mortal, perishable, transitory: as opposed to baka, imperishable. 'Far'si (Ar.), a Persian; also Parsi. fa sal (Ar.), chapter, section; about, concerning, with re- gard to. a' pa fa' sal, why? fa'sik (Ar.), immoral, depraved, wicked. fat hah (Ar.), the vowel point corresponding to a ; see bar is. fa'ti-hah' (Ar.), the first chapter of the Ivoran. f-dlu'li (Ar.), to trouble oneself, concern oneself, care about; usually pronounced p-du'li. f-dlu'li-kan, to care for, take trouble about. fer'dlu (Ar. apportioned), . .re- ligious duty; usually pro- nounced per'lu, q.v. feriiggi, see frirggi. fham, see faliam. fihak, see pihak. fi'il, see fa'al. fi'kir, ber-fi'kir (Ar.), to think, ponder, meditate. fi'kir-kan, to reflect upon. fi'ki-ran, thoughts, ideas, opin- ions. fi-ra'sat (Ar.), the art of phy- siognomy; also 'il'mu fi-ra'- sat. iir'daus (Ar.), Paradise, the Garden of Eden. tlr'man (Ar.), decree, command of God or of a sultan. b-fir'man, to decree, command, say (of God or a sultan). fit'nah (Ar.), calumny, slander. ft'nah-kan, to calumniate. f-ri'n?'gi (Ar.), European. G ga'dai, pawn, mortgage. pa'jak ga'dai, pawnbroker's farm or monopoly. i'bus ga'dai, to redeem a pledge, take out of pawn. ga'dai-kan, to mortgage, pawn. ga'diig, elephant's tusk; ivory; also the ribs of a boat. ga'doh, disturbance, uproar, noise; also per-ga'do-han. ga'gah, strong, powerful; force, strength. Cf. kuat. ya'ga-hi, to compel, force. Cf. paksa. <poem> ga'gak, a crow, raven. ga'gap, to stammer, stutter. gah', fame, renown, glory; also mgah, q.v. ga-ha'ru or g-ha'ru, aloeswood. Cf. alwat. ga'jah (Sk.), an elephant. ber-ma'in ga'jah = ber-ma'in cha'tur, to play chess; see chat in: ga'ji (Eur.), wages, salary. Cf.

pah . 

o'ranj ga'ji, a hired man, ser- vant. ma'l-an ga'ji, to receive wages or a salary. ga-la-ga'la, pitch vised for caulk- ing boats. ga'lah, a long thin pole such as is used on native boats for poling or mooring them. ga'lak, fierce, savage. ga'lak-kan, to stir up (as flame or passion), excite. ga'laig, mrg-ga'larg, to prop up, shore up; also kalarg. ga'li, mrg-ga'li, to dig. prg-fia'li, spade; pick-axe. ga'li-an, a mine, also k-li'an. ga'mak, miy-ga'mak, to draw a dagger or sword partly out of the sheath, so as to threat- en an adversary. ga'mak, ga-mak-qa 'mak ; at a guess, approximately. gam'baqg;, a musical instrument. gam'bar, a picture, portrait, pic- toral representation. tu'lis gam'bar, to draw a pic- ture. gam'bir, the name of a plant, gambier. ga'mis (Ar. qamis), shirt, vest. ga'm-lan (Jav.), a Javanese band. gam'paig (Jav.), easy: usually snary or mudah. a' naif gam'parg, illegitimate- child. ga'nas, fierce, ferocious, violent- gan'chu, a hook. gan'da, fold, in the expressions i s-pu'loh gan'da, ten- fold. s-ra'-tus gan'da, a hundred- fold. s-ka'li gan'da, or gan'da, two- fold.' du'a l-a'li gan'da, twice as much again. ber-gali'da-gari'da, manifold. gan'dom (Pers.). wheat: ai?o irigu. ang;, ber-gaiy'gaig, to wann? oneself at a fire. Cf. diatrj. mrg-garg'garg, to warm or dry" over a fire. gaig'gu, impatient, importunate,, interfering, meddlesome; to- be in a hurry. gan'ja, the Indian hemp, from- which an intoxicating drug is made. gan'jal, a wedge or " liner " in- serted in frames or bearings- to tighten them up; the- spaces used with type to> separate the words. gan'jil, odd, uneven (of num- bers). Cf. gnap, even. gan'tang;, a measure of capacity (see end of Grammar). gan'ti, substitute, successor; in- place of, instead of. bcr-gan-ti-gan'ti, in turn, suc- cessively. Cf. gilii: <poem> gan'ti-kan, to succeed, take tlie place of a person. gan'ton?, ber-gan'toig, to hang, suspend; to rely upon. gan'torg-kan, to hang up. ga'iyut, hard, not mealy after cooking (of had potatoes). ga'ram. salt. tin' pat ga'ram, salt cellar. ga'ra-mi, to salt, cure. ga'raig, fierce, savage, furious. Cf. ganas. ga'rau, loud, deep, hoarse (of sounds). gar'fu (Port.), a fork. gar'ham, see gerliam. ga'ring, a basket slung on the hack. ga'ris, a scratch, score, groove, incised mark = goris. miy-ga'ris, to score, make a scratch. ga'rok, mig-ga'rok, to scratch, scrape. ptg-ga'rok, scraper, rake, curry- comb. ga'rut, a scratch. Cf. garis. ga'sak, mrg-ga'sak, to beat, strike with a stick. Cf. Mai. ga'siig, a child's top. ma' in ga'siry, to play tops. ga'tal, itchy, itching; the itch; also lascivious. ga'yoig, a ladle made out of a coco-nut shell. Cf. chebok, which has no handle. g-doig', storehouse, barn. Cf. gudaty. ge'lek, mrg-ge'lek, to roll with a roller or rolling pin; to be run over by the wheels of a carriage. Cf. gilirg. ge'leig, mtg-ge'lerg, to shake the head. ger'baig, the gate of a fortress, town or castle; also pin'tu ger'barg. ger'baig, mrg-ger'barg, to let down the hair in disorder. ge'rek, mtg-ge'rek, to bore, drill. pig-ge'rek, a drill. ger-ga'ji (Sk.), saw. ger-ga'si, a fabulous race of giants. ger'ham, a double tooth, molar; cf. gigi. tn'larg ger'ham , jaw bone. gerhana, see graliana. ger'sek, coarse sand, gravel. Also kersek. ger'tak, mrg-ger'tak, to stamp, strike with the feet (as a person urging on a horse), strike weapons together in order to intimidate ; hence to threaten. ger'tak gi'gi, to grind the teeth. Also kertak gigi. ge'sek, mnj-ge'sek, to rub, cause friction (usually of rough things). Cf. gesel, gesir and gosok. ge'sek bi-o'Ja, to play the fiddle. lg-ge'sek, the fiddle bow. ge'sel, mig-ge'sel, to rub to- gether. ge'sir, mig-ge'sir, to rub between the palms of the hands. g-gak in the phrase : g-gak' gm-pi'ta, a loud con- fused noise. <poem> ,g-gat', a bookworm; the larva of the moth which destroys clothing. gha"ib (Ar.), to disappear, va- nish. g-ha'ra, a'nak g-ha'ra, legitimate children. gha'rib (Ar.), foreign, strange. g-ha'ru, aloes-wood. gi' f ghee, clarified beef fat, used by natives of India; also mi- n/ak sapi. gi'gi, a tooth. Cf. gerliam. gi'gi a'su, canine teeth. gi'gi s-ri', the front teeth. cha'bot gi'gi, to draw a tooth. churg'Tcil gi'gi, tooth-pick. gi'git, mrg-gi'git, to bite. gi'la, mad, insane, idiotic. gi'la ba'bi, epilepsy. gi'laig, gi'larg-g-mi'larg, shining, glittering. Cf. Jcilcct. gi'liig, mrg-gi'lirg, to. roll (be- tween rollers as in a roller mill), roll up (as sails), grind (as with curry stone and roller). Cf. gelek and guliwg. ba'tu gi'lirg, stone for grinding curry stuff. gi'Iir (115), alternation, change, turn, relieving guard. ber-gi'lir, alternately, in suc- cession, in turn. Cf. ganti. gi'li-ran, turn, change of guard. gin'tiig, a roofing iie = gntirg. g-lak', in the phrase: ter-ta'wa g-lak' g-lak', to laugh uproariously. g-lam', the name of a tree, the bark of which is used for canlking boats. ', bracelet, anklet. g-larg' ka'ki, anklets. g-larg' ta'rgan, bracelets. g-lap', dark, obscure. Cf. klam. g-lap' gu-li'ta, pitch dark. bu'Jan g-lap', the time when the moon is invisible. ma-ta-ma'ta g-lap', detective. g-lar', mrg-g-lar', to confer a title or surname. ber-g-lar', having a title or sur- name. g-la'ran, surname, title. g-las' (Eur.), drinking glass. g-l-gar', floor joists. g-li', ticklish, excitable, unable to control oneself. g-lin'chir, mrg-g-lin'chir, to slip, slide. glitar, see gltar. g-Io'joh, greedy, gluttonous. g-Iok', a vessel for water with a narrow neck. g-lo'rah (Ar.), stormy, troubled. g-Iom'baig, large waves, break- ers. Cf. ombak and alun. g-l'tar, mrg-g-l'tar, to tremble. Cf. gmntar. g-lu'niai, miy-g-lu'marg, to wallow in mud; smeared with mud. Cf. lumor and kubarg. g-mal', a bundle of sticks, sheaf of grain. g-ma'la, mythical jewels sup- posed to have magic proper- ties. Also kmala. g-mar', pleased, glad, joyful; joy. ler-g-mar', to rejoice. k-g-ma'ran, that which gives pleasure; enjoyment, rejoic- ing. <poem> gm-ba'la, shepherd; see gombala. gm-be'ra, excited, excitement. gmilarg, see gilatg. gmntar, see gntar. gm'pa, shaking, quaking, especi- ally of earthquakes. gm'pa bu'mi, earthquake. gm'par, tumult, uproar, riot. gm-pi'ta (Sk.), loud, roaring (of noises) : usually in the phrase : g-gap' gm-pi'ta or g-gak' gm- pi'ia, a loud confused noise. g-mok', fat, corpulent, stout; fertile (of soil). Cf. tam- bon. g-m-rn'cheig, clattering, clank- ing. gmtar, see giar. gmuroh, see yuroli. g-nap', complete, entire, consum- . mated, even (of numbers). Cf. ganjil, odd. s-g-nap' . the whole, all. s-g-nap' dun'ia, the whole world. s-g-nap' lia'ri, the whole day. x-ri'lt y-nap', exactly a thou- sand. g-na'pi, to complete, accom- plish, consummate. gn'daig, a long cylindrical shap- ed drum: also gndratg. gn'd-raig, a large drum; see gn- datg. gig'gam, the closed hand, fist. s-grg'gam, a handful. gtg'ga-man, the grasp. gn'ta (Sk.), a bell; usually 1o- gn'tar and g-mn'tar, to tremble, especially with fear; also g'tar and g-m'tar. gn'tiig, a roofing tile. a'tap gn'tirg, a tile roof. goa' (B.) (Chin.) (10), I, me. go'a and go'ha, a cave. go'choh, mrg-go'choh, to strike with the fist. Cf. tumbok. ber-go'choh, fighting with the fists, boxing. go'lek, ber-go'lek, to turn or roll backwards and forwards (as a fowl on a spit, or a boa't rolling). Cf. gulirg, gilirg and geld-. go'lek-kan, to roll or turn any- thing backwards and for- wards. go'lok (Penang), a chopping knife = pararg. gom-ba'la (Sk.), a shepherd, herdsman; a pastor (X.). gom-ba'la a' yam, one who tends poultry. gom-ba'la-kan , to herd, tend animals. gon'chaig, mig-gon'charg, -ban, to shake with more or less rapidity or violence. Cf . ber-gon'chan/, trembling, shak- ing (intrans.). ' "* gon'dah, uneasy, anxious. pa'saig gon'dah, neap tide. gon'dok, goitre. gondol, bald, bare-headed, bare of leaves (of trees), bare of vegetation (as hills). Cf. boiak. goig', a gong. goig'goig, mrg-gorg'gorg, to carry in the mouth '(as a dog). goni, see a.uni. <poem> go'poh, haste, hurry; hasty. Cf. batyat. go- poh-go' poll, hastily. go'riig, to fry in fat, broil, grill. Cf. rnda-rg. go'ris, a scratch, score, groove; incised mark = garis. go'sok, miy-go'sok (86), to rub with the idea of cleaning or polishing. Cf. gesek. go'yaig, ber-go'yaiy, to shake, swing to and fro as the branches of a tree, oscillate. Cf. goncliarg. go'i/arg-kan and mrg-go'yarg, to shake (trans.)., agitate. g-ra-ha'na (Sk.), eclipse; also gcrhana. g-rak', ber-g~rak' f to move, stir (iidrans.). tcr-g-rak', moved. ter-g-rak' lia'ii-rya, his heart was moved. g-rak' lean, to move, put in mo- tion. g-rak' kan k-pa'la, to nod the head. Cf. gelenj. g-ram', anger; angry. Cf. ma- rali and gusar. g-ra'igan, pray, prithee (in ques- tions). Cf. kira-rya. g-re'ba (Ar. qirbat), water-skin. g-re'ja (Port.), a church build- ing. g-riifc', ill, sick (court langu- age). Cf. sakit. g-ri'sek, miy-g-ri'sek, to make a rustling or crackling (as silk or tinsel). g-ru'da (Sk.), a fabulous bird; also gurda. g'ta (Sk.), couch, sofa, bed. g'tah, the gum winch exudes from trees, birdlimr. rubber. g'tah per'clia, gutta ]>Mvha. g'tah kam-bo'ja, gamboge. g'tar, to tremble; usually gn'tar or g-mn'iar, sometimes g- m'tar. gu'ber-nur (Eur.), governor; also pmrentah. gu'darg, a warehouse, !?tore, shop. Cf. gdoir). gu'gur, to fall (of small light things) ; also sometimes with the idea of a premature or unnatural fall, as of falling stars, fruit falling from a tree, hair from the head, a premature birth, etc. Cf. luroh. gu'gur a'nak-rya, to miscarry. gu'gur-kan, to cause to fall in the manner described above. gu'la (Sk.), sugar. Cf. tbit. gu'la ba'iu, sugar candy. gu'la hi'tam, brown sugar. gu'la M-la'ka, sugar made from the coco-nut tree; sometimes gu'ln lii'lant. gu'la pa'ftir, granulated or moist sugar. gu'lai, curry. Cf. lank. gu-li'ga (Sk.), the bezoar stone. gu'lirg, ber-gu'lirg, to roll : usual- ly to roll along as a wheel; to roll oneself on the ground. Cf. goleTc, gilitg and gelek. nng-fin'lhg and gu'liw-kan, to roil anything along. gu-li'ta, dark ; usually g-lap f gu- li'ta, pitch dark. gu'loig, mry-gu'loiT), to roll up (as a mat, sail, sheets iof pauer. etc.) ; a roll made in this way. Cf. <poem> u'mol, ber-gu'mol, to wrestle. Cf. gusti. xtim pal, a clod, lump (as in dough), clot of blood. Cf. bukit. bcr-gnnt'pal, clotted, lumpy; (B.) to wrestle (cor. of yunwl}. Xii'na (Sk.), use, utility: magic. a' pa- gu'na? what is the use? o'bat gu'na. a charm. ber-gu'na, useful. fin'nii-kun. to use, make use of. 3un'dek, concubine. xundol, see gondol. 3ju'ni (Hind.), a sack made of jute. Cf. karorg. ka'in gu'ni, sack cloth. Cf. kadut. Su'noig, a mountain. nn'noH/ bcr-a'pi, a volcano. ka'ki gu'noiy, the foot of a mountain. k-inun'chal; gu'norg, the top of a mountain. iig, scissors, shears. mn/-f/ini'tirg and gun'tirg-kan, to cut with scissors, shear. 'tor, thunder; usually guroJi. X" rau, ber-gu'rau, to jest. Cf. s'uulir and jnaka. ^urda, see gnula. ^u-rin'dam (Tarn.), rhyming proverbs. Sju'roh, thunder, also similar loud noises. Cf. (junior, g-mu'roli, thundering, like thunder. Xu'ru (Sk.), a teacher, school- master, clergyman (X.). Cf. /iigajftr, nndita and padr. bcr-nn'ru k-jia'da, to have as one's teacher, learn from. gus', in the phrase: s-ka'li gus', all at once; all at the same time. gu'sar, angry; to be angry. Cf. marah and gram. gu'sa-ri, to be angry at or with. gu'si, the gums. gus'ti (Pers.), ber-gus'ti, to wrestle. Cf. gunwl. gus'ti (Jav.), lord. H ha'bis (75, 76), finished, com- pleted, exhausted, extinct ; utterly, entirely, completely; also in this sense s-habis- habis. Cf. sudali and jlas. ha'bis bi-nn'sa, entirely des- troyed. It-lum' lia'bix, not yet finished. su'd'th ha'bis, finished. lia'bis-kan, to finish, complete, terminate. pig-ha'bi-san, the end, termin- ation. hah In r (Pers.), crystal. ha'bok, dust. Cf. Ibu and dbu. Hab'shi (Ar.), Ab} r ssinian, Ethiopian. ha'bu, ashes; see abu.. had' (Ar.), limit, boundary; un- til. Cf. ismpadan and prenj ha'dap, m-ty-lia'dap, -i, to face, stand before or in the pre- sence of, interview a person. Jia'dap-kan, to bring or place before a person, introduce. It a' da-pan and di ha'da-pan, be- fore, in front of, in presence of ; contracted to d-pan' (B.). <poem> ba'ris di ka' da-pan or ba'ris d- pan', the vowel sign corres- ponding to o and u : see barix. ha di-ah (Ar.), presented, offer- ed; a gift, present. Cf. tnn- brian and anugrah. ha'dith or ha'dis (Ar.), the Mo- hammedan traditions. ha'dlir or ha'lir (Ar.), present, arrived; prepared, ready. ha'dlir-kan, to bring or place before a person, introduce = hadaplcan. ha'dl-rat ( A r.), presence; lord- ship, majesty. hafatl (Ar.), to learn by heart. Also liapal. hai' (132), an interjection; oh! hai'bat or he'bat (Ar.), dread, awe; terrible, awe-inspiring. Cf. dahshat. hai ran or he'ran (Ar.) (148), astonished: to wonder; won- derful. Cf. 'aja'ib. ha'jat (Ar.), need, necessity; the wants of nature. ber-ha'jat, needing, requiring; to require. ha'ji (Ar.), a pilgrim, one who has made the pilgrimage to Mecca. na'ik ha'ji, to perform the pil- grimage, become a haji. ha j rat, see hijrat. hak' (Ar.), truth, right; due, claim; just, true. Cf. bnar. am'bil hak' o'rarg /'> to usurp another's rights. ti-a'da d'rgan /taA-'-n/o, unjustly. ha'kim (Ar.), a judge. hai' (Ar.), state, condition, cir- cumstance. Jial' ih'wal, circumstances and conditions. de'ri-hal', about, concern ha' la, direction, course. ha'lal (Ar.), lawful. legitimat. . allowable; as opposed to ha- ram, unlawful. ha'lal-kan, to permit, di-clare lawful. halaman, see hlaman. ha'lau, miq-ha'lau, -lean, to drive- away. ha'li-a, ginger. ha-li-lin'tar, a stroke of light- ning, thunderbolt; also / Uniar. i ha-li pan or li'pan, a large centipede; see hUpan. haluan, see hluan. ha'Ius, fine, thin, delicate, refin- ed. Cf. nip-is and /<'/"* hal'wa (Ar.), sweets, pastry. confectionery. ham ba, slave; used as a pronoun of the 1st person in address- ing superiors. Cf. sahya. ham'ba Al'lah, a poor wreu-!i. ham'ba ra'ja, a king's servant- or retainers. iu'an ham'ba, sir; used as a. pronoun of the 2nd person in addressing superiors. per-ham'ba-kan, to enslave. per-ham'ba-lcan di'ri, to submit oneself. n ' i per-liam baan, slaver}', servi- tude. ham'bat, mnj-hambat > to pur- ' sue, chase. Cf. kjar and itsir. ham'bat ha'ti o'ratg, to seek to* win people's affections. ham'bur, mrg-ham'bur, -kan, to- scatter (as rice, pearls^ money, etc., at festivals an-i ceremonies). Cf. iabur. <poem> ha' mi! (Ar.), pregnant. Cf. buntirg, ham pa, see hmpa. ham 'par, mrg-liam' par , -i, -ban. to spread out (as mats, car- pets, grain, etc.). Cf. bn- targ. ham'pa-ran, a carpet. ham'pa-ran ba'tu, pavement. ham 'pas, refuse, residue. liam'pas sa'gu, sago refuse. ham' pi r, mrg-liam'pir, near, nearly, almost; to approach, draw near. Cf. dkat. ham'pi-ri, to draw near to, ap- proach a thing. ham zah (Ar.), an orthographi- | cal sign, used to introduce a j syllable commencing with a vowel. han'chur, mrg-lian'cUur, -lean, to crush, reduce to powder, dis- solve in liquids, decompose; also metaphorically of the heart. Cf. rmok. han'dai, companion, comrade, friend. Cf. taulan, sahabat and kawan. Jian'dai tan' I an, friends and companions. handak, see hndak. hatg' (Penang), thou, you = arg- kau. ha'n?at, hot (fire heat) : also of anger. Cf. panas. ha'rgat-kan, to heat. ha'igus, to burn, be burnt, con- sumed or scorched. Cf. ba- kar,. which means to apply heat to, without necessarily consuming, as in heating iron. Hi a' iy us-kan, to burn up, con- sume. h an tarn, see lintam. han'tar, mrg-han'tar, -kan, to. convey, escort; also to send in charge of another. CL batva, irliy and kirim. ter-han'tar, laid down, stretch- ed out on a bed or on the ground, as a sick or sleeping person or a corpse. han'tu, a ghost; evil spirits sup- posed to haunt certain pla- ces. Cf. jin and 'ifrit. bu'rorg liantu, the owl. ja'ri han'tu, the middle finger. ha'n/a, only, merely, except, but. Cf. chuma, mlainkan and sa- haja. ha'n/ir, a fishy smell; fetid, ran- cid. ha'iytit, ber-lia'iyut, to drift r float on the water. o'rarg lia'njut, a vagabond. hapal, see liafatl. ha'pus, mrg-ha'pus, to obliterate,. efface, rub out, wash out. hara, see hitru-hara. ha'ram (Ar.), forbidden, prohi- bited, unlawful; sacred, hal- lowed. Cf. lialal. ha' ram -kan, to prohibit, de- clare illegal. ha'rap (148), hope, trust, con- fidence; to hope, trust. ha'rap-kan, to trust in, rely upon. k-ha'ra-pan, disappointed. har'dek, nug-har'dek, to reprove,, scold. Cf. trgkirg. ha'ri (8k.), day of 2 hours. Cf. siarg. ha'ri b-sar' , festival, holiday. ha'ri hi/' Ian, date. ha'ri hu'jan. a rainy day or rainy weather. <poem> ha'ri ki-a'niat, the day of judg- ment. ha'ri ra'ya, festival. di-ni-hii'ri, early dawn. <>'m)k ha'ri, tomorrow. i'ni ha'ri, today. ina-ia-la'ri, the sun. jxt'gi ha'ri = pa'gi, morning. j>-1aiy' ha'ri = p-taty', after- noon. a-ha-ri-ha'ri, daily, every day. -ha-H-ha'ri-an, all day long. s-pan'jary ha'ri, all day long. fiyah lia'ri, midday. lia'ri a'liad, or lia'ri mirg'go, Sunday. lia'ri ix'niii, or lia'ri sa'tu, Mon- day. Jia'ri x-la'sa, or lia'ri du'a, Tuesday. ha'ri r'bu, or ha'ri ti'qa, Wed- nesday. ha't;i kha'ini#, or ha'ri 'm'pat, Thursday. lia'ri j'ma-at' or ha'ri li'ma, Friday. hfi'ri *ab'tu. or ha'ri a-nam', Saturday. ha-ri'mau or h-ri'mau, a tiger. ha-ri'niau a' bar, a large wild eat. hn-ri'man tla'lian, tree leopard. ha'rom, fragrant, sweet-smell- ing; a sweet smell. Cf. ica rr/i. ha'ru, mrg-lia'ru, to stir, disturb, agitate, trouble ; especially of demoniacal possession. ha-ru-bi'ru, confusion, disorder. ha'rus, necessary, obligatory, proper; it behoves, ought, should. Cf. pat ut. ha'rus, stream, current, the movement of water. ha'sil (Ar.), outcome, product, profits, re-venue; to have 2 result or outcome. lia'sil-kan, to produce, achieve, accomplish. has'ta (Sk.). a cubit. ha'ta (133), a punctuation word. ha'ti, the liver; the heart as the seat of the passions (the organ which circulates the blood is jantoiy) ; fig., the centre of things. ha'ti b-sar' ' , proud. ha'ti -pa'nas, hot temper. ha'ti pu'teh, a clear conscience. am'bil ha'ti, to win the affec- tions. a-rgan-a'ryan lia'ti, conscience (X.). b-ri' ha'ti, to encourage, in- dulge. bu'ah ha'ti-ku, my treasure, a term of endearment. d'tyan s-bu-lat-bu'lat ha'ti, with one's whole heart. hu'lit ha'ti. the pit of the stom- ach. i'ri ha'ti, spite, malevolence. k-rliil' Itii'ti, spiteful, having a grudge against a person. k-ras' ha'ti, hard hearted. wa'ta ha'ti, spiritual percep- tion. jxi'tinx ha'ti, angry. .^a' kit ha'ti, offended, angry with a person. su'salt ha'ti. sad, troubled. ta'irnr lia'ti. discouraged. pcr-ha'ti-kan, to take to heart, pay attention to, examine closely. ha'us, thirst: thirsty; worn out by friction or rust (of me- tals). C'f. dhaga and lurolc. ha'va (Ar.), air, atmosphere, climate. Cf. udara. <poem> lha'va (Ar.), love, passion, de- sire; usually brahi. ha'u-a naf'su, carnal desires. fiayat (Ar.). life, vitality, the vital spark. Cf. hidop. s-la'oi a'da liay'at, while I yet j live. Icr-ha'yat, having life. he' (132), an interjection; oh! he bat, see liaibat. fie'ja (Ar.), mrg-lie'ja, spelling, orthography ; to spell; also eja. he'la, niry-lte'la, -lean, to drag, draw. Cf. tarek and seret. tie'lak, rmg-he'lak, to dodge, evade; also dak. he'lak-kan, to ward off, parry. liemat, see him mat. hen'ti or hn'ti, chiefly found in its derivatives: bcr-hcn'ti. to stop, stay, cease, rest: (B.) brenii and rnti. ii-a'da ber-lien'ti, incessantly. ber-hcn'li-kan 1'lali, to rest after fatigue. jx-r-hen'ti-an, rest, resting place. herdek, see liardek. lier'ga (Sk.), value, price. hrr'ga ma'ti, fixed price. lier'ga nin' rail, a low price. b-ra'pa lier'ga? what price? la' roll lier'ga, to fix the price. ber-hcr'ga or b-her'ga, valuable. lier'ta (Sk.), property, goods. her' fa bn'da, valuables, goods and chattels. Jicr'ia dnn'ia, worldly goods. lii'as, brr-ln'as, ornamented, de- corated; (B.) brias and n'os. in iii-ln' as and lii'a-si, to adorn, ornament, decorate, fit out, prepare. per-lii'a-san, ornamentation, at- tire, trappings. hi 'bur, m rg-hi'bur, -kan, to com-. fort, console. piy-hi'bur, a person or thing which gives consolation or solace; the Comforter (X.). prg-lii'bu-ran, comfort, consol- ation. hi'daig, miy-hi'darg, to serve food. lii-da'tyan, courses (at a meal). ma'kan s-hi-da'rgan, to eat of the same course, eat together. hi'doig, nose, snout. Cf. mun- choig. ba'taty hi'doiy, the bridge of the nose. lo'barg hi'dorg, nostrils. hi'dop, alive, living; fresb, as opposed to dried, preserved or canned; to live, have life. Cf. liayat. lii'dop pu'la, restored to life. d'ryan hi'dop-iya, alive. i kan It id op, fresh fish; as op- posed to ikan krivg, dried fish. la'gi lii'dop, still alive. s-u'mor hi'dop, all one's life. su'su hi'dop, fresh milk as op- posed to tinned milk. In' do-pi and hi'dop-kan, to pre- serve a person's life, restore life. k-hi'do-pan, means of liveli- hood. hi'jau, green. hij'rat (Ar.) (1G6), the Hegira, the Mohammedan era. Also ha j rat. hi-ka'yat (Ar.), narrative, story, history. Cf. chertra. hik mat (Ar.), wisdom, know-? ledge, science, medicine; <poem> hence supernatural power, magic. hi'laig, lost; to be lost, disap- pear, die. hi'laiy-kan, to cause to disap- pear; obliterate, destroy. Jc-hi-la'iyan (128), having in- curred loss, deprived of, bereft of; as o'rarg k-hi-la'- rgan pi'sau, a man who has' lost his knife. hi'lir, mrg-hi'lir, the lower reaches of a river; to go down stream, descend a river ; as opposed to mudek, to go up stream. Cf. liulu. him'mat or he'mat (Ar.), pur- pose, intention ; diligence, care; aspiration. him'pon, ber-him'pon, to assem- ble, gather together. Cf. leumpol and krumun. him'pon-kan, to bring together, collect, cause to assemble. per-liim'po-nan, an assemblage, assembly, congregation, church in a looal sense (X.). hi'na (Sk.), low, base, mean, despicable; lowly. . hi'na di'na, the poor and lowly, the common people. . hi'na-kan, to despise, disdain, humiliate. hi'na-kan di'ri, to abase or humiliate oneself. Jc-hi'na'an, degradation, igno- miny. hinai, see //"//'. Hin'di, usually neg'ri Hin'di, India, Hindustan. Hin'du, o'rarg Hin'dn, a Hindu; (Penang) a Tamil. hifg'ga, until, as far as: limit. Cf. sampai and had. s-hinj'ga, until, as far a- such an extent that . per-hiirj'ga'an, limit, boundary, frontier: . contracted to p- rerg'yan. hiig'gap, to alight or perch upon, anything, as birds or insects. hin'tai, miy-hin'tai, -kan, to spy.. peep at; see iniai. hiri, see iri. hi'ris, mty-ln'ris, to slice, cut fine, hash. hi'sab (Ar.), counting, caleula- . tion; usually liitoit/. hi'sab-kan, to count, reckon. ter-hi'sab-kan, capable of en- umeration. ti-a'da ter-hi'sab-kan ba'tyak- . tya, innumerable.

hi 'sap, mry-hi'sap, to suck, draw into the mouth or nostrils.. hi' sap clian'du and lii'sap ma'~ dat, to smoke opium. hi' sap ro'kok, to smoke the native cigarette. hi'tam, black. hi' tarn ma'nis, brown. hi'tonf, mrg-hi'torg, -kan, to count, reckon, calculate. Cf _ bilaiy. h-lai' or lai' (84), numeral co- efficient of thin or flat ob- jects. s-h-lai' ker'ias, a sheet of paper. s-h-lai' s-pirg'gan/, with only the clothes one has on. ba'ju s-h-lai', one coat. h-la'man, courtyard in front of a palace or Other building-. hlaix, see lanj. h-li pan or li'pan, a large cen- tipede. <poem> h-Iu'an, the front or front part of anything, especially of boats. hm'bus, miy-hm'bus, to blow, breathe out with the mouth ; also used of the wind. Cf. Hop. liin'bus-kan, to blow away. hm'bu-san, bellows. fim'pa, empty; empty husks of rice. Cf. kosoty and skam. liin'pa ta'iyan->ya, with empty hands. pa'di lim'pa or lim'pa, husks of rice in which the grain has never formed. Jim 'pas, mty-hm'pas, ~k'an, to throw or dash down. Cf. cliampdk. hm'p-du, gall, bile. 'hn'dak, desire, wish; to wish, intend ; an auxiliary verb ex- pressing the future (45). Cf. man. hn'dak-lah, placed before a verb to express the imper- ative. Ikri dak-kan , to desire a thing. k-hn'dak or ka-han'dak (126), will, desire, wish. ber-ka-han'dak, to desire, wish, want. k-hn-da'ki or ka-han-da'ki, to desire. Tin'dap, miy-hn'dap, to crouch. Ti-niig', clear, pure, transparent (of liquids and of the heart). Cf. jerneh. hn tarn, to throw, strike; also hantam. hnti, see henti. hn-ti'mun, cucumber; see timun. "ho bat, usually ho'ba-tan, sorcery, made. Cf. obat. o'raty ho'ba-tan, a sorcerer. Ho- Ian da, Dutch; usually BlaA- da. ho'nar, disgrace, insult. hor-lo'ji (Port, and D.), a clock, watch; usually jam. h or 'mat (Ar.), reverence, res- . - pect. : b-ri' hor'mat, to pay respect, to honour. hor-ma'ti, to honour, respect. hrimau, see harimau. hsta, see liasta. hu'a (Ar.), he; used in the Lei- dekker version of the Bible as a translation of Jehovah. hu-ba'ya, entirely. liu-ba'ya-liu-ba'ya, above all things. hu'borg, ber-liu'borg , united, joined; the union of fami- lies, villages, etc., as well as of tangible things. Cf . 5am- boiy. mty-hu'bonj and hu'bory-kan, to join, unite. hn'bo-iyan, lengthening piece, hyphen; sequel of a book. hu'darg or u'darg, prawn, shrimp. . : liu'darg ga'lah, lobster. bu'rorg ra'ja hu'darg, the king- fisher. hu'jan, rain. Jiu'jan ba'tu, hail. 'uH liu'jan l-bat', heavy rain. Jiu'jan man tu'run, rain is com- ing. hu'jan pa'nas, rain during sun- shine. liu'jan rin-tek-rin'tek, light rain, drizzle. lia'ri hu'jan, a rainy day, or rainy weather. <poem> hu'ja-ni, to rain upon. hu'jat, mnj-hu'jat, blasphemy, libel ; to speak evil of, calum- niate, libel, blaspheme. hu'jong;, end, extremity. hu'jonj ta'nah, cape, point of land, peninsula. hu-ka'ma (Ar.), learned men. hu'kum (Ar.), judgment, sen- tence; decree, laAv, com- mand; rule, jurisdiction. hu'kum is'lam, the laws of Is- lam. hu'kum yaty 'a'dil, just rule. b-ri' hu'kum, to give an order. ja'toh-kan hu'kum di a'tas o'rarg, to condemn. k'na hu'kum, to suffer punish- ment. pu'tus-kan hu'kum, to pro- nounce sentence. s-pu'loh hu'kum Al'lali, the Ten Commandments (X.). hu'kum-kan, to judge, sentence, punish. hu'ku-man, punishment, hu lam, uncooked vegetables eaten with curry. hulat, see n.lol. hu'lor, mrg-liu'lor, -lean, to ex- tend, stretch out, hold out (as the hand) ; pay out, low- er away (as ropes). Cf. unjok. hu'lu, the head, the upper part or source of a thing, the hilt of a sword or dagger, the upper reaches of a river, the interior of a country. Cf. Tcpala, udek and hilir. hu'lu lia'ti, the pit of the stom- ach. hu'lu k-ris', the hilt of a kris. dhulu or dahulu, see dhulu. o'rarg hu'lu, people of the in- terior. prg-hu'lu, a chieftain, headman. piy-hu'lu kam'poiy, the head- man of a village. pnj-hu'lu Tca'wal, the comman- der of a guard. pnj-hu'lu ms'jid, the headmara of a mosque. hu-lu-ba'latg, commander of a; body of soldiers, officer. hu'ma, cultivated land, dry rice- fields = ladarg; as opposed to- satcah, wet rice fields. Cf. bndarg, which is applied botln to dry and irrigated fields. ber-hu'ma, to cultivate such fields. per-hu'ma'an, cultivated land,, the crops raised. hun (Chin.), an inch; also a? measure of weight. hu'nus, mrg-hu'nus, to draw ai weapon from its sheath, un- sheath; also chabot. hur', hnr'kan, to indulge. hu'ruf (Ar.), letters of the al- phabet. hu-ru-ha'ra, disorder, distur- bance, tumult, riot. hu'tan, jungle, forest, wild un- cultivated country. Cf. blu- kar and rimba. hu'tan b-lan-ta'm, wild jungle. hu'tan riin'ba, forest or pri- meval jungle. a' yam hu'tan, jungle fowl. ba'bi hu'tan, wild pig. o'rarg hu'tan, wild men of the- jungle. pi'sarg hu'tan, wild banana. hu'tai^, debt, loan; owing, due. ba'i/er hu'targ, to pay a debt. b-ri' hu'tan/, to lend, loan. <poem> ber-liu'taiy, in debt. pi-hu'targ, credit. I i'a, he, she, it, they; also dia. i'a'i'tu (17), that, that one; that is to say, namely. i'a'i'ni (17), this, this one. 'i-ba'dat (Ar.), worship, adora- tion, piety, devotion. Cf. smbahyaiy.

  • i-ba'rat (Ar.), metaphor, figure;

explanation, interpretation. Cf. Idas. am'bil 'i-ba'rat, to use a meta- phor. ib'lis (Ar.), the devil, Satan. Cf. sliaitan. ib'ni, ib'nu or bin' (Ar.), son; usually anak. i'bol, a kind of palm tree. 'Ib-ra'ni (Ar.), Hebrew. i'bu, mother. Cf. mak and in- dok. i'bu a'yam, hen. i'bu ba'pa, parents. i'bu ja'ri, thumb. i'bu lea' lei, great toe. s-i'bu s-ba'pa, of the same father and mother. i'dah, bridal present. i'dam, mrg-i'dam, to long for (of pregnant women). i'dap, chronic disease. i'dar, ber-i'dar, to revolve, go round in a circle. Cf. pusirg. biritaiy ber-i'dar, a planet. i'dar-kan or per-i' da r-kan, to pass or send round, especially of food. , per-i' da-ran, revolution. per-i' da-ran dun'ia, a cycle,, period of time. id'dah (Ar., number), the num- ber of days or fixed time thsit a woman may not marrr after divorce or the deatli of her husband. idhin, see izin. 'if rit (Ar.), demon, evil spirit. Cf. jin and hantu. i'gal, m-Hji'gal, to spread the tail. as peacocks and turkeys. igama, see ayama. i'gau, m-tyi'gau, to talk in (nr sleep, have bad dreams. ih'wal (Ar.), plural of lial, q.v. i'jok, the coarse fibre of the a- borg (sugar palm), used for making rope. i'kal, wavy (of hair). Cf. Ire- two. i'kan, fish. i'Jcan b-la'larg, flying fish. i'kan k-rity', dried fish. Cf. da'irg. i'kan lum-ba-lum'ba, porpoise- i'kan pa' us, whale. i'kan to! dak, sword-fish'. i'kan yu' , shark. nja-ira-tya' u~a i'kan, more dead than alive. i'kat, m-tyi'kat, ~kan, a bundle: to tie, fasten. Cf. berka*. i'kat pirg'garg, belt. i'kat p-ri'fji, the masonry with wliidi a well is lined. i'kat ru'ina/i, to build a house (of brick or masonry). i'ka-tan, fastenings. ikh'las (Ar.), sincerity; sincere;, also ekhlas. ikh'ti-ar (Ar.). choice, decision,, opinion. <poem> ik'rar (Ar.), fixed, settled. Of. krar. i kiit, m-rgi'kut, to follow, imi- tate, obey. Cf. turut. ber-i-kut-i'kvt, in succession. i'lah (Ar.), God, a god. I -la hi (Ar.), divine; my God. II ham (Ar.), divine inspiration. il'ham-kan, to impart divine inspiration. "il'mii (Ar.), knowledge, scholar- ship, science. ber-il'mu, learned, scholarly. i mam (Ar.), priest. i'mam b-sar', high priest (X.). i man (Ar.), belief, faith, creed, religion ; the Mohammedan faith. ba'tva i'man, to embrace the faith, become a Moham- medan. im'pit, m-rgim'pit, to press, squeeze. Cf. apit, than, tin- deli. 'nai, henna, a red dye. I'narg, nurse; also i-narg'da (court language). Cf. asoli. Sn-che", a title equivalent to the English Mr.; also 'n-clie" and die'. in'chi (Eng.), an inch. In'dah, beautiful, attractive, im- portant, valuable, precious ; also in-dali-in'dali. in'dali-kan, to value, pay atten- tion to, care about. Jn'dok and in'dorg, mother; chiefly used in the phrases : in'dok ma'du, honeycomb. in'dok mu-ti-a'ra, mother of pearl. in'dok su'i-ra, cocoon of the silk-worm. in d-ra (Sk.), the name of a Hindu deity. k'in'd-ra'an, the heaven of In- dra. This word is often con- fused with kndara'an, q.v. , noise, clamour. m-rgi'rgat, to remember, think, pay attention, heed. i'lytit-i'rgat, take care, be cau- tious. b-ri' i'rgai, to remind, caution. i'rgat-mm, to remind a person. i'ga-ian, attention, thoughts. ter-i'rgat, remembered. per-i'nja-ian, a reminder, me- mento. Iifc'g-ris (Eur.), English. i'rgln (148), to desire, covet. Cf. rindu. k'i'nji-nan, desires, longings. Itg'lan, neg'ri Irq'lan, England. , mucus from the nose. i'lym, to blow one's nose. i'ni (16), this, these. i'ni ha'ri, today. i'ni ju'ga, this very thing; at this very time, just now. a'Jcu i'ni, I (emphatic). s-ka'ranj i'ni, just now. si'ni and di si'ni, here, in'jak, m-ir/in'jak, to tread on. Cf. pijak and irek. in'jil (Ar.), Gospel, the Xew Testament. in'jin (Eng.), engine, machine. Cf. jntra and psawat. in'saf (Ar.), justice, equity, fair- ness. Cf. 'adil. in'san (Ar.), man, mankind; usually manusia. in'sha' Al'lah (Ar.), please God, God willing; also insha'/fah. <poem> in'tai, m-njin'tai, -lean, t> spy, peep at, watch for, peep into ; also lilntai. in tan, diamond. i'par, brother-in-law, sister-in- law. i'poh, the upas tree; the poison made from that and other trees for poisoning darts. i-rauat (Ar.), the will or de- c-rees of God. "I'rak (Ar.), Mesopotamia. i'rek, m-nji'rek, to stamp on, thresh by trampling on. Cf. injak and pijak. IIHJ-I re-kan, threshing floor.

i'ri, i'ri lia'ti, spite, malevolence.

i'riig, m-nji'rlnj, to accompany, escort. Cf. hantar. i'rirg, i'ri-rgan, side, see ereiy. I-ro'pah, Europe = Airopah. Tsa (Ar.), Jesus. i'sha (Ar., evening), one of the lima icaktii, or five periods of prayer; also sm-bah'yarg 'i'sha. i-sha'rat (Ar.), a signal, sign. Cf. tanda. i-slia' rat-kan , and b-ri' i-sha'- rat, to make a sign. Cf. lambai.

i'si, contents.

i'*i dun' la, the inhabitants of the world, the whole world. i'si kali' win, dowry. i'si ki'tab, contents of a book, i'si neg'ri, inhabitants of a city. i'si p-rot', intestines. i'si ru' mail, family, household. 'bcr-i'si, containing; to contain. Cf. muat. -i'si-kan and m-rgi'si, to fill, load. Is-kan dar (Ar.), Alexander. Is lam (Ar.), Mohammedan. a-ga'ma Is'lam, the Moham- medan religion. ma'sok Is'lam, to become a Mo- hammedan. is' lam-lean, to make a person a Mohammedan. isnin, see ithnain. is-ta'na (Sk.), palace; also as- tana. is-taig'gi (Sk.), incense ; usually starggi. is-ti-'a'dat (Ar.), custom. is-ti-me'wa, especially. is-tiig'gar (Port.), matchlock. , is-tin'ja (Ar.), ablutions after evacuation. is't-ri (Sk.), wife (more respect- ful than bini). bcr-is't-ri, to have a wife, be married. bcr-is't-ri-kan, to take to wife, marry a woman. i'tek, duck. a' yam i'tek, poultry. ith'nain, is'nin or s-nin' (Ar., second), Monday; usually lia'ri is'nin. i'tu (16), that, those. si'tu and di si'tu, there. i'zin (Ar. idhin), permission, leave. b-ri' i'zin, to give leave or per- mission. min'ta i'zin, to ask leave, or permission. ja'bat, mn-ja'bat, to touch, grasp, lay hold of. ber-ja'bat ta'tyan, to grasp the hand or to shake hands. <poem> ja'di, mn-ja'di, to come into exis- tence, be born, become, hap- pen, take place, come to pass, be sufficient or satisfactory. . ja'di-kan, to create, cause. k-ja'di-an, creation, birth. ja-di-ja'di-an, a supernatural being. ja'ga (Sk.), to be awake, watch, guard, take care. Cf. ba- rgun, sdar and turggu. ja'ga ba-ik-ba'ik, be careful. o'raig ja'ga, a watchman. ja'goig, maize, Indian corn. ia-han nam (Ar.), hell. Cf. j n nraka. ja-hat', wicked, evil, bad, vicious. bu'at ja-hat', to commit forni- cation; also zina. Tcu'da ja-hat' , a vicious horse. si- ja-hat', the evil one, the devil. ja-hat'kan, to defame. k-ja-ha'tan, wickedness. ja'hil (Ar.), ignorant; usually bbal and bodoh. ja'hit, mn-ja'liit, to sew. Jahudi, see Yahudi. ja'ja, mn-ja'ja, to hawk goods for sale, sell on the streets, ped- dle. ja'jah, only found in its deriv- ative : ja'ja-han, district, division of a country. Cf. da'irah. Ja'kun, a hill tribe of the Malay Peninsula. ja'la, casting net. ja-la-ja'la, trellis work. te'bar ja'la, to throw a casting net. mn-ja'la, to fish with a casting net. ja Ian (49), road, path. way.. method; means; to walk. move forward, go on. ja'lan b-ha'sa, idiom. ja'lan ra'ya, main road. ba'wa ja'lan, to lead the way. bu'ka ja'lan, to lay out a road. di fiyah ja'lan, in the middle of the road: during a jour- nev. " sem'panj ja'lan, cross road-. s-pan'jarg ja'lan, all the way. ber- ja'lan, to walk, travel, go a journey. ber-ja'lan da'rat, to go over- land. ber-ja'lan d-hu'lu, to go ahead.. ber-ja-lan-ja'lan, to walk about. ber-ja'lan ka'ki, to go on foot. ja'la-ni (99), to traverse. ja'lan-kan (99), to cause to walk, set in motion. ja'lan-kan in'jin, to start an engine. ja'lan-kan ku'da, to walk a horse. ja'lan-kan p-ker'ja'an, to ma- nage a business. per-ja'la-nan, a journey, voy- age. ja'laiK, wild, runaway. Cf. liar. - ker'bau ja'larg, a runaway buff- alo. p-rem'pu-an ja'laiy, a loose woman. ja'lar, mn-ja'lar, to crawl, creep (as snakes, etc.) ; to creep, climb (as plants). Cf. ra~ yap. jalma, see jlma. ja'lur, a small canoe, a dug-out. Cf. sagur. ja'lur, stripes of different colours. jam' (Pers.), a clock or watch i an hour. <poem> ja'mah, mn-ja'mali, to touch. jam'ban, a latrine. jam'barg, a flower pot; usually jam-ba'rgan. Cf. pasu. jam'bu (Sk.), the generic name of a number of fruits. jam'bu bi'ji, the guava. jam-bu'a, the pomelo. jam'bul, tuft of hair or feathers. ja'min (Hind.), bail, security. o'rarg ja'min, one who stands bail. jam'pi (Sk.), magic formula. ja'mu, mn-jafmu, a guest; to entertain at a feast. per-ja'mu-an, a feast. jan'da, widow, widower; man or woman separated from his or her consort. Cf. balu and bujarg. ja'igan (73), do not, lest. s-pa'ya ja'rgan, lest; also a' gar ja'rgan. ja'rgan-kan, far from, not only, not merely. jaig'gal, awkward, unsuitable, badly arranged, not sound- ing right, discordant. Cf. cliarggorg. jaig'got, beard. jarg'ka, fixed quantity or mea- surement. jaig'kar, rootlets hanging down from the branches of banyan and other trees. Cf. akar, banir and tunjarg. jarg'kit, mn-jarg'kit and ber- ja ty'kit, infectious: to spread, be catching or infec- tious (of a disease or con- flagration). Cf. rayap. jan'ji, promise, agreement, con- tract. min'ta jan'ji, to request the ful- filment of a promise. o'bah-kan jan'ji, to break one's promises. sam'pai-kan jan'ji, to perform one's promises. ber-jan'ji, to promise, make an agreement. per- jan' ji-an, an agreement, contract. jan'tan (87), male (usually of animals). Cf. laki-laki. jan 'ton*, the heart (anatomi- cally), cf. hati; also that which resembles the shape of the heart, as : jan'torg b-tis', the calf of the leg. jan'torg pl'sarg, the knob at the end of the banana blossom. ja'rak, the castor oil plant. mi'ryak ja'rak, castor oil. ja'rak, interval, distance between two objects. Cf. jararg. ja'rak-kan, to place at inter- vals. ja'raig, seldom, rare, scarce, at wide intervals, far apart. ja'rarg-kan, to space out, place at wide or wider intervals. ja'ri, the fingers, a measure = the width of a finger. ja'ri han'tu, the middle finger. ja'ri ka'ki, the toes. ja'ri k-lirg'kirg, the little fin- ger. ja'ri ma'nis, the third finger. ja'ri t-lun'jok, the first finger. i'bu ja'ri, the thumb. ja'rin?, a large fishing net. a trammel, a net for catching birds or animals. ja'rom, a needle. ja'rom cliu'cliok, bodkin. <poem> lo'baty ja'rom, the eye of a needle. ja'sa (Sk.), useful service, credit for services rendered, merit. ber-bu'at ja'sa, to do meri- torious service. ber-o'leh ja'sa, to get credit for good work. ja'ti (Sk.), true, real; usually btul or surggoh. Tca'yu ja'ti. teak. o'rarg M-la'yu ja'ti, a real Malay. ja'toh, to fall, become bankrupt. For other words meaning fall see Grammar 163. ja'toh sa'kit, to fall ifi. ja'toli-kan, to let fall, drop. ja'ioJi-kan Jiu'lcum di a'tas o'rarg, to condemn. Jaudi, see Yahudi. ja'uh, distant, far, afar; dis- tance. ja-uh- ja'uh, a long way off, far apart. ja'uh ma'lam, far into the night, late at night. de'ri ja'iih, from afar, far off. ja'uli-kan. to remove to a dis- tance, avert. jau-ha'ri (Pers.), a jeweller. Ja'wa, Java; usually ta'nali Ja'- wa. ja'wab (Ar.), mn-ja'wab, a re- ply, an answer; to answer. Cf. sdhut. ja'wat and ja'wa-ian, office, pot, duty, employment. Ja'wi, an Arabic derivative of Jawa, meaning Javanese, and hence Malayan. Ja'wi p-kan' - Ja'wi per-a'na- kan, of Malay blood, applied to persons of mixed Indian and Malay blood. hu'ruf Ja'wi, the Malay charac- ter. ja'ya (Sk.), victory. j -baig', a large shield. j-bat' (Ar.), musk, civet. mu'sarg j-bat', the civet cat. jel' (Eng.), prison, gaol. Cf. pnjara. jeram, see jram. jeraiK, see jrarg. jerat, see jrat. jerawat, see jrawat. jer'jak, thin rods to which ataps are tied. jer'ki (B.) = rzki, q.v. jer'mal, fishing stakes. Cf. blat. Jer'man (Eng.), German jer'neh, clear, transparent (of liquids) ; also metaphorical- ly, sincere, upright. Cf. linirg. jerok, see jrok. jerumat, see jrumat. jerumus, see jrumus. j-han'nam (Ar.), hell. Cf. nralca. Jib'ra'il (Ar.), Gabriel. jijak, see jjak. ji'jit, ji'jit-kan (B.), to tease = ejck. ji'ka, if, in case, supposing that, provided that; also jikalau and kalau. ji-ka lau (141-144), if, in case, supposing that, provided that. ji-ka'lau ki'ra-nja, if perchance. j-ka'lau s-ka'li-pun, even if. ji-l-a'Jau ti-a'da, unless. <poem> ji'lat, mn-ji'lat, to lick, lap (as a dog, or as flames). ji-lid' (Ar., leather), binding; volume. ji'mat, careful, thrifty. ji'mat (Ar.), a corruption of 'azimat, q.v. jin' (Ar.), a spirit: usually an evil spirit, demon. Cf. lian- iu and 'ifrit. ji'nak, tame, docile, domesticated, bold, familiar. ji'nak-kan, to tame, render do- cile. jin'tan, caraway seed. jin' tan ma'nis, aniseed. ji'wa (Sk.), the soul. Cf. smargat. j'jak, ber-j'jak, footsteps, foot- prints: to step, tread, just touch with the end. Cf. jrijaJc. j-las' (Ar.), settled, arranged (as accounts or other busi- ness). Cf. sudah and habis. j-las'kan, to settle, arrange. j-la'tatg, the nettle. jlid, see jilid. jl'ma (Sk.), incarnation. mn-jl'ma, to be incarnate, take a human or other form. j-lu'jur, basting, loose sewing. j-Iu'ton?, a large tree which yields rubber. j'ma'ah (Ar.), a society, com- pany. Cf. korgsi. j'ma'at' or ju'ma'at' (Ar., as- sembly), Friday, the day of congregation. ha'ri j'ma'at', Friday. s-j'ma'nt' , a week. j'man (B.), time, epoch, age = zantan. jm-ba'tan, a bridge, pier, wharf. jm'lah (Ar.), total, sum; also jum'lah. jm'lali-kan, to add up. j'mor, mn-j'mor, -lean, to dry in the sun. Cf. arginkan. jm'pot, mn-jm'pot, -kan, to in- vite ; also to hold between the finger and thumb. Cf. sila. jm'po-tan, invitation. o'rarg jm'po-tan, guest. Cf. jamu. j-mu', satiated, satisfied, wearied, nauseated. Cf. knryarg and pitas. j-na'ka, joke, pun; facetious. Cf. gurau and sindir. j-naig', the side posts of a door or window, or of the frame of a screen or partition. Cf . ambarg. tu'top j-narg', the upper post of a screen or partition. jn-de'la (Port.), window; also j-ne'la. Cf. tirgkap. jig'kal, the span as a measure of length. j-nis' (Ar.), sort, kind, species. Cf. macliam and bagai. ber-j-nis'-j-nis' (115), all sorts. j-igok', mn-j-rgok', to look with the head protruding. jn't-ra (Sk.), a wheel, machin- ery, an engine. Cf. psawat and injin. bcr-jn't-ra, having wheels or machinery, revolving. jo'doh, pair, couple, mate, fellow. Cf. km bar, pasarg and jori. jo'doh-kan, to mate. jo'gan (Pers.), a standard, en- sign. <poem> jo'get, dance, dancing. Cf. tari. Jo'hor, the name of a country at the south end of the Malay Peninsula. jo'Iok, mn-jo'lok, to gather fruit off a tree by means of a long pole. Jon?', a junk. joig'kit, mn-jo-rg'kit, to rise at one end, tip up. jong'kok, ber-jory'kok, to squat, sit on one's haunches. jo'ri (Hind.), a pair (used of horses only). Cf. pasarg. jo'roig, tray for betel nut. J-pun', Japan, Japanese. j-ram', rapids in a river. j-ra'mi, straw, hay, the fibrous parts of certain fruits. j-rang', mn-j-rarg', -kan, to heat over a fire. Cf. diarg and paiggarg. j-rat', mn-j-rat', -kan, a noose or snare; to snare. Cf. rachek. j-ra'wat, pimples on the face. Cf. bisuL j-rit', mn-j-rit', to scream, cry out as in fear (of men and certain animals). j-rok' (Jav.), generic name for oranges, limes, etc.; usually I i man. Also a preserve or pickle made from these fruits. j-ru'mat, darning. j-ru'mus, prostrate, flat on one's face. Cf. tiarap. ter-j-ru'mus, fallen flat on one's face. jua, see juga. ju-ak-ju'ak, body-guard. ju'al, mn-ju'al, -kan f to sell. ber-ju'al (100), selling, en- gaged in the sale of. ber-ju'al-b-li', buying and sell- ing. ju'arg, ber-ju'arg, to fight (of elephants and dragons). ju'bah (Ar.), tunic, a long outer garment worn by Arabs, and by Malays on special occa- sions. ju'di (Sk.), gambling. ma' in ju'di, to gamble. ju'ga (144, 162), likewise, just, nevertheless, merely ; also jua. ba'ik ju'ga, pretty good, just as well. b-gi'tu ju'ga, just like that. dm'ki-an ju'ga, just in that way. i'ni ju'ga, just now. sa'ma ju'ga, this very thing, just the same. ju'Iaig, mn-ju'larg, to raise up above the head, bear aloft in the hands; carry astride on the shoulders, toss ( as a bull). ju'liiK, squint; cross-eyed. ju'lor, mn-ju'lor, to stretch out, put out, extend (the limbs, tongue, etc.). Cf. unjor. juma'at, see jma'at. j u ml ah, see jmlah. jum'pa, ber-jum'pa, to meet, come across a person. Cf. inu. ju'igor, snout, beak (of some animals and birds). Cf. muncliorg. jun'joig, mn-jun'jonj, to carry on the head, place on the <poem> head in token of submission, hence : jun'joiy du'li, lit., to put the dust of a king's feet on one's head, to do obeisance. jun'joiy ti'tah, to obey a king's command. jun'jo-igan, the person to whom one does obeisance, lord; used in Malay writings of Mohammed. jun'tai, ber-jun'tai, hanging down loosely (of the legs, clothes, etc.). ju'ru, a skilled workman, au ex- pert; in the following ex- pressions : ju'ru b-ha'sa, an interpreter. ju'ru ba'iu, second mate on a vessel . ju'ru kun'chi, turnkey, stew- ard. ju'ru ma'sak, a cook. ju'ru inu'di, steersman, quar- ter-master. ju'ru s-la'mat, Saviour (X.). ju'ru iu' Us, a clerk, secretary. pn- ju'ru, a corner, angle. ju'rus, a brief interval of time. s-ju'rus la'ma-tya, for a mo- ment. ius'ta (B.), false, untrue = dusta. ju'ta (Sk.) (33), a million. juz' (Ar.). one of the 30 portions into which the Koran is divided. K fc, a prefixed used in forming the ordinal numbers (34), and certain derived nouns (126- 128). k- (27, 149),. to (usually of places). k'a'tas, on to, upwards. k-da'lam, into. k-ma'na, whither, where? k-ma'ri, hither. k-pa'da (149), to (usually of persons). k-sa'na, thither, there. k'a'bah (Ar.), the name of the sanctuary in the great mos- quo at Mecca, the temple at Mecca; the temple at Jeru- salem. kabar, see kliabar. ka'bol (Ar.), assenting, content; to assent, accept, agree. ka'bol-kan, to approve a thing. ka'boig, a measure of length for cloth: a length of white cot- ton material, folded and laid on the shoulder as a sign of mourning. Cf. kadut. per-ka'bo-iyan, mourning. ka'bon?, the sugar palm. ka'bot, mist, obscurity; obscure, dim, dark. Cf. kabur. k-lairi ka'bot,, pitch dark. ka'bu-ka'bu, the cotton tree which produces kapok. ka'bur, dim (of light or of the ej r csight). Cf. kabot. ka'bus, indistinct, dimly seen. ka'cha (Sk.), glass (the material of that name). Cf. chermin and glas. ka'chak, smart, neat, dapper. ka'chaig, beans, peas. kn'cliarg ben'de, "lady's fin- gers." ka'cliairj go'rirg, roasted pea nuts. kn'chaty ka'yu, the Indian dall. ka'cltarg pa'raiy, a very large bean. <poem> ka'cliarg parijarg, the long na- tive bean. lea' diary pen'dek, French beans. ka'charg ta'nali, pea nuts. ka'chau, m-rga'cliau, confused; to confuse, disturb, stir, put into disorder, perplex. Cf. ham and kochak. ter-ka'chau, disturbed, dis- arranged. ka'chip, scissors used for cutting up betel nut. ka'daig. usually ter-ka'darg or l~a' darg-ka' darg , sometimes. ka'dar (Ar.), quantity, measure, proportion, extent, amount. Also kdar. d'rgan ka'dar-nja, proportion- ately. s-ka'dar, in proportion to, to the extent of. ka'dli (Ar.), judge, magistrate, marriage registrar ; usually hakim. ka'dut, a material of a more open texture than kain guni, used in mourning by Chinese, and for sails. Cf. guni and ka- rorg. ka'fan (Ar.), shroud; usually ka'in ka'fan. Also kapan. ka'fan-kan and ka'fa-ni, to en- shroud, wrap a body for burial. ka ti-lah (Ar.), caravan. ka'fir (Ar.), unbeliever, infidel. kah (56-GO), an interrogative suffix. kahandak (126), see hndak. kah wah (Ar.), coffee; usually kopi. kah'win, ber-kah'win, marriage; to marry. Cf. nikah. i'si kah'win, dowry paid to the father of a bride. kali'win-kan, to give in mar- riage. ka"il, m-rga"il, fishing line; to- fish with a line. ma'ta ka"il, fish-hook. ta'H ka"il, fishing-line. p-rga"il, a fisherman (who uses the line). ka"in, cloth, any textile fabric: a cloth, especially the Malay sarorg, q.v. lea" in ba'ju, " saroig " and coat,, one's clothing. ka"in ba'sa-han, bathing cloth. ka"in ba'tek, Javanese cotton prints. ka"in b-la'chu, unbleached calico. ka"in bu'rok, rags. lea" in gu'ni, sackcloth. Cf~ kaditt. ka"in ha' his, fine material. lea" in kha'sah, a fine linen cloth, muslin. ka"in ka'dut, a coarse material used for mourning by Chi- nese. ka 'in ka'fan, shroud. ka"in ka'sar, coarse material, lea" in k'ma'san, material woven- or embroidered with gold. ka"in sakh'lat, woollen cloth. lea" in s-h-lai', one " sarong." ka"in s-ka'yu, a roll of cloth. lea" in su't-ra, silk. bu'ka lea" in, to undress. Cf~ targgal. kais', to scratch (as a fowl). ka"it, w-rga"it, a hook; to hook^ ka'jari?, mats made by stitching; together the leaves of the- se -row-pine, and used to afford shelter from rain on boats,, carts, etc. Cf. biykuarg. <poem> ka'kak, elder sister: sometimes elder brother, which is usual- ly abarg. Cf. adek and tachi. kakanda, see kkanda. ka-ka-tu'a, cockatoo: pincers. ka'ki, foot, leg, base, pedestal. ka'ki bu'kit, the foot of a hill. ka'ki di'an, candlestick. ka'ki gu'norg, the foot of a mountain. ka'ki la'rgit, the horizon. ka'ki -iem'bok, foundations of a wall. bi-na'tatg ber-ka'ki am'pat, quadruped. b-kas' ka'ki, foot print. ja'lan ka'ki, to go on foot. ina'ta ka'ki, the ankles. ta'pak ka'ki, sole of the foot. ka'ku, stiff, unbending. ka'la (Sk.), time; usually in the phrases given below. Cf. wakiu, masa, zman and kali. a' da ka'la, sometimes. a' pa ka'la, when. Cf. apabila. d-hu'lu ka'la, formerly, in olden times. s-di'a ka'la, always, usually. ka'la, a generic name for scor- pions. Tca'la jrg'kiig, the common variety. ka'lah (B.), to lose in a conflict, suffer defeat = alali. Cf. in- natg. ka'lam (Ar.), a pen. ka'latg, ru-rga'larg, to prop up (as a ship on a beach) ; also galarg. ka'lau (141, 142) = ji'ka and /t- ka'lau, if. ka-lau-ka'lau, perchance, per- haps, on the chance that, in case that. kal'dai, ass, donkey. ka'li, a time or occasion. ba'raiy-ka'li, perhaps. b-ra'pa ka'li, how often. k-du'a ka'h-n/a, the second time. s-ka'li, "once ; also see skali-kali. s-ka'li gvs', all at once, all at the same time. s-ka-li-ka'li, altogether, entire- ly; sometimes abbreviated to skalt meaning, quite, very (98, 94). s-ka'li pun' (144), even. s-ka'li-an, see sklian. ka'lis, impervious (to water). kalimah, see klimali. ka'lot, ka'lot-kan (B.), to re- buke, reprove. kam'biiK, goat. kam'birg bi-ri-bi'ri, sheep. Cf. domba. kam'birg ran'dok, he-goat. kambli, see kmbli. kam-bo'ja (Sk.), the name of a tree with sweet scented flowers. g'tah kam-bo'ja, gamboge. kam'bus, ter-kam'bus, stopped up, choked. kam'guan (B.) (Chin.), satis- fied, willing ; to assent, agree. ka'mi (7), we, us (excluding the person or persons spoken to). Cf. kita. kam'poh, double, in duplicate; as a sarorg woven in half widths, which must be sewn, together. kam'poig, ber-kam' porg , to as- semble; an assembly of houses, a village, quarter or ward in a town, the grounds <poem> round a house. Cf. himpon and dusun. katn' 'porg-kan, to collect, cause to assemble. ka mu (6), you (usually plural) ; when used as a possessive pronoun often contracted to -mu (13). ka'mus (Ar.), dictionary. ka-nak-ka'nak, infant, small child. ka'nan, right; as opposed to kiri, left. sb'lali ka'nan, the right side. fa'rgan Ica'nan, the right hand. kan'chil, mouse deer = plandok. kan'chirg, a button, bolt, bar to fasten a door. kan'darg, an enclosure for cattle, stall, sheepfold, stable. Cf. bargsal. kan'dar, m-rgan'dar, to carry things on the two ends of a pole. I a' an, kan'dar, carrying stick. kan das and ter-kan'das, a- ground, stranded. Cf. dam- par. kan'dil (Ar.), lantern, lamp. Cf. pliia and targlorg. kan'doig, m-rgan'dorg, to carry in the bosom; conceive, bear children. Cf. kendorg. kan-du'ri (Pers.), a feast held annually at which prayers for the dead are said; hence any feast. Cf. jamu. kan?' and k-kaig', a horse's bit. Cf. lagam. ta'li katy', bridle. kaig'kaig, tcr-kaiy'karg, strad- dling, wide apart (of the legs). kaig'korg, the name of a vege- table. kan'ii, meal or flour boiled to the consistency of porridge. Cf. bubiir and suji. a'yer kan'ji, gruel. kap, the hood of a buggy. ka'pak, axe. Cf. bliorg. ka'pal (Tarn.), ship, vessel. Cf. prahu. lea' pal a' pi, steamship. ka'pal la'yer, sailing ship. ka'pal p-raiy', warship. na'ik ka'pal, to board a ship from a boat. in' run ka'pal, to go on board a ship from a pier or wharf. kapan, see kafan. ka'pan (Jav.), when; usually Mia. ka'par, be r-ka' pa-ran, spread out in disorder, scattered. ka'par-kan, to scatter. ka'pas, raw cotton. Cf. kapok and kabu-kabu. ka'pi, a block, pulley. ka'pi-tan (Port), captain. Cf. naklwda. ka'pok, raw cotton. Cf. kapas and kabu-kabu. ka'pur, lime; mortar, plaster. ka'pur ba'rus, camphor. ka'pur b-lan'da, chalk, crayons. ka'pur lii' tain, Portland ce- ment, ka'pur ma'ii, slaked lime. ka'pur to-hor', quick-lime. sa'pn ka'pur, to whitewash. Cf. lalur. ka'ram, destruction, especially shipwreck : to founder ; some- times used as an imprecation. Cf. dam par and kandas. <poem> karana, see kern a. ka'raig, coral reef, coral rock; tin-bearing rock. Win ka'rarg, coral, coral rock. bu'rga ka'rarg, sponge. Cf. lu- mut. ka'rarg, m-rga'rarg, to arrange, set in order (as flowers in a bouquet) : to compose (of written compositions). ka-ra'rgan, A written composi- tion, the setting of jewels, a wreath or nosegay of flowers. p-tga'rarg, an author. ka-rar' (Ar.), settled, fixed, es- tablished. ka'rat, rust. Cf. l)si. ber-ka'rat, rusty. ka'rib (Ar.), near (of relation- ship). ka'roig, a rough sack, usually of matting or other coarse material. Cf. guni. karunia, see kurnia. ka'rut, m-rga'rut, to talk non- sense. ka'sad (Ar.), intention, purpose. Also ksad. ka'sap, rough to the touch. ka'sar, coarse, rough, rude, im- polite. ka'sau, roof, timbers. ka'sau jan'ian, purlins. ka'sau b-ti'na, rafters. ka'seh (148), love, affection, favour: to love; (in the col- loquial of the Settlements) to give (79). ba'las ka'seh, to return a fa- vour. tnin'ia ka'seh, to ask a favour. t-ri'ma ka'seh- (160), to thank. Cf. slmkur. ka'se-lii, to love. ka'se-lian, pity, compassion. Cf. sayarg. ka-se-ha'ni and ka-se-han'kan, to have pity or mercy upon a person. p-iga'se-lian, affection. k-ka'seh-ku (126), my beloved, my friend. ka'si (in the colloquial of the Settlements), to give;= (Pe- nang) bagi. Cf. kaseli. ka'sim (Ar.), mutilated, cas- trated. Cf. kmbiri. k as 'rah (Ar.), the vowel sign corresponding to i; see baris. kas-tu'ri (Sk.), musk. Cf. jbat. ka'sut, shoes. Cf. spatu. ka'ta (149), ber-ka'ta, to say, speak. Cf. cliakap, bilarg and tutor. ka'ta-rya, he said; saying. s-ka'ia, assenting, concurring. x-pa'iali ka'ta, one word. ka'ia-kan, to say or tell a thing. per-ka'ia'an, a word, sentence. ka'tak, frog. Cf. kodok. ka'tak b-toig', bull frog. ka'tak pu'ru, toad. ka'tek, a' yam ka'tek, bantam fowl. ka'ti, a measure of weight = 1 J Ibs. ka'tib (Ar.), scribe. ka'ti I, bedstead. Cf. impat- tidor, pntas and peraduan. ka'toig, a sea turtle. ka'top, m-iya'top, to shut, close. Cf. into p. kau', thou; an abbreviation of aigkau. kau J u (B.), mean, stingy. <poem> kaul' (Ar.), word, sentence, say- ing. kaum' (Ar.), a people, race, tribe, nation. Cf. barysa. kaum' k-lur'ga, household, fa- mily, all one's relations. kaus' ( Ar., shoes), in the phrase : Ic-ba'wali leans', an honorific title of princes, having refer- ence to the ancient custom of placing the head beneath a king's feet in token of sub- mission. Cf. junjorg. ka'wah, cauldron. ka'vval, guard, watch. Cf. jaga. pry-liulu Tca'wal, the comman- der of a guard. ber-ka'wal, to keep watch. ka'wan, comrade, companion ; herd, flock, company. Cf. tman, handai, taulan and sahabat. k'a'wat, wire; telegram. Cf. dawai. kawin, see Jcahwin. ka'ya, rich. o'raig ka'ya, a title of Malay chiefs. k-ka'ya'an, riches. ka-ya'igan (Jav.), the heaven of Hindu mythology; see yarg. Cf. shorga and indra. ka'yap, a skin disease. ka'yoh, m-rga'yoh, a paddle; to paddle a boat. p-rga'yoh, a paddle. ka'yu, wood, a tree, a log; nu- merical coefficient of rolls of cloth or other material (83). ka'yu a' pi, firewood. ka'yu a'rarg, ebony. ka'yu ma'nis, cinnamon. ba'targ ka'yu, the trunk of a- tree. bu'ah ka'yu, the fruit of a tree. da'un ka'yu, the leaves of a tree. leu' lit ka'yu, bark. po'lion ka'yu, a tree. kbajikan, see bajik. k-bal', rendered invulnerable (by magic). k-bas', to shake in order to re- move dust or dirt. Cf. gon- cliarg. k-ba'ya (Pers.), a jacket worn by women. kbiri, see kmbiri. k-bun', garden, plantation, or- chard. tu'karg k-bun', gardener. ber-k-bun', to be a planter. k-chap', m-rg-cliap', to taste. k-cha'pi (Sk.), a lyre, harp. k-che'wa, injury, disappoint- ment. k-chil'. small, little: sometimes pronounced k-chi", k-chil' dc-ri-pa'da, smaller than. k-chil' ha'ti, spiteful, having a grudge against a person. a'nak k-chil', an infant. de'ri k-chil', from childhood. tu'an k-chil', junior in offiee r master's son. k-chu'ak (Chin.), cockroach. Cf. Upas. k-chu-a'li, especially, particular- ly. Cf. istimeica. k-chup', a kiss. Cf. chium. k-chut', wrinkled, shrivelled. Cf. kdut and krut. k-dai', shop. Cf. gudarg. bu'ka k-dai'] to set up a shop. <poem> lcr-k-dai' ' , to keep a shop. o'ranj ber-k-dai', shopkeeper. k-dal', a skin disease causing white patches on the hands and feet, sometimes described as a form of leprosy. Of. kusta. k-daig', m-ty-daty', to stretch out (the hands). k-dar' and ka'dar (Ar.), quan- tity, measure, proportion, ex- tent, amount. d'tyan k-dar' -rya, proportion- ately. s-k-dar', in proportion to, to the extent of. k-dut', a wrinkle, crease. Cf. kchut SLTidkrut. ke'chek, persuasive, coaxing, im- portunate. ke'chi (Eng., ketch), a small sailing vessel. ke'ju (Port.), cheese. ke'laig, a pair of rollers, hence a roller mill for sugar, tapioca, etc. ke'Iek, to carry under the arm. ke'long, fishing-stakes; see also Uat. ken'doig, m-ryen'dory, to carry in a fold of one's clothes. Cf. kandorg. ke'peig, a small coin. ker'bau, buffalo. ker'chut, reed grass. ker'ja (Sk.), work, employment, business, festivities. b-ker'ja, to work, be engaged in business or in festivities. ker'ja-kan, to carry out, accom- plish, execute; to hold fes- tivities or perform cere- monies for a person (as mar- riage, circumcision or a funeral) ; to murder by com- mand of a raja, execute. p-ker'ja'an, work, occupation, action ker'liig, m-rger'lirg, to look out of the corners of the eyes, give a sidelong glance. ker'na (Sk. karana) (140), be- cause, for, owing to. Cf. sbab. ker'sek, coarse sand; also krisek. Cf. pasir. ker'tak, kcr'tak gi'gi, to grind the teeth. ker'tas (Ar.), paper. ker'tas km-barg' and ker'tas lap', blotting paper. ke'sah (Ar.), tale, story, nar- rative. al-ke'sah (133), a punctuation word. kha'bar (Ar.) (155, 159), news, tidings, information, know- ledge of fact. Cf. brita and iccrta. kha'bar a'rgin, unreliable in- formation, false rumours. kha'bar ba'ik, good news. a' pa kha'bar, what is the news? the usual Malay salutation, the reply to which is, khabar baik. su'rat kha'bar, newspaper. Cf. akhbar. ti-a'da kha'bar a'kan di'ri-n/a, in a state of unconsciousness. kha'bar-kan, to relate, narrate, inform. Cf. bri tahu. kha'dim (Ar.), servant, attend- ant. kha-la'si (Pers.), sailor. kha-la'yak (Ar. khala'ik), cre- atures, created things. <poem> kha-li'fah (Ar.), successor, ca- liph. kha'lik (Ar.), creator. kha'mir (Ar.), yeast, leaven; fermented, leavened. kha'mis (Ar., fifth), Thursday; usually Jiari khamis. khanduri, see kanduri. kha-ran'da, see kranda. kha'sah, Jca'in kha'sali, muslin. kha'si-at (Ar.), virtue, energy, power to produce certain re- sults (as drugs, etc.) ; (B) k'si-at, advantage. khat' (Ar.), handwriting; also bkas targan. khawatir, see khuatir. kha tarn (Ar.), end; finished,, ended, concluded. kha'tam-kan, to finish, conclude (of persons who have just learned to read the Koran) -. kha' tan ( Ar. ) , circumcision ; usually sunat. Tcha'tan-kan, to circumcise. kha tib (Ar.), preacher, the per- son who reads the khutbah in a mosque. kha-za'nah (Ar. Jchizanat), treasure house. khe'mah (Ar.), tent, taber- nacle. khi-a'nat (Ar.), treachery, per- fidy. khid'mat (Ar.), service. khi'laf (Ar.), contradiction, error, mistake. Of. silap. khizanat, see khazanah. khu-a'tir (Ar. khawatir}. an- xiety, apprehension, anxious thought; also kuatir. khur'ma (Pers.), dates. khutbah (Ar.), discourse, ser- mon read in mosques on Friday. ki-a mat (Ar.), resurrection; usually kbargkitan. lia'ri ki-a' mat, the resurrection day. ki'an, thus, so, found chiefly in its derivatives : ar'ki-an (133). then. dm'ki-an, thus. k-la'ki-an (133), moreover. s-ki'an, so much, so many. ki'as (Ar.), comparison, analogy, syllogism, example. Cf. 'iba- rat. ki'bar, to flutter in the air (as a flag). ki'bas, m-rgi'bas, to swing to and fro (trans.). Cf. goyaiy. da'yorg ki'bas, a two-bladed paddle. kib'Iah (Ar., facing, opposite to), the direction in which Mohammedans face when praying. ki'chu, m-iqi'cliu, to deceive, cheat: usually tipu. ki'dal, left-handed. ki'jan?, a small deer. Cf. .kan- chil, plandok and rusa. ki'kir, a file, rasp : stingy, mean. ki'kis, m-rgi'kis, to scraj>. scratch. Cf. garok and ///- ris. ki'lat, lightning; brilliancy; glit- tering, shining. Cf. pfir and gilarg. ki'lau, ki-lftii-ka'lau-an, glitter- ing, brilliant, reflecting light. IT. <poem> ki'lir, to sharpen. Cf. a*ah. kim'kha (Pers.), damask. ki'pas, a fan. ki'ra, m-rgi'ra, to reckon, calcu- late, guess, think, suppose. Cf. hitorg- and bilaig. ki-ra-ki'ra, accounts, calcula- tions; about, nearly, more or less. Cf. Ibeh-kura-rg. ~ki'ra-iya, pray, prithee (in prayers or requests) ; per- chance, in the phrase jika- lau kira-rya, if perchance; also s-kira-rya. kir'bat (Ar.), water-skin; see greba. ki'ri, left, as opposed to Italian, right. sb'lah ki'ri, the left side. ta'rgan ki'ri, the left hand. ki'rim, m-rgi'rim, -kan, -i. to send (things not persons). Cf. hantar. ki'ri-man, the thing sent. su'rat ki'ri-man, a letter. kisah, see kesah. ki'sar, m-rgi'sar, to turn, cause to revolve horizontally, as a millstone. Cf. putar and pusirg. ba'tu. ki'sa-ran, a millstone. Cf. gilirg. ber-ki'sar, to revolve. ki-si-ki'si, trellis-work. k is' mat (Ar.), fate. kis mis (Pers.), raisins. ki'ta ((>), we, us (including the person or persons spoken to). Cf. kami. ki'tab (Ar.). a book, especially religious works. i'si ki'tab, contents of a book. Cf. daftar. k-jam', m-rg-jam', to close the eyes; also pjain. k-jap', a wink, the blinking of the eyes. Cf. klip, s-k-jap', an instant. k'jar, in-tg'jar, to pursue, chase. Cf. hambat. k-ji', base, vile, mean, despicable. Cf. hina. k-ji'kan, to despise, slight. k-jot', to be startled, start. ter-k-jot', startled. k-jotkan, to startle, arouse from sleep. k-kal', durable, permanent, con- tinual, eternal. Cf. baka and lama. k-Jcal'kan, to perpetuate. k-kan'da, elder brother or sister (polite form of kakak). k-karg' and kaig', a horse's bit, Cf. 1 again, ta'li k-karg', bridle. kkaseh, see kaseli. k-la'bu, grey. k-Ia'dak, dregs, sediment. k-la'di, the yam; also u'bi k-la'dL Cf. kle'dek. k-Ia'hi, ber-k-la'hi, to fight, quar- rel. per-k-la'lii-an, quarrel, fight. k-lak', a participle expressing the future tense, sometimes used in conjunction with akan, q.v. k-Ia'ki-an (133), a punctuation: word: see kian. k-lam', dark; darkness. Cf. gtap. k-lam' ka'bot, thick darkness. thick fog. k-lam bu, mosquito net. <poem> k-la'pa (Jav.) = Malay lyiur, the coco-nut tree. a'i/cr k-la'pa, the milk of the coco-nut. l>u' all k-la'pa, a coco-nut. i'si k-la'pa, the meat or nutty part of the coco-nut. po'lion k-la'pa, the coco-nut tree. sa'lut k-la'pa, the husk of the coco-nut. san'tan k-la'pa, the juice ex- tracted from the nutty part. k-la'si (Pers. klialaslii}, sailor. k-lat', acid. k-la'tu (B.), to rap on the head with the knuckle of the fore finger. k-la'war, a bat. Cf. leluarg. k-Ie'dek, the sweet potato; this is considered a very inferior root as an article of food by the natives, who therefore use this word as an oppro- brious epithet; as in the phrase loyar kledek, a second- rate lawyer. k-Ieh', to see. k-Ie'waig, a short, heavy sword. k-li'an, a mine = galian. k-li'kir, la' in k-li'kir, gravel. Cf. kersek. k-li'Hig, round about, around. ler-k-li'linj, surrounding, a- round. k-li'li-rgi, to surround, encir- cle, go round. Cf. kporg. k-lim', hem, seam. k-li'mah (Ar.), word, speech, saying, sentence. k-li'mah sha-lia'dat, the Mo- hammedan profession of faith. ', nfff'ri K-lmf (Sk.), the eastern coast of British In- dia. K-lity' is'lant, a Mahommedan Tamil. o'ranf K-linf . tlie natives of that part of India, especially the Telugus and Tamils. k-lirg'kin? and ja'ri k-lity'kinj, the little finger. k-linj'kirg ka'ki, the little toe. k-lin'toig, a hawker. k-lip', ler-k-lii/,^to blink the eyes. Cf. kjam and kjap. k-lip'-k-lip', firefly. s-k-lip' uta'ta, the twinkling of an eye. k-Ii'ru, deception, error, mistake, misconception ; muddled. k-1-ka'tu, flying ants. kl-ma'rin and k-ma'rin, yester- day. Cf. s- mala in. kl-ma'rin d-liu'lu, the day be- fore yesterday. k-I-ma'yar, the phosphorescent centipede. k-loh', m-rg-1oli', a sigh ; to sigh. k-loh' k-sali', mental agitation. k-lom'pok, a group of persons. Cf. tumpok. k-Io'pak, a sheath, the lid of the eye, sheath of buds. k-lo'pak ma'ta, eyelid. k-lu', dumb, speechless; also lisu. k-lu'aig, a very large bat, the vampire. kluar, see luar. k-lu-ar'ga, see khirga. k-Iu'boig, ler-k-lu'boiy, to en- velop, cover up (as with a cloth). k-lu'piig, a scab. <poem> k-lur'ga (Sk.), relationship, re- lated to, a relative. kaum' k-lur'ga, relations, fa- mily. k-ma'la, mythical jewels sup- posed to have magic qua- lities; usually gmala. k-man'tin (B.), bride = prgantin prempuan. k-ma'rau, dry, without water. mu'sim k-ma'rau, the dry sea- son. k-ma'rin, yesterday; see klma- rin. k-mas', ber-k-mas' ' , to pack up, stow away. Ic-mas'Tcan, to pack things up. km-ba'Ii, again, over again, back again; to return. Cf. balek and pularg. km-ba'li k^rali'mat Al'lah, to die. km-ba'li-kan, to restore, give back, return. km-barg', ber-km-barg' ', to spread, spread out, expand, open (as liquids in absorbent material, a dry sponge when soaked in water, or a flower from the bud). ker'tas km-barg', blotting paper. km-barg' kan, to spread out (as a bird spreads its wings). km'bar, ber-km'bar, twins; in pairs, in triplets. a'nak km'bar, twins. ta'li km'bar ii'ga> a threefold cord. km-ba'ri, to pair with or against (in single combat). km-ba'ra, m-rgm-ba'ra, to wan- der about. km-bi'ri and k-bi'ri, mutilated, castrated. Cf. kasim. a' yam km-bi'ri, a capon. km'b-li, baize, rough woollen material such as blankets aro made of. km-bo'ja (Sk.), the name of a tree with sweet-scented ilow- ers : also kamboja. km'borg, to swell; swollen. km'di-an, afterwards. km'di-an de-ri-pa'da, after (prep.}. Cf. Ipas. km'di-an de-ri-pa'da i'tu, after that. k-me'ja (Port.), shirt. k'mn-iyan, benzoin, used as in- cense by the Malays. km'pas, a hard-wood tree. km'pis, deflated, collapsed (as a bicycle tyre). k-mu'di, rudder. ju-ru-mu'di, steersman, quar- ter-master. k-mun'chak, top. apex, summit (of masts, roofs, hills, etc.). k-mu'nirg, a tree with wood similar to boxwood, heaving sweet-scented flowers. k'na, m-rg'na (77), to hit a mark, get, incur, as in the following phrases : k'na dn'da, to be fined. k'na fit'nah, to be slandered. k'na liu'jan, to get wet in the rain. k'na hu'kum, to get punished. k'na lu'ka, to get a wound. k'na ma'lu. to be disgraced. k'na pu'kol, to get beaten. k'na rit'gi, to incur loss. k'na sa'kit, to fall sick. k'na sek'sa, to get punished. k'na ti'kam, to be stabbed. k'na -kan, to apply, put on (as clothes, plasters or anything externally applied) . <poem> k-na!' (62), in-iy-ml' , -i, to know a person, be acquainted with, recognise. Cf. tatiu. k-na' Ian, an acquaintance, a person with whom one is ac- quainted. k-nan , ber-k-nan', pleased, satis- fied, satisfactory, agreeable. per-k-mn'kan, to satisfy, please (a person). k-natg', fti-rg-narg' , -lean, to call to mind, recall, remember. Cf. irgat. k-na'pa, why? see apa. kn-chaig', stretched tight, stiff. Cf. -trek, a'rgin kn-charg', a stiff breeze. kn'chiig, to urinate. kn dak, a concubine, paramour. kn-da'ra, m-rgn-da'ra, -i, to ride on a horse or other animal. Cf. naik and turggarg. kn-da'ra' an, mount, riding horse or other animal. Of- ten misspelt k'indra'an; see indra. kn'di (Sk.), a small earthenware jar for carrying water in. kndiri, see diri. kn'dur, slack (of ropes, etc.). kn'dur-kan, to slack up, lower away (ropes). knduri, see kanduri. k-niig', the brow. bu'lu k-nirg' , the eyebrows. k-ni'sah (Ar.), church, syna- gogue ; usually greja. kn-iyarg', .satiated, satisfied with food. Cf. jmu and puas. kn-ryarg'kan, to satiate. kn'tal, thick, glutinous (of fluids) ; as opposed to cha'ir, q.v. Cf. pkat. kn'taig, potato. kn'tut, to break wind. ko'bis, cabbage. ko'chak, ber-ko'chak, to be in a state of agitation (of fluids or of the mind). Cf. kaehau. ko'chek, pocket. ko'di, a score. ko'dok, a frog, a toad. Cf. katak. ko'doig, maimed. kok', a yoke. ko'koh, firm, steady. ko'Iam (Sk.), lake, pond. Cf. danau and tasek. ko'lek, the Malay canoe, propel- led by paddles and sails and carrying one or more men. kom'ha, bu'ronj kom'ba (B.), dove. ko'meig, undeveloped, dwarfed. kom'pa-ni, the old East India Company, hence the local Government in the Straits. koig'si (Chin.), a society, as- sociation, company. Cf. jma'ah and skutu. ko'nun, it is said, it is reported; probably, possibly. ko'pek, to pull off, pick off in fragments. ko'pi, coffee. ko-pi'ah, cap. Cf. clipiau and soiykok. ko'r'an' (Ar.), the Koran, the sacred book of the Moham- medans. kor'ban (Ar.), offering, sacrifice, victim. <poem> ko'rek, m-igo'rek, to scrape, scratch or dig with a sharp instrument. Cf. gerek. iko'song, empty, hollow. Cf. hut i HI and roiyga. p-rot' ko'sorg, starving, famish- ed. ru'mali ko'sory, an uninhabited house. ta' nali ko'sorg, uncultivated land. ko'sorg-kan, to empty. Iko'ta (Sk.), a fort, fortress, forti- fied town. Cf. kubu and benterg. ko'tak, compartments or di- visions in a box or drawer.

  • a HI 'pan ko'tak, a small Chinese

boat with lockers in the stern. Iko'tor, dirty, filthy. Cf. chmar. ko'tor-kan, to dirty, soil. fco'yak, m-rgo'yak, -kan, to tear, rend. Cf. charek. iko'yan* a measure of capacity = 40 pikuls; see end of Gram- mar. .ko'yok (B.) (Chin.), plaster (medicinal). k-pada, see k-. k-pak', wing. Cf. sayap. Jc-pa'Ia (Sk.), head, chief, head- man, top. Cf. hulu. k-pa'la ci'rgin, scatter-brained. k-pa'la kam'porg, village head- man. k-f:n'la sn'rat, the heading of a letter. k-jia'la s it's u, cream. Ifin'tug k-pa'la, to rack one's brains. la'tu k-pa'la, the crown of the head, the cranium. chn'kai k-pa'la, poll-tax. f k-pa'la, giddiness. sa'kit k-pa'la, headache, kpalarg, see alary. k-pa'ya, lu'ah k-pa'ya, the pa- paya fruit. k-pi-a'lu, in the phrase: d-inam' k-pi-a'lu, continued fever. k-piig', a piece; numerical co- efficient of thin flat things (84). Cf. krat. k-pit', m-vg-pit', to carry under the arm. k-pi'tiig, a kind of crab. k-pok', a box made of thin material such as cardboard; a rice bin. k-poig', m-rg-porg' , to surround, encompass, besiege. Cf. klilirg. k-pul f , ber-k-pul-k-pul' , in clouds (as smoke). k-ra', a long-tailed monkey. k-ra'bu, ear ornaments of the shape of buttons. Cf. an- tity-antirg. k-rah', m-ty-rah', -kan, to muster, send orders for levies to pre- pare or assemble for an ex- pedition. k-rak', the burnt crust which ad- heres to the pot or pan when slightly overcooked. k-rak' nafsi, rice which adheres to the pot after boiling. k-ram', mrg-rairi , to brood (of hens). k-ra'mat (Ar.), marvel, prodigy; worthy of veneration; especi- aly tombs of saints or re- markable persons, trees, or other natural objects, to which votive offerings are made. <poem> k-ran', a small wasp. k-ra'na, see Jcerna. k-ran'da (Sk.), coffin; also lory. k-raig', a shell fish, cockles. k-ra'ni, clerk. k-ran'jang;, a large basket, crate. Cf. bakul. k-ran'ji, a timber tree. k-rap', often, frequently: also Jc-rap e ka'li. k-rar' and ka'rar (Ar), settled, fixed, established. k-ras', hard, stiff, severe, diffi- cult. k-ras' ha'ti, hard hearted. k-ras' Ic-pa'la, obstinate. k-ras' pren'tah-rya, he rules with severity. a'rgin k-ras' ' , a strong wind. a'yer k-ras', spirituous liquors. bu'ah k-ras'. the candle-nut. pu'kol k-ras', to strike hard. k-ra'si, to force, compel. Cf. gagahi. k-ras' kan, to increase the sever- ity or intensity of a thing. k-k-ra'san, hardness, compul- sion. k-rat', m-rg-rat', -kan, to cut, cut off, amputate. Cf. prggal. s-k-rat', a piece, a part. k-ra'tan, a piece cut off. k-ra'waig, open work such as carving, crochet or lace. k-re'ta (Port.), carriage, cart. k-re'ta a' pi, railway, tram.

k-re'ta Horg-korg', jinrikisha.

k-re'ta le'rcirj, a bicycle. k-re'ta Im'bu, bullock cart. k-re'ta pos', mail cart. k-re'ta se'iva, a hackney car- riage, gharry. k-re'ta som'boig, express train. k-re'ta ta'rek, hand cart. na'ik k-re'ta, to ride in a car- riage. k-ri'au, to scream (Peiiang). k-riiK', dry. ba'tok k-rirg', consumption. i'kan k-rirg', dried fish. Cf. da'irg. k-k-ri'igan, dried up. k-ris', the Malay dagger or creese. hu'lu k-ris', the hilt of a kris. hu'nus k-ris', to draw the kris from the sheath. ma'ta k-ris', the blade of a kris> sa'rorg k-ris', the sheath of a kris. krisek, see kersek. k-ri'tiig, curly (of hair). Cf-. ikal. k-ris'ten (Eur.), Christian. k-rig'ga, a very large red ant. k-roh', muddy, thick, dirty (of liquids or colours). k-ron'choig, bangles with tink- ling bells attached. k-roi^'koig, the throat, wind- pipe. Cf. lehir. k-ro'saig, brooch. k-ru'mun, ber-k-ru'mun, to as- semble, come together,, swarm, throig. Cf. himpon- and kumpol. krusi, see kursi. k-rut', ber-k-rut', wrinkled. Cf.. kchut and kdut. k-sad' and ka'sad (Ar.), inten- tion, aim, object, purpose^ Cf. kahandak. ksah, see kloh. k'si-at (B.), advantage: see siat. <poem> Jcs-tu'ri (Sk.), musk; see kas- iuri. k-su'ma (Sk.), a flower. k-ta'geh, craving (e.g. for opium). fc-tam', a crab. Cf. kpitirg. k-tam', a small knife with which rice is harvested; a carpen- ter's plane. k-ta'paig, the Indian almond tree. k-tat', tight fitting. Cf. loiy- gar. "k-ta'wa, to laugh ; see tertawa. k-tr (Sk.) (33), one hundred thousand. "k-ti'ak, armpit. k-ti'ka (Sk.), time, period, mo- ment; also kutika. k-ti'ka. yaiy ba'ik, a favourable time. pa'da k-ti'ka i'iu, at that time. s-k-ti'ka la'ma-rya, a moment, a short time. k-tiig', the leg below the calf. m-rg-tirg', to hamstring. k-tok', m-ry-tok' (146), to knock, rap. Cf. tpok. ber-k-tok', to cackle. p--rg-tok', a knocker, mallet, gavel. k-to'poig, helmet. k-tul', a lump, a loaf. k-tu'pat, rice cooked in an en- velope of palm leaf. ku' (13), possessive pronoun of the first person; also used as an abbreviation of aku when immediately preceding a verb of which it is the sub- ject. ku-ah/, gravy, sauce. ku'ak, m-rgu'ak, to low, bellow (of cattle). ku-a'Ia, the mouth of a river where it enters the sea or flows into another river. ku-a'Ii, a cooking pot or pan, of iron or earthenware. Cf. prick. ku-a'sa (Sk.), power, strength, authority, attorney. Cf. kitat. b-ri' ku-a'sa, to empower, au- thorise. ma'lia ku-a'sa, almighty. su'rat ku-a'sa, power of attor- ney. ku-at' (Ar.), strength, force, power; strorg. Cf. kuasa. ku-at'kan, to strengthen. k-ku-a'tan, strength. kuatir, see khuaiir. ku'baig, ber-ku'barg, a wallow; to wallow. ku'bu, a ramjiart, parapet, earth- work, stockade, fort. Cf. bentem and kota. -i ii x ku'bur (Ar.), tomb, sepulchre. ku'bur-kan, to bury, inter. Cf. tanam. p-ku'bu-ran, cemetery, burial ground. ku'chai (Chin.), garlic. ku'chiig, cat. ku'chirg blan'da, rabbit. ku'rhirg hu'tan, wild cat. a'nak ku'chirg, kitten. ku'chup, a kiss ; also lechup. Cf. chium. ku'da, a horse; the trusses sup- porting a roof; one of the pieces in the game of chess; see chat in: ku'da ja-hat', a vicious horse. 70 MALAY-ENGLISH VOCABULARY. Tcu'da k-cliil' , pony. ku-da-ku'da, tressles. Tcu'da p-na'kot, a timid horse. barg'sal ku'da, stable. b-si' ku'da, horse shoes. na'ik ku'da, to ride on horse : back. pa'kai-an ku'da, harness. turg'garg ku'da, to ride on horseback. ku'dis, mange. kudoig, see kodorg. ku'd-rat (Ar.), might., power; generally used of God. Of. kuasa. ku'dus (Ar.), holy. Cf. al- kudus. ku'dus-kan, to consecrate. ku-eh', cakes, confectionery, pud- dings. kui' (B.) (Chin.), to kneel. ku-is , to kick aside, move with the foot. ku'jut, m-rgu'jut, to strangle. ku'ki (Eng.), cook. Cf. masak. ku'koh, firm, steady. ku'koh-kan, to fortify. ku'kok, the crowing of a cock. ber-iku'kok, to crow, ku'ku, finger-nail, toe-nail, claw, hoof. ku'kus, to steam. ku'lai, hanging loose like a bro- ken arm. ku'lat, mushroom, fungus. Cf. chndawan, ku'li, labourer, cooly. ku'li po' (B.), female servant. ku'lit, skin, leather, bark, shell.

ku'lit ka'yu, the bark of a tree.

ku'lit ma'nis, cinnamon, ku'lit t-lor' ', eggshell. ku'li-ti, to skin, flay. CI. ///- pas. ku'lom, to suck or move about in tlie mouth (as lozenges m- sweetmeats). ku'Iop (Ar.), foreskin; 1111- circumcised. Kul /.um (Ar.), in the phrase: la'ut Kul'zum, the Red Sea. ku'man, a small parasitic insect. kum'baig, a beetle, humble bee. ku'mis (Jav.), moustache. Cf. misai. ku'mor, ber-ku'mor, to rinse the- mouth. kum'pol, m-rgum'pol, -lean, to- gather together, collect. Cf. himpon and kruinun. bcr-kum'pol, to assemble, meet,. convene. per-kum' po-lan , a s s e m b 1 y r , crowd. kun'chi (Sk.), lock, key. kun'chi marg'ga, padlock. a'nak kun'chi, key. i'bu kun'chi, lock. ju-ru-Tcun'chi, steward. lo'barg kun'chi, keyhole. ter-kun'chi, locked. kun'chi-kan, to lock. kun'chop, shut up, folded up. not yet opened (of flower.- and buds). Cf. kmbai;i. kun'dai, chignon, the hair of the- head -twisted into a knob at the back. ku'niig, yellow. kun'iyit, saffron. b-ras' kun'njit, rice stained with saffron. onf, in the form : s-kun'n/oiy-kun'njo>y, suddenly^ unexpectedly. <poem> kun'tau (Chin.), boxing. kun'tum or ku'tum, a bud; numerical coefficient of flow- ers (84). kunun, see konun. ku'paig, a measure of weight for gold; (Penang) a coin =10 cents. ku'paig, a kind of shellfish, a bivalve. ku'pas, m-rgu'pas, to peel, skin (fruits or animals). Cf. kit Jit. ku'pirg (Jav.), ear; usually t- lirga. ku-pu-ku'pu, butterfly. ku'ra, the spleen. d-main' ku'ra, intermittent fever. ku-ra-ku'ra, tortoise. ku-ra-ku'ra ka'ki, the instep. kur'an, see kor'an. ku'rarg (3.9, 90), less, lacking, insufficient. .ku'rarg 'a'dat, ill-mannered, rude. ku'rarg a' jar, ill-mannered, rude. Tcu'rarg 'a'kal, stupid, idiotic. Tcu'rarg ba'ik, inferior, bad. ku'rarg b-ha'sa, impolite. ku'rarg bi-a'sa, unaccustomed. ku'rarg hor'mat, disrespectful. . ku'rarg ja'ga, careless. Tcu'rarg ku-at' ' } too weak, not . strong enough. . ku'rarg per-cha'ya, suspicious. ku'rarg p-rek'sa, I don't know. ku'rarg ta'jam, blunt. s-ku-rarg-ku'rarg, at least. ku'rarg-kan, to reduce, di- minish. k-ku~ra'rgan, lacking, in want of ; want, deficiency. ku'rap, ringworm. kurban, see korban. kurma, see khurma. kur'ni-a (Sk.) (149), favour, grace, a gift from God or a king. Cf. anugrah, kur'ni-a-kan, to give (as a king or God). ku'roig, m-iyu'rorg,'a,n enclosure, enclosed place, cabin, prison ; to enclose, imprison. kii-ro'rgan, a prison, cage. Cf. sargkar. kursaig, see krosarg. kur'si or k-ru'si (Ar.), a chair, throne. Cf. takhta. ku'rus, thin, lean. ku'sa (Sk.), a goad. ku'sin (Chin.), plant louse, aphis. kus'ta (Sk.), leprosy. ku'sut, tangled, in disorder, in confusion. kutika, see ktika. ku'tip, m-rgu'.tip, to pick up, gather up. ku'tok, m-rgu'tok, -kan, -4, a curse; to curse. kutom, see kiintom. ku'tu, a louse. ku'tu an'jirg, a flea. ku'tu bu'sok, a bed-bug. ku'tu Im'bu, a tick. ku'yop, ba'sah ku'yop, wringing wet. la'ba (Sk.), gain, profit. la-ba-la'ba, spider. la'boh, m -I a' ball, -kan, to haig down, let down (as clothes, curtains, nets, anchors, etc.). <poem> ber-la'boh, to anchor. la'bo-han, anchorage. la'bu, pumpkin, gourd. la'hur, in its derivative : p-la'bur, rations, supplies serv- ed out. la'chi (D.), a drawer = (B.), took. la 'da, pepper. la da me' rah, red pepper, cayen- ne pepper. Cf. chdbai. la'da pu'teh, white pepper. la'da chi'na, the chili, red pep- per. Cf. chabai. la'daig, cultivated fields, dry rice fields, as opposed to sa- wah, q.v. Cf. bndaiy and hum a. la'ga, ber-la'ga, to collide, strike together (of large bodies, as j animals fighting). la'gam, a horse's bit. Cf. karg. la'gi (40, 89), more, still, yet, again. la'gi lii'dop, still alive. la'gi s-ka'li, once more. a' pa la'gi, what else, how much the more. b-lum' la'gi, not yet. b-ra'pa la'gi, how many more. s-la'gi, as long as, while. s-di'kit la'gi, a little more. la'gu, tune, lah' (3 b), an expletive suffix which is usually joined to the verb or some emphatic word in a sentence. la'hir (Ar. tla'hir), visible, out- ward, exoteric ; as opposed to batin, inward. lai, numeral coefficient of thin or flat objects; also lilai. la'in, other, different; exclusive of; difference. m-la' in-lean, but, on the con- trary, on the other hand. Cf. hanja. ler-la'in-an, diverse, differing from. la'jak, go forward, push ahead (as a boat). la'ju, rapid, moving swiftly (as boats, carriages, etc.). Cf. dras. la'ki, husband. la ki bi'ni, husband and wife. la-ki-la'ki (87), male, mascu- line = (B.) dlaki. Cf. jan- tan. ber-la'ki, having a husband married (of women). ber-la'ki-kan, to marry, be mar- ried to (of women). lak'sa (Sk.) (33), ten thousand, lak-sa-ma na (Sk.), admiral. lak-sa'na (Sk.), like, resembling. la'ku, ber-la'ku, action, conduct, style, manner of doing a thing ; to take place, happen, occur, pass current, sell readily. s-la'ku i'ni, in this manner, thus. la'ku-kan, to bring to pass, exe- cute, carry out. la'ku-kan di'ri, to behave one- self, comport oneself, act. k-la'ku-an, behaviour, action. la'lai, a state of semi-conscious- ness ; hence, listless, careless, negligent. ter-la'lai, in a semi-conscious state. la'lai-kan, to neglect, dis- regard. la'laig, a very coarse grass. la'lu la'larg, to pass and repass. la'lat, the common house-fly. ta'lii la'lat, moles, freckles. <poem> la'Iu, to pass, be past; past, ago, after that, then (138). la'lu la'larg, to pass and repass. a' da ti'ga ha'ri la'lu, three days ago. Ix'r-ja'lan la'lu, to pass by. pu'kol ti'ga la'lu,, past three o'clock. s-la'lu, always. ta'hun la'lu, last year. ter-la'lu, very, extremely. la'lu-i, to pass by a thing, go past, overlook, disregard. la'ma, long (of time), length of time, duration, old, former, ancient. Cf. tua. la-ma-la' ma, la'ma k-la'ma'an, after some time, finally. la'ma su'dali, a long time ago. . bi'ni la'ma, a former wife. b-ra'pa la'ma, how long ? pa'kai-an la'ma, old clothes. 3-la'ma, as long as, while. s-la-ma-la'ma-rya, for ever. s-ta'hun la'ma-rya, for a year, a year's duration. lam'bai, m-lam'bai, -lean, to wave. lam'bai-kan ta'rgan, to make a sign by waving the hand. Cf. isharat. lam 'bat, slow, tardy, dilatory, late, too late. Cf. lergah and iewat. lam'bat-kan, to retard. lam'boig, side, flank. latn'botg, m-lam'l)org, to toss in the air, bound up and down. lamin, see plamin. lam'pau, m-lam'pau, exceeding, beyond, excessive; to exceed, go beyond. ler-lam'pau, excessively, too much, very=(B.) ter-lam- pon. lam'pin, swaddling-clothes; also kain lam pin. lam'poig, light, bulky for its weight (of wood). lam pu (Eng.), lamp. Cf.plita. la mun, in case, in the event of, if. la'mun ja'rgan, for fear that, lest. 'a'nat (Ar.), curse, imprecation, damnation. Cf. sumpah and Jcutok. I'a'nat-kan, to curse. lan'char, rapid, fluent (especial- ly of speech). Cf. paseh. ba'cha lan'char, to read fluently. lan'chorg, false, counterfeit, lan'dak, the porcupine. bu'lu lan'dak, the quills of the porcupine ; when removed from the animal they are known as duri landak. lan'das, in its derived form: lan'da-san, an anvil. laig', a generic name for birds of the hawk tribe. la'rgau, a large horsefly. Cf. pikat. . Iai'gai, iurq'garg larg'garg, hel- ter-skelter, head over heels. laig'gar, m-larg'gar, to attack, assail, assault, contend against, violate a command, Cf. lawan. lairj'gar 'a'dat, to violate a cus- tom. larg'gar b-ha'sa, to transgress the rules of etiquette. lanj' gar hu'kum, to violate the law. la'igir, m-la'jgir, -i, cosmetics used in bathing; to use such cosmetics in bathing. <poem> la' (git, the sky, heavens. la-n/it-la'-tgit, ceiling, the roof of the mouth. ka'ki la'rgit, the horizon. Iai kah, m-lan/'kah, -i, a pace, a step; 'to step, step over. laig'kan (B.) (Chin.)., open space round the chimche". laigkap, see Irgkap. lat^'sat, the name of an edible fruit. latg'si, door curtains, portiere. Iain's on?, outright, for good and all ; also sometimes = lalu, especially in Penang and Perak. lan'jur, t-lan'jur, lengthy, pro- tracted; (B.) tlariju, during, while. ka'ta su'dah t-lan'jur, "the murder's out." Ian jut, long (of lime or of a story), of loig duration, pro- tracted. Cf. lama and pan- janj. lan'jui-kan, to prolong. lan'tai. floor, also the laths (usually of the niborg paim) of which Malays make their, floors. pa' pan lan'tai, floor boards. lan'tak, m-lan'tak, to drive in, ram. p-lan'tak, ramrod. lan'tas (Jav.), thereupon, then = Malay lalu. lan'tek, m-lan'tek, to install, in- vest, inaugurate (princes and high officials). la'iyak, m-la'tyak, to trample, tread down. lap', lap' lean, to absorb. ker'tas. lap', blotting paper. la'pah, to flay. Japan, see dlapan. Ia'pai>j, broad, extensive, spaci- ous, wide. Cf. lebar and luas. la'par, ber-la'par, hunger; to he- hungry. Tc-la' pa-ran , famine. Ia'pe n (B.) (Chin.), balcony open to the sky. la'pis, fold, layer (81). ba'jit du'a la'pis, two mat>. worn one over the other. piu'ta fit' joh la'pis. seven doors- or gates in succession. la'pok, mould, mildew. la'raig, m-la'raty, -lean, to forbid, prohibit, Cf. tgah and pan- taiy. la-ra'iyan, contraband, tluit which is tabooed or prohibit- ed. la'ras, barrel of a gun. la'rat, m-la'rat, to spread, ex- tend; to drift (of clouds., ships when their anchors- drag, etc.). Ta'rek, to turn on a lathe. p-la'rek, lathe. la'ri, ber-la'ri, to run, run away r flee, escape. ba'ira la'ri, to run away with. la'ri-kan, to cause to run, run away with, run off with r


. p~la'ri, fugitive, runaway. p-la'ri-an, escape. lash'kar (Pers.), soldier, army; sailor. Cf. soldado and kha- lasi. la'ta (Sk;). m-la'ta, to creep. crawl (of plants and an- imals). <poem> la'tah, a nervous affection, the symptoms of which are some- what similar to the effects of hypnotism. la"uk, the food which is eaten with rice whether meat, fish or vegetables. la"ut, the sea. la" tit a' pi, hell. ba'rat la"ut, north-west. ti'nior la"ut, north-east nt-la"ut, to go out to sea (as river fish). la"u-tan, the ocean. la' wan, ber-la'ii-ttn, adversary, rival; to contend, strive, compete. Cf. laiygar. Dt-la'u'an, to oppose, resist, withstand ; opposed t o , against. la'wat, m-la'icat, to visit. la yak (Ar.), worthy, fit, proper. la'yan, m-la'yan, -i, to serve, wait upon, minister to. p-la'yan, a servant. la'yaig, m-la'yanj, to soar, hover. . la-yarg-la'yarg, a kite. ber-ma'in la-yanj-la'yarg, to fly a kite. bu'rory la-yatg-la'yarg, a swal- low. m-rgan'jory la-yary-la'yarg, to throw a kite up in the air. la'yarg-kan su'rat, a poetic ex- pression for sending a letter. la'yer, a sail. bu'ka la'yer, to set a sail. i'kat la'yer, to furl sail. b-la'yer (98), to sail, set .-ail, start on a voyage. la'ycr-l-nn. to sail (a vessel). p-ia'ye-ran, voyage. la'yu, withered ; to wither, fade. la'zat (Ar.), pleasure, delight,. enjoyment (of a sensual kind) ; pleasant to the senses, la'zim (Ar.), indispensable; hence, in common use, com- mon; also kla'ziman. I'bah, bee. sa'rarg I' bah, hone}'-comb, a bee's nest. l-bai', a mosque attendant. I -bam', discoloured, as the result of a bruise. bi'ru l-bam 1 ' , black and blue. l-bat', thick, dense, heavy (as- foliage, insects or rain). Cf. rendaiy. 'beh (89), more, more than; sur- plus. Cf. lagi. I'beli d-liu'lu, previously. I'beh ku'rairj, more or less. Cf. leira-fara. s-l-beli-l'beli-rya, at the most. ter-1'leh (93, 94), most, very. l'b<-li-l:an, to make more of,. aggrandize, consider of more importance. k-1'be-lian, excess, superiority. 1-bu', dust. Cf. dbu and habok. 1-bur', m-l-bur', to melt or fuse metals, smelt. Is -1-bu' ran, abyss, chasm. le'bar, wide, broad; breadth (36 r !Xote). Cf. lapaig and hias. le'cheh, protracted, slow, linger- ing. le'chek, m-le'clu'l-, to crush by a grinding motion, under the foot or in a vessel. le'hir, neck, throat (external). Cf. Jcroigkoni. ba'taig le'hir, the neck. cli-l-ei-' le'hir, to throttle. p-lol-' le'hir, to embrace. po'torg le'hir, to cut the throat. <poem> le'ka, dawdliig. le'kor, a word which may be used to form the numerals from twenty-one to twenty- nine. Cf. bias. du'a le'Tcor, twenty-two. s-le'kor, twenty-one. le'la, a swivel-gun. le'leh, m-le'leli, to flow, run (as liquids). Cf. Unary andaZtr. le'loig (Port.), auction. le'lorg-kan, to sell by auction. lem'bak, m-lem'bak, overflow- ing; to overflow. lem'pah, m-lem'pah, abounding, abundant, plentiful ; t o abound. h' in' pali-kan, to give liberally, lavish. Ic-leni'pa-lian, abundance. lem'par, m-lem'par, to throw, fling. Cf. lontar. le'na, deep, sound (of sleep). Cf. Hap and ryadar. le'igah, m-le'rgah, indolent; to loiter, delay. Cf. lambat. leig'koig, m-lerg'korg, to encircle, surround. letg'kar, m-le-rg'Tcar, a coil (of rope or a snake) ; to coil. le'raig, s-le'rarg, in one width (of sarorgs) as opposed to Jcam- poli, q.v. le'reig, kre'ta le'rerg, a bicycle. le'tir, b-le'tir, to babble, chatter. le'wat (Jav.), past =lalu; too late. li'aig, a hole; usually lobarg. li'ar, wild (of animals) as op- posed to tame; cf. buas, which means wild in the sense of ferocious. li'at, tough, plastic, supple. ta'nah li'at, clay. li chin, smooth, slippery. ba'tu li'cliin, pebbles. li'dah, the tongue; pronuncia- tion. li'dah a'pi, flames. a'nak li'dah, the uvula. pa' sell li'dah t eloquent. pi'tali li'dah, eloquent. li'dal (Port.), a thimble; also didal. li'di, the midrib of a leaf of the coco-nut palm. li'hat, m-li'hat, (149), to look, see, perceive. Cf. pandarg, tergok and nampak. li'ha-ti, to look at, view. k-li-ha'tan, it was seen, there was seen (impers.). prg-li'ha-tan, the sense of sight ; a vision, a thing seen. H'lin, wax; a candle. ii'lit, m-li'lii, to twine, entwine (as a creeper). Cf. blit. li'ma, live. (For derived forms see am pat). li'ma ivak'tu, the five stated periods of prayers ; see waktu. pig lima, see ptglima. I i 'niau, the generic name for oranges, limes and similar fruits. Cf. jrok. ll'mau b-sar' and li'mau jam- bu'a, the pumelo. li'mau ma'nis, the orange. li'mau ni'pis, the lime. li'naig, ber-U'naiy, flowing; to flow (of tears). Cf. leleh and a lir. Hn'doTg, m-lin'dory, -lean, to shelter, cover, screen, pro- tect. ber-lin'dorrj, sheltered, shelter- ing oneself. <poem> per-lin'do-iyan, shelter, that which affords a covering; privy, latrine. lin'taiR, m-lin'targ, across, trans- verse; to go across, traverse, pass over. Cf. linias and bujor. lin'tary pu'katy, higgledy-pig- gledy. ka'yu lin'targ, cross-bar. Cf. palarg. lin'tas, m-lin'tas, to pass through, cross, penetrate (through a tract of country, or of wea- pons through the body) . Cf . lintarg. li'or, a'yer li'or, saliva. li'pan, a large centipede = hlipan, li pas, cockroach. li'pat, m-li'pat, a fold ; to fold, double, turn down. Cf. lapis. li'pat lu'tut, to bend the knees. ber-li'pat, folded. li put, m-li'put, to encompass, cover. l-kak, l-kak-l-kok 1 ' , full of cavi- ties, uneven, undulating. l-kap', m-l-kap', to adhere (of flat surfaces). -kas', quick, rapid; quickly, im- mediately. Cf. bargat, dras, laju and pantas. l-kas'kan, to hasten, expedite. -kat', m-l-kat' (149), to stick, adhere ; to be fixed upon (of the eyes). l-kat'Tcan, to cause to adhere, affix. Cf. Jena and tampal. -kok', dent, indentation, hollow, cavity ; dented, depressed, stove in. l-kak-l-kok', full of cavities, uneven, undulating. I'lah, labour, exertion, exhaus- tion, fatigue ; weary, exhaust- ed, tired. Cf. Iteli and pnaL ber-hen'ti-kan I'lali, to rest after fatigue. ber-l'lah, to exert oneself. Map', deep, sound (of sleep). Cf. njadar and lena. ti'dor l-lap', to sleep heavily. I'mah, weak, powerless, deficient of strength. Cf. Iteh. I'mah Im'bot, gentle, rnild r meek. k-l'ma-han, weakness, debility. -mak , suet, animal fat. Cf. miryak. I-ma'ri, wardrobe = almari. I-mas', smothered, suffocated. ma'ti l-mas', to die of suffo cation or drowning. l-mas'Tcan, to smother, suffo- cate. Im-ba'ga, form, bodily shape, the material as distinguished J.T- -j. 1 from the spiritual. 1m 'bah, a valley, a depression. Im'bap, moist, damp. Im'bar, a strand, thread. Im'bek, soft, flabby, yielding to- the touch. Cf. Inibot. m 'bine, a spear, lighter than the tombak. Cf. sligi. Im'bot, soft, pliant, gentle, ten- der. Cf. Imbek. I'mah Im'bot, gentle, mild-, meek. Im'bot-kan, to soften, appease. Im'bu, the ox. Cf. sapi. Im'bu b-ti'na, cow. Im'bu jan'tan, bull. a'nak Im'bu, calf. Im'poh, paralyzed. Cf. tepok. <poem> In'dir, slimy; slime, phlegm, mucus. J'fgan, the arm. Cf. targan. lig'kap, equipped, fitted out, supplied or furnished with a necessary outfit. s-lrg'kap, a complete outfit. ber-lrg'kap, to prepare oneself, hold oneself in readiness. lig'kap-kan, to fit out, equip, prepare. I'-hg-ka'pan, equipment, expe- dition, fleet. li^-ki'arg:, a barn,- granary for rice. lig'kat (B.), to stick = Ikat. Irg'koig, an arch, dome, semi- circle. In-iyap', to disappear, vanish. In-iyap'Jcan, to cause to disap- pear, make away with. In'taig, t-ln'targ, lying on the back. In'tur, pliable, flexible. lo'ba (Sk.), coveteousness, cupid- ity. Cf. tm'a. lo'bak, Chinese radish. lo'baig, a hole. Cf. lia-rg. lo'baty hi'dorg, the nostrils. lo'barg ja'rom, the eye of a needle. lo'barg kun'chi, keyhole. ber-lo'barg, perforated, having holes in it. lobok, see lubok. lo'cheig (Chin.), a bell. Cf. f/nta. loh' (Ar.), slate; also papan loh. lo'kan, a shell-fish. lo'kek, mean, stingy. 'lom'boig, a surface mine, placer mine. lom'pat, m-lom'pai, to jump, leap, spring, bound. loi'pa-ti, to jump on. lon'chat, nt-lon'cliat, to jump (as fish), hop (as birds). lorg', coffin. loig'gar, loose, slack, loose fit- ting. loig'gok, a heap, pile. Cf. torn- pole- . loig'kaig, drain, sewer. lon'tar, m-lon'tar, -lean, to throw, fling. Cf. 1cm par. lo'roig, a street, lane, alley. Cf. jalan. losin, see dusin. lotar, see lontar. lo'teig (Chin.), upper story; up- stairs. Cf. tirglcat. lo'toi^, a kind of monkey. lo'yar (Eng.), lawyer. I pa, see alpa. -pas', free, disengaged, let loose, released, acquitted, exempt; after, on the conclusion or expiration of some event. Cf. luchut. l-pas' fle-ri-pa'da Im'targ, fre6 from debt. -pns' ma'kan, after eating. 1-pa.s'* $a'tu sa'tu, one thing after another. l-pas' ti'ga lia'ri, after three days. s'o'rarg l-pas' s'o'rarg, one after another. ber-1-pas'-, to escape. l-pas'kan, to set free, deliver, release, let go. lc-l-pa'san, deliverance. -siig' (B.), a sling = ali~ali. <poem> ', a mortar in which rice is pounded in order to re- move the husk. Cf. antan. l-tak', >n-l-t<ik', -kan, to put down, lay down; to lay down Or prescribe laws or com- mands; to impose penalties. Cf. b-iiboh and taroli. ItT-l-tak', laid down, placed, prescribed. -teh', weak, feeble, infirm, lan- guid. Cf. I mah. -top', ni-l-top' (103), to explode, detonate. lu' (Chin.) (10), you; used only in addressing Chinese. lu'ar, out, outside, external. de'ri lu'ar, from outside. ill lii'fir, outside. k-lu'ar, to the exterior, out; to go out, come out, issue (49, ). k-lu'ar-kan, to send out, put out, put forth (as fruit), expel, publish (books). k-lu'a-ri, to go out to meet. k-lu'a-mn, extraneous, foreign, alien. lu'as, extensive, vast, spacious. Cf. lebar and laparg. lu'as-kan, to extend, enlarge. k-lu'a-san, wide extent, range, latitude, freedom. lu'bok, a pool, a deep place in a river or in the sea; also lobok. lu'chut, escaped, liberated, dis- engaged, unfastened. lu'dah, bcr-lu'dah, saliva, spittle; to spit. Jii'da-hi, to spit at, spit upon. p-lu'da-han, spittoon. lu'ka, wound ;' wounded. k'na lu'ka, to receive a wound. lu'ka-kan, to wound. lu'kah, a fish trap in the form of a basket. lu'kis, m-lu'kis, to engrave. lu'loh, pulverised. Cf. hiinnf. lu'lus, admitted, allowed, con- ceded, complied with. lu'lus-kan, to comply with, grant, permit. In mat, pulverised. Cf. luloh and serbok. lnm'ba, ber-lum'ba, to compete, vie with, race. Cf. lawan. htni'ba ku'da, horse race. lu'mor, smeared, daubed. lumpoh, see Impoh. lum'pur, mud. Cf. bechak. lu mu t, moss, mould, fungus, seaweed. lu'mut ka'rarg, sponge. lu'nas, keel. luiggu, see blurggu. lunjur, see urijur. lu'pa, m-hi'pa, Jean (148), to forget. Input, to escape, slip away from. CLlucliut. lu'roh, to fair (of dead leaves, ripe fruit, hair, etc.). Cf. s-luroh, see sluroh.. lu'rus, straight, true, sincere. Cf. btul.' In'rus-kan, to straighten. lu'sa, the day after to-morrow. Cf. Mat. lutar, = loniar, q.V. lu tut. the knee. li'pat In' tut,, to bend the knee. bvr-hi'tut, to kneel. Cf. Hut. <poem> ma"af (Ar.), pardon, forgive- ness. Also pronounced ma- hap. Cf. ampun. mirita ma"af, to ask pardon. ma"af-kan, to pardon, forgive. ma'bok, intoxicated, stupified, drunk. ma'bok da'rah, faint through loss of blood. ma'bok la'ut, sea-sick. ma'cham, kind, sort, method, manner. Cf. bagai and jnls. ma'cham-ma'cham, of various kinds, all sorts. a' pa ma'cham (18, 19), what kind of? ma'dam (Eur.), a lady. ma'dat, opium prepared for smoking. Cf. apiun and chandu. lii'sap ma'dat, to smoke opium. madh'hab (Ar.), sect; usually maz'hab. ma'du (Sk.), honey. a'yer ma'du, honey. . in'dok ma'du, honey-comb. tnaf-hum' (Ar.), understood; usually mfaham. magh'rib (Ar.), the sun-setting, the West; usually barat. ma ha (Sk.), great, in the follow- ing expressions: ma' ha b-sar', very great. ma' ha ku-a'sa, almighty. ma' ha mu-li'a, most excellent. ma'ha mu'rah, most gracious. ma'ha-ra'ja, a great prince. ma'ha iirg'gi, most high. ma-hal', dear, high priced, diffi- cult to obtain. -her'ga ma-hal', a high price. ma-ha-li'gai (Tarn.), palace; also maligai. ma hap, to forgive, see ma'af. ma'hir (Ar.), skilful, expert. mah-ka mah ( A r.), court of jus- tice, tribunal. mai dan (Ar., arena), battlefield. ma in, ber-ma'in, to play, amuse oneself, jest; to play musical instruments ; game, amuse- ment. .ma' in cha'tur, to play chess. ma'in ga'sirg, to play tops. ma' in gi'la, to play the fool. ma'in ju'di, to gamble. ma'in ma'ia, to make eyes at a person. ma'in su'lirg, to play the flute. ma'in wa'yarg, to act in a play. per-ma'i-nan, a game, sport,. entertainment. ma'j-lis' (Ar.), session, audience,. assembly, council, ma ju (Jav.), to go forward, pro- gress. ma' jus (Ar.), magian, fire wor- shipper. mak', mother; also. ibu. mak'-ba'pa, parents. male' muda, and mak' sail- da'ra, aunt. mak' ti'ri, step-mother. ma ka (133), a punctuation, word. ma'kam (Ar.), a grave. ma'kan, m-ma'kan, to eat, con- sume, corrode, absorb. ma'kan a'rgin, to go for an air- ing or pleasure excursion." ma'kan chan'du, to take opium,, smoke opium. ma'kan da'lam, to penetrate (as rust, acids or sharp- things). <poem> ma'kan ga'ji, to receive a sa- lary, work for wages. ma' kati hale' o'rarg, to rob a person of his rights, do an injustice. ma'kan mi'num, to eat and drink. ma'kan na'si, to take a meal. ma'kan pa'gi, breakfast. ma' lean ra'chvn, to take poison, be poisoned. ma'kan ro'kok, to smoke the native cigarette. ma'kan s-lii-da'rgan, to eat to- gether. ma'kan su-ap', to take a bribe. ma'kan sum' pah, to break one's oath, perjure oneself. b-ri' ma'kan, to feed. cha'ri ma'kan, to get a living. di-ina'kan a'pl, consumed by fire. ha'bis ma'kan, after eating. ma'ka-nan, food. makh'Iok (Ar.), creature, cre- ated being. Cf. jadi. ma'ki, m-ma'ki, abuse, scolding, vituperation ; to abuse, revile, call names. Cf. nista. ma'kin (95), more, the more. Cf. margkin and mitykin. ma'kin . . ma'kin . . , the more . . the more. . s-ma'kin, by so much the more. ma-ko'ta (Sk.), crown. mak'sud (Ar.), aim, object, pur- pose; sense, meaning. Cf. hndak and man. ma' lam, night; the Malays reck- on the day to begin at 6 p.m., so the night belongs to the following da.y, and therefore malam ahad is Saturday night, not Sunday night. ma' lam ha'ri, night time. ma'lam s-ka'rarg, ma'lam i'ni or ma'lam da'targ, to-night. ma'lam ia'di, last night. ja'uh ma'lam, late at night. ,. s-ma'lam, last night. si-arg' ma'lam, day and night. t'rgah ma'lam, midnight. ber-ma'lam, to pass the night. ma'larg, unfortunate, wretched. uritorg yarg ma'larg, bad for- tune. o'rarg ma'larg, a wretched fel- low. k-ma'la-rgan, misfortune. ma las, lazy, idle. Malayu, see Mlatjit. ma-li'gai (Tarn.), palace; usual- ly istana. m'a'lim (Ar.), teacher, instruc- tor, pilot, guide, mate on a ship. ma'lu, shame, disgrace; ashamed, bashful, modest. b-ri' ma'lu, to cause shame or disgrace to a person. k'na ma'lu, to be disgraced. k-ma'lu-an, shame, disgrace ; the private parts. m'a'lum (Ar.), known, notorious. b-ri' m'a'lum, to make known. m'a'lum-kan, to inform, make known. Cf. bri tahu. ma'mah, to chew, masticate. Cf. kulom. ma'mak, uncle, aunt. ma-man'da, a polite form of mamak. mam'bary;, certain supernatural beings, spirits. mam'pus, dead: usually matt. m'a'mur (Ar.), populous, thick-. ly inhabited. <poem> m'a'na (Ar.), sense, meaning, signification; (B.) a para- j ble, allegory = kias. Cf . arti. ma na (18, 19), where? which? also (as an abbreviation of bgimana) how? ma'na bo'lek, how it is pos- sible? ma'na su'ka, whichever you like. ba'raiy di ma'na, wherever. . ba'rary k-ma'na, whithersoever. b-gi-ma'na, how ? in what way ? de-ri-ma'na, whence? di ma'na, where? di ma-na-ma'na, everywhere. k-ma'na, whither? - o'raty ma'na, which man ? ma'na-kan, an abbreviation of bgimana akan, how will? how can? how could? man-dar'sah (Ar. madrasah, school), a village mosque; koran school ; also bandarsali. Cf. surau. man'di, to bathe, take a bath. a'yer man'di, bathing water. tm'pat man'di, bathroom. maridi-kan, to bathe a person, give a person a bath. man'dul, barren. man'dur (Port.), an overseer. ma-nek-ma'nek, beads. maqg'ga, the mango. kun'chi marg'ga, a padlock. maig'gis, the mangusteen. maig'kat, dead; to die (of kings and princes). maigkin = makin, q.v. maig'kok, cup, bowl, basin. Cf. chawan and bokor. mai^'ku-bu'mi, prime minister. Cf. mntri and parrjku. manj'sa (Sk.), prey. ma-ni'kam (Tarn.), precious stones, rubies, carbuncles. ma'nis, sweet, gentle, soft, ami- able. hi' tarn ma'nis, brown. ja'ri ma'nis, the fourth finger. ka'yu ma'nis cinnamon. ku'lit ma'nis, cinnamon. li'mau ma'nis, orange. ma'ni-san, sweets, sweetmeats. man ja, man'ja-kan, spoilt; to spoil, indulge (a person). man'sukh (Ar.), abrogated, annulled. ma-nu-si a (Sk.), mankind, man as distinguished from other beings, the human race. Cf. orarg. ma'ra (Sk.), injury, harm, mis- fortune. ma'ra bah'ya or mer-bah'ya, danger, peril. ma'rah and a-ma'rah, anger; angry. Cf. murka, gusar and gram. mar 'hum (Ar.), the late, the de- ceased (usually of kings). ma'ri, hither, come, come here; (Penang) to come. Cf. da- targ and sampai. k-ma'ri, hither. markah, see merkah. mar mur (Ar.), marble. Cf. pualam. 'mas', gold. 'mas' kah'win, dowry. 'mas' lan'chorg, spurious gold. 'mas' u'rai, gold dust. a'yer 'mas', gilding. ker'tas 'mas', gold leaf. 'ma'si, to bribe. k'ma'san, gilt<poem> ka'in k'nia'san, material em- broidered or woven with gold. ma sa, usually ma'sa-kan, how can it be ? how could it be ? ma'sa (Sk.), time, period, epoch. Cf. waktu and zman. termasa, see termasa. ma-sa'i'lah (Ar.), question, pro- blem. ma'sak, ripe, cooked; to cook (80). smelt. Cf. tanak. b-1um' ma'sak, unripe. ju-ru-ma'sak, cook. ma'sam, acid, sour ; also asam. imi'sam mu'ka, scowling, frown- ing, long-faced, sour. ma'seh, still. Cf. lagi. maseh, see almaseh. masehi, see msihi. mash'ghul (Ar.), troubled, dis- turbed in mind, sad. imash-hur' (Ar.), well-known, celebrated, famous. ntfixli-lnir'kan, to make known, publish, divulge. mash'rik (Ar.), the sunrising, The East: usually timor. mash-wa'rat (Ar.), ber-mash- wa'rat, to consult, deliberate ; consultation. ma'si, still, yet; usually maseh. ma'sin, salt, saline (adj.) ', also n*in. Cf. garam. ma-siig-ma'sirg, each, every. Cf. tlap. Ma'sir (Ar.), Egypt, mas lid (Ar.), mosque; usually msjid. .ma'sok, m-ma'sok (49), to enter, j go in. penetrate. rtta'sok Is'lam, to become a Mo- hammedan. ma'sok Kris' ten, to become a Christian. ma'sok mu'lut, to interrupt, in- terfere. ma'sok ta'tyan, to interfere. ba'wa ma'sok, to take in, intro- duce. bri' ma'sok, to let in, admit. ma-ta-ha'ri ma'sok, sunset, the West. ma'sok-kan, to put in, cause to enter. ma'sok-kan da'lam pn-ja'ra, to put in prison. ma'ta, eye; the edge of a knife. ma'ta a'rgin, the main points of the compass. ma'ta a'ycr, spring of water. ma'ta ba'jak, ploughshare. ma'ta bn'da, jewellery. ma'ta da'chiiy, the scale of a steelyard. ma-ta-ha'ri, the sun. nta-ta-Jta' i i ma'sok, sunset. ma-ta-ha'ri. ter'bit, sunrise. ma'ta lia'ti, spiritual percep- tion. ma'ta i'kan, wart. ma'ta ka"il, fishhook. ma'ta ka'in, the darker pattern on a saroig forming a ver- tical bar of colour. ma'ta ka'ki, ankle. ma'ta ka'yu, a knot in timber. ma'ta k-ris', the blade of a kris. ma'ta ku'chirg, catseye (a stone) : an edible fruit. ma'ta lu'ka, the opening of a wound. ma-ta-ma'ta, policeman. ma-ta-ma'ta g-lap' ' , a detective. ma'ta p-do'man, the divisions on the compass card. ma'ta pi'sau, the blade or edge of a knife. ma'ta su'su, nipple. <poem> a'nak ma'ta, pupil of the eye. a'yer ma'ta, tears. bi'bir ma'ta, the eyelids. bi'ji ma'ta, eyeballs. bn'lu ma'ta, eyelashes. cher'min ma'ta, spectacles. ch-lek' ma'ta, to open the eyes. e'kor ma'ta, the corners of the eyes. k-jam' ma'ta, to close the eyes. k-lo'pak ma'ta, the eyelids. ma'in ma'ta, to make eyes at a person. p-jam' ma'ta, to close the eyes. pu'teh ma'ta, disappointed. s-ma-ta-ma'ta, altogether, en- tirely. sb'lah ma'ta, one eye. s-k-lip' ma'ta, the twinkling of an eye. tn'tary ma'ta, right in one's eyes. ma-ta-ha ri, the sun; see mata. ma'ti, dead; to die; a fixture, fixed. Cf. mampus. ma'ti di-bu'noh, assassinated, executed. ma'ti la'par, died of starvation. ma'ti l-mas' , suffocated, drown- ed. ma'ti pu'chok, impotent. a'rgin ma'ti, the wind has died away. ba'ris ma'ti, see baris. g-ran' ma'ti, freehold. her'ga ma'ti, fixed price. i'l-at ma'ti, to tie with a knot that will not slip. ja'ri ma'ti, the middle finger. ma-ta-ha'ri ma'ti, the West. o'rarg ma'ti, a corpse. s-pa'roh ma'ti, half dead. tan'da ma'ti, see bari*. ma'ti-k<m. to kill. Jc-ma'ti-tin, death, decease. ma-to'ka (Eng.), motor car. mat'ros (D.), sailor. ('!'. pralui.. mau' (45), to wish, desire; al>"> as an auxiliary verb, will. shall, would, should. Cf.. In/dak. man,',, .mau' . ., either, .or. . in tin' la' man', whether willing or not, -nolen* ro/r//.v. a' pa man' ! what do you want- maut' (Ar.), death. Cf. mati. 'a' lam maut', hades: also 'alam

  • barzakh.

ma' war (Pers.), rose. a'yer ma' war, rose water. b/i'n/ii a'l/cr nni'irnr, the rose. ma' was, the " orang utang." ma'yai^f, a cluster of flowers on- palm trees. Cf. Iclopak. may as = ma was, q.v. ma'yat (Ar.), corpse, dead body (of human beings). Cf r . batykai. ma'yoqg;, a Malay theatrical per- formance. Cf. wayaxj. maz'mur (Ar.), a psalm; see zabur. maz'hab, sect: also nnnlliliab. 'm'bek, to bleat (of sheep and goats). 'm'boh, to be willing, agree. 'm-boli-m'bo-han, although. 'm'bun, dew. me dan, see maidan. me'ga (Sk.), clouds. me'ja (Port.), a table. ja'ga me'ja, to wait at table. ta'roh me'ja, to lay the table. mem' (Eng.), madam, Ah-.. lady. Cf. nonja. me'mang:, already, in the same- condition as before, always, invariably, naturally, o f course. MALAY-ENGLISH VOCABULARY. wne'rah, red. me' rail mii'da, pale red. in i rah t-lor' ', the yoke of an egg. inr'rnli fu'a, deep red. ku'da me'rali, a bay horse. merak, see mrak. mer'bau, a timber tree. mer'bok, a small turtle dove. mer'chun, fire crackers, lire- works. Cf. pias. mer-d-he ka (Jav.), freed from s I a ve ry, manumitted, free. Cf. lebas. mer'du (Sk.). soft, gentle, sweet (of sounds). Cf. mani*. mer-gas-tu'a (Sk. marga sa iwa), wild animals. me'reng, slanting, oblique. Cf. i' re ig, cliondroty and seroty. mer kah (Port.), the marks on a lead line, a soldier's badges of rank. mer kah, very fine cracks in por- celain. mer-pa'ti (Sk.), pigeon, dove = (B.) buroiy komba. Cf. jirryfint. pnnai. fknkur and merbaik. mer-ta'bat (Ar.), high position, rank, station. Cf. pargJcat. -mer-tu'a (B.), father-in-law, mother-in-law = mntua. mesal, see mWia'L me'wah, abundant. Cf. Jem pah. J,--iiic'iri(-hfin, abundance. m-f-ham (Ar. niiifJiiim}, to understand : sei- f<iliin. in-gah', fame, glory. m-gah'knn ili'ri, to boast, exalt mhaf, mi'arg, itchiness caused by the fine hair of the bamboo, and >imilar things. mi'ka, thou, thee = aiyJcau. mil' (Eng.), mile. mi'lek (Ar.), property, posses- sions. nti'h'-ki, to ])ossess. acquire. mim'bar (Ar. minbar), the pul- pit in a mosque. mim'pi, a dream; also (B.) m- nimpi. ber-mim'pi, to dream. minarah, see mnarah. m '*E'go (Port, domingo, lord), hari mirggo, the Lord's day, Sunday. Hence miiygo has come to mean a week. Cf. ah ad. mir^kin (B.), more, the more = makin, q.v. mi 'nit (Eng.), minute. min'ta, m-min'ta (86 &, 157), to request, ask for ; also pinta. min' la ft' man, to seek for peace. min'la Hiii'fHiii, to ask for for- giveness. HI in' fa di'ri, to excuse oneself, take leave. Cf. motion. ni in' fa do" a, to pray. min'ta jan'ji, to request the fulfilment of a promise. in in' ia ka'sdi, to ask a favour. iniii'fii ni(i"af, to beg pardon. in in' in pin' jam, to borrow. min'ta s'd-kah', to beg, ask for alms. /ji'r-min'fa'an, request, prayer. mi'num, m-nii'nuin, to drink. a'l/cr nii'nuin, drinking water. /i-iiii'niiin. a drinker, drunkard. Cf. mabok. in i' nn~n>an, beverage. mi'n/ak, oil. grease (animal or vegetable). Cf. linak. <poem> mi'n/ak ba'bi, lard. mi'ryak bau-bau'an, perfumed ointment. mi'tyak gas', mineral oil. mi'ryak ja'rak, castor oil. mi'ryak k-la'pa, coco-nut oil. mi'ryak sa'pi, beef fat. mi'ryak ta'nali, mineral oil. mi'tyak tor', tar. mi'rya-ki, to oil, anoint. mi'sai, moustache. Cf. kumis. misjid, see msjid. miski, see mslei. mis'kin (Ar.), poor. Cf. papa. mi'thal (Ar.), resemblance, si- milarity ; simile, metaphor, type; also pronounced mesal. m-j-Iis', pretty. m-j-lis', assembly; see majlis. m-la"i-kat (Ar.), angel. mlainkan, see '///'. M-la'ka, a tree with edible fruit; the town of Malacca. ba't u M-la'ka, flooring tiles. gu'la M-la'ka, coco-nut sugar. M-la'yu Malay. b-ha'sa M-la'yu, the Malay language. ta'nah M-la'yu, Malaya. mm'p-lai (Tarn.), bridegroom; sometimes bride. Cf. prgan- tin. m-na', in the phrases : d'-rgan ti-a'da s-m-na'm-na' , without cause. ti-a'da t-per-m-na"i, incalcul- able. Cf. kira. mnafik, see munafik. m-narg', victorious ; to win, gain the victory. Cf. alah. ni-narg'kan, to cause to win. give the victory to. k-in-Ha'rgan, victory. m-nan'tu, son-in-law, daughter- in-law. m-na'rah (Ar.), a tower, minar- et. mn-di'kai, water melon. inn-d-roig', reed grass, sedge. m-tgah', ter-m-rgah'-m-rgali', pan- ting. m-r^a'pa, why; see apa. a'rong:, a kind of lizard - brykarorg. j ku-aqj, the screw pint-; see biykuanj. mniaga, to trade: see niaga. mn-je'la (B.), window = jndc la. m-nim'pi (B.), dream = inim pi. mn'tah, unripe, uncooked, raw.. Cf. muda. mn-te'ga (Port.), butter. mn't-ri (Sk.), minister, states- man ; one of the pieces in the game of chess : see cliatur. per-da'na mn't-ri, prime minis- ter. mn-tu'a, father-in-law, mother- in-law = (B.) mcrtiia. mo'dal (Tarn.), invested funds,, capital. Cf. pokok. motion, see polion. mo'Iek, beautiful, lovt-iy. moiyet, see muntyit. mo'roig, melancholy, gloomy. mo'yaig, great-grandfather, an- cestor. Cf. nenek. ne'nek mo'yarg, ancestors. 'm'pang;, to bar, stop, check, danu 'mpat. see ampat. 'm-pek (B.) (Chin.), uncle; a form of address to fathers- and other elderly person-. <poem> , green rice roasted and crushed. 'm'pok, mealy, soft (of cooked vegetables), tender (of flesh) . 'mpuiya, see ampunja. m-rak', a peacock. m-ran'ti, a common timber tree. m-ri'am, a cannon; ordnance. m-ri'ka, persons, people (only used in writings). m-ri'ka i'tu, they, them. m-ri'iyu (Port.), police inspec- tor. mshwarat, see masliwarat. m-si'hi and ma'se-hi' (Ar.), Christian, of or belonging to the Messiah; also Krisien. o'rary m-si'hi, Christians. ta'nkh m-si'hi and ta'hun ni- si hi, the year of the Christ- ian era, A. D. ms'jid (Ar.), mosque; also msgit. Cf. surau and mandarsah. ms'ki (Port.), although, notwith- standing ; also mski-pun. Cf. swygoh. mstahil, see mustahil. ms'ti, must. Cf. psti. mt'rai, seal, stamp. Cf. chap. mt'rai-Tcan, to seal, stamp. mu (13), an abbreviation of the 2nd personal pronoun kamu; when affixed to a noun it has the force of a possessive pro- noun. mu-a-fa'kat, ber-mu-a-fa'kat (Ar.), agreement; to agree, unite, consult together. Cf. fakat, which is generally used in a bad .sense. mu-'a'laf (Ar.), proselyte, con- vert. mu'at, to contain. Cf. isi. mu'afckan, and m-mu'at, to stow (cargo), put things into a box, cart or ship. Cf. isi. mu'a-tan, cargo, load. mu'da, young, immature, unripe; pale (of colours). Cf. ran- Uh. la'gi mu'da, still young. me'rah mu'da, pale red. o'rarg mu'da, a youth. mu'dah, easy. Cf. snanj. pan'darg mu'dah, to slight, make light of. mii'dah-kan, to esteem lightly, despise. mu-dah-mii'da-han, perchance, if possible. mu'dek, to ascend a river, go up stream ; also 11 dek. Cf . hilir and hulu. mudi, see kmudi. mu-ga-mu'ga (Jav.), oh that! would that! m'u-ji'zat (Ar.), miracle, won- der. mu'ka, face. mu'ka a'yer, the surface of the water. mu'ka ma'nis, a pleasant ex- pression of face. mu' Tea ma'sam, scowling, frown- ing, long faced. mu-Tca-m u'ka , hypocritical . mu'ka pa' pan, impertinent. mu'ka su'rat, a page of a book. mu'ka t-bal', shameless, brazen- faced. a'rarg di mu'ka, disgrace, in- sult. a'yer mu'ka, complexion. cher'ni in m ?/ ' ka . looking-gl asa. <poem> di mu'Tca, in the fore part (of a ship). di mu'ka pin' in, in front of the door, at the door. mu kah, paramour: adultery. ber-mu'kah, to commit adul- tery. mu'kim (Ar.), a district. Cf. desa. mu la (Sk.), beginning, origin, cause. mu-la-mu'la, at first, first of all. ber-mu'la and s-ber-mu'la (133), punctuation words. s-mu'la, as at first, as before, over again. m u-la"i, to begin. -per-mu'la'an, beginning, com- mencement. mu-li a (Sk.); g!6rious, illustri- ous, honorable, magnificent. m u-li'a-kan, to honour, glorify. k->nu-li'a'an, glory, splendour. mu'lut, mouth. tnii'lnt bo'chor, tell-tale, blab. mu'lut Tfo'tor, foul-mouthed. mu'lut ma'nis, smooth tongued, plausible. ba'wa mu'lut, to talk scandal, gossip. bi'bir mu'lut, the lips. iya'iya-kan mu'lut, to open the mouth. mu 'min (Ar.), believer. Cf. iman. o'rarg mu"min, the faithful. mu-na'fik (Ar.), hypocrite; hy- pocritical. Cf. pura-pura. mun'choig, prominent, project- ing (of the nose, lips, etc.) ; snout. Cf. jurgor. mun'kir (Ar.), to disavow, dis- own, renounce, retract, deny. Cf. sargJcal. mun'iyit and mu'iyit, monkey. mun'shi (Ar., author), a teacher of languages. Cf. y urn. mun'tah, m-mun'tali, -lean, vo- mit; to vomit. m if rah, generous, liberal, bene- volent; cheap. k-mu'ra-han, generosity, liber- ality. mu'rai, the magpie-robin. mu'rid (Ar.), pupil, scholar, dis- ciple. mur'ka (Sk.), angry; wrath (of kings or of God). Cf. marali. mur'ka'i, to be angry with. murorg, see marorg. mur tad (Ar.), apostate, pervert, renegade. Cf. mu'alaf. mu'sarg, a species of civet cat. mn'sarrj j-bat', polecat, civet cat. mush'kil (Ar.), difficult. mif sim (Ar.), season of the year, monsoon. Htu'xitn bu'ah, the fruit season. mil' sim di'ryin, the cold season. mu'sim hu'jan, the rainy sea- son. mu'sini Ic-ma'rau, the dry sea- son. mu'sim pa'nas, the hot season. mu'soh, enemy of one's country, common enemy, as opposed to stru, a personal enemy. m us I i -hat (Ar.), arrangement, stiatagem, trick. mus-ta'id (Ar.), prepared, ready. mus-ta hil (Ar.), impossible. mu-ti-a'ra, a pearl. a' yam mu-ti-a'ra, guinea fowl. <poem> in' ilnl- ntu-ti-a'ra, mother-of- pearl. Tnu'tu, the decree of purity of gold. ' inns' 8~pu'loh nni'hi. pure gold. N na'hi (Ar.). a prophet. na-bi'ah (Ar.), prophetess. na'bu-at (Ar.), prophecy; pro- perly nnl)uni. Cf. ntibi. l'r-na'bn-at, to prophesy. na'di (8k.). the pulse. na'fas (Ar.), breath, respiration. her-na'fiix, having breath or life. Cf. Hjdini. na-fi'ri (Pers.), trumpet. naf kah (Ar.), expenses, cost of living. naf su (Ar.), desire, appetite, passion. ha'im ntif'xn. sensual desires. nnf'sii dit'iii-fi, worldly desires or lust>. na'ga (Sk.), dragon, fabulous serpent. nah'(132), there; also = to/j. na hu (Ar.), grammar. na'ik, to go up, come up, ascend, rise, mount. Cf. daki. na'ik da' rat, to go ashore. iia'ik h/i'/i. to perform the pil- grimage to Mecca. iin'ik her' (/a, to rise in price. iia'ik ka'jxil, to go on board a ship from a boat. Cf. iurun. t m' lie I'-rc'ia, to ride in a carri- age. mi' ik kii'iln. to mount a horse]* on horsel)ac-k. .iia'ik mni'/i-lai, to be a bride- groom. iw'ik patg'kai. to rise in rank. na'ik it-ra'lni, to go on board a vessel. na'ik ra'ja, to become king. na'ik- NY//-V. to become a wit- ness. na'ik ht-run, to go up and down (as a road in hilly country). iid'i-ki, to mount upon, get up on, climb on to. na'ik-k(tn, to raise, elevate, cause to ascend. k-na'i-kan, that on which one mounts, a horse, elephant, carriage or ship. na'jis (Ar.), ceremonially un- clean. na'j'is-kan, to defile. nak', abbreviation of Jindak. na'kal, naughty. na-kho'da (Pers.), the captain of a ship. Cf. kapitan. 'nam, see ana in. na'ma (8k.), name. na'ma bu'sok, a bad reputation. na'inn i/at;/ ba'ik, a good repu- tation. ber-na'ma, named, called. ter-na'ma, famous. nn'ma'i, to name, give a name to, call. k-na'ina'an, renowned. nam'pak, to appear, be visible; also tampak. Cf. liliat and rnpa. na'nah, ]>us. matter. na'nas, pineapple. narg'ka, the jack fruit. Cf. nan'ti, tn-nan'H, to wait; used colloquially as an auxiliary verb to express the future (4. %48). 90 MALAY-ENGLISH VOCABULARY. nan' ii d-hu'lu, wait a bit. m-nan'ti-nan'ti, to keep wait- ing. nan'ti-kan, to await, wait for. nar-was'tu, spikenard. na'sar (Ar.), vulture; usually burorg nasar. na'si, boiled rice. Cf. bras and padi. k-rak' na'si, the burnt crust left in the pot after cooking rice. ma'kan na'si, to take a meal, lit., to eat rice. na'sib (Ar.), fate, destiny, lot in life. na'si-hat (Ar,), exhortation, ad- vice, admonition. na' si-hat' kan, to advise, exhort, admonish. nas'khah (Ar. nuskhah), manu- script. nas-ra'ni (Ar.), Christian, es- pecially Roman Catholic. Cf. srani. na'wong:, shade, shadow, shelter; also na'org. Cf. bayarg. na'wo-rgi, to overshadow, shel- ter. 'nche', see inche'. 'ndah, see indah. 'ndap, see hndap. neg'ri (Sk.), country, state, ter- ritory, city, town. Cf. fa- nah, bnua and bandar. neg'ri a'sirg, a foreign country. neg'ri o'rarg, a country other than one's own. a'nak neg'ri, native of a place. i'si neg'ri, inhabitants of a town : or country. k-pa'la neg'ri, the capital of a j country. n'emat, see n'iinat. nen'da, polite form of nenek. ne'nek, grandfather, grand- mother. Cf. datok. ne'nek mo'yarg, ancestors. da'tok ne'nek, ancestors. nesan, see nishan. iga'iga and ter-iya'rga, open (of the mouth or a door). rga'rga-kan mu'lut, to open the mouth. iga'um, m-rga'wn, to roar (of tigers) . 'ig-chek (B.) (Chin.), uncle: a form of address to fatlu-r- and other elderly persons. 'ig'gan, to object, refuse, be un- willing. rg'gan-kan, to refuse or ivjn-t a thing. 'nf'gan?. the hornbill or rhino- ceros bird. igilu, see njilu. , see argkan. ' (B.), elder brother. "' (B.), father-in-law. ' (B.), grandfather. 'ig-ku' (B.), mother's brother. HJ-ri'. to shiver, shudder: TIT- rible, horrible. ni-a'ga, bcr-ni-a'ga and in-ni- a'ga (Sk.), to trade; also- bniaga. per-ni-a'ga'an, trade, commerce. ni'at (Ar.), intention, purpose,. resolution, vow. ba'yer ni'at, to pay a vow. ber-ni'at, to intend, make a .re- solution or vow. ni'bon?, a palm, the wood of which is very hard and dura- ble. <poem> ni'kah (Ar.), marriage; to marry. Cf. kahwin. ni'kah-kan, to unite in mar- riage. ni'la (Sk.), indigo. ni'Iai, m-ni'lai, -kan, valuation; to value. ni'lam (Tarn.), the sapphire. n'i'mat (Ar.), favour, benefit, grace ; pleasure, enjoyment, delicacies. ni'pah, a palm-like plant which grows in marshy land. ni'pis, thin (as opposed to t-bal', thick). Cf. tipis and halus. ni'ra, the sap of the coco-nut palm, which becomes tuak by fermentation. nischaya, see nschaya. ni'shan (Pers.), gravestone, monument; also nesan. nis'ta, m-nis f ta, -lean, abuse, in- vective; to abuse, insult. n-la'yan (Sk.), fisherman. nntiasa, see sntiasa. no'bat or nau hat (Ar.), a large drum used only by reigning princes. noktah, see nuktali. nom'bor (Eng.), number. nona, see norya. bu'ah no'na, the custard apple. no'iya, married woman, Mrs. (in the Straits used only of Chinese women; in the Dutch Indies, njonja = mar- ried woman, whether Euro- pean or Chinese, and nona = a young unmarried woman). n-ra'cha (Sk.), a balance, scales. Cf. dachirg and timbarg. n-ra'ka (Sk.), hell. Cf. ;7iw- nam. ns-cha'ya (Sk.) (138), certain- ly. Cf. iniu. 'n'tah, it is doubtful, it is un- known, I don't know. 'n'tah. .a' tau. ., whether, .or. , 'n'tak, to bump. nubuat, see nabuat. nugraha, see anugrah. nu'jum (Ar., stars), astrology; also 'ilmu 'n-nujum. ah'lu 'n-nu'jum, astrologers. nuk'tah (Ar.), vowel points, dia- critical marks. Cf. baris. nur' (Ar.), light. nu'ri, paroquet. lya (13, 24), his, hers, its. lya'dar, deep, profound (of sleep). Cf. llap. iyah', go away ! be gone ! to go- away. ryah'kan, to send away, drive away. lya'la, rn-rya'la, flame ; to blaze. ber-rya'la, flaming, blazing. nja 'la-kan, to cause to blaze up. Cf. gdlak. lya'man, health ; healthy, in good health. Cf. sihat. " lya'mok, mosquito. lya'iyi, m-nja'nji, to sing. rya'nji-an, song. lyaViig, loud, shrill (of sounds). su-a'ra yarg rya'rirg, a loud voice nja'rirg-kan su-a'ra, to raise the voice. lya'ris, almost, nearly. Cf. liam- pir. lya'ta, plain, evident, clear, ma- nifest. Cf. traiy. <poem> nya-ta- nya'ta, openly. d'nyan nya'ta, openly. nya'ta-kan, to make manifest, expose, reveal, explain, prove. k-nya'ta'an, explanation, proof, manifestation, revelation. nya'wa, life, the vital principle. Cf. hayat and jiwa. nya-wa-nya'wa i'kan, more dead than alive. bu-ang' nya'wa, to risk one's life. ber-nya'wa, having life, living. lyi'lu, the sensation of having the teeth set on edge ; also igilu. Tyi'ru, an instrument used for winnowing rice and other grains. jyi'ur, the coco-nut palm. Cf. Mapd. bu'ah nji'ur, the coco-nut. lyoiya, see nonja. o o'bah, to change, alter (intrans.). Cf. alch and tukar. o'bah-kan and m-rgo'bah, to change, make different, alter. o'bali-kan jan'ji, to break a promise. o'bat, medicine. o'bat b-dil', gunpowder. o'bat gu'na, charm, magic. Cf. hobatan and xj'/n'r. l'-tlai' o'bat, dispensary. tit'katy o'bat, apothecary, drug- gist. o'ba-ti, to cure. o'doh, ugly. o'fis (Eng.), office. Cf. gvdarg. ogot, see ugot, o lah. manner, way. s'o'lah and s'o-lah-o'lali, as if. o'lak, eddy, backwater, slu'lt<'iv<l side of buildings, etc. o'leh (106J, by, through, by means of. ber-o'leh, to possess, own, ob- tain possession of. ber-o'leh ja'sa, to get credit for a. good work. ber-o' It'll /K'r-iniii'ta'an, to ob- tain a request. bo'leh (45), able, can, may, might. f,cr-o'l<'-ltfiii, the thing obtain- ed, acquisition. o-lok-o'lok, to mock, jest, jeer at. om'bak, wave, billow. Cf. alun and (jloitihriHj. o'nak, the spines of the rattan palms. Cf. duri. ons'gas, bird; usually buroirf. oig'ka, a species of monkey, the wali-wah. oig'kos (D.), expenses; usually blanjn. on'ta, camel. bu'rorg on'ta, ostrich. o'pau (B.) (Chin. IO-JMU), purse. o'raig (84, 154), a person, in- dividual, man, people, per- sons. Cf. manusia, whicli means man as distinguished from other beings. o'raty a' nil, a certain man. o'raiy a'xiiy, a stranger. o'ratg ba'ryak, the people, the ])opulace, a crowd. o'raty b-nu'a, aborigines. o'raiy h-sar' , chief, headman. o'raiy bu'kit, wild tribes. o'raiy da'gatg, a foreigner. a lam, royal household. <poem> o'rarg du'sun, a man from the country. o'rarg ga'ji, a hired man, ser- vant. o'rarg gi'la, lunatic. o'rarg liu'lu, people of the in- terior. o'rarg lin'tan, wild man of the jungle, uncouth fellow. o'rarg Is' lam, a Mohammedan. o'rarg ja'ga, a watchman. o'rarg ja'min, one who stands bail. o'rarg ka'fir, unbelievers (non- Mohammedans), a term of opprobrium. o'rarg ka'ya, rich man; a title of Malay chiefs. n'rtng k-ba'rya-kan, the com- mon people, the majority. o'rarg Krix'lcii. Christians. o'rarg ku'lit hi'tam, dark- skinned races. o'rarg la'ut, sea-faring men, a tribe of Malays. o'rarg War, wild tribes. o'rarg ma'na, which man ? who? o'rarg nia'ti, a corpse. Cf. may at. o'rarg mu'da, young man, youth. o'rarg niu'min, the faithful, believers. o'rarg pen' dele, a short person. o'rarg pu'teli, white-skinned races, Europeans. o'rarg sa'kai, an aboriginal tribe of the Malay Peninsula. o'rarg sa'lah, convict, prisoner. o'rarg s-kam'porg, neighbours. o'rarg S-ra'ni, Eurasian. Cf. o'rarg t'rgali, middle-man, mediator. o'rarg tu'a, old man. father, parents. o'rarg -u'pa-lian, day labourer, hired-man. ba'ryak o'rarg, many persons. bu'kan ba-rarg-ba' rarg o'rarg, no- ordinary man, a remarkable person. lier'id o'rarg, another person's property. ka'ta u'raig. it is said. Cf. ko- nun. neg'ri o'rarg, a country other than one's own. s 'o'rarg, a person, someone. s 'o'rarg a'kan ' o'rarg, with one- another. s'o'rarg di'ri, alone. s' o'rarg du'a, one or two per- sons. s'o'rarg I' pas s'o'rarg, one after another. s'o'rarg s'o'rarg, one at a time.. ba'rarg s'o'rarg, whoever. o'tak, brain. o'tak tu'larg, marrow. o'to (B.) (Chin, io-to'}, binder for children. , ier-o'yorg-o'yorg, swaying,, staggering. pa', father. Cf. bapa and ayah~ pa'chai, species used on bodies- when buried. pa'chai, slave. pa'chat, the small jungle leech. pa'chu, in-nia'cliu, a spur, goad;, to spur on, urge on. pa'da, sufficient, satisfactory. Cf.. chulcop. m-ma'da'i, to suffice. pa'da, at, on, to, according to. deri-pada, see den. k-pa'da, to (usually of per- sons). <poem> pa dam, extinguished, put out (of fire and anger). pa'dam-kan, to extinguish. pa'dan, proper, fit, adapted, suit- ed to. Of. patut and layak. pa'daig, a plain, open country, as distinguished from jungle. pa'di, the rice plant; rice in the husk. Cf . bras and nasi. pa'di la'darg, rice grown in dry fields. pa'di sa'wah, rice grown in irri- gated fields. tum'bok pa'di, to pound rice in a mortar to remove the husk. pa'd-ri (Port.), a priest, used of the Protestant clergy as well as of the Roman Catholics. Cf. guru and pndita. paduka, see pduka. pa'edah, see fa'idah. pa'gar, fence, hedge, palisade, stockade, wall, enclosure. pa' gar bu'lan, a halo round the moon. pa' gar-lean, to fence in, enclose. pa'gi, morning ; also pa'gi ha'ri. pa-gi-pa'gi, early morning. ma' lean pa'gi, breakfast. pa'gut, m-ma'gut, to peck, bite (of birds and snakes). Cf. patolc. pa' ha, thigh. parg'Tcal pa' ha, the hip. pa-ha'la (Sk.), reward, recom- pense. Cf. balas. paham, see faham. pa'hat, m-ma'hat, -lean, chisel ; to chisel, carve. pa'hit, bitter. pah-la'wan (Pers.), hero, cham- pion; courageous. pa'jak (D.), contract, monopoly, " farm " ; to farm, take a con- tract. pa'jak chan'du. opium farm. pa'jak ga'dai, pawnbroker's farm. pa'kai, >n->ita'kai, -lean, to use, make use of, wear, put on, be clothed. Cf . Icna. pa'kai-an, clothes. pa'kai-an ku'da, harness pa'kai, -ni-nia'kal, to caulk. pa'kan, the woof in weaving. Cf. loiysin. pa'kau (Chin.), a card game. pa'kat (Ar. fakat}, to confer, consult with, consult to- gether, plot, come to an agreement; see fakat. pak'sa, favourable (of wind or opportunities). pak'sa, m-mak'sa (Sk.), to com- pel, force. Cf. gagdh. pa'ku, a nail, spike. pa'ku s-k-rup', screw. pal', in the phrases: bu-a-rg' pal', to tack. ber-pal-pal', tacking, beating to windward. pa'la (Sk., fruit), the nutmeg tree. bu'ah pa'la, the nutmeg. bu'rcia pa'la, mace. pa'laig, cross-bar, transverse beam; see alarg. Cf. linia-rg. pa'las, a generic name for fan palms. pa'Hig (Jav.), very, exceedingly, most (used with adjectives to form the superlative degree). pa' ling, ber-pa'lirg, to turn the head or the whole body. pa'lirg-kan, to turn (trans.). <poem> pa'lis, m-ina'lis, to turn the head. pa'lit, m-ma'lit, to smear, daub. pal'kah (naut.). a liateh. pa'lorg, trough, manger; also /Hi'lo-iyan. pal'su (Port.), false, spurious. pa'lu, m-ma'lu, to strike, beat ( with a stick) ; also used of striking certain musical in- struments, and of the chas- tening of God. Cf. gasak and bdal. pa'man, uncle ; a form of address to elderly men. pa'nah, in-ma'nah, a bow (the weapon of that name) ; to shoot with the bow. Cf. l> itfa r. a'nak pa'nali, arrow. pa'nas, heat, warmth, sunshine; hot, wann (of temperature or anger, but not hot of spices, which is pdas}. Cf. haryat. pa'nas lia'ti, anger. pa'nas t-rck', extremely hot (of the weather). Jiu'jan pa'nas, rain during sun- shine. Hiii'sim pa'nas, the hot season. it-am' pa'nas, prickly heat. pa'nau, a disease causing large white patches on the skin. pan'cha (Sk.), five, in the ex- pressions pan'cha-in'd-ra, the five senses. pan'cha-per-sa'da, bathing pa- vilion. pan'cna-wer'na, variegated. pan'chaig, a peg, a stake driven in to tie a boat to, a pile. Cf. fjalali. pan'char, m-man'char, to shoot out, spurt out (as liquids, rays of light, etc.). Cf. ptobchur pan'chiig, m-man'chirg (Jav.), to fish with the line ; = Malay kail. pan'choig, the extremity of a garment; to cut off the end of anything, cut off the head. CLprggal. pan'chur, to spurt out horizon- tally or downwards. Cf. panchar. pan' cliu-ran , gutter, water-pipe, eaves' trough. Cf. saluran. pan'chut, to spurt upwards (of liquids). pan'dai (146), skilful, expert, clever; a skilled workman. Cf. bijak. . pan'dai b-si', blacksmith ; usual- ly tukarg bsi. k-pan'dai-an, skill, proficiency, ability. pan dak, see pen-dele* pan'dan, the screw-pine. Cf. bigkuarg. pan'daig, m-man'darg (149), to look, look at, behold, gaze at. Cf. Hhai and tergok. pan'daiy mu'dah, to look down on. p-man-da' rgan , sight, view. pandita, see pndita. pan^eran, see prgeran. panj;gal, se pry gal. panj'ganj, roasted; to roast. Cf. diaiy and jrarg. paig'gil, m-marg'gil, to call, send for, call by name, invite. , a stage, platform. <poem> ru'mak parg'gorg, a house built on poles. paig'kal, the basal end of a thing, as the trunk of a tree, the haft of a weapon, etc. parg'kal hi'dorg, the bridge of the nose. parg'kal pa'ha, the hip. parg'ka-lan, landing place. parg'kat, stage, platform, tier; rank, position; see argkat. parg'ku, m-marg'lcu, the lap; to carry on the lap or bosom, or in the arms ; to hold supreme authority, govern in place of another. parg'ku-an, the lap or bosom. marg'ku bu'mi, prime minister. paiglima, see prglima. paig'sa, sections of certain fruits, as oranges, durians, etc. pan'jarg (36, Note), long ; length (both of time and distance). Cf. Ian jut and lama, pan'janf ha'ti, patient, forbear- ing. pan'jarg li'dali, talkative, gar- rulous. pan'jaiy pen'dek. of unequal lengths. s-pan'jarg lia'ri, all day long. s-pan'jarg ja'lan, all the way. pan'jarg-kan, to lengthen, pro- long. pan'jat, m-man'jat, to climb, climb up. Cf. nail; and daki. pan-ji-pan'ji, banner. Cf. tiuy- gul pan'tai, shore, beach, bank (of the sea or of a river) . pan'taig, m-man'targ, -kan, pro- hibited, tabooed ; to prohibit, abstain from. Cf. lararg and tgah. pan'tas, agile, nimble, sin.irL quick. pan'tat, the base, lower or hinder part of a thing; the buttocks, Cf. purggorg and bu-nf.nl. pan'tun, rhyming verses of four lines. Cf. gurinduni JUKI .-- loka. ber-pan'tnn, to improvise 01 re- cite pantuns. pa'pa (Sk.), poor, in want, neces- sitous. Cf. miskttt pa'pan, plank, board. pa'pan cha'tur, chessboai.'l. pa'pan clio'ki, a draughtboard pa'pan lan'tai, floor boards. pa'pan loh' , a slate. mu'ka pa'pan, impudent. ru'mak pa'pan, a house built of planks. pa'ra, shelf. pa'rah, severe (of wounds). pa'rarg, m-ma'rarg, a chopping knife; to cut with such a knife or a sword. Cf. tla-k. i'kan pa'rarg, a very bony fislt shaped like a sword. yu' pa'rarg, the saw-fish. pa'ras, the face, countenance. pa'rau, hoarse. Cf. garnn. pa'ri, the skate and similar fish- pa'rit, a trench, ditch, channel. paroh, see sparoli. pa'roh, beak, bill (of birds). CL pa gut and patok. Parsi, see Farsi. pa-ru-pa'ru, the lungs. pa'rut, a scar. Cf. biltir. pa'rut, to rasp, grate. pa'ru-tan, a rasp: a board ont which coco-nut is grated. pa'sak, a spike, wooden peg. <poem> pasal, see /">,,/. pa'sarg, iii-iiuisaiy, to fit to- gether, set. fix, fasten, adjust as in putting up machinery, harnessing horses, setting traps, etc.); to set fire to, light a fire, discharge fire- arms; flood tide. Cf. rakit and susun. jiti'xanj a' pi, to light a fire. jHi'*ai</ b-dil', to fire a shot. j.ii'wuf/ fjon'dah, neap tide. /"/'*/</ j-rat' ' , to set a snare. p-li'ta, to light a lamp. p-noli' , high tide. i-li'ii/a, to listen. pa'sarg, flood tide, a pair. pa'sar (Pers.), market. Cf. pkan. pa'seh (Ar. fasih), eloquent, in speech. Cf. piidh. pa 'sir, sand. Cf. kersek. </<i'la jia'sir, granulated or moist sugar. pa'sok, in its derivative : pn'so-kan, a troop, company or regiment of soldiers. pa'song, the stocks, handcuffs. Cf. blutggu. rn'mali pa'soiy, lock-up, police station. Cf. balai. pasti, see psii. pa'su, earthenware bowl, basin, flower-pot. Cf. margkok and jambarg. pa'tah, in -ma' tali, -kan, to break, break across, snaj) (as long, brittle things). Cf. pcliali and putus. pa' tnli />(>;/' garg, to "break one's back " (carrying heavy burdens, e.g., a child). pa'tah p-raty', to break (of a line of battle). pa'tah sa'yap, to break a wing. pa'tah tu'larg, to break a bone. s-pa'tah ka'ta, one word. pa'teh (Jav.), a title given to prime ministers. pa'tek, slave; I, me (used in ad- dressing a king). Cf. ham- ba. pa'tif, the small Malay adze. pat'lot (D.), lead pencil. pa'tok, iii-niti't(fk, to peck, bite (of birds and snakes). Cf. pag&t. pa'toig, a statue, image. pa't-rum, cartridge = ptniin. pa'tut, right, proper, fit, suitable, adapted; ought (^5). Cf. liarus. pa'tut d'ryan, adapted to. Cf. padan. pa'tut-kan, to adapt, harmonize. pau', a measure of capacity (see end of Grammar). pa'us, i'Tcan pa' us, the whale. pa'ut, ber-pa'nt, to hold fast, pull hard. pa'waig, medicine-man, sorcerer, guide, pilot. pa'ya, marsh, swamp, bog. pa'yah, difficult, heavy, severe (as work or sickness). pa'yar, m-nia'yar, to cruise. pa'yoii:, umbrella. pa'yorg ker'tas, a Chinese um- brella. p'chah, m-m'chah, to break in pieces, fracture, shatter, break up; to break up or disperse (of a body of troops or a crowd). Cf. jmtali and putus. <poem> p' cli ah Jcli a' bar, the news spread. p-chat', ni-m-Hiat', to depose, de- throne, reduce from a higher to a lower rank. fcr-p-chat' , deposed. p-darg', sword. cha'bot i>-daty' , to draw a sword. Tin- mis p-darg', to draw a sword. sa'rorg p-darg 1 ' , scabhard. p-das', pungent, hot. p-da'ti (Jav.), cart, waggon. Cf. kreta. p-deh', pain; to smart, be sore (as a wound or the heart). Cf. bisa. p-do'man (Jav.), compass. ma'ta p-do'man, the divisions on the compass card. p-du'ka (Sk., shoes), a title of Malay princes. Cf. leans. p-du'li (Ar. fadluli), to care, trouble oneself, concern one- self. p-du'li-kan, to care for, take trouble about. pe'gaig (B.), to hold = p<7r</. pe'lat, lisping, inarticulate speech. Cf. telur. pen'chaig, lame. Cf. temparg and cltapek. pen'dek, short, low in stature; also pan dak. perg'san, a swoon, fainting fit; to faint. Cf. pitam. pe'rak, silver. pe'raqg;, brown, reddish-brown. per'ba (8k.), per'ba lea' la, an- cient, in former times. per'cha, in the phrases: ff'tah per'clia, gutta perch a. ii'laii er'clia, Sumatra. per-cha'ya (Sk.). to trust. Cf. iiinin ami li(im/i. per-rha'ya'i, to trust (a per- son), have faith in. Tt+per-cha'ya'an, trustworthy. per'chek, to sprinkle: see rebels perchuma, see dm nm. per-da'na, in the phrase : per-da'na nnt't-ii, prime miui>- ter. per'du, trunk of a tree, stem of a plant. per'gam, the large wood pigeon. per'gi (49), to go, go away, de- part. Cf. jalan. per'gi ba'iek, there and back, to* and fro. ba'wa per'yi, to take away. p-ni 'gi-an, departu re. peristewa, see perstua. per-ka'kas, tools, utensils, in- struments. Cf. alat. per-ka'kas k-ra'ja'<ui, royal in- signia. per-ka'kas ni'mah, furniture. per-ka'ra (Sk.), thing, article^ a If air, subject. Cf. bararn. per-ka'sa (Sk.), bravo, valiant; usually brani. per'kat, mucilage, paste. Cf_ Ikat. per-la-han', per-la-lian'-la-lian' f p-la-lian'-p-la-hari and p- lan'-p-lan', slowly, softly. gently. Cf. lainbat. per'lu (Ar. farflln), obligatory (as a religious duty). per-ma-du'ni, carpet. Cf. //- kar. per'mai, beautiful, lovely. Cf. elok. per-mai-su'ri (Sk.), queen: also* raja prcmpvan. <poem> perman, see firman. per-ma'ta (Sk.), precious stone, jewel. Cf. inanikam. b-per-ma'ta, jewelled, set with precious stones. Cf. tatali. per-mi'si (!>.), permission, a permit. per'nah, ever. b-lum' per'nah, never yet, never. ti-a'da per'nah, never. per-na'ma (Sk.), full (of the moon). bu'lan per-na'ma, full moon. persagi, see sgi. per-s-tua' (Sk.), in the phrase, s-lca'li per-x-Ma, it happened, once upon a time. per-ta'ma (:}4) (Sk.), first; also yaig pertama. per-ta'ma-ta'ma, firstly, first of all, in the first place. Cf. mill a. per-wa'ra (Pers.), court ladies. per-wi'ra (Sk.), heroic. pes'ta (Port.), festival. petah, see pitah. pe'tak, compartment, division (in ships, houses or rows of houses) flower beds or simi- lar divisions in nurseries. p-gaig', m-m-ga-rg', to hold, take hold of, grasp, keep, control. = (B.) pegarg. Cf. pant. p-garg' 'a dot, to observe a cus- tom. p-garg' k-mn'di, to steer. p-garg' p-rcn'tah, to hold autho- rity. p-ga'rgan. that which is held or controlled, charge, task, vo- cation, office. p-ga'wai, officer, official. phala, see paliala. pi-a'la (Pers.), drinking cup. Cf. chawan. pi-aig'gaig, a stink bug. pi-a'ra (B.), to take care of, keep (as animals), nurture, bring up (as children) = pliJwra, q.v. pi-a'tu, orphan; also anak piatu. Cf. yatim.

pi'chak = pichek, q.v.

| pi'chek, narrow, confined, limit- ed. Cf. smpit. pi 'chit, m -mi' chit, to pinch, nip. pi'hak, side, quarter, flank, party. pihutaig, see 'hutanj. pi'jak, m-mi'jak, to tread on, stamp on. Cf. injak, irek, and laiyak. pi'jat, a bed-bug; also Tcutu bu- sok. pi'kat, a horse-fly. pi'kat, m-mi'lfat, to catch birds with birdlime. p-mi'kat, a decoy bird; a bird catcher. pikir, see fiJcir. pi'kul, m-mi'kul, to carry on the shoulders or back ; a measure of weight =133 Ibs. pi'Ieh, m-mi'leh, to choose, select, elect. pi'le-han, chosen, elect. pi' lu, moved, affected, troubled, agitated. Cf. rawan. pirn 'pin, m-mim'pin, to hold or lead by the hand, guide, lead. p-mim'pin, a guide. pi'naig, m-mi-Haiy, the betel-nut palm : to ask in marriage, make an offer of marriage. <poem> pu'lau Pi' nary, Penang. pin'dah, ber-/>ht,'dak, to move from one place to another, migrate, move house. Cf. aleh'. pin'dah-kon, to remove a thing, transport, transplant, trans- late. piig'gan, a large plate, a dish. Cf. piriiy. piig'gaig, the waist. bu'ah pirg'gaiy, the kidneys. . i'kat pirg'gaiy, belt, girdle. piig'gir (Jav.), edge, border, shore. Cf. tpi. pi rj^it, confined, secluded (of women). pin 'jam, m-min'jam (149), to borrow, or lend. b-ri' pin' jam, to lend. min'ta pin' jam, to borrow. pin' jam-ban, to lend (a thing). pin'ta, m-min'ta, to request, ask; see minta. pin'tal, m-min'tal, to twist, spin thread. Cf. rahat. pin tar (Jav.), clever. pin tas, m-min'tas, to make a short cut, cut across. Cf. rntas. pin'tu, door, gate. pin'tu ger'bavg, the gate of a fort or city. pin'tu pa! gar, gate of a fence. bn'dol pin'tu, threshold. chu'kai pin'tu, house assess- ment. j-narg' pin'tu, door posts. p-nuig'gu pin'tu, door-keeper. pi'pa (Port.), a barrel. pi'peh, flat, smooth. pi 'pi, the cheeks. pi'pis, m-nii'pis, to bray or grind on a stone, as spices. Cf. pi'pit, a generic name for birds of the sparrow tribe. pirasat = firasat, q.v. pi'riqg;, plate, saucer (smaller than pirggan), pi'sarg, banana, plantain. pi sati, knife. pi'sau chu'kor, razor. pi'sau li'pat, a pocket knife. pi'sau ra"ut, a small knife used for cleaning rattans. ma'ta pi'sau, the edge or blade of a knife. pi'ta (Port), ribbon, tape. pi'tah, usually pi'tah li'dah, elo- quent. Cf. paseli. pi'tam, giddiness, swoon, fit. Cf. pergsan. pi'tis, a very small native coin of tin or copper. pi'ut, great-great grandchild. p-jam', m-m-jam', to close (of the eyes) ; also Tcjam. p-kak', deaf; also tuli. p-kakas, see perkakas. p-kan', a market; a town. Cf. pasar. p-kat', thick, glutinous (of fluids) = kntal. Cf. cha'ir. p-kek', m-m-kek' , to shriek (of animals). p-ker'ti (Sk.), nature, disposi- tion, character, conduct. Cf. pratyai and tabi'at. p-konj', the largest ulcers. plahan, see perlahan. p-la'min and p-la' mi-nan , ihe bridal bed, or sleeping place <poem> set -apart for a newly married couple. p-Ian'-p-lan', slowly; see -per- p-la'na, saddle. Cf. sela. p-lan'dok, the mouse-deer = kan- r/til. (T. rum and kijanj. p-la'rgi, rainbow. p-lan'tiig, ter-p-lan'tiig, stretch- ed out, sprawling. Cf. jru- III UK. plbagai, see bagai. p-le'chok, ter-p-le'cliok, sprain- ed, strained. p-lek', strange, uncommon. p-le'kat, a certain kind of sarorg made in British India. p-li-ha'ra, mm-li-lia'ra-kan (Sk.), to take care of, protect, keep (86), preserve, nourish, maintain, bring up (as chil- dren) = (B.) piara, q.v. Cf. bla. 1<'r-/)-!i-lia'ra, kept, preserved. p-li'pis, the temples. p-lir', the male organs of gener- ation. p-li'ta | IVrs. ), lamp. Cf. lam pit. pa' dam p-li'ta, to put out a lamp. pa'saiy p-li'ta, to light a lamp. p-lm'pap, a hand's breadth. Cf. jrgknl. p-Ioh', biT-p-loh', sweat, per- spiration; to perspire. p-lok', m-m-lok', to embrace, hug. Cf. dakap. p-lok' le'liir, to embrace. ber- p-lok' tu'boh, to fold the arms. s-p-m-lok' ' , a measure for girth of trees, about 5| feet. p'l-pah', the branch of a palm- tree. p-lu'ru (Port.), bullet. p-nat' (146), tired, weary. Cf. llah and Iteh. pn'dirg, a belt buckle. pn-di'ta (Sk.), scholar, learned man; (in Neth. India) pro- testant clergyman. Cf. 'alirn. p-iga'nan (Jav. ), cakes, confec- tionery. Cf. k-uelt. p-rifan tin (Jav.), bride, bride- groom = (B.) kmaniin. Cf. mmplai. p-ige'ran (Jav.), a title of prin- ces of high ic'iik. pig'gal, m-mrg'gal, -kan, to cut off, cut through, sever, am- putate. Cf. krat. pig-ga'wa (Sk.), military officer, court official. prg-hu'lu, chief; see hulu. pr^-ka'Ian, landing-place; s^e pargkal. prg-li'ma, a military officer. p-niig', dixxy, giddy. Cf. pusiry. p-ni'ti (Port.), pin. pn-ja'ra (Sk.), prison, gaol. Cf. jel. ter-pn-ja'ra, imprisoned. pn-ja'ra-kan, to imprison. pn-ju'rit (Jav.), robber, thief. pn-ju'ru, a corner, an angle. Cf. sempary. p-noh', full. /i-noli' x-*ak', brimful. p-no'hi, to fill up, make full. Cf. w;' and m mil. pn'tas, the raised platform f in native houses on which they pit and sleep. Cf. katil. <poem> p-iyu', sea-turtle. Cf. katotg. po'-ho' (Chin.), peppermint. po'hon, tree; origin, beginning. po'hon ka'yu, a tree. po'hon, m-mo'lion. -kan, to re- quest, ask for, beg, beseech. nw'hon, ber-mo'hon, to ask leave to go, excuse oneself, take leave. po'kok, plant, tree; origin, source; capital, principal. Cf. modal, po'kok a'rgin. storm cloud. po'lan, (Ar. fulan), so-and-so = nun; also si-polan. po'lis (Eng.), police. po'lonj, a kind of evil spirit, demon. Cf. hantu and jin. pon'dok, hut, small house, shed. Cf. bargsal. poig'kis, an open basket for carrying earth. pontianak, see puntiandk. pon'toh, an armlet. pos' (Eng.), post, mail. pp'tonj, m-mo'torg, to cut, cut off, deduct; to kill animals for food. Cf. krat and sm- bleh. po'torg le'Jiir, to cut the throat. p-rah', m-m-rah', to press or squeeze out (as the juice of fruits, or milk). p-ra'hu, a native vessel, boat. a'nak p-ra'hu, sailor, boatman. na'ik p-ra'hu , to go on board a vessel. p-ram', to keep fruits so that they may ripen after being taken from the tree. p-ran'chah, scaffolding, staging. p-raig', bf.r-p-ranj' , war. battle: to fight, be at war. p-rarg' sa-bil' ', holy war (against unbelievers). i'kat p-rarg' ' , to form a line of battle. ka'pal p-rary', warship. pa'tah p-rarg' and p'chah p- rarg', to break (of a line of battle), break the ranks. p-ra'igai, character, disposition, nature. Cf. jtki-i-ti and tabi'ut. p-rarg'gu (Jav.), a suit (of clothes), set (of dishes, etc.). p-raig'kap, trap. < T. jmt and erkap. p-ran'jat, in its derivative: ter-p-ran'jat, starred. (T. kjut. p-ra'wan, a young girl, virgin. Cf. dara. p-rek'sa, ni-ni-ri>k'xa (Sk.), to examine, investigate, in- quire; inquiry, investigation. Cf. slidek and siasat. Tcu'rarg p-rek'sa, I don't know. p-re'man (Eng.), civilian, free from Government service. p-rem'pu-an, woman : feminine, female (87). Cf. btina. p-rem'pu-an jan'da, a widow. d'nak p-rrni' pit-on, a girl. p-rei^'gan, boundary = perhirg- <l'<in, see hirgga. p-ren'tah, m-m-ren'tah, -kan, order, command, authority ; to command, rule, rule over, govern. d'rgan p-ren'iali, by order. p-yarg' p-ren'inJi, to hold au- thority. /i-in-ren'taJi, governor. p-ri' (Pers.), fairy. p-ri', manner, style, way, con- dition. Cf. hal <poem> /,-//" /ml', condition, circum- stances. fi-riknii, to describe, explain. p-ri'gi, a well. i'f.-at p-ri'ui. the masonry with vliicli a well is lined. p-rin*', stinking. priiggi, sir fnnjgi. p-ri'ok, cooking pot (of earthen- ware or metal). Cf. kunli and blaiga. /i-ri'ok a'pi, bombshell. p-ri'sai, a shield. p-ro'sok, tcr-p-ro'sok, to fall through, fall into a hole. p-rot', the abdomen, intestines (stomach, bowels or womb). ji-rot' ko'xHiu, starving, famish- ed. i'xi />-iot', the intestines. p-rum' (Kur.), a sounding lead. Cf. duyn. p-sa', the beam on which the cloth is rolled in weaving. p-sa'ka (Sk.), inheritance, heir- loom; also ptuaka. l>-x<i'kn'i. to inherit. p-san', in-in-san', -kail, -i, order, command, commission ; to command, give an order or commission. Cf. hukuw. ber-p-san', to give orders. ji-xti-'ntui, order, command, commission. p-sa'ra = pasar, q.v. p-sa'vat, a machine, machiner)'. Cf. injin and jntra. p-se'ban (Jav.). hall, p-si-arg', /t-xi-iuy'kan (B.), to |MV|. skin: to beat violently. p-sok', a hole or perforation ( as in clothes or pots and pan- ) : ]unctuivd, perforated. p-sok' kan, to make a Iiole in a thing, puncture. pstaka, see pustdka. ps'ti (Jav.), certain, sure, of course = Malay tntu. p'ta, map, plan, delineation, sketch. p-ta'lin?, a hardwood tree. p-taig', afternoon; also ptaiy hari. p-tas', fire crackers. Cf. mer- chun. p-tek', nt-m-tfk', to pluck (as flowers, fruits, etc.) ; to strike the strings of a harp. p-ti'. (Tarn.), box. Cf. kpok. }>-1i' b-$i', iron safe. p-tir', a peel of thunder. Cf. guroh and kilat. ptra, see putra. p-t-ra'na, a ceremonial seat or throne used by princes. p't-ri, solder. p-t-rum', cartridge. p-tu'a (Ar. fatwa), decision, judgment, advice. pu-a'ka, an evil spirit; haunted, imlucky. pu-a'lam (Tarn.), marble. Cf. murmur. pu'an, a metal tray for betel-nut. pu-as', satisfied, content, sati- ated. Cf. jinn and knnja-ry. pu-as' lean, to satisfy. pu-a'sa (Sk.), fast, fasting. bu'ka pii-n'vi, to cease fasting. hii'Jtiii /,n-ti'sa, the fasting month. bcr-j>n-<i'xii. resting: to fast. pu'chat, pale (of colours and the complexion). <poem> pu'chok, a shoot, sprout ; numer- ical coefficient of letters and firearms (84). pu'choig, the purp'.e heron. pu'ja (8k.), to perform religious ceremonies (only lined of Hindu rites). pu'ji, m-mu'ji (Sk.), praise, com- mendation; to praise, laud, glorify. pu'ji-an, words of praise or commendation. pu-ji-pu' 'ji-an , the complimen- tary introduction to a Malay letter. pu'jok, m-mu'jok, to coax, entice, persuade: also bujok. pu'kat, m-mu'lcat, a seine net;, to fish with the seine net. pu'kol, m-mu'~kol, to strike, hit, beat, knock ; also used of the hours in reckoning time. Cf . palu, gasalc, bdal. pu'kol b-ra'pa (37), what time is it? pu'kol du'a, two o'clock. pu'kol ka'wat, to telegraph. pu'la, again, moreover, in addi- tion, over again. pu'laig (49), to return, go back to the place a person or thing came from, go home. Cf. balek and kmbali. pu'laiy-kan, to return, send back, restore. pu'Ias, m-mu'las, to wring, twist. pu-la'san, an edible fruit, simi- lar to the rambutan. pu'lau, an island. pu'leh, recovered, restored, re- established. pu'loh, a numeral which forms the multiples of ten; in speaking of indefinite num- bers this word is used ;i- we say "dozens" or "scoi du'a pu'loh, twenty. s-pu'loh, ten. da lam x-im'loh *a'tu, one in ten, a tithe. pu'lut, glutinous rice; also ///./.<. pnlut. pun', also, and, even. Cf. dan. a' da pun (133), a punctuation^ word. ms'ki pun, although. s-ka'li pun (144), even. s'o'rarg pun ti-ada, no one. surg'goh pun (144), although. pu'nai, green pigeons. pun'cha, the corner of a clotlt or garment, end of a rope.. Cf. panchoig. pun'chak, top, point, summit ;. usually Tcmuncliak. pun-di-pun'di, purse, morn- v-kii:.. puig'gah, m-murg'yali, to un- load, discharge cargo. puig'gok, an owl. puig'goig, the back or hind part of a thing, the back of a knife, the buttocks. Cf. buntut and pan tat. pu'igut, m-mu'rgut, to pick up r take up, gather, glean. pu'rgut cliu'lcai, to collect taxes- pun'tau (B.) (Chin.), dust pan. pun-ti-a'nak, a kind of evil spirit. pun'toig, a half-burnt log or stick, the stump of a cigar. pu'iya (12, 14, 15, 24), the po- sessive particle. Cf. om- puiya. pu'pu, a degree of relationship. <poem> sau-da'ra s-pu'pu, first cousins. sau-da'ra dn'a J>II'/HI, second cousins. pu'pus, bereft. pu'put, to blow, make a blast of air. Cf. hmbtts and Hop. pu'pu-tan, bellows. pu-ra-pu'ra, in pretence, pre- tending, feigning, sham, hypocritical. pu'ru, sore, ulcer. Cf. bisul and barah. L'd'lak pu'ru, a toad. pusaka, see psaka. pu'sar, to cause to revolve hori- zontally. pu'sa-ran a'ryin, whirlwind. pu'sat, the navel; the centre of a thing. pu'sirg, ber-pu'suy, to revolve, turn round (inintns.). Cf. idar. pu'sirg Tc-pa'la, giddy, confused. Cf. pnirg and birgoiy. pu'sirg-kan, to cause to revolve. pus-ta'ka (Sk.), a book of charms or magic formulae. pu'tar, m-mu'tar. to turn, cause to revolve. Cf. kisar and pusirg. pu'tar ba'lek, fickle, vacillat- ing, capricious. pu'ta-ran, windlass, capstan. pu'teh, white. pu'teh ma'ta, disappointed. pu'teh t-lor' , the white of an egg- lia'ti pu'teh, a clear conscience. o'rarg pu'tt'h, European. pu'tdi-kan, to bleach. pu'tek, fruit when just set. pu'tin?, the pointed end of any- thing made to fit into a hole; a plug. pu'tirg b-li'org, water-spout. pu't-ra (88) (Sk.), son (of a king), prince. pu't-ri (88) (Sk.), daughter (of a king), princess. pu'tus, in-iu u'tus, -kan, broken by tension (as ropes), broken oft, discontinued, ceased, finished, ended; to break by- tension, end, conclude. pu'tus a'sa, without hope, in despair. pu'tus bi-cha'ra, to end a con- sultation by coming to a de- cision. putus harap = putus asa. pit' tits liu'kum, to pass judg- ment, pronounce sentence. pu'tus tya'ira, to die. ti-a'da ber-k-pu'tn-tan, without interruption, without ceas- ing, without end. pu'yoh, quail. R ra'ayat, see r' at/at. ra'ba, ni-ra'ba, to feel, touch, fumble, grope. rab'bi (Ar.), my Lord, Lord. ra'bek (B.), to tear, rend. ra'bit, frayed, torn at the edge. ra'bok, tinder, touchwood. ra'boig, ridge pieces on a tap roofs. ra'bu, lia'ri ra'bu, Wednesday rbu. ra'bun, !-ra'[>i<n, to smoke r fumigate. ra'chun, poison. Cf. bi*<t. k'na rn'clnin, to be poisoned. ma'kfin m'chitn, to take poison. ra'dak, m-ra'dak, -kan. to thrust, (.ivtods i? tpi.vv >'u) ;[od <poem> ra"eh, itt-ru"<-li. to draw towards oneself: to cut with a sickle or a knife with the edge towards one. Cf. ra'ut. ra'ga, a roughly made basket; the Malay football. Cf. kranja-nj. se'pak ra'ga, to play the Malay game of football. ra'gam, kinds, varieties (especi- ally of colours and sounds) ; whim, caprice. m-ra'gam, to be capricious. ra'gi, leaven, yeast. Cf. khamir. ra'han*, the jaw. hi'larg ra'harg, jawbone. ra hat, a machine for spinning thread. Cf. pintal. ra'him (Ar.), womb. Cf. prot. ra him (Ar.), merciful, pitiful, compassionate. Cf. murah. rah man (Ar.), ar-rah-man, The Merciful. rah mat (Ar.), mercy, compas- sion, pity; grace, favour. Cf. kaseh. rah'si-a (Sk.), secret; a secret; sometimes pronounced ruh- sia. Cf. smbuni. bu'ka rah'si-a, to reveal a se- cret. ta'roli rah'si-a and sim'pan rah'si-a, to keep a secret. ra'ja (Sk.), king, prince; one of the pieces in the game of chess; see chatur. ra'ja mu'da, the heir to the throne. ra'ja p-rem'pu-an, queen. Cf. permaisuri. a'nak ra'ja, prince. bn'roiy ra'ja liu'tJarg, king- fisher. m'ja ira'li, eagle. ra'ja, a king's servants or retainers. rna-ha.-ra'ja, a great king, a Malay title. ber-ra'ja (114), having a kiig, governed by a king. m'ja-kan, to proclaim or make a person king. k-ra'ja'an, kingdom. ber-k-ra'ja'an, reigning, having a kingdom. ra'jin, diligent, industrious. Cf. usaha. ra'jok, m-ra'jok, sullen, surly, sulky; to be sulky, be ill- tempered. ra-k'ah' (Ar.), prostration, genuflexion; the series of postures used by the Moham- medans in prayer. ra'kit, a raft: to fit together in an orderly arrangement. Cf. pasaiy and susun. rakna, see ratna. rak'sa, mercury, quicksilver. rak-sa'sa (Sk.), a kind of evil spirit, a giant. Cf. gerga-si. ra'mah, familiar, intimate. ber-ra'mah-ra'ma-han, having friendly or intimate rela- tions. ra'mai, crowded, numerous, ra mas, m-ra'mas, to knead, ram'hai, an edible fruit. ram'bot, the hair of the head, the mane of horses. Cf. bulu and roma. ram hu- tan, an edible fruit. Cf. pulnsan. ram'dlan (Ar.), the Moham- medan fasting month. <poem> ra'mi, the Indian flax. ram'pas, m-mm'pas, to pillage, plunder, loot. Cf. rompak and samon. ram'pa-san, pillage, booty. ra'mu, m-ra'mu, to collect ma- terials. ra'mu-an, materials for build- ings, etc. ran'choig, m-rari 'cliorg , to cut to a point (as a pen). ran'dok, kam'biig ran'dok, a hair} r he-goat. 'raig', m -ig-ra irf , to groan; also /* ran/. raig'ka, skeleton, framework. raig'kak, m -ran)' leak, crawl on hands and feet (as children). ran'jarg, a large bed, ran iau. a ealtroj), pointed stakes so placed as to impede an enemy. ran'tai, a chain. fin'jn ran'tai, coat of mail. Cf. zirah. ran'tau, a reach in a river, a stretch of coast line. t-lok' ran' tan, the sinuosities of a river or coast. ni-niii' fa H. to coast. ran'tiig, leafless twigs. Cf. cha- rarg. ra'num, overripe. ra"on?, in->tiorg, to groan, howl, roar (as in pain). Cf. kloh, and 'ranj. ra'pat, in -m' pat, close to, in con- tact with, touching: to he near or in contact. Cf. rrg- garg. ra'pat-kan, to put close to- gether, join. ra'pek, tn-ra'pck, to talk non- sense. ra'poh, fragile, brittle. ras' (Hind.), reins. ra'sa, m-ra'sa (Sk.), feeling, sensation, taste; to feel, taste. ra'sa ha'ti, the feelings. ra'sa-tya, it seems, it appears. s-ra'sa, as if. ra'sa 'i, to feel, experience, un- dergo, endure, suffer. per-ra'sa'an, the feelings, pei 1 - ceptions. ra'si (Sk.), s-ra'si, suitable, well adapted. ra'sok, m-ra'sok, to attack, pos- sess (of evil spirits). Cf. liaru. ra'sok, floor beams, on which the joists rest. Cf. glgar. ra sul (Ar.), apostle. ra'ta (Sk.), a chariot. ra'ta, flat, level, even; all over, everywhere. Cf. datar. clia'ri m'ta, to search every- where. m'ma ra'ta, on the same leve]. ra'ta-kan, to level, make flat or smooth. ra'tap, in-ra'tap, to wail. rat'na (Sk.), jewel, princess; sometimes rakna. ra'tu (Jav.), king, prince. ra'tus, hundred. du'a ni'tnx, two hundred. s- ra'tus, one hundred. ber-ra'tux-ra'tufi, hundreds. ra"ut, m-ra"ut, to whittle, cut with a small knife (with the edge away from the body). Cf. m'eli: ra"n-tan. rattan: usually rotan. ra'wan, emotion, rapture; moved. Cf. pilu. <poem> ra'wi (Ar.), historian. ra'ya, great; in such phrases asi hn'ri ra'ya, festival. i'ti-itn ra'ya, whale. Cf. pans, ja'lan ra'ya, .high road, main road. ra'yap, m-ra'yap, to crawl, creep (of insects and plants) ; to spread (as a disease). Cf. jalar, rargkak and jarykit r'a'yat (Ar.), subjects, the com- mon people; soldiers of the rank and file. r'ba, felled timber. r-bab' (Ar.), the native violin. Cf. biola. r'bah, to fall (of the human body, trees, etc.) Cf. turn-' banj. r'ban, a fowl-house. r-ba'na, a native drum which is struck with the hand. Cf. r-boig', edible bamboo shoots. r-bot' t m-r-bot', -kan, to snatch, seize, take by violence. r'bus, boiled; to boil. Cf. didcli. r'chek, m-r'chek, sprinkled, spat-

tered; to sprinkle; also p-

r'cJiek or per'chek. Cf. rnjis and siram. r'da, to abate, diminish. r-dop', cloudy, overcast, obscured. re'al (Port.), dollar; usually firggit. re'di, a hammock-litter, used by Chinese women at Malacca. re'dla (Ar.), satisfied, content, willing. Cf. knan and sudi. re'ja, snips or scraps of paper or cloth. re'mah, crumbs, the fragun-iii- of food that remain on tin- table or floor after eating- and are thrown away; as- opposed to sisa, which i> tin- food left over and saved lor others to eat or for a future- occasion. ren'daig, leafy, having thick foliage. Cf. Ibal. re'igan, light (in weight), easy r unimportant, slight (of pain or sickness). bu'at re'rgan, frivolous. re'tyan-l-an, to alleviate, light- en; to make light of. re'igek, in-re'rgek, to tease.. worry. reig'kas, short, abbreviated (es- pecially of narratives). CL / a- ii dek and scrgl-ul. rerg'kas-kan, to abbreviate. r-ganj', stretched tight (as: ropes). Cf. rnianj. r-garg'Tean, to stretch, make tight. ri'a, joy; also xit'kn ri'ii. ri-ai^-ri'aqg;, the cicada. ri'as (B.), ber-ri'as, ri'ax-lcnn, adorned, ornamented ; to- decorate; a corruption of ber-hi'as; see liia-s. ri'ba, m-ri'ba, the lap; to hold on the lap; nurse. Cf.p>'i- k-n. ri'ba' an, the lap. ri'ba (Ar.), usury, interest. ri'bot, a tempest of wind or thunder. ri'bot tu'run, a storm came up. ri'bu, thousand. dii'ii ri'hii. two thousand. x-ri'lni. a thousand. bei'-ii'b it-ri'b u, thousands. <poem> rimau, tiger; see liarimau. rim'ba, primeval forest. Cf. hu~ tun and blnkar. ri in' hn-r-noiT}' , to gaze, look intently at. rn'tak, m-ni'tak, to jerk, tug (as a dog on a chain). Cf. sntak. rn-ta'ka, a swivel-gun. rn'taig, m-rn'targ, -kan, to stretch out (as ropes, nets, tc.). Cf. rgarg. rn'tas, m-rn'tas, to cut a path through jungle = (Perak) rntis. rntis, see rntas. ro'boh, to fall (of large bodies, as houses, etc.). Cf. run- toh and rbah. ro'boli-kan, to pull down (as buildings). Cf. rombak. ro'da (Port.), wheel. Cf. jntra and lererg. a'nak ro'da, spokes. birg'kai ro'da, the felloes. gan-tary-gan'taiy ro'da, the hub. gigi roda = ana7c roda. ro'gol, m-ro'gol, rape; to rape. roh' (Ar.), the spirit, soul, life. Cf. a r wah and sma-iyat. Roll' Al-kn'dux, the Holy Spirit. Roh' Al'lah, the Spirit of God (believed by the Mohamme- dans to be Jesus). hrr-roli' = bcnyawa, having life. <poem> ro-ha'ni, spiritual. ro'kok, the native cigarette. Cf. chrutu. lii'sap ro'kok and ma'kati ro'- kok, to smoke tobacco. ro'ma (Sk.), the hair of the body, as opposed to rambot = the' hair of the head. Cf. bulu. bu'lu ro'ma, the hair on the human body. ro'man (B.) = ronta, q.v. rom'bak, m-rom'bak, to destroy, demolish, pull down. Cf. roboh and runtoli. rom'pak, m-rom'pak, to plunder, commit piracy. Cf. rain pas. p-rom'pak, a pirate. rom'poiK, m-rom'poig, -lean, with the point off ; to cut off the end, or the nose. ron'deig, m-ron'derg, to cogitate, think over a thing, meditate upon; also rundirg. Cf. fikir. ron?, see ruarg. roig'ga, hollow, empty roig'korg, the throat; usually 'kro-rylcovg. ro'sak, tn-ro'sak, -lean, damaged, injured; to injure, damage, spoil, ruin. ro'tan, rattan. Cf. raid. ro'ti (Hind.), bread. tu'kdig ro'ti, l)aker. r-sak', the generic name of seve- ral timber trees. r-sam', a fern from which Ma- lays make pens. r'tak, cracked : fine cracks in por- celain. r'ti (H.). moaning = aril, q.v. ru'arg, space, open space: es- pecially the bilge of boats, and the space between the posts on which the Malay houses are built. a'yer ru'arg, bilge water. ba'lai ru'atg, hn'ltii-rnn/'. a king's hall of assembly. tint'ba ru'arg, to bale out liilgc uater. ru'as, the length between the joints of bamboo or supir cane, or between the joints of the arms and legs. ru bin, ha' In nt'hui, nooriim- tiles; see batn and ///<///. ruboh, see roboh. ru'gi, loss (especially financial loss), damage; to incur loss. Cf. bnchana. k'na ru'gi, to incur loss. . k-ru'gi-an, loss, damage; .h,-v- ing incurred loss. rugul, see rogol. ruh'si-a (B.), secret . = rahsia, q.v. ru'kun (Ar., pillar) the duel" rules or duties of the Mo- hammedan religion; also- rukun agama. ru'mah, a house. ru'mali a'pi, lighthouse. ru'mah a' tap, a thatched house. ru'mali ba'tu, a house built of masonry. nt'iiidlt ln-i-lui'ld. lu'athen tem- ple. ru'mah ko'soiy, an uninhahiteil house. ru'mali m u'ryit, a sentry box. ru'mah pa' pan, a house built of planks. ru'mah pa'sotg, a police station. ru'mah tdty'ga, home, house- hold. <poem> i'si ru'mah, family, household. ser'ba ru'mah, furniture. rum'bai, fringe, tassel. rum'bi-a, the sago palm. Cf. sagu. rum' pun, a tuft (of grass), clump (of bamboo). rum'put, grass. runt' /nit k-rirg' , hay. rundir^, see ronden/. run'toh, to fall (of large objects such as houses and moun- tains). Cf. rob oft. run'toli-h-iui , to demolish, pull down (masonry). Cf. rom- bak. ru'pa (Sk.), appearance, shape, form. ru'pa-iya, apparently, it seems, it appears. Cf. na-mpak. s-ru'pa, similar, like. ta 'ru'pa (B.), not capable of. ru-pi'ah, the Dutch florin or guilder; the Indian rupee. ru-pi'ah B -I an' da, guilder. ru-pi'ah Brg-ga'la, rupee. ru'sa, deer, stag. Cf. kijarg and plandok. ru'sok, the side. Cf. lamboig. tit' Jang ru'sok, the ribs. rz'ki (Ar.), nourishment, food. Cf. makaii. s-, an abbreviated form of asa or satu, one, a ; one and the same, the same, similar. When used as a numeral, s- is usually followed by one of a large number of words known as " numeral coeffi- cients " or " classifiers " (83, 84). s'a-kan-a'kan, as if, as it were. s-ba'gai, the same kind, even as, like. s-ba-ik-ba'ik-iya, just as well. s-barg'sa, of the same race. s-ba'iyak, so many, as many, as much. s-ba'pa, having the same father. s-ba'rarg, any, anything. s-ba'targ (84), a, one; num. coeff. of trees and cylindrical objects. s-b-gi-ma'na, as, just as. s-b-lia'gi, a part. s-bi'ji (84), a one; num. coeff. of small objects. s-bi'lah, (84), a, one; num.. coeff. of knives. s-bi'lary, each, every. s-b-lah' or sb'lali, one side, the other side of, beyond. s-b-las', eleven. s-b-lit' (83), one turn or coil. s-b-lum' , before (conj.). s-b-nar'-nja, truly, verily. s-bn'tar, a moment, an instant. s-bn'tok (83), a, one; num. coeff. of rings. s-bo-leh-bo'leh, to the best of one's ability. s-b-ra'pa, as much as, as many as. s-b-sar', as large a>. x-l>u'ah (84), a, one; num.. coeff. of houses, ships. towns r etc. s-bu'lan, a month. s-bit-lat-bu'lat, the whole, all. s-hit'lir (83), a, one; num.. coeff. of small round objects.. s-chu'kop, sufficient. s-dikit, see sdiki!. s'e'kor (84), a, one; num. coeff.. of animals. s-fa'kal, in agreement, in collu- sion. s-g-nap', the whole, all. 112 MALAY-ENGLISH VOCABULARY. x-lHi-bit-lni'liix, completely, ut- terly. x-ha-ri-ha'ri, daily, every day. x-lui'rux-tya, properly, neces- sarily. s-ltiiff'fja, until, as far as. ~<-/i-l a i' (84), a, one: num coeff. of thin flat objects. x'i'bit s-ba'pa, of the same father and mother. xW tln'ni-a, the whole world. x-jd'lan, the same road. x-ja'uk, as far as. .x-j' maat. a week. x-ju'rnx fa'mn-rya, for a mo- ment. -x-/,y/7t, once; entirely, quite, very (92, 94). x-kn'li (jus 1 , all at once. x-ka'li pun (144), even. it-knia'poiy, of the same village. -x-ka'pur (83), a, one; num. coeff. of quids of betel nut. x-ka'ta, agreeing. s-ka'yn (83), a, one; num. coeff. of rolls of cloth. .x-l,--dnr', in proportion to, to the extent of. x-ki'an, so much, so many. H-ki'm-nja, ]3erchance. -x-k-lip' mata, the twinkling of an eye. x-ko'di, a score, twenty. ..^-k-pirg' (84), a, one; num. coeff. of things cut in blocks or slices. s-k-rat' , a piece, a part. .8-k-ti'ka, a moment. n-ku-rarg-ku'rarg, at least. s-la'gl, as long as, while. ft-lak'sa, ten thousand. s-la'ku i'ni, in this manner, thus. -s-la'lu, always. x-la'nta, as long as, while. s-la-ma-la'ma-rya, forever. s-la'pix (84), a, one; num. coeff. of folds or thicknesses of a thing. s-le'kor. twenty one (in dales).

  • -lnj'kui>, a complete outfit.

x-lu'roli, all, the whole. s-nta'kin, sp much the more. x-iini'l<t>it. last night. x-niii-fii-iiHi'fti, altogether.

  • -ni-u<i'-ni-nn' , in the phrase:

tia'da s-m-na'-m-na', with- out cause . x-ntii'la, as before, over again. s-neg'ri, belong to the same city. s'o-lah-o'lali, as if. ff'o'rarg, a person, someone. .vV/ym/ r/'/.v;// .s'o'mtjr, with one another. s'o'rarg di'ri, alone. so' ran) dua, one or two men. xo'miy 1-po.s' s'o'rarg, one after another. s'o'rarg sa-lm'ja, alone. s'o'rarg s'o'ranj, one at a time. s-pakat, see s-fakat. s-pan'jaiy ha'ri, the whole day. K-pan' ja-ty ja'lan, all the way. s-paroh, see sparoh. s-pa'Miy, a pair. s-/>fi'!fili 1,-n' f <i, one word. s-pa'tut-rya, properly, becom- ingly. s-pin'tu (84), a, one; num. coeff. of houses built in rows. s-p-noh'-p-noh', fully, com- pletely. s-po'toiy, a piece, a slice. s-pu'chok (83), a, one; num. coeff. of letters and firearms. n-pu'loh, ten. s-pu'pu, of the first degree of relationship, as, first cousins.

  • -m'*a, as if.

x-ni'ti, suitable, well adapted. x-m'/Mx, a hundred. x-r<i'ii-nn (83), a. one; num. coeff. of nets. MALAY-ENGLISH VOCABULARY.

wi'hu. a thousand. -s-ru'ns (83), a length between joints. s-ru'pa, similar, like. s-sa"at, an instant. s-su-ap' , a mouthful. s-su-a'tu, some, any. s-su'ku, a quarter. s-ta'hu, cognizant, privy to. s-tary'ga (84), a, one; num. coeff. of houses. s-ta'ra, of the same rank. 8-t'lali, after that, when. s-t'iyalt, a half. s-iu'ju, with the same purpose. sa"at (Ar.), moment, instant. Cf. bntar. s-sa"at, an instant. sa'ban (Jav.), sa'ban lia'ri, every day. sa'bar (Ar.), patience; patient, long-suffering. sa'bar d-liu'lu, please be pa- tient. sa'bas (Pers.), good! well done! that will do! sab'da, ber-sab'da, command, or- der; to order, gay, speak (of kings and prophets). Cf. titali. sa'bit, a sickle. sa'bok, a girdle. Cf. pirygary. sa'bon (Port.), soap. sa'boig, m-rya'bory, to fly at one another (as fighting cocks) ; to flash (as lightning) ; to conduct a cock-fight. sa'borr/-m-rya'boiy, flashing or clashing about. a'yam sa'bo-rgan, a fighting cock. sa'bot, fibrous material, such as the husk of the coco-nut or the stem of the banana. ta'li sa'bot, rope made of such fibre. sab'tu (Ar.), the Sabbath, Sa- turday; also hari sabtn, sa'dap, m-rya'dap, to draw the sap from the palm tree for making toddy. Cf. tuak. p-iya'dap, a toddy-maker. sadar, see sdar. sal' (Ar.), row, line, rank. Cf. baris. ber-saf. in line, in battle array. sa'ga, a tret? bearing red berries which are used in weighing gold. sagi, see sgi. sa'gu, sago, the flour made from the rumbia or sago palm, and from tapioca. sa'gu rn'dary, pearl sago. ham' pas sa'gu, sago refuse. sa'gur, a dug-out. Cf. jalur. sah (Ar.), true, authentic, valid, legalised, right, correct. sa-ha'bat (Ar.), friend, com- panion; also sobat. Cf. handai, kawan and taulan. ber-sa-ha'bat, friendly; to be friends. per-sa-lia'ba-tan, fellowship. sa-ha'ja, only, merely; also saja. ft', clnana and haiya. sa'hib (Ar.), master, owner; usually tuan. sa-hi'bu 'l-ln-ka'yat, the author of a story. sa'hut, m-rya'hut, to answer, re- ply. Cf. jawab. sah'ya (Sk.) (6, 7), slave, ser- vant ; used as a pronoun of the 1st person when address- ing a superior, and amongst Europeans almost exclusive- ly. Cf. ltamba.i <poem> sa'id, see sayyid. sa"ing;, ber-sa'i'ry, together, going or working in company. sa"is (Ar.), groom, coachman. saja, see sahaja. sa'ji, dish, course, prepared food. Cf. hidaty. tu'dorg sa'ji, a dish cover. ber-sa'ji, to prepare food. sa'ji-an, prepared food, a course. sa'kai, followers, servants; ab- original tribes of the Malay Peninsula. Cf. r'ayat, smarg, jakun and bnua. sa'kai, contrary, foul (of the Avind). sakh'lat (Pers.), woollen cloth; also saklat. sa'kit, ill, sick; sore, painful; illness, disease. Cf. grirg and lisa. For list of diseases see Appendix. sa'kit gi'gi, toothache. sa'kit hati, offended, angry with a person. sa'kit k-pa'la, headache. sa'kit pa'yali, seriously ill. sa'kit p-rot', stomach ache. sa'kit trok', seriously ill. ba'lek sa'kit, relapse. ja'toh sa'kit, and k'na sa'kit, to fall ill. sa'ki-ti, to cause pain, afflict. Cf. seksa. p-rya'kit, illness, disease. sak-sa'ma (Sk.), patience, ac- curacy. sak'si (Sk.), a witness. sak'si dus'ta, false witness. na'ik sak'si, to bear witness, ber-sak'si, to bear witness, give evidence. sak'si-kan, to bear witness to a thing or person. k-sak'si-an, evidence, testi- mony; also ktrargan. sak'ti (Sk.), supernatural power; possessed of supernatural power. k-sak'ti-an, supernatural power. Cf. hikmat, sa'ku (Port.), a bag, pocket, sack. Cf. karorg and pundi. sa'lah, fault, error, mistake; wrong, erroneous, guilty. Cf. silap. sa'lah d'tyar, misunderstood, misapprehension. sa'lah fa-ham', misunderstood, misconstrued. sa'lah sa'tu and sa'lah s'o'rarg, one of them, one of the two. sa'lah u'rat, a sprain. a' pa sa'lah, what is the matter? o'rarg sa'lah, a convict. ser'ba sa'lah, entirely wrong. ber-sa'lah, guilty. sa'la-hi, to find fault with. sa'lah-kan, to parry a blow. k-sa'la-han, offence, crime. ber-sa'la-han, in error, differing from, on the contrary. sa'lai, m-rya'lai, to smoke over a fire. sa'lak, m-rya'lak , to bark (as a dog). sa-lam' (Ar.), peace; greeting, salutation. b-ri' sa-lam', to salute, greet. as-sa-lam' a-la'i-kum (159), peace be with you. sa'laig, m-iya'larg, to execute by stabbing down from the shoulder to the heart with a kris. salasa, see thalatha. MALAY-ENGLISH VOCABDLAEY.

sa'leh (Ar.), pious, godly. o'mnj sa'leh, a saint. sa lib (Ar.). a cross. sa'lib-kan, to crucify. sa lin, m-nja'lin, to change one thing for another (as clothes) ; to copy, transcribe, translate. Cf. tiru and ter- jinah. ter-sa'lin, copied, transcribed, translated. bcr-sa'lin, to change one's clothes, bear children. pcr-sa'li-nan, a change of clothes (as a gift from a king). saiiu, see tlialju. xa'lut, 'bcr-sa'lut, envelope, wrap- per ; wrapped, covered, envel- oped. Cf. balut.

sa'Iu-ran, eaves-trough, gutter.

Cf. alur and panchur.

>a'ma (Sk.) (91), the same,

equal, like, resembling; with; the Baba Chinese use sama in place of akan between a transitive verb and the direct object (150). -sa'ma ba'iyak, the same quan- tity. sa'm a b-sar' , the same size. sa'ma d'ryan, the same as. sa'ma ju'ga, just the same. a'ma ma-nu-si'a, fellowmen. sa'ma ra'ta, on the same level. sa-ma-sa'ma and ber-sa-ma-sa' - ma, together. sa'ma sn-di'ri-rya, among them- selves. sa'ma i'rgdh, exactly in the middle. ti-a'da sa'ma-rya, he has no equal. sa'mak, m-nja'malc, to tan lea- ther. sa'man (Eng.), summons; to summon, prosecute. sa'mar, m-nja'mar, to conceal, disguise, change one's form or appearance; also samar- kan din. Cf. jlma. sam'bal, condiments eaten with curry and rice. Cf. hulam. sam'bar, m-n/qm'bar, to pounce on and carry off (as birds of prey), seize; also sembar. Cf. ram pas. sam'bil (139), while, whilst, as, when. sam'boig, m-njam'boty, to join, unite, append. Cf. huborg. sam-bo'iyan, lengthening piece, hyph?n; sequel of a book. sam'bot, m-njam'l>ot, to receive in the hands, receive a guest, welcome. Cf. trima. sa'mon, m-iya'mon, to rob, es- pecially highway robbery : to take by force. Cf. rbot f sambar, ram pas, and rompak. p-rya'mon, a robber. sam'pah, rubbish, refuse, dirt, sam'pai (62 &), to arrive, reach, come to, come: until; suffici- ent. Cf. datarg and hirgga. sam'pai Tc-kaV , for ever. sam'pai 'u'mor, of full age. sam'pai-kan, to convey to, bring about, accomplish, per- form. sam'pai-kan jan'ji, to perform one's promises. sam'pak, a ferrule. sam'pan (Chin.), a small boat. sam'pan ko'tak, the Chinese boat with lockers in the stern. sam'pan pan'jaiy, a long Malay boat carrying mast and sail. <poem> sam'pan pu'kat, a fishing boat carrying- a seine net. sam'pan tam'baiy, a ferry boat. sam'par, epidemic, plague. sam'seig, a ruffian. sa'na, there ; also di sana. sa'na si'ni, here and there, on all sides. de'ri sa'na, thence, from there. k-sa'na, thither. ' k-sa'na k-rna'ri, hither and thither, in all directions. sa'nak (Jav.), near relatives. sa'nak sau-da'ra, blood rela- tions. sa'nat (Ar.), year. san'daig, m-njan'daty, to carry a thing slung over the shoul- der with a strap or sash. san'dar, m-iyan'dar, -i, to prop up, support. ber-san'dar, to lean, lean against, recline. sa'igat, very, exceedingly. Cf. a mat. k-sa' 'rya-tan , immensity, inten- sity. saig'gol, chignon, a knot of hair twisted up at the back of the head. Cf. kundai. chu'chok sarg'kol, the native hair pin. satg'gop, to guarantee or profess to be able to do a thing, be competent. saig'ka (Sk.), a conjecture, sup- position, idea ; to think, ima- gine, suppose. Cf . fikir. swy'ka-kan, to imagine a thing, suppose. saig'kal, tn-ii/aiy'.kal, -i, io deny, disavow, disown. Cf. mwi- kir. saig'kar, sarg'ka-ran, a cage '(as- for birds). saig'kot, to stick, catch, hold fast. ter-sarg'lcot, caught, held fast. san'tan, the juice extracted from the nutty part of the coco- nut. Cf. klapa. san tap. to eat or drink, or clicu betel-nut (court languai:' ). san' tap si'reli, to chew betel-nut. sa'pa, m-iya'pa, to address, speak: to. sa'pi, the ox; usually Int'lm. mi'n/ak sa'pi, beef fat. CM'. r/L sa'pu, m-nja'pu (86 d), to sweep^ brush; rub lightly. Cf. go- sok. sa'pu chat 1 ' , to paint. sa'pu lea' pur, to whitewash.. Cf. labur. sa'pu ta'rgan, handkerchief. p-rya'pu, a broom. sa'put, m-iya'put, to cover (aff clouds on a hill top). sa'rai^, a nest. sa'raiy la-ba-la'ba, a spider'- web. sa'raiy I'bali, a bee's nest. sa'rarg ma'du, honeycomb. sa'rat, full, heavily loaded. sa'ri, ti'tnalt sa'ri, zinc. sa'ron?, sheath, scabbard, c-a.-f.. cover; especially the skirt which is worn both by meit and women. Cf. kain. sa'rory ban'tal, pillow case. sa'rorg ja'ri, finger-stall, thim- ble. sa'rorg ka'ki, socks, stockings. sa'rorg k-ris', the sheath of the- Malay dagger. sa'roiy p-da>y' ' , scabbard. <poem> sa'roiy su'rat, an envelope. xa'ronj ta'tyan, glove. l-ti'hi sa'rorg, or simply saroiy, the Malay skirt worn both l>v men and women; also leain. sa'sa-ran, a target. sas-t-ra'wan (Sk.), astrologer. sa'tu, a, one; also s-, asa and suatn. ati'tn pun H'dak, not one. xti-tii-*a'iu, one by one. ln'yi sa'tu, one more. 'I -pas' sa'tu sa'tu, one after an- other. sti'ldli Mi'tu, one of them, one of the two. sau-da'gar (Pers.), a merchant, also su-da'gar. Cf. dagarg. sau-da'ra (Sk.), brother, sister, near relative ; also sudara. Cf. nbary, adek and kakak. ^(i u-da' ra s-pu'pu, iirst cousins. a'nak sau-da'ra, nephew, niece. ba'jxi iiu-da'ra, uncle. ninl-' sau-da'ra, aunt. sa'nak sau-da'ra, near relations. ber-sau-da'ra, brothers, related. sa"uh, anchor, grapnel. sa"uh tcr'baty, grapnel. borg'kar so" nil, to weigh an- chor. la' boli -1: an saf'uli and b-la'boh to anchor. sa'wa, u'lar sa'ira, a python. sa'wah, an irrigated rice field. Cf. bndarg, Imma and ladarg. sa'wan, a fit, convulsions. sa'wi and s-sa'wi, mustard. sa'yaqg:, pity, compassion; alas (132) ; to pity, be sorry for, regret, be sparing of, be economical in regard to. Cf. kaseh and bias. ka'seli sa'yaig, love and sympa*- thy. sa'yap, wing. Cf. Icpak. sa'yu, sadness. sa'yup, hardly perceptible (of sight or sound). sa'yiir, vegetables, herbs. x<i->/itr-s<i'yu-mn, vegetables in general; also sa'yur-ma'yur. say'yid (Ar.), chief; a title given to the descendants of Mo- hammed. s-bab' (Ar.), cause, reason, motive; because, for. Cf. kerna. s-bab' i'iu, therefore. a' pa s-bab', why? de'ri s-bab' and o'leh s-bab', be- cause of, on account of. ber-s-bab', with a reason, for cause. s-bab'kan, to cause, occasion, produce. s-bak', a'yer s-bak' , inundation (of a river overflowing its banks). Cf. ball. s-bat', a blow (with a stick or rattan). sblah, see blah. s-bot', m-nj-bot', -l-an, to men- tion, utter, say. icr-s-bot' , mentioned. sb'raig, on the other side (of a road or river), beyond. de'ri sb'rary, from the othei 4 side. k-sb'rarg, across, to the other side. ber-sb-ra'igan, on the opposite side. in-njb'rcug, to cross, pass over. sb'rarg-m-iyb'raiy, on both sides. 118 MALAY-ENGLISH VOCABULARY. s-bu', m-jy-bu', to fill up a hole with earth. s-daig' (139, 140), while; where- as, as, inasmuch as ; medium, average, mediocre. s-dap', nice, pleasant to the senses. -CLIazat. s-dar', m-ry-dar' , -lean, aroused, awakened, conscious of, aware of; to arouse, awaken. Cf. baryun and jaga. s-deh', heartache, sorrow of heart, bitter grief. ter-s-deli'-s-deli', bitterly griev- ed. s-der-ha'na (Sk.), medium, average, middlirg. Cf. s- darg. s-di'a (Sk.), ready, prepared; al- ready. Cf. siap. s-di'a-kan, to prepare, make ready. s-di-a-ka'la, former, ancient ; always, continually. Cf. sd- kala. s-di'kit, a little, a few, some; also sikit. s'd-kah' (Ar.), alms, charity. Cf. derma. min'ta s'd-kah' , to beg. s-d-kah'-kan, to give in alms. s-d-ka'la (Sk.), always, continu- ally, usual, usually. Cf. slalu, sntiasa and sdia. s-d-Iiig'gam (Tarn.), vermilion. s-du', ter-s-du' -s-du' , sobbing. sebok, see sibok. sehat, see sihat. sek'sa (Sk.), punishment, ill- treatment, pain, suffering. Cf. srgsara. Tc'na sek'sa, to get punished. sek'sa-kan, to punish,, inflict pain. Cf. hukum. se'la (Port.), a saddle. sem'bar, to pounce on q.v. sem'paig, m-ryem'parg, to de- viate, diverge, branch off; cross roads, a branch road,. a street corner. sen'dok (B.), spoon = sndok. se'iget, leaning, out of the per- pendicular. Cf. cliondrtn'i. mereiy and serorg. seig'kat, short, shortened. < pendek and rergkas. seigseig, see sirgsinj. se'pak, m-rye'pak, to kick to the front with the upper part of the foot, as opposed to #/?- darg, to kick backwards with the sole of the foot, and trci- jary, to kick downwards- with the sole of the foot. se'pak ra'ga, to plav the -Malay game of football. se'rak, scatter, spread out in con- fusion. ser'ba (Sk. sarva, all), utensils. furniture, gear. Cf. n?r- kakas. ser'ba ka'pal, the tackle of a ship. ser'ba ru'mali, household fuz % - niture. ser'ba sa'lah, altogether wrong. ser'ban (Pers.), a turban. serbat, see sherbat. ser'bok, powder. ser'bu, m-ryer'bu, to rush at. spring upon, attack. Ct. terkam. ser'daqj, a tall palm tree. se'ret (Jav.), to trail or drag: along the ground. <poem> Ica'sut se'ret, slippers. ser'kap, a hencoop, a basket of the same shape used to catch fish. se'roig, oblique, slanting. Of. tnereng r 8erget and cliondronj. ser'ta, with, together with; (139) when, as. Cf. drgan and sama. ser'ta d'rgan, together with. ser'ta-mer'ta, immediately. b-ser'ta (98), with, accom- panying. ser'ta'i (99), to accompany. ser'ta-kan, to unite. ser'wa (Sk. sarva), all, in the phrase : Tulian serwa sklian 'alam, Lord of the whole universe ; usually mispro- nounced sru. Cf. serba. setan, see shaiian. se'wa, m-rye'wa, rent, hire; to let, hire. se'iva ka'pal, passage money on a ship. se'wa ru'mah, the rent of a house. k-re'ia se'wa, hackney carriage. s-ga'la (Sk.), all; sometimes used merely to indicate the plural number (82). Cf. smoa and sklian. s-gan', reluctant, averse to. p-ry-gan', a sluggard. s-gar', refreshed, revived. s-gi' or sa'gi, in its derivative : per-s-gi'. sided, having sides or faces. am' pat per-s-gi', square. ti'ga per-s-gi' , three sided, tri- angular. sg'ra (Sk.), speed, haste: quick, quickly. Cf. Ikas and ba- rgat. ber-sg'ra, to be quick, make haste. sg'm-kan, to hasten, expedite. shah' (Pers.), emperor, king. sha-ha'dat (Ar.), confession of faith. Jc-li'mah sha-ha'dat, the Mo- hammedan profession of faith. shah-ban'dar, harbour-master. sha'hid (Ar.), a witness, martyr. sha'ir' (Ar.), barley. sha"ir (Ar.), a poem, poetry. shai'tan (Ar.), Satan, the devil; a demon. Cf. iblis. shak' (Ar.), doubt, suspicion, mistrust. Cf. wasaiyka. sha'rat (Ar.), rule, regulation; condition, stipulation ; con- tract, agreement. sha'ri'at (Ar.), law, divine law, statute. shekh' (Ar.), a chief. sher'bat (Ar.), lemonade. shor'ga (Sk.), heaven. Cf. la- n/it, indra and Jcayargan. shu'kor (Ar.), thanksgiving, praise. Cf. kaseh and puji. si, a particle placed before proper names, nouns and adjectives, somewhat in the same way as the word Mr. in English, as in the following phrases: si-A'li, Mr. Ali. si-a'nu, Mr. so and so. si-a'pa? who? ba'raig si-a'pa, whoever. si bory'kok, Mr. hunchback. si pn-chu'ri, Mr. thief. si-a'-si-a', in vain, useless, futile, of no avail. Cf. chuma. <poem> si'al, unlucky, inauspicious, ill- omened. Cf. clilaka. si-a man?, the gibbon. si-atg', daylight, day as opposed to night; early, early in the morning.

  • i-ni(]' ha'ri, daylight, day as

opposed to night. si-arg' ma' lam, day and night. si~aiy' -si-arg' , very early. si-ap', ber-si-ap', prepared, made ready ; to be ready or prepar- ed, especially of food, clothes, etc. Cf. sdia. si-ap'kan, to prepare, make ready. si-a'sat (Ar.), punishment, tor- ture ; to investigate, examine. si-a'sat-kan, to torture, make a searching examination. siau' (B.) (Chin.), to digest. si'bok busy, busily engaged (of a number of persons at work) ; also seboTc. si-da-si'da, a title of certain officers at court, a eunuch. si'daig, assembly, society, com- pany; also sidarg jma'dh. Cf. jma'ah and korgsL si'dek, m-ryi'dek, to examine carefully; usually slidek. siet-siet' (B.) (Chin.), false, deceptive, hypocritical. si'fat (Ar.), quality, condition, attribute, character, nature; also pronounced sipat. si'gai, a bamboo with the bran- ches cut to the length of a span to form a ladder. si'hat (Ar.), good health; heal- thy, well. Cf. ryaman and siuman. si-hir' (Ar.), magic; also 'U sihir. Cf. obai. si'kap, figure, posture, attitude. si'kat, a comb, a harrow : a bunch (of bananas). Cf. sisir. si'kat ram'bot, a hair comb. si'kit, a little = sdikii, q.v. si'ku, the elbow: angle. si'la, ber-si'la (158), to sit with the legs crossed under one; to invite a person to sit down ; to invite; also silakan. si'la du'dok, please sit down. si'la ma'sok, please come in. du'dok ber-si'la, to sit cross- legged. per-si'la-kan, to invite. si- la-si 'lah (Ar. silsilah), gene^ alogy. si'lap (Ar. khilaf), a mistake, error, over-sight. si'lap ma'ta, sleight of hand. sim'pai, a circle, ring, hoop. sim'pan, m-ryim'pan (86 c), to keep, preserve, take care of, save. Cf. pliliara and taroh. sim'pol, a knot. slii'.'pol hi'dop, sim'pol pu'leh, running knot, bow. sim'pol ma'ti, a knot that will not slip. ter-sn-ryum' sim'pol, a slight smile. si'nar, m-ryi'nar, a sunbeam, a ray of light; to shine. Cf. chahya. sin'dir, m-njin'dir, to mock, jeer, rail at. Cf. olok. si'iga (Sk.), a lion. siig'gah, to call in at a place, visit, stay temporarily. siig-ga-sa'na (Sk.), throne. Cf. iaklita. sirgit, see serget. <poem> siig'kap, m-njiiy'kap, to turn back, draw aside (as a cur- tain). siig'kek (Chin.), a Chinese coo- ly; a recent immigrant. siig'siig, m-ryirg'sirg, to turn up, turn back, tuck up (as the trowsers or the sleeves of a coat). Cf. sirgkap. si'ni, here; also di sini. xti'iin si'ni, ]icre and there, everywhere. de'ri si'ni, from here, hence. si'pai (Pers. sipalii}, a soldier, sepoy. Cf. soldado and Iosh- kar. si pat, sre v //'/. si'put, shell, univalve shellfish. si'pu, icr-si-pu-si'pu, bashful, confused. si ram, m-nji'ram, to sprinkle, water (as flowers). Cf. per- ch ck and rtijis. bcr-si'rain, to bathe (court lan- guage). si'reh, betel-pepper, a creeper, the leaves of which are chew- ed with betel-nut. Cf. pi- naig. xi'reh s-ka'pur, one chew of betel-nut. ina'kan si'reh, to chew betel- nut. si'rip, fin. si'sa (Sk.), remainder, remains of a repast; see re mail. Cf. ~baki. si'sek, the scales of a fish or snake. si'xi'k p-njn', tortoise-shell. si'si, the side; at the side, noar by; usually di si*i. si'sip, m-nji'sip, to insert, slip in, thrust in. Cf. slit. si'sir (Jav.), a comb = Malay Sikat. si'ti (Ar.), a lady, Mrs.; used as a title of ladies of position. si'tu and di si'tu, there. Cf. sana. de'ri si'tu, thence. Ic-si'tu, thither. si'ul, ber-si'ul, to whistle. si-u man, conscious, in posses- sion of one's mental facul- ties, recovered from a faint- ing fit. Cf. sihat. s-jah't-ra (Sk.), peace, tranquil- ity. Cf. sntausa and damai. s-ja'rah (Ar.), genealogy, chro- nicles, annals. s-juk', cold, cool. Cf. dirgin. k'na s-julc', to catch a chill. s-ka'Ii, very; see kali. s-kam', chaff, the husks of padi. Cf. hmpa. s-ka'raig, now. s-ka'ranj i'ni, just now. ma'lam s-ka'rarg, to-night. s-kat', in-nj-kat' f to barricade. s-k-Ii'an all. Cf. sgala and smoa. s-ko'i, millet. s-ko'lah (Port.), school. x-ko'lah a-ga'ma, Sunda} 7 - school (X.). s-k-rup' (Eng.), screw; also pa'- ku s-k-rup'. s-ku'chi (D.), a small sailing boat. s-ku'tu, associate, member of a society. <poem> ber-s-ku'tu, to be associated with. per-s-ku'iu-an, association, so- ciety. Cf. jma'ah and konj- si. s-Ia', empty space, space, room. ti-a'da ber-s-la', there was no room. s-la'daig, the wild ox. s-lam', m-ry-lam' , to dive, dive for. s-la'mat (Ar.), health; safety, security; salvation (X.). s-la'mat ja'lan (159), go in peace (the usual Malay salutation). s-la'mat tirq'gal, abide in peace. Ju'ru S-la'mat, Saviour (X.). s-la'mat-kan, to save, preserve from danger. s-Iam'pit, a plait, plaiting. Cf. aryam. s-laig', interval of time or space. Cf. jaraTc and antara. s-lar', m-ry-lar' ' , to brand. s-Ia'sa, lia'ri s-la'sa, Tuesday = thalatha. s-la'sar, verandah. s-Ia'seh (Sk.), basil, mint. s-lat', strait, channel: the town of Singapore. s-la'tan, the South. slbi, see sulbi. s-len'daig, a garment worn over one shoulder by Malay wo- men. s-le'ra, appetite. sleraig, see lerary. s-li'dek, m-ry-li 'del , to examine carefully; also sideJc. Cf. preksa. s-li'gi, a javelin. Cf. tonibak and Imbirg. s-li'mut, a blanket or other bed covering. s-U'mnt-kan, to cover with a cloth. s-lin'dorg, ~bcr-s-lirid.org, to take shelter. s-li'seh, ber-s-U'seh, to differ, be at variance, quarrel. per-s-li' se-han , dispute, quarrel. s-li'sek, m-iy-U'sfik, to hunt for vermin in hair, to preen. s-lit', inserted, slipped or pushed in between two surfaces. s-lok', m-ry-lol-', to insert hand or finger. s-Io'ka (Sk.). verses of poetry, couplets. Cf. pantwi aivT gurindam. s-I-sai', m-ry-l-sai', -kan, to de- cide, settle, adjust. s-1's-tna, catarrh, a cold in the head. s-lu'ar (Ar.), trowsers. Cf. clilana. s-Iu'boig, m-iy-lu'boirj, to cover up. envelop. s-lu'daig, the sheath which covers- the blossom on palms. s-lum'bar, a splinter. s-lu'pat, cuticle, thin membra- nous covering. s-lu'roh, the whole, all (of su- perficial measure). s-lu'roh neq'ri, the whole city or country. s-lu'roli in'Tjoli , all over one'.s^ body. s-mai', in-iy'mai , to sow seed in a nursery, from which the seedlings are afterwards to- be planted out. s-mai' an. a nursery for plants. <poem> s-ma'ja, only =saliaja. s-mak', a thicket, underwood, bushes. Cf. blukar. s-mam'bu, Malacca cane. s-maig', aboriginal tribes of the Malay Peninsula. Cf. sakai and bnua. s-ma'rgat, the soul, life, the spirit of life, consciousness. Cf. ryaiva and roll, hi'laty s-nm'rgat, to lose con- sciousness. s-maig'ka, water-melon. s-man-ta'ra, while, during. Cf. antara. s-mat', m-nj-mai' , to stitch, fasten together with rattan or thin pieces of wood or bamboo. s-ma yam, to sit in state (of kings). sm bah, m-iym'bali, to worship, do homage to, make obeis- ance; to speak to a superior. Cf. smbahyarg. sm'bali su'jud, to worship or do homage by prostrating one- self. ber-da'taiy sni'bah, to come and address a superior. Ici'rim sm'bah, to send a mes- sage of submission to a king. su'rat sm'baJi, a letter of sub- mission. per-sm'bah-kan, to make a present to a superior, to make an offering to God. per-sm'ba-han, a present to a superior, an offering or sacri- fice to God. Cf. korban. sm-bah'yan?, worship, religi- ous ceremonies ; to worship : derived from smbali, to wor- ship, and Yarg, God, q.v. a'yer sm-bah'yary, water for re- ligious ablutions. ber-sm-bah'yaiy, to worship. sm'bap, dropsy, dropsical swell- ing. sm'b-leh, m-njm'b-leli, to kilt for food by cutting the throat (usually with reli- gious ceremonies) ; to sacri- fice. Cf. potorg. sm'b-Iit, constipation. sm-bi'lan, nine. (For derived forms see ampat). sm-bi lu, a splinter of bamboo used as a knife. sm'boh, m-rym'boli, -lean, healed, recovered from sickness or wounds; to heal, cure. sm-bo'yan, an alarm signal. sm-bu'iyi, to hide, conceal. Cf. ralisia. ter-sm-bu'ryi, hidden. sm'bur, m-rym'lmr, to squirt out r spirt out. s-mer'bak, to pervade, be dif- fused (of odours). s-mis'ta (Sk.), all, the whole, in the phrase : smista 'alam, the whole universe. s-mn'jak, since. s-mo'a (Sk.), all. Cf. sgala and sklian. sm-pa'dan, boundary. sm'pat, leisure, time or oppor- tunity or ability to do a thing. sm'pit, narrow. Cf. piclicli. sm'poa" (Chin.), abacus. sm-pur'na (Sk.), perfect, com- plete. sm-pur'na-kan, to perfect, com- plete. <poem> s-mu', deceit., cheating. s-mut', an ant. s-naig' ( 146 ), ease, contentment ; easy, contented, satisfied, comfortable. Cf. niudah. x-iitoy'kan, to set at rest, set at ease. k-s-na'rgan, ease, complacence, serenity. s-na'paig (D.), a gun, rifle, fire- arms. sn'da, ber-sn'da, a joke, a jest; to jest. Cf. gurau and jnaka. sn-da'wa (Sk.), saltpeter. sn'di (Sk.), the joints or sinews of the human body. sn-di'ri (22-24), self; see diri. sn'dok, spoon = (B.) sendob. Of. sudu. s-igai', to show the teeth. s-iga'ja, on purpose, intention- ally. s-rgal', rheumatism. s'igat, m-ry'rgat, the sting of an insect; to sting. ^ p-iy'iyat, a wasp. s-igau', nasal sounds, speaking through the nose. sig'kaig, bar, cross-bar (of a door). sig-sa'ra (Sk.), suffering, pain, agony, torture. Cf. seksa. stg-sa'ra-kan, to torture. s-ni', fine, thin, slender, thread- like. Cf. halus. snin, see ithnain. sn-ja-ka'la (Sk.), eventide. sn-ja ta, weapons, arms. Cf. al at. ber-sn-ja'ta, armed. sn-iyap', quiet, still, silent. sn-iyum', usually ter-sn-iyum r , smiling; to smile. ter-sn-tyum' sim'pol, smiling quietly. sn'tak, m-njn'ial-, to tug, jerk, snatch away. Cf. rntak. sn-tau'sa (Sk.), security, safety, peace. Cf. sjahtra. sn-ti-a'sa (Sk.), always, con- tinually, incessantly; also snntiasa. Cf. slalu. sn'toh, m-ryritoh, to come in contact with, touch. Cf. ja- mah. s-no'noh, seemly, becoming. so'dok, m-njo'doTc, to scoop up, shovel. )>-)yo'dok, a shovel. sohbat. see sahabat, so'ja (B.), to worship, do ho- mage by a movement of the hands with the palms to- gether (of men only = srnbah of women). so'kotg, a prop, shore. Cf. ka- laiy. sol-da'do (Port.), soldier. Cf. lashkar. som'bon?, proud, arrogant. Cf. chorykak. soig'kok, cap. Cf. Jcopiah and rh /nan. so'pak, a skin disease causing white patches on the hands and feet. so'pan, polite, courteous, respect- ful ; politeness. so'rak, ber-so'rak, shouts of tri- umph or acclamation, war cry; to shout. so're (Jav.), afternoon = Ma 1 ay ptai'j. <poem> , m-ryo'rorg, to push along, shove. so'toh (An), house-top, the flat roof of a house. so'toig, cuttlefish. s-pak', m-iy-pak' ' , a slap; to slap. s-pai', sappan wood. s-pa'roh (Jav.), half, one half; a part, a portion, some. Cf. irgah. s-pa'roh ha'bis, half finished. y-lia'roli ma' ii, half dead. s-pat', a small fish. s-pa'tu (Port.), shoe, boot. Cf. kasut. s-pa'ya in order that, so that. s-pa'ya ja'rgan, lest. s-per'ti, like, as, such as, as if. d'rgan s-per'ti-rya, hecomingly, befittingly. s-pit', m-ry-pit' ' , to nip, pinch. ma'kan s-pit' , to eat with chop- sticks = (B.) makan sumpit. s-poh', m-ry-poli' , to temper steel, colour gold by dipping in turmeric. s-pu'i-s-pu'i, light, gentle (of the wind). s-rah', m-ty-rah', -Inn, to hand over, deliver, intrust. s-rah'kan di'ri, to yield, sur- render. s-rai', lemon grass. s-ram'bi, a porch. s-ram', the tremulous feeling produced by cold or fear. s-ram'panf, a large fish-spear. s-raq?', m-nj-rauj' , to attack, as- sail, storm (cities or coun- tries). Cf. larijaar. ', head boatman. s-ra'ni, Eurasian: a corruption: of nasrani, q.v. s-ra'si, suitable, well adapted; see rasi. s-ra'ya, and. s-rek', intimidated by pain. s-ri' (Sk.), splendour, brightness^ magnificence. gi'gi s-ri' , the front teeth. s-ri-ga'la (Sk.), jackal. s-rin'dit, the love-bird. s-ro'ja (Sk.), the lotus. sru, see serwa. s-ru', m-ry-ru' and ber-s-ru', io call out, cry out. s-ru'nai (Pers.), a kind of clarionet, giving a very shrill sound. s-sah', m-ry-sah', to whip, flog (with a whip or rattan). s-sak', tight, pinched, confined^ hard pressed by want. C pichek and smpit. s-sak' da'da, asthma. p-noh' s-sak' , chock-full. s-sal', m-iy-sal' , remorse; to re~ gret, repent. Cf. taitbat. s-sat', m-ry-sat' , astray, in error:, to stray, wander.' err, go- astray. Cf. han/itt. s-sat' ba'rat, altogether astray. s-sat'kan, to cause to err. s-taig'gi, incense. s-ti'a (Sk.), fidelity, loyalty. Cf. bakti. o'bah-kan s-ti'a, to break faith. sum' pali s-ti'a, to swear loyalty. s-ti-a'wan (Sk.), faithful, loyal. s-to'ri (D. and Eng.), a fuss, much ado. ba'iyak s-to'ri, to make a. long tale. <poem> .stra, see sutra. s-t-ri'ka (Port.), to iron. s-t-rop' (D.), syrup. .s-t-ru' (Sk.), adversary, personal enemy, as opposed to musoh, the enemy of one's country. ber-s-t-ru', hostile, unfriendly. per-s-t-ru'an, enmity, animo- sity. su'al (Ar.), a question. Cf. tan/a, su'al ja'wab, interpellation, catechism. ber-su'al ja'wab, to catechize.

su-am', lukewarm, tepid.

su-a'mi (Sk.), husband (more respectful than laid}. Cf. istri. ber-su-a'mi, to have a husband, be married (of women). ber-su-a' mi-lean, to marry a husband. su-ap', a mouthful, a bite (of food) ; a bribe. b-ri' su-ap', to give a bribe. ma' Jean su-ap', to receive a bribe. su-ap' lean, to feed by month- fuls. .su-a'ra (Sk.), the voice. su-a'ra yarg nja'rirg, a loud voice. rya'rirg-kan su-a'ra, to raise the voice. ber-su-a' ra, to utter a sound. su-a'sa (Sk.), an alloy of gold and copper. su-a'tu, a, one; also satu and s-. s-su-a'tu, something, anything. s-ga'la s-su-a'tu, everything. ba'rarg s-su-a'tu, whatever. su'ban?, ear ornaments. Cf. an- tirg. sub-ha'na-hu (Ar.), to Him be praise ; usually in the phrase : . I llali subhanahu wa ia'ala, God, to Him be praise, and be He exalted. su'boh (Ar.), dawn; one of the hours of prayer. su'bur, healthy, luxuriant (of plants and sometimes of human beings). su'chi, clean, pure, holy. Cf. chuchi, Tend us and berseJi. su'clii-kan, to clean, cleanse, purify. Tc-su'chi-an, purity. sudagar, see saudagar. su'dah (41, 74-76), done, finish- ed, completed; an auxiliary verb indicating past time (45-48) ; enough, sufficient, that will do. Cf. liabis and jlas. su'dah chu'Jcop, that is enough. su'dah lia'bis, finished. su'dah lii'larg, it is lost. su'dah la'ma, a long time ago. su'dah ma'lam, it is night al- rea1v. su'dah tu'a, it is old. su'dah t'a'da, it is gone or dis- appeared. b-lum' su'dah, not yet finished. la' ma su'dah, a long time ago, finished a long time. su'dah-kan, to terminate, bring to an end. l--su' da-han , end, conclusion. ti-a'da ber-Jc-su' da-han, without end. unending. Cf. putus. sudara, see w.udara. su'di, to be satisfied, agree, be willing. Cf . Jcnan and redla. su'du, a spoon. Cf. sndok. su'gi, ber-su'gi, to brush the teeth. <poem> su'ji, in-nju'ji, to embroider. su'ji (Sk.), meal, grain. su'jud (Ar.), to prostrate oneself, how down with the face to the earth (as in prayer). su'ka (Sk.), pleasure, joy; to re- joice, be glad, enjoy, like, wish. Cf. gmar. xn-ka-c'lii'ta, joy, gladness. xii'lca lia'ti. pleasure. ber-su'ka and ber-su-ka-su'ka, to rejoice, enjoy oneself.

  • u'ka-knn, to please, satisfy.

k-xii'ka'an, enjoyment, pleasure, desires, wishes. su'kar, difficult, not easy, irk- some, arduous. Cf. susah. k-su.'ka-ran, trouble, affliction. su kat, m-tyu'Tfdt, to measure (capacity). Cf. ukor. su'ka-fan. a measure. su ku (35), a quarter, fourth part ; a tribe, branch of a family. x-su'ku, a quarter. ti'ga su'ku, three-quarters. su'kun, the bread fruit. su'Ia (Sk.), a sharp stake on which formerly criminals were impaled; to impale; also sulakan. sul'bi (Ar.), the backbone; the loins. su! di, bn'ali sul'di, Adam's ap- ple. su linj, a flute, flageolet. su lit, hidden, secret. Cf. rahsia and sinbuni. su'loh, ni-n/u'loli, a torch; to show a light with a torch. su'loig, first-born, eldest child; also anak sulorg. Cf. borgsu. sul'tan (Ar.), sultan, supreme ruler. su'Iu, a spy. sum'bat, m-ryitm'bat, a plug, cork, stopper; to plug, stop up. Cf. tumpat. sum'bin?, a notch (as in the edge of a knife). bi'bir sum'Mrg, harelip. sumboh, see smboh. sum'bu, lampwick. sum 'pah, ber-sum 1 'pah , an oath, a curse ; to swear, curse. Cf. kutok and I'andt. k'na sum' pah, to be cursed. ma' lean sum' pah } . to perjure oneself. sum pit and sum'pi-tan, tlie blow pipe. sum'pit, a small bag of plaited mrgkuarg leaves. sum'pit (B.), chopsticks, see spit. su'nat (Ar., tradition), m-ryu'- nat, -kan. circumcision; to circumcise. Cf. khatan. sun'dal, a prostitute. per-suri da-Ian, fornication. su'igai, a river. a'nak su'njai, a stream. suig'goh, true, real, genuine. Cf. bnar-, btul, and sah. x-x u i g' go/i -nja, truly. surg'goh pun, although. Cf. mski. ber-surg'goh-surg'goh, in ear- nest, with all one's might. siuy'goh-kan, to verify, sub- stantiate, corroborate. suig'kor, m-ryurg'kor, to bend, bow down. Cf. tundok. tcr-surg'kor, bowed down. surg'kop, m-ryurg'kop, to cover with a vessel. <poem> suig'saig, backwards, upside down. su'igut, ber-su'rgut, to grumble, murmur. sun'tiig, flowers or ornaments worn in the hair or behind the ear. sun'tok, complete (of time). su'iyi (Sk.), solitary, lonely, de- solate, uninhabited, unfre- quented, quiet, private. su'rah (Ar.), a chapter of the Koran. su'rat, a writing, letter, book, handwriting. Cf. tulis. su'rat hu'targ, a bill. su'rat kha'bar, a newspaper. su'rat ki'ri-man, a letter. su'rat Jc-t-ra'rgan, certificate. su'rat ku-a'sa, a power of attor- ney. su'rat per-jan'ji-an, written agreement. su'rat ta'lak, a letter of divorce. su'rat wa'si-at, a will. ba'las su'rat, to answer a letter. bu'ryi su'rat, the contents of a letter. Tc-pa'la su'rat, the heading of a letter. mu'Jca su'rat, a page of a book. ter-su'rat, written. su'rau, a village mosque or pray- er house. Cf. mandarsah. su'roh, m-nju'roh, to order, com- ' niand. Cf. hvkum and psan. su'roh-kan, to order, send a person. p-ryu'roh and p-su'roh, a mes- senger. su'ro-han, an envoy. Cf. utus. suroig, see sororg. su'rut, ebb tide; also ayer surut. Cf. pasarg.. su'sah, trouble, annoyance, wor- ry, distress ; troublesome, an- noying, vexatious, difficult. Cf. sukar. sn'sah-kan, to trouble, annoy, worry. k-su'sa-han, annoyance, afflic- tion, distress. su'su, the breasts ; milk. a'yer su'su, milk. k-pa'la su'su, cream. ma'ta su'su, nipple. su'su'i, to give milk to, nurse. su'sun, in-iyu'sun, to arrange in regular order, fit together,, pile up. Cf. rakil. su'sur, m-nju'sur, edge, margin: to go along the edge of any- thing, sail along the coast. su'sut, to diminish, shrink. su't-ra (Sk.), silk. b-narg' su't-ra, silk thread. in'dok su't-ra, the cocoon of the- silk worm. ta', not: a contraction from Hdak (63-73). ta'a'da or t'a'da, is not, are not = tiada. ta'a'kan or t' a' lean, will not, it cannot be that . ta'ba'ik, not good, bad. ta'bo'leh, cannot, impossible. ta'da'pat, does not succeed r cannot. ta'da'jxit ti-a'da, it cannot but be, it must. ta'gu'na, useless. ta'ja'di, it did not come to puss. it will not do.

'ta'nani'pak, it is not seen.

ta'sa'ma, not the same, unlike. ta'u'fmli. not necessary, never mind. <poem> ta'a'Ia (Ar.), exalted; in the phrase: Allah ta'ala, God, exalted be He! ta'alok, see t'nlok. ta bal (A i 1 . ). drum. Cf. gndraiy and rim mi. ta'bal-kan. to announce by the beating of a drum. ta'bek, greeting, salutation (159). Cf. salam. ta'bi'at ( Ar. ), nature, disposi- tion, character. Cf. pkcrti and pratyai. ta'bib (Ar.), doctor. Cf. duknn and doktor. ta'bir, curtain. Cf. tirai. t'a'bir (Ar. ). explanation, inter- pretation. I'li'liir-kiin, to explain, give the meaning of. ta'bo-han, hornet = tbiian. ta'boiu, a length of bamboo used to contain fluids. ta'bur, m-na'bur, scatter, sow (as seed). Cf. hambur. /i-iKi'linr, a sower; small shot. Ix'r-ln'bn-rnn, scattered, dis- persed. ta'but ( Ar.), the ark of the cove- nant. ta'chi (B.) (Chin.), elder sister; usually kakak. ta'ching(B.), worm = chaclii/;/. ta'dah, m-na'dah, to catch or hold in the open hands, or in a vessel (as liquids) ; to ex- leiid the hands in such an attitude, as in prayer. Cf. linlor. ta'di, just now, just, a moment ago. lately. Cf. bhani. ta'di pa'gi, this morning. ma' lam ta'di, last night. taf'sir (Ar.), a commentary (es- pecially on the Koran). ta'gar, thunder. ta'geh, craving; usually ktageh. tah, an interrogative particle = kah. ta-han', m-na-han', -kan, to bear, endure, withstand. I n -/inn' da' rah, to stanch blood. tii-lnin' naf'sn, to restrain one's desires. ter-ta-han', restrained, endured. ta'hi, excrement, refuse. ia'hi b-*i' , rust. ta'hi ger-ga'ai. sawdust. ia'lii ia'lat, moles, freckles. ta'hi t-U'rga, earwax. ta'hil, a measure of weight; see end of Grammar. ta'hu (62), to know, understand, be accustomed. Cf. I- mil. ta'hu 'a'dat, to know how to be- have, be polite. fti'lin bcr-ka-ta-ka'ta, to lie able to speak (of children). ta'hu dtt'dok, to be able to sit up (of children). b-ri' ta'hu, to make known, in- form. Cf. khabar. s-ta'hu, cognisant, privy to. xi-ti'pa ta'hu, who knows, I don't know. k-la'lni-i (102 /) (126), to know a thing, be aware of. k-ta'liu-nn. known, that which is known. bcr-k-ta'lnt-fin, known, being known. lfj-l<i'lin-tin. knowledge, learn- ing, information. bcr-i>nj-ta'lin-an, to have know- ledge, know. ta hun, year. <poem> ta'kun l-ha'ru, the New Year. ta'hun da'targ, next year. ta'hun d-hu'ln, last year. ta'hun la'lu, last year. ta'hun M-si'hi, the year of the Christian era, A. D. ber-ta-hun-ta'hun, for years, year after year. s-ta'hun la'ma-iya, for a year. m-na'hun, to stay a year in a place. tai'ko (B.) (Chin.), leprosy = Jcusta. ta'jak, m-na'jalt, a heavy cutting instrument with a long han- dle used for cutting down the weeds in an irrigated rice field ; to cut down weeds with this instrument. ta'.iam, sharp (of cutting instru- ments and of the intellect). Tcu'rary ta'jam, blunt. Cf. tumpol. ta' jam-lean, to sharpen. Cf. asah. ta'ji, the artificial spur used with fighting cocks. t'a'jub (Ar.), astonished. Cf. 'aja'ib. tak'dir (Ar.), ordained, decreed; the will or decrees of God. tak'dir-Tcan, to decree, appoint, predestinate. takh'ta (Ar.), throne. Cf. sirg- gasana. ta'kok, a notch. ta'kot, fear ; afraid, frightened ; to be afraid, fear. Cf. dah- shat and kjot. b-ri' ta'kot, to frighten. ta'ko-ti, to fear a person. p-na'lfot, a coward; shy (of horses). Tc-ta'lto-tan, afraid; fear, alann. tak sir (D.), to estimate, vain--. tak'sir (Ar.), negligent. tak'wim (Ar.), calendar, alma- nac. ta'lak (Ar.). divorce. Cf. chraL su'rat ta'lak, a bill of divorce. ta'Iam, a large metal tray. Cf- dulaiy. ta'li, string, cord, rope. ta'H b-sar', rope. ta'H b-si', wire rope. ta'li du'ga, sounding line. ta'li Tca"il, fishing line. ta'li Icarg', reins. ta'li ka'wat, wire rope. ta'li km'bar ti'ga, a threefold cord. ta'li li'u'lit, a strap, leather thong. ta'li le'hir, necklace. ta'li pirg'gaiy, waist-belt, gir- dle. Cf. salot. ta'li p-rot' , the intestines. ta'li p-rum', sounding line. ta'li pu'sat, umbelical cord. ta'li ra'mi, string made of rami, q.v. ta'li sa"uh, cable. ta'li t-ma'li, the cordage or rig- ging of a ship. lery'kar ta'li, to coil a rope. t'a'lok (Ar.), dependent upon,, subject to: a dependency, a State which is subject to> another. t'a'lolc-kan, to subjugate. ta-m'a' (Ar.), covetousness, ava- rice; to covet. Cf. loba. ta man, garden, flower garden. Cf. Tebun. tamasha, see tennasa. ta'mat (Ar.), end. conclusion. tam'bah, bcr-tam'bah (115), to- increase (in size or number)<poem> tarn' ball-lean, to add, augment, increase; also tambahi. tam'ba-han, and tam'ba-han pu'la, moreover, in addition. tam'bak, in-nam'bak, to pile up or fill in earth, as in making embankments or filling in swamps. tam'barg, fare, passage money on a ship or boat; to carry passengers. sam'pan tam'barg, a ferry-boat. tarn 'bat, nt-nam'bat, to tie, fas- ten, tie up (as animals and boats). Cf. ikat. tam'bi (Tarn.), a form of ad- dress to Tamils; a messen- ger; a Tamil. tam'bon, fat, fleshy, corpulent. Cf. gmok. tam'pak, to appear, be visible; also nampak. Cf. liliat. ta'nam' pak, invisible, it does not appear, it is not seen. tam'pal, m-nam'pal, a patch, label, something stuck on; to patch, stick on, paste on. Cf. Ikrit. tarn 'par, in-nam'par, to slap, strike with the open hand. Cf. spak. tam'pi, ni-nam')ri, to winnow with the tyiru, q.v. tam'pi I, to go forward, advance, progress. Cf. ma jit. tarn' pi I -hi n, to cause to ad- vance, move forward. tam'pok, the cup or short stalk at the point where fruits are broken off the stem ; the or- namentation on the top of a cap (gotglcole) or on the ends of a pillow. tam-pu'i, a tree with an edible fruit. ta'nah, the ground, soil, land, a country. Cf. bumi. ta'nah a'yer, one's native land. ta'nah Ja'wa, the island of Java. ta'nah ko'sorg, uncultivated land. ta'nah li'at, clay. ta'nah ma'ti, fallow ground. ta'nah M-la'yu, Malaya. ta'nah pa'ya, swampy land. ta'nah ra'ta, level country. hu'jonj ta'nah, peninsula, pro- montory. Cf. tanjorg. mi'iyak ta'nah, mineral oil. trarg' ta'nah, dawn. tu'an ta'nah, landlord. ta'nak, m-na'nak, to boil, cook. Cf. rbus and masak. ju'ru ta'nak, a cook. ta'nak (B.) (Chin.), a carpet. ta'nam, m-na'nam, to plant', bury. ta'nam cha'cliar, to vaccinate. tan 'da, a mark, sign, token. Cf. isharat and 'alamat. tan' da ma'ti, the orthographi- cal sign jazrn; see baris. tan'da ta'rgan, signature. tan'da-kan. to signify, indicate, betoken. per-tan'da, an executioner. tan'dak, ber-tan'dak, to dance. Cf. tari. tan'dan, a bunch of fruit, such as bananas, coco-nuts, grapes, etc. tan'dil (Tarn.), headman of coo- lies. tan'dok, a horn. Cf. chut a. tan'du, m-nan'dii; a litter; to carry in a sedan chair or litter. Cf. usorg. <poem> ta'igan, the hand, the arm. Cf. Irgan. t<i' it/an ba'ju, the sleeve of a coat. In'iynn kn'inni, the right hand. ta'iyan sb'lah, one hand. b-kas' ta'rgan, handwriting, signature. Cf. Tcliat. ja'bat ta'iyan, to shake hands. ka'kl ta'iyan, hands and feet. lain'bai-kan ta'iyan, to wave the hands. ma' sole ta'rgan, to interfere. sa'pu ta'iyan, handkerchief. tan' da ta'iyan, signature. to! pak ta'rgan, the palm of the hand. un'jok ta'iyan, to hold out the hand. ta'rga-ni, to handle, lay hands on, arrest. taig'ga, ladder, stairs, steps; nu- meral coefficient of native houses (84). targ'ga batu, stone steps. a'nak targ'ga, a step or rung of a ladder. na'ik targ'ga, to go upstairs. ru'mali targ'ga, home, home- stead. targ'gal, to fall out, fall off (as teeth, branches, etc.). targ'gal-kan, to remove, take off (as clothes). 'goh, m-narg'goh, -Jean, to postpone, adjourn, put off, defer. ber-targ'goh, to delay, wait, temporize.

, m-narg' gory , -kan, to

support, bear, endure, gua- rantee. Cf. tahan and ja- niin. taiy-go'rgan, a burden. m-na'iyis, weeping ; to weep, cry, shed tears. and ta'ii/i-si, to vcep for a person or thing. ta'itji-xtiH, weeping. targ'kai, the stalk or stem of flowers or fruits. Cf. batn-iy. Inty'kni ba'jak, the Jiandle of a plough. taig'kal, charm, amulet. Cf. 'n'.iinat. taig'kap, in-nairfTcap, to seize, catch, capture, arrest. Cf. tawan. taig'kas, agile, nimble. Cf. pant a*. taig'ki (Eng.), a tank. targ'kis, m-nary'kis, to parry, ward off a blow. Cf. helak. tarjf'kul, m-narg'kul, a bag net; to fish with a bag net. 'loig (Chin.), a Chinese lan- tern. Cf. kandil. jong, promontory, point of land, cape. ta'iya, ber-ta'rya, to ask questions.

isk for information, inquire.

Cf. minta, which means to ask for, request (8(5 I), ia'nja-kan and ber-ta'rya-kan, to ask concerning a thing, propound a question. ta'pa (Sk.), ber-ta'pa, penance, asceticism ; to do penance, be an ascetic. jn'r-ta'pa'an, an act of penance. ta'pai, cooked rice or other grain caused to ferment. ta'pak, the palm of the hand, sole of the foot: footprint = hka$ kaki. In'fKik ka'kl, the sole of the foot. hi' fink ta'tyan, the palm of the hand. <poem> tapi, see tta/ii. ta'pis, m-na'pis, to strain, filter. tn'/ii-foin, a strainer, a filter. tar' and mi'iyak tar' (Eng.), tar. ta'ra, level, of equal height; equality (of height or rank). x- In' VI. of the same rank. ta'rah, ni-nn'nih, to rough hew timber. ta'rek, m-no'i-ck, to pull, draw, drag. Of. htla and seret. In'fck n' in, a lucifer match, also kort'k apt. ln'fi'h- iiti'fiix. to draw a hivatli. ta'ri, in-tin' ri. to dance. Cf. joget. ta'rikh (Ar.) (16G), date, era, epoch. ta'rikh hi j' rail, the Hegira, the Mohammedan era. ta'rik M-si'Jii, the Christian era. ta'riig, tusk (of rodents and pigs). Cf. gadiiy. ta'roh, in -tin' roll (86 c], to placa, put, put away, keep, lay bv. Cf. bnboh, Itak and siin/jftn. fa' ro/i her' ga, to fix a price. m-na'roh dn'dam, to harbour revenge, bear malice. in-tin' roh i/if/'ki, to bear malice. ber-lfi' roh . to bet. wager. p-ta'roh, a trust, a thing en- trusted to a person. ta'rok, a bud, sprout, young siioot. tar'pal (Eng.), tarpaulin. tas'bih ( Ar.), a rosary. ta'sek, lake, inland sea. Cf. da nan and kola nt. tash'did (Ar.). an orthogra- phical sign which indicate- that the letter over winch it is placed is doubled. ta'tah, to mount, set (as precious stones). Cf. permata. ta'tal, a shaving of wood. ta'targ, m-na'targ, to carry on the palms of the hands. Cf. tadah. tatkala, see ttkala. t'a'tlim (Ar.), respect, honour, reverence. tau'bat ( Ar. ) , repentance, amend- ment of life ; also tobat. -Cf . ssat. b<'r-tan'bat, to repent. tau'chaig (Chin.), a queue. tau 'fan (Ar.), typhoon, storm; also tofan. tau'gek (B.) (Chin.), bean sprouts. tau'ke (Chin.), head of a house or business, employer. tau' Ian, companion, comrade, friend. Cf. handai, kawan and sahabat. tau'rit and tau'rat (Ar.), the. law of Moses, the Old Testa- ment, the Pentateuch. tau'yu (B.) (Chin.), bean oil. tawa, see tertaica. ta'wan, ni-na'wan, -i, to capture,, make prisoner (in war or of robbers). Cf. tatgkap. li'r-ta'iran, captured, made pri- soner. ta'wa-nan, made prisoner, a captive. ta'war, tasteless, insipid, fresh (of water) : an antidote for poisons; to bargain, offer a lower price, beat down the price. ta'irar ha'ii. discouraged. <poem> fa' war i'poh, an antidote for the Malay dart poison. a'yer to,' war, fresh water (as opposed to salt). t-poiy' ta'icar, meal used in Malay magic. p-na'war, an antidote, cure or specific for a disease. t-bal', thick, as opposed to nipis, thin. m u'ka t-bal', shameless, brazen- faced. t-baig', m-n-banj ', to cut down trees, fell. Cf. ibas. t-bas', m-n-bas', to cut down un- derwood. Cf. tbarg. t'birg, a high bank of a river. t-bok', m-n-bok', to bore a hole, perforate. t-bu', sugar-cane. Cf. gula. t'bu-an, a hornet. t'bus, m-n'bus, to redeem, buy back, ransom. p-n'bus, Redeemer (X.). t'bu-san, ransom. t-doh', calm, tranquil; sheltered from sun or wind; to abate (of storms). t-doig', the generic name for cobras. te'bar, m-ne'bar, to scatter; to throw a casting net ; see jaia. teh' (Chin.), tea. a'yer teh', tea (the beverage). da"un teli', tea (the prepared leaves). te-ko' (B.) (Chin.), kettle. te-koan' (B.) (Chin.), tea-pot. telek, see tilek. te'lor, lisping, inarticulate speech. Cf. pel at. tern bak, m-nem'bak, to shoot with firearms, fire a gun. Cf. Mil. tem'bok, a wall. Cf. dindirg. ka'ki tem'bok, foundation. Cf. alas. tern 'pan?, lame, limping. Cf. /x'lirhaiy and chapek. tem'po (Port.), time, intermis- sion, respite; in the time of, during the time that. Cf. wakiu. ten?', (Chin.), a Chinese lamp. teig'kah, see tirgkah. ten?'gek, to perch (as birds), squat. te'igok, nt-ne'njok, to look at Cf. lihat and pandarg. ten 'tan?, a native shop window, hinged at the top and bot- tom. te'pok, paralysis of the legs. Cf. lutpoh. ter'baig, to fly. .*/'/. ter'baiy, grapnel. ter'baty-kan, to send flying (of the wind) ; to fly away with (as birds of prey). ter'bit, to arise, come up, spring up. Cf. naik. nni-ta-lia'ri ter'bit, the sun rises. ter'j-mah' (Ar.), to translate; a Iso ter'j-mak'kan. ter'jun, in-ner'jun, to plunge down, leap down. ter'jun-kan, to cast down, drop a thing down. a'i/er ter'jun, waterfall. ter'kam, to attack violently, rush at, spring at (as wild animals). <poem> ter'kas (Pers.). quiver. ter-ma'sa (Pers. tamasha), fes- tivities, rejoicings; to make merry, rejoice. ter'pa, m-ner'pa, to spring for- ward, spring at. Cf. ter- kam. ter-ta'wa, to laugh. tcr-ta'n-a-kan, to laugh at (146). ter'tib (Ar.), rank, station, or- der, arrangement. te'tek, the breast when giving milk. te'was (Jav.), defeated. Cf. alali. te-yen' (B.) (Chin.), to sub- scribe, take a subscription. t-gah', m-n-galt' , to prevent, res- train, prohibit, hinder. Cf. l<irarg and pantarg. t-gak', upright, erect, vertical. t-gal', because, on account of. t-gaig', stretched tight. Cf. rgavg. t-gap', strong, muscular (of the -body). Clfcttrf. t-gar', stiff, fixed, unbending. t-gar' k-m'udi, steady! (of the helm). t-goh', firm, steady, strong; se- cure, sure (as a promise). Cf. ttap. l-Holi'knn. to strengthen, con- firm. t-gur', m-n-gur' , -kan, to address, speak to, admonish, chide, rebuke. Cf. tigTcirg and Jiar- delc. tha-Ia'tha (Ar.), Tuesday; usu- allv thal'ju (Ar.), snow. tia n (B.) (Chin.), a hall. ti-a'da (63-71), is not, are not; a contraction of tidak ado, (64) ; used as an auxiliary verb (45). ti-a'da a'da, there is not, there does not exist. ti-a'da bo'leh, unable, cannot. fi-<i'da da' pat, cannot, does not succeed. ti-a'da m-rya' pa = tidak apa, it does not matter, never mind. d'rgan ti-a'da, without. ta'da'pat ti-a'da, it cannot but be, it must. ti'aig, post, pillar, mast. ti'arg-a'gorg, mainmast. fi'aig ba'tu, brick pillar. ti'aty b-ilc'rn. flagstaff. ka' pal ber-ti'arg ti'ga, a three- masted ship. ti-ap'-ti-ap', each, every. Cf. masinj-masirg. ti-a'rap, iii-ni-u'rn//, prone, face downwards ; to lie face down- wards, prostrate oneself. Cf. jrumus and sujud. ter-ti-a'rap, prostrated, prone. ti-a'rap-kan, to lay a person face downwards. ti'ba, to arrive, reach a place. Cf. sam-pai. ti-ba-ti'ba, suddenly, (."i'. kuu- tyorg. ti'dak, no. not (63-73); con- tracted to ta', q.v. Cf. tiada. li'il'ik n'/lti. iiot present, absent. li'ihik a' /in. never mind, it does not matter; also tim/ft m- tyapa. tl'ilak-ktin. to deny the exis- telH'C Of. <poem> per-ti' dak-lean,, to make notliing of, make light of, depreciate. ti'dor, hcr-ti'doi; sleep, slumber; to sleep. ti'dor 1-lap' ' , deep sleep ; to sleep heavily. Cf. lyadar. ter-ti'dor, asleep. ti'ga, three. (For derived forms see a in pat). tiharap, see tiara p. ti'kam, m-ni'kani, to stab, pierce, prick. Cf. chuclioTc. ti'kar, mat. ti'kar ban'tal, bedding (of a native). ti'kus, rat, mouse. ti'lam, a mattress. ti'lek, in-ni'lek, to look carefully, observe; to practise divina- tion, prognosticate ; also telek. Cf. tnorg. tim (B.) (Chin.), to cook in a double boiler. ti'mah, tin and other similar metals. Cf. tin. ti'mali In' tain, lead. ti'mah pu'teli, tin. ti'mah sa'ri, zinc. bi'jeh ti'mali, alluvial tin ore. ti'maig, m-ni'marg, to brandish in the air, toss up in the air (as weapons or children). ti-ma'njan, a pet name, nick- name; a pet, a plaything. tim ha, ni-nim'ba, a bucket, ba- ler; to draw water with a bucket, bale out a boat. tim'ba a'yer, to draw water. tim'ba ru'arg, to bale out bilge water. tim'bal, to balance. ber-tim'ba-lan, balancing. tim'baig, m-nini'/^in/. to ponder, contemplate, think, meditate. Cf. fikir. tini-ba'rgan, scales. ('I', ni-n- i-ha. bu'ah tim-ba' rga ii . weigh is. tim'bol, m-nim'bol, to float, come up to the surface of the water, rise (as the sun). spring up (as plants). (T. terbit. tim'bon, m-nim'bon, to lieap up,. pile up. tim'bo-nan, a heap. tim'bus, m-nim'bus, to fill in r fill up (a hole or well). Cf. sbu. ti'mon, cucumber; also Imiimon* ti'mor, the East; east. ti'mor la"ut, north-east. bin'tanj ti'mor. Venus a- a morning star. tim'pa, m-nim'jM, to fall cn r strike by falling. tim 'pas, dead low water. tin (Eng.), tin plate. .Cf. timuli^ tin das, m-niridnx. to crush au insect. tin'deh, m-nin'deh, to lay a weight on, press by laying something on. Cf. apii, im- pel and Mean. tin'dek, m-nin'dck, to pierce the ears (for earrings). tiig'gal, to remain, stay; dwell, live. Cf. diam. s-hi'niat tiiy'gal t good-bye( 1 -V.' . m-niiy'gal, to die. tiiy'gal-kan, to leave, abandon,, omit, neglect. p-nirg'ga! and *-p-nirg'aal, de- parture, on or after the de- parture. <poem> tiig'gi, high, tall: height. tirg'gi-kan, to raise up, exalt, elevate. tiig'kah, behaviour, conduct; also tirgkah laku. Cf. pkerti and laku. tinj'kap, window (of native houses). Cf. jndela. tiig'kat, a stage ; numeral coef- ficient of the stories of a house or decks of a ship. Cf. loterg. tin'ju, ber-tin'ju, to strike with the fist; boxing. Cf. tumbok and gocholi. tin'ta (Port.), ink. Cf. dawat. ti-op', ber-ti-op' , to blow (of the wind or mouth). Cf. hmbus and puput. ti-op'kan, to blow a thing (with the month). ti'pis, thin (as opposed to tbal, thick). Cf. halus and nipis. ti'pu, m-ni'pu, deceit, fraud; to deceive, cheat. ti'pu da'ya, deception, trickery, swindling. p-ni'pu, an impostor, cheat, swindler. tir', the castle in the game of chess; see cliator. ti'rai (Tarn.), a curtain. Cf. tabir. ti'rai k-lam'bu, a mosquito net; usually klanibn. ti'ram, an oyster. ti'ri, in the phrases : an' ok ti'ri, stepchild. ba'pa ti'ri, stepfather. mak' ti'ri, stepmother. ti'ru, m-ni'ni, to imitate, copy. Cf. salin. ti tah, m-ni'tali, -lean, order, com- mand, word (of a king) : to- say, order, command (of a king). Cf. sabda. jun'jorg ti'tali, to obey a king'- command. ti'tek, in-ni'tek, a drop, a spot,. a dot ; to fall in drops. ti'tek-kan, to pour out liquid by drops. ti'ti, m-ni'ti. to walk along a narrow path or the trunk or bough of a tree. ti'ti-an, a foot bridge formed of the trunk of a tree. tiwas, see tewas. t'ka-t-ki', riddle, enigma. t-kak', the gullet. a'nak t-kak', the uvula. t-kan', m-n-kan', -kan, to press, press down (as with the hand). Cf. impet, apit and tindeh. t-k-bur (Ar.), pride. t-kek', the large house lizard, the gecko. Cf. chichak. t-ku'kur, wild pigeon. Cf. }>u- nai and merpati. t-kun', perseverance, persistence. Cf. usalia and raj in. t-la'dan, example, model; also- tula dan. t-la'ga (Sk.), a small lake, pond, well. Cf. kola in. t'lah, an auxiliary verb indicat- ing the past tense, but only used in writings = su dali. s-t'lah, when, after that . tla'hir (Ar.), visible, manifoi. outward, exoteric: as op- posed to batin, inward, q.v. tla'lim (Ar.), tyrannical: ty- ranny. <poem> t-lan', tti-n-lan', to swallow. t-lan'jaig, naked, nude; also hcr-t-laii'jarg. t-lan'ju (B.), while. t-lan jur, in the phrase: ka'la su'dali t-lan' jur, "the murder is out." Cf. anjur, i-li'iga, the ear; the handle of a cup. Cf. kupiiy. da" un t-U'rga, the external ear. lo'bary t-U'rga, the orifice of the ear. pa'saig t-li'rya, to listen. t'l-kan, ber-t'l-kan, to lean on (a stick or other support). t'lok, bay, gulf. f'lok ran'tau, the sea-board, the coast of a country. t-lor', egg. t-lor' a' yam, a fowl's egg. t-lor' a'sin, preserved eggs. t-lor' i'kan. spawn, fish-roe. ku'lit t-lor', eggshell. me' rah t-lor 1 ' , the yoke of an egg- pn'teh t-lor', the white of an egg. bcr-t-lor', to lay an egg. t-lun'jok and ja'ri t-lun'jok, the forefinger. Cf. tunjolc. t-lut', ber-t-lut', to kneel, kneel down. Cf. lutut. t-m'a' (Ar.), covetousness, ava- rice; to covet. Cf. loba. t man, companion, comrade. Cf. taulan and kawan. 1' man -katt, to accompany. tm-ba'ga (Sk.), brass, copper. tm-ba'ga ku'nirg, brass. Ini-ba'f/a inc'rah, copper. . tn-ba'ga su-a'sa, an alloy of copper and gold. tm-ba'kau (Port.), tobacco. tm-be'kar, potsherds, broken crockery. tm-be'raig, the shrouds. tm'b-laig, addled (of eggs). tm-bo'lok, the crop of a bird. tm'bus, perforated, pierced. Cf. psok. tm-bu'su, a timber tree. t-mig'goqg, a high office in a Malay State. tin 'pa, m-nm'pa, to forge. tm'pat (135), place, locality; space, room. Ini'/xit dn'irat, inkstand. tin' pat du'dok, seat, chair. I in' pat k-di-a'man, place of abode. tm'pat man'di, bathroom. tm'pat si'reh, betel-nut tray. tm'pat ti'dor, bed. b-ri' tm'pat, to make room. tm-pa'yan, a large earthenware jar, larger than a buyorg. tm'pek, a loud cry. tm'pek so'rak, loud cries, usual- ly of soldiers fighting. tm-pe'lei, a box on the ear. tm-pi'as, driven rain, spray, tm-pi'nis, a timber tree. tm'p-lak, m-nm p-lale, to con- vince of a fault, reproach. Cf. tyui: tm'poh, m-nm'poh, to strike against, dash against, as- sault, storm (as waves strik- ing anything, or an army attacking). tm-pu'a, the weaver bird. tm-pu'ron?, a piece of coco-nut shell ; hence, the skull. <poem> t-mu', ber-i-mu', to meet, come together. Cf. jitmpa. per-t-mu'kan, to join together,' unite. t-naig', smooth, calm (of the surface of water). tn'daig, m-nn'darg, to kick back- wards (as a horse), kick with the sole of the foot. Cf. sepak and trajaig. t-iga'dah, m-n-iga'dah, to look up to the sky. t'igah (35), the middle; half; whilst, during. Cf. sparoli. I' njah du'a, one and a half. I'lfjnh lia'ri, mid-day. t'rgah ja'lan, in the middle of the road; during a journey. t' iijnh Hia'knn, in the middle of a meal. J'ii/u/i ina'lam, midnight. fii/ali na'ik, when the sun is half way up, 9 a.m. I'lt/filt ti'ga, two and a half. I' ii/f ill In-run' , when the sun is half way down, 3 p.m. <t'rarg t'njali, middle man, mediator. x-l'rgali, half, one half. xii'ma t'rgah, exactly in the middle. jn'r-1'iya-hnn, middle; medium. tig-ga'la (Sk.), a plough. Cf. bajak. trg-ga'ra, North-east. tig-gi'ri, an edible fish. tig'g-lam', to sink. ttg r !/-l(i>i<'kan, to submerge. tig'kar, bcr-trg'kar, to dispute, wrangle, quarrel. Cf. ban- tali. tig'kiig, nt-nHj'kit(/, to rebuke, reprove, scold. Cf. tgur and Jtardek. tnf'kok, the back of the neck. Cf. lehir. bu'lu ttg'kok, mane. tnj-ko'rak, the skull, cranium. tig'ku, a title of princes; also turyku. tvg-si' (B.) (Chin.), a large spoon. t-noig', ber-t-norg', to practise divination. Cf. tilek. tn'taig, opposite to, facing; con- cerning, in regard to. tn'targ ma'ta, right in one's eyes. in-nn'taig, to face, look directly at. ber-tn-ia' rgan d'rgan, opposite to. tn't-ra (Sk. tantra), army; also bala tntra. tn'tu (138), certain, sure. Cf. ii.vchaya and psti. tcr-tn'tu, settled, decided. tn'tu-kan, to decide, determine, settle. Tc-tn'tu-an, certainty. t-nun', ber-t-nun' , to weave. to'a-ha (B.) (Chin.), mourning apparel. toak (B.) (Chin.), a drawer = lachi. tobat, see taubat. to'dak, sword-fish. tof an, see taufan. toh (B.) (Chin.), table. to'hor, shallow. Cf. chetek. ka'pur to'hor, slaked lime. tokek = tkek, q.v. to'ko (B.) (Chin.), a shop. to'kok, m-no'kok, to add, increase by addition. <poem> to'koig, A small island, a rock in the sea. to'lak, in-no'lak, to push away, push back, repulse, reject. Of. sororg. to'lak b-ha'ra, ballast. to'leh, m-no'leh, to look at one side, look back. to'loig, m-no'lorg, to help, assist. Cf, bantu. p-no'lorg, assistant, helper. p-no'lorg bi-clia'ra, advocate. to'lo-rgan and per-to'lo-rgan, assistance. totn'bak, a spear. Of. linbiiy. tom'pok, a heap, a group (of persons), clump (of trees). ton'da, m-non'da, to tow (a ship or boat). toq?', cask, barrel, tub, pail. toig'kaig, a barge, lighter. toig'kat, a staff, stick, walking stick, prop. torg'kat k-ti'ak, crutches. to-pe'kong; (B.) (Chin.), an idol. to'pi (Hind.), a hat, especially sun hats. Cf. chpiau. bu'ka to'pi, to take off one's hat. t-pat', exactly. ba'rat t-pat' , due west. t'pi, edge, border, rim. Cf. pirg- gir. t'pok, m-n'pok, to pat, strike with the palm of the hand. Cf. tarn par and ktok. t'pok da'da, to beat the breast. t'pok ta'ri, to dance and clap the hands. t-poig', flour. t-ra'jaig, to kick dowmv.-mls with the sole of the foot. Cf. k and tndarg. t-raig', clear, plain, bright (of light). Cf. lyata. t-raig' ta'nali, dawn. liii'laii l-nrrt/', moonlight. t-raiy'kan, to make clear, ex- plain, prove, illuminate. t-ras', the heart of timber, the hard wood at the centre oi a tree. t-ra'tai, the lotus. t-ra'tak, shed. Cf. pondok. t-rek', strong, excessive, as : i'kat t-rek', to tie tightly. pa'nas t-rek', excessive heat. t-ren'dak, a conical sun hat. t-ren'dnk lam' pit, a lamp shade. t-ri'ak, ber-t-ri'ak, to shout, cry out, scream. Cf. sru. tri'gu (Port.), wheat. Cf. (/un- do in. t-ri'ma, ni-n-ri'ma, to receive, accept, take. Cf. sambo I. t-ri'ma ka'seh, tliankyou (160). t-ri'pan?, bee-he de mer. edible sea slug. t-rok', severe (of illness or hard work ) . t-rom'pah, wooden sandals, clog<. Cf. <!- r/>ii. t-rom'pet (Eng.), bugle, cornet. t-roig', the egg-plant, brinjal. t-ro'poq?, telescope, field gla.-- t-ru'na (Sk.), young man, ycutli. t-rus', through, straight through, straight, in a direct line. t-rufi' t-ninf. Frankly, openlv- ja'lan t-nix' , to go in a direct line. t-ni'si, to traverse, pass throiurli- t-m'.an, a canal as a short cut between two rivers or two <poem> readies of the same river. t-ru'si, sulphuric acid, sulphate of copper. t-tak', iit'ii-tak', -kan, to chop, I lack, give a cutting blow with a knife or sword. Cf. para iff. t- tarn 'pan, a cloth or kerchief worn on the left shoulder at ceremonies. t-tap', firm, steady, fixed, set- tled (in mind or in a place), permanent. Cf. tgoh. t-tap'kan, to strengthen, con- firm, settle. -ta'pi, but, nevertheless; also tapi. t-tas', to break open from within (as an egg when the chicken is hatched). tt-ka la (Sk.), when, at the time when. lu'a, old (of age or of manufac- tured articles) ; deep (of co- lours). IK'CI ti'ii'ila, old and young. me' rail tu'a, deep red. >/ ni i;/ tu'a, old people; parents. tu'ah, good fortune, prosperity. Cf. untoiy. ber-tu'ah, fortunate, lucky. tu'ai, m-nu'ai, to reap, cut padi with a small knife called pn Hal. Cf. ktaiii. tu'ak, the fermented juice of the coconut palm. tu-a'la (Port.), towel. tu-a'larg, a swarm of bees. tu'am, hot fomentation. tu'an, master, owner; Mr., sir; you (6). in' fin b-sar', the head of a firm, senior in office. tu'an-ham'ba, sir (in writings). tit! an k-chil', junior in office. tu' an ru'mali, landlord of a house. iu' on ta'nah, landlord. tu'an-kii, my lord (used in ad- dressing princes). yarg di-per-tu'an, his majesty. bcr-tu' on-lean, to serve a person, take a person as one's master. tu-aig', m-nu-arg', to pour, pour out. Cf. cliurah. tu'ba, a plant the root of which is used to stupify fish in a river in order to catch them. tu'bir, a pit, hollow, deep place iii the sea. tu'boh, the body. Cf. badan. b-kas' tu'boh, that which has touched the body, clothes presented as a token of affec- tion. ber-p-lok' tu'boh, to fold the arms. tu'doh, m-nu'doli, to accuse, bring a charge against. Cf. d'awa. tu'do-han, accusation. tu'doig, m-nu'dorg, to cover with a cloth, veil or other object. Cf. tuiop and slimut. tn'doiy k-pa'la, head-covering. tu'doig mu'l'tt, veil. tu'dorg sa'ji, dish cover. . tu'do-ryan, a lid or cover. tu'gal, a dibble. Tu'han, God, the Lord. Cf. Allah. k-tii'Jia-nan, divinity. tu'joh, seven. (For derived forms see am pat). tu'ju, iu-nii'ju (149), to aim, aim at, go in the direction of. <poem> s-tu'ju, with the same aim or purpose, in accord with, in keeping with. tu'karg, workman, artisan. Of. juru. tu'karg a'yer, water carrier. tu'karg ba'tu, mason, brick- layer. tu'karg b-si', blacksmith. tu'karg chap', printer. tu'karg chat', painter. tu'karg chu'Tcor, barber. tu'karg ja'hit, tailor. tu'karg ka'sut, shoemaker. tu'karg ka'yu, carpenter. tu'karg Tc-bun', gardener. tu'karg 'mas', goldsmith. tu'karg o'bat, apothecary, drug- gist. tu'karg p-ri'ok b-la'rga, potter. tu'karg ro'ti, baker. tu'karg s-pa'tu, shoemaker. tu'karg warg', cashier. bu'rorg tu'karg, nightjar. tu'kar, m-nu'kar, to change one thing for another, exchange, barter. Cf. ganti and obah. tu'kar warg', to change money. tu'kol, a hammer ; also tukol bsi. Cf. pukol. tu-la'dan, model, example. Cf. chontori. tu'lah (Ar.), misfortune as the result of a curse, calamity. tu'larg, bone. tu'larg b-la'karg, backbone. tu'latg k-rirg', shin bone. tu'larg mu'da, cartilage. tu'larg p-ra'hu, ribs of a boat. tu'larg ru'sok, ribs. ban'tirg tu'larg, to exert one- self. o'tak tu'larg, marrow. tu'lat, three days hence. Cf . lusa. tu'len (Jav.), real, genuine = Malay surggoh and btul. tu'li, deaf. Cf. pkak and bula. tu'lis, m-nu'lis, to write, drau. delineate. Cf. surat and ka- rarg. tu'lis f/am'bar, to draw a pic- ture. tu'lis m-nu'lis, writing, clerical work. ju'ru tu'lis, secretary, clerk. tu'li-san, writing, handwriting. tu'lus, sincere, honest, straight- forward; also tulus ekhlfi*. tu'lus ha'ti, sincere. tu'ma, a louse. turn 'ban?, to fall (of trees). Cf. rbah and robolt. tum'boh, ber-tum'boli, to grow, spring up, sprout. Cf. tu- nas. tum'boh-tuin'bo-han, plants in general. k-tum'bo-han, small-pox. Cf. chachar. tum'bok, in-num'bok, to strike with the end of a pole or with the fist; to pound in a mortar. Cf. tinju and go- clioli. tnni'bok la' da, the smallest kind of Malay dagger. /n/ii'bok pa'di, to husk rice by pounding in a mortar. tu'mit, the heel. tum'pah, m-ntim'pah, -kan, to- spill, pour out. Cf. crturah. tum'parv;, nt-tium'parg, to lodge r sojourn, live temporarily as in an inn or on board ship. tum'panj-kan, to board a per- son in a house or on a vessel. ru'inah tum-pa'rgan, an inn. <poem> tum'pas, in-num'pas, to exter- minate. tum'pat, to stop up, plug. Cf. sumbat. tum'pol, blunt. Cf. tajam. tum'pu, m-num'pu, to press, push (as with the feet). tu'nai, and warg' iu'nai, cash, ready money. tu'naig, ber-tu'narg, to betroth, tu-na'rgan, betrothed, fiance. tu'nas, ber-tu'nas, a sprout; to sprout. tun'da, to tow; see ton da. tun'dok, m-nun'dok, to bow the head or body, make a bow, bend down. Cf. surgkor. tuig'gal, solitary, sole, only, unique. a'nak turg'gal, only child. tuig'gaig, in-nurg'garg, to ride (on horseback). Cf. kndara. turg'garg larg'garg, head over heels, headlong. tuig'gu, m-nuig'gu, -i, to watch, guard, wait. Cf. jaga and nanti. p-nurg'gu, a watchman. p-nurg'gu pin'tu, a porter, gate- keeper. p-nurg'gu pn-ja'ra, prison war- der. tuig'gul, a banner, flag. Cf. panji and bndera. tuig'gul, the stump of a tree. tung'ku = tuan-ku, a title of prin- ces. tun'jaig, roots such as those of the mangrove, which shoot out from the stem. Cf. akar, banir and jargkar. tun'jok, in-nun'jol-, -kan. to point, point out, indicate, show. Cf. unjoK'. t-lun'jok, the forefinger. tun'jonf, water-lily. tun'tut, m-nun'tut, to seek for,, pursue, search after (especial- ly knowledge, vengeance,, etc.). Cf. chari. tun'tut be' la, to seek vengeance. tun'tut 'il'mu, to search for knowledge. tu'nu, to burn. tu'pai, squirrel. tu'run, m-trit'nin, to descend (46 6), go down; to be descended from ; to come up (of a storm of wind or rain). tu'run lea' pal, to go on board a ship from a pier or wharf. Cf. nail: tu'run It-da' rat or tu'run da'mt, to land, disembark. tu'run t-mu'run, in successive generations. hu'jan man in-run', rain is is coming. na'ik tit-run', to go up and down (as a road in hilly country) . tu'run-kan, to let down, lower. k-tu'ru-nan, generation, genea- logy, descendants. tu'rus, post, pillar. tu'rut, m-nu'rut, to follow, suc- ceed, imitate, obev, conform to. Cf. ikut. tu'rut p-ren'tah, to obey. m-nu'rut, according to, as, like. ber-tu-rut-tu'rut, one after an- other, successively. tut', to propagate by binding earth round a branch and thus causing it to root. tu'toh, m-nu'ioli, to lop, cut off branches of a tree. <poem> tu'top. in-nu'top, -kan, to cover, close up, shut up. Cf. lea- top and tndorg. tu'top y'-mm/', the upper post of a screen or partition. tu'top ti-a-rg', wall-plate. tu'to-pan, a cover. lu'tor, ber-tu'tor, to speak, talk. Cf. kata and chakap. u u-ap' or wap', steam, vapour. ubah, see obqh. u ban, grey hair; grey (of the hair). ai'bi, any tuberous root, especial- ly the potato. n'bi bvg-ga'la, potato. n'bi ka'yu, tapioca. n'bi k-la'di, the yam. u bin and ba'tu u'bin, flooring tiles; (in Singapore) granite. n-bim-u'biin, the crown of the head, the opening between the parts of the skull in young children, the fontanel. u-bur-u'bur, jellyfish. u chap, m-rgu'cliap, to say, utter, pronounce (as prayers, thanksgivings, etc.). Cf. shot. u'daig, prawn, shrimp; also hu- - daiy, q.v. u-da'ra, the air, atmosphere, sky. Cf. hawa. u'dek, upper waters of a river, interior of a country. Cf. hnlu and liilir. in u'dek, to ascend a river, go upstream. ufti, see upti. ugama, see agama. u'got, m-iyu'yot, to threaten. u'jar, to say, speak. u'ji, m-tyu'ji, to test, examine, assay (as metals). Ixi'lu u'ji, touchstone. u'kir, nt-H/n'kir, to engrave, ca rve. u'kop, to perfume with incense. u'kor, m-iyu'kor, to measure (length). Cf. sukat. ka'iju u'kor, rule, measure. 'u-la'ma(Ar. ), learned men ; plu- ral of 'alim. u'lan?, ni-nju'larg, -i, to repeat, go or do repeatedly. ii-lti' tyan, repetition; the cho- rus of a song (X.). u'lar, serpent, snake. u'lar na'ga, a dragon, fabulous serpent. u'lat, maggot, wonn. u'la.t bx'lu. liain 7 caterpillar. ulu, see hulu. u-maig-u'mang:, a hermit crab, u mat (Ar.), people, nation. um'bi, taproot. Cf. akar. inn but, the soft edible heart at the top of a palm tree. 'u'mor (Ar.), lifetime, age, length of life. .Junior hi'dop, all one's life. um-pa'nia and u-pa'ma (Sk.), like, resembling. nm-pa'ma-iya, for instance. s'um-pa'ina, like, similar to. um-pa'ma-kan, to compare, liken. per-um-pa'maan, proverb, pa- rable. um pan, bait for a fishing line or a trap. <poem> um pat, tit-igum'pai, to slander, abuse, revile. um'pil, in-nfuni'pil, to raise or move by means of a lever. un-daig-un'daig, laws, regu- lations. un'dan, a pelican. un'di, lot. bu-aig' un'di, to cast lots. un'dor, to retire, go back, retreat. un' dor-kau, to withdraw, draw back. uig'gas, bird; also otggas. uig'gun, a slow burning log; to smoulder. uig'ku, a title of Malay chiefs. Cf. turgku. u'rgu, purple. un'jok, m-rgvn'jok, -kan, to hold out anything in the hand, show to a person. Ci. tnn- jok and li.ul.or. un'jok-kan ta'rgan, to hold out the hand. un'jur and b-lun'jur, stretched out (of the legs). Cf. julo,-. un'toig, profit, benefit, fortune, dostiny. mi' to Hi Itti'ik, good frotune. un'toirj ja-hat' and un'toiy ia'- lairj, bad fortune. un'tut, elephantiasis. u'pah, pay, wages. Cf. gaji. o'ratg u'pa-han, hired man. u'pam, ni-Kjii' jHini to polish, burnish. Cf. cliiinni. tcr-u' fxun , polished. upama, .-c-c inn IHI m a. u'pas (.lav.), the ///xz.v tree, and the poison made therefrom. u-pa'ya (8k.), means, resources. da'ya u-pa'ya, resources, means of doing things. u'peh, the flower sheath of cer- tain palms, used to make buckets, etc. up'ti (Sk.), tribute. u'rai, m-iyu'rai, to untie, undo, open. Cf. buka. 'in a ft' u'rai, gold dust. u rap, in-rgu'rap, to rub with oil or cosmetics. u'rat, nerve, vein, muscle, sinew. u'rat da' rah, vein. u'rat pn'ieh, nerve. sa'lah u'rat, sprain. u'ri, the afterbirth. u'rut, m-tgu'nit, to rub with the hands. u'sah, need, necessity; to be necessary. Cf. wajib. ta' u'sah, there is no need, never mind. u'sah -kan, not merely* instead of. u'sa-ha (Sk.), diligence, continu- ed effort. Cf. rajin. bcr-u'sa-lia, diligent. u'sa-lia'kan di'ri, to be indus- trious, be diligent. u'sek, m-nin'xck, to annoy, vex, plague, worry. u'si-a (Sk.). age, length of life. Cf. umor. u'sir, m-rg-u'xir, to pursue, chase. Cf. hantbat and k-jar. u'soqg;, in-ign'sotg, to carry on a pole or litter or stretcher. Cf. tandu. usul, see asal. u'sut (B.), to incite = asut. u-ta'ma (Sk.), excellent, best; also temtama. <poem> u-ta'ra (Sk.), the North. u-tar-u tar, a small round shield. u'tas, a coil, skein ; numerical co- efficient of necklaces, etc. u'tas, an artisan, mechanic. ut'tau (B.) (Chin.), a flat iron, ironing box. Cf. strika. n't us, m-rgu'tus, to send an em- bassy. u'tu-san, ambassador, envoy. w wa'fat (Ar.), dead; usually mail. wah' (132), an exclamation of astonishment or disgust. wa'hi (Ar.), revelation, vision; also wahyu. wa'jah (Ar.), face. wa'jib (Ar.), necessary, indis- pensable, obligatory. Cf. usah. vva'kaf (Ar.), endowment, be- quest (for religious pur- poses) . wa'kil (Ar.), agent, representa- tive, manager, attorney. wak'tu (Ar.), time, period; at the time when, while. Cf. tempo. U'ma walc'tu, the five stated hours of prayer, namely, su- boh, dloha, asar, maghrib and 'islia. wa'lau (Ar.), even if, although. wa'li (Ar.), governor. ', money; in the native cur- rency 1 wary = 10 duit. warg' 'mas', gold money. wary' ker'tas, paper money, notes. ' iu'nai, ready money. c:ish. bu-arg' warg', to waste money. bu'rga warg', interest of money. cha'ri warg', to earn money. wa'igi (Jav.), sweet smelling, fragrant. Cf. harom. war^'kan;, a Chinese junk. wap, see uap. wa'rin (Eng.), a warrant for arrest. wa'rith and wa'ris (Ar.), heir, inheritor. wa-saig'ka (Sk.), doubts, un- certainty, anxiety, perplexity. wa'seh, piles, hemorrhoids; also bawasir. va si-at (Ar.), will, testament; also surat wasiat. was'was (Ar.), evil suggestion, temptation. wa'yaig, a theatrical perform- ance. ma' in wa'yarg, to act in a theatre. ru'niak wa'yary, a theatre. wa'zir (Ar.), vizier, prime mi- nister. Cf. mntri. wer'na (Sk.), colour, wer'ta (Sk.), news, information, report. Cf. brita and Icha- bar. wer'ta-Tcan, to report, inform of. Wolanda, see Blanda. wrirgin = brirgin, q.v. ya' (59), yes; oh (132) (chiefly used in addressing the deity and superiors). MALAY-ENGLISH VOCABULARY 147

ya'a'ni (Ar.), that is to say, that is. Cf. ia'itu.

Ya-hu'di (Ar.), Jew, Jewish; also Jahudi and Jaudi.

ya'kin (Ar.), certainty, conviction, earnestness, eagerness, zeal.

ya'kut (Pers.), jacinths, rubies, and some other precious stones.

yam-tu'an, a corruption of yang di-pertuan; see yang.

yang' (Jav.), God; found as a derivative in the words:

ka-ya'ngan, the heaven of Hindu mythology. Cf. shorya and indra.

sm-bah'yang, worship; see sm-bahyang.

yang' (20, 21) (136, 137), who, what, which; (34) used to form the ordinal numbers; and (92, 93) the superlative degree of adjectives.

yang' di-per-tu'an, his majesty.

yang' ma'ha mu-li'a, his highness, his excellency.

ya'tim (Ar.), orphaned; orphan: also anak yatim. Cf. piatu.

yaum' (Ar.). day.

yo-gi'a (Sk.), in the phrase: s-yo-gi'a-nya, it is seemly.

yu'ran, subscription, collection.


za'bur(Ar.), the book of Psalms, also Jcitab zabur. Cf. mazmur.

zai'tun (Ar.), the olive.

za'kat (Ar.), the Mohammedan poor rate.

za'man (Ar.), time, epoch, age; also z-man and jman. Of. Tcala, masa and waktu.

za'man ber-za'man, for successive generations.

za'man d-hu'lu, in olden times.

za'man s-ka'rang, the present time.

a'khir za'man, the last time, the end of the ages.

zam'rud (Pers.), an emerald.

zat' (Ar. dhat), substance, essence.

zat' Al'lah, the divine essence or nature.

zi'na, ber-zi'na. adultery, for- nication; to commit adultery.

zi'rah (Pers.), and ba'ju zi'rah coat of mail.

zm'rud (Pers.), an emerald.

zu'fa (Ar.), hyssop.
The Numerals.

One. satu, s-.
Two. dua.
Three, tiga.
Four, ampat.
Five. lima.
Six. anam.
Seven. tujoh.
Eight, dlapan.
Nine, smbilan.
"Ten. s-puloh.
Eleven, s-blas.
Twelve, dua blas.
Thirteen, tiga blas.
"Twenty, dua puloh.
"Twenty-one, dua puloh satu or s-lekor.
Twenty-two, dua puloh dua or dua lekor.
Thirty, tiga puloh.
Thirty-one, tiga puloh satu.
One hundred, s-ratus.
One hundred and one, s-ratus satu.
One hundred and ten, s-ratus s-puloh.
One hundred and twenty, s-ratus dua puloh.
One thousand, s-ribu.
Ten thousand, s-laksa.
One hundred thousand, s-kti.
One million, s-juta.


Black, hitam.
Blue, biru.
Brown, hitam manis.
Chestnut, perang.
Green. hijau.
Grey, klabu.
Pink, merah muda.
Purple, ungu.
Red, merah, merah tua.
White, puteh.
Yellow, kuning.

Clothing and Household Affairs.

Accounts, kira-kira.
Air, to, jmor, anginkan.
Almeirah, almari.
Basin, mangkok, bokor.
Basket, bakul.
Bath-room, tmpat mandi.
Bed. tmpat tidor.
Bed-room, bilek tidor.
Bell, locheng.
Belt, ikat pinggang.
Bill, surat hutang.
Blanket, slimut.
Book, buku.
Bottle, botol
Box, pti.
Broom, pnyapu.
Brush, brus.
Bucket (dipper), timba.
Bundle, bungkus.
Button, kanching.
Candle, lilin, dian.
Candlestick, kaki lilin.
Ceiling, langit-langit.
Chair, kursi, krusi.


Charcoal, arang kayu.
Chicks (sun-blinds), bidai.
Clean, berseh.
Clean, to, chuchi.
Clock, jam.
Cloth, kain.
Clothes, pakaian.
Coat, baju.
Comb, sikat rambot.
Cotton (thread), bnang.
Cup, mangkok.
Cupboard, almari.
Curtain (mosquito), klambu.
Curtain (window), tirai.
Dish, pinggan.
Door, pintu.
Drain, longkang.
Drawer, lachi.
Dry in the air, to, anginkan.
Dry in the sun, to, jmor.
Dust, habok.
Dust, to, sapu habok.
Eat, to, makan.
Envelope, sarong surat.
Extinguish, to, padam.
Family, isi rumah, kaum kluarga.
Firewood, kayu api.
Flannel, kain panas.
Flannel shirt, kmeja panas.
Floor, lantai.
Flower pot, pasu bunga.
Fold, to, lipat.
Food, makanan.
Fork, garfu.
Glass, glas.
Hammer, pmukol, pngtok.
Handkerchief, sapu tangan.
Hat, topi.
Ink, tinta, dawat.
Iron, to, strika, trika.
Kerosine, minyak tanah.
Key. anak kunchi.
Kitchen, dapur.
Knife, pisau.
Lamp, lampu, plita.
Lamp glass, chorong.
Lamp wick, sumbu.
Letter, surat.
Light a lamp, to, pasang lampu.
Lock, kunchi.
Lock, to, kunchikan.
Long chair, kursi panjang.
Mat, tikar.
Matches, korek api, machis.
Mattress, tilam.
Measure, to (length), ukor.
Measure, to (capacity), sukat.
Medicine, obat.
Mirror, chermin muka.
Mosquito, nyamok.
Mosquito net, klambu.
Nail, paku.
Needle, jarom.
Newspaper, surat khabar.
Oil, minyak.
Padlock, kunchi mangga.
Paper, kertas.
Pail, tong, baldi. '
Pay, to, bayer.
Picture, gambar.
PilloAv, bantal.
Pillow case, sarong bantal
Pin, pniti.
Plate, piring.
Pocket, kochek.
Saucer, piring.
Scissors, gunting.
Screw, paku skrup.
Sew, to, jahit.
Sheet, slimut.
Shirt, kmeja.
Shoes, kasut, spatu.
Singlet, baju dalam.
Soap, sabon.
Socks, sarong kaki.
Sofa, kauchi.
Spectacles, chermin mata.
Sponge, span, luimut karang.
Spoon, sndok, sudu.
Stairs, tangga.
Starch, kanji.
Stockings, sarong kaki.
Sweep, to, sapu, gosok.
Table, meja.


Table-cloth, kain meja.
Table, to lay the, taroh meja.
Table, to wait at, jaga meja.
Tailor (Chinese), tukang jahit.
Tailor (Indian), dirzi, derji.
Teapot, tmpat teh.
Thimble, didal
Thread, bnang.
Tooth-pick, korek gigi.
Towel, tuala.
Tray, dulang.
Trousers, sluar.
Umbrella, payong.
Vest, baju dalam.
Wages, gaji.
Wall (partition), dinding.
Wall (outside), tembok.
Wash, to, chuchi, basoh.
Washerman, dhobi.
Wash-tub, tong kayu.
Watch, jam kchil.
Weigh, to, timbang.
White ant, smut puteh, anai-anai,
Wick, sumbu.
Window, jndela.
Write, to, tulis.

Foods and Cookery.

Almond, badam, ktapang.
Bake, to, panggang.
Bamboo shoots, rbong.
Banana, pisang.
Beans, kachang.
Beef, daging lmbu.
Boil, to, rbus.
Bread, roti.
Bread fruit, sukun.
Brinjal, trong.
Butter, mntega.
Cabbage, kobis.
Cake, kueh.
Capon, ayam kmbiri.
Cayenne pepper, lada merah.
Charcoal, arang kayu.
Cheese, keju.
Chicken, ayam kchil .
Chop, to, chinchang.
Chutney, chatni.
Coco-nut, klapa, njiur.
Coffee, kopi.
Corn (Indian), jagong,
Crab, ketam, kpiting.
Cucumber, timon.
Curry, gulai, kari.
Custard apple, buah nona.
Dates, khurma.
Duck, itek.
Duku, duku.
Durian, durian.
Egg, tlor.
Fish, ikan.
Flour, tpong.
Fowl, ayam.
Fruit, buah.
Fry, to, goring.
Ghee, minyak sapi, gi.
Ginger, halia.
Goose, angsa.
Gravy, kuah.
Guava, jambu biji.
Heart, jantong.
Honey, ayer madu, gula lbah.
Ice, ayer batu.
Ice cream, ais krim.
Indian corn, jagong.
Jack fruit, nangka.
Kitchen, dapur.
Langsat, langsat.
Lard, minyak babi.
Leg, kaki.
Lemonade, ayer manis.
Lime, limau asam, limau nipis
Liver, hati.
Lobster, hudang galah.
Maize, jagong.
Malacca syrup, gula hitam, gula Malaka.
Mango, mangga.
Mangosteen, manggis.
Marrow, otak tulang.


Meat, daging.
Milk. susu.
Mushroom, chndawan.
Mustard, ssawi.
Mutton, daging kambing.
Onion, bawang.
Orange, limau manis.
Oven, dapur.
Ox tail, ekor lmbu.
Ox tongue, lidah lmbu.
Oysters, tiram.
Papaya, buah btek, kpaya.
Peas, kachang.
Pepper, lada.
Pickles, achar.
Pigeon, merpati, komba.
Pine-apple, nanas.
Plantain, pisang.
Pork, daging babi.
Porridge, suji.
Potato, ubi.
Prawns, hudang.
Pudding, kueh.
Pulasan, pulasan.
Pumpkin, labu merah.
Raisins, kismis.
Rambai, rambai.
Rambutan, rambutan.
Rice (in the husk), padi.
Rice (husked), bras.
Rice (cooked), nasi.
Roast. to. panggang.
Sago, sagu.
Salad, salada.
Salt, garam.
Sauce, sos, kuah.
Sour-sop, durian blanda.
Spices, rmpah-rmpah.
Spinach, bayam.
Squash. labu merah.
Sugar, gula.
Sweet potato, kledek.
Syrup, ayer gula.
Tail, ekor.
Tea, teh.
Tea (infused), ayer teh.
Tea leaves, dauin teh.
Teapot, tmpat teh.
Toast, roti panggang.
Tough, kras.
Turkey, ayam blanda.
Turtle, pnyu.
Vegetables, sayur.
Vinegar, chuka.
Water, drinking, ayer minum.
Yam, kladi.

Horses and Carriages.

Bit. lagam, kang.
Bran, ddak, busi.
Broom, pnyapu.
Brush, brus.
Candle, lilin.
Carriage, kreta.
Comb, sikat, sisir.
Cushion, tilam.
Drive, to, pgang ras.
Floor, lantai.
Gram, kachang kuda.
Groom, sais.
Harness, pakaian kuda.
Hoof, kuku.
Horse, kuda.
Kick, to, tndang.
Lame, tempang.
Lamp, plita, lampu.
Mane, bulu tngkok.
Mare, kuda btina.
Matches, korek api.
Medicine, obat.
Oil, minyak.
Paddy, padi.
Pail, tong bsi, baldi.
Pair (of horses), jori.
Pony, kuda kchil.
Reins, ras.
Ride, to, tunggang kuda.
Rub, to, gosok.
Saddle, plana, sela.
Shaft, bom.


Shoe, bsi kuda, spatu kuda.
Sponge, span, lumut karang.
Stable, bangsal kuda.
Sweep, to, sapu.
Swelling, bngkak.
Traces, jut.
Vicious, jahat.
Walk a horse, jalankan kuda.
Wheel, roda.
Whip, chabok.
Wound, luka.

The Human Body.

Abdomen, prot.
Ankle, mata kaki.
Arm, lngan.
Armpit, ktiak.
Artery, urat darah.
Back, blakang.
Beard, janggot.
Blood. darah.
Body, badan, tuboh.
Bone, tulang.
Brains, otak.
Breath, nafas.
Brow, kning.
Buttocks, punggong.
Calf of the leg, jantong btis.
Cheek, pipi.
Chest, dada.
Chin. dagu.
Ear. tlinga, kuping.
Elbow, siku.
Eye. mata.
Eyeball, biji mata.
Eyebrow, bulu kning.
Eyelash, bulu mata.
Eyelid, klopak mata.
Face. muka.
Finger, jari.
Finger nail, kuku jari.
Flesh, daging.
Foot, kaki.
Forehead, dahi.
Gums, gusi.
Hair (of the body), bulu roma.
Hair (of the head), rambot.
Hand, tangan.
Head, kpala.
Heart, jantong.
Heel, tumit.
Instep, kura-kura kaki.
Joints, sndi.
Kidney, buah pinggang.
Knee, lutut.
Knuckles, buku jari.
Leg, kaki, btis.
Lip, bibir.
Liver, hati.
Loins, pangkal paha.
Lungs, paru-paru.
Moustache, misai, kumis.
Mouth, mulut.
Neck, lehir.
Nerves, urat puteh.
Nose, hidong.
Nostril, lobang hidong.
Palm (of the hand), tapak tangan.
Perspiration, ploh.
Phlegm, dahak.
Pulse, nadi.
Shin, tulang kring.
Shoulder, bahu.
Shoulder blade, blikat.
Side, rusok.
Skin, kulit.
Skull, tngkorak.
Sole (of the foot), tapak kaki.
Spittle, ayer lior:
Tears, ayer-mata.
Thigh, paha.
Throat (windpipe), krongkong.
Toe, jari kaki.
Tongue, lidah.
Tooth, gigi.
Uvula, anak lidah.
Vein, urat darah.
Waist, pinggang.


Abortion, buang anak.
Abscess, barah.
Ague, dmam kura.
Amenorrhoea, berhenti darah.
Anaemia, kurang darah.
Asthma, ssak dada, lla.
Atrophy, kurus kring.
Baldness, botak, gondol.
Beri-beri, sakit lumpoh, sbar.
Bleeding, kluar darah.
Blindness, buta.
Boil, bisul.
Bronchitis, ssak dada, lla.
Bruise, lbam.
Bubo, mangga, klnjaran.
Burn, terbakar.
Calculus, batu-batuan.
Cancer, puru.
Cataract, bular.
Cataract, slsmah.
Cholera, muntah berak.
Cold, slsmah.
Colic, mulas, chika.
Constipation, smblit.
Consumption, batok kring.
Convulsion, sawan.
Cough, batok.
Cramps, mulas.
Deafness, pkak. tuli.
Debility, klmahan.
Diabetes, knching manis.
Diarrhoea, buang-buang ayer.
Diphtheria, sriawan.
Dislocation, plechok.
Dropsy, smbap.
Dumb, bisu, klu.
Dysentery, buang ayer darah.
Dysmenorrhcea, snggugot.
Dyspepsia, pnyakit ta'hajam.
Elephantiasis, untut.
Epidemic, sampar.
Epilepsy, gila babi.
Evacuate, to (the bowels), buang ayer, berak.
Extracting teeth, chabot gigi.
Fever, dmam.
Fever and ague, dmam kura.
Fever, continued, dmam kpialu.
Flatulence, sndawa.
Fracture of bone, patah tulang.
Freckles, tahi lalat.
Gonorrhoea, sakit knching.
Gravel, batu-batuan.
Harelip, bibir sumbing.
Headache, sakit kpala.
Hemorrhage, kluar darah.
Hemorrhoids, bawasir, waseh.
Hiccough, sdu.
Humpbacked, bongkok.
Hydrocele, borot.
Impotence, mati puchok.
Indigestion, makanan ta'hajam.
Inflammation, bngkak.
Insanity, gila.
Insomnia, ta'boleh tidor.
Intermittent fever, dmam kura.
Itch, kudis.
Jaundice, mmbang.
Leprosy, kusta, pnyakit jahat.
Leuchorrhcea, puteh-putehan.
Lockjaw, kaku.
Lumbago, sngal pinggang.
Malaria, dmam.
Mange, kudis.
Mania, gila.
Measles, champak.
Menses, datang bnlan.
Miscarriage, gugor anak.
Moles, tahi lalat.
Mumps, bngok.
Nausea, loya.
Nerve, urat puteh.
Ophthalmia, sakit mata.
Palpitation, dbar.
Palsy, tepok.
Paralysis, tepok.
Phthisis, batok kring.
Piles, bawasir, waseh.
Pleurisy', tikam-tikam .
Pox, small, chachar, ktumbohan.


Prickly heat, uam panas.
Bheumatism, sngal, suleh.
Ringworm, kurap.
Scrofula, tmbok-tmbok.
Scurvy, saratan.
Semen, mni.
Small-pox, chachar, ktumbohan.
Sores, tokak.
Sprain, salah urat.
Stomach-ache, sakit prot.
Sunstroke, panah mata-hari.
Syphilis, sakit prempuan.
Toothache, sakit gigi.
Tumour, bisul ta'bermata.
Ulcer, pkong.
Urine, ayer knching.
Vaccination, tanam chachar.
Varicose veins, urat terkluar.
Vomiting, muntah.
Whooping cough, batok salak.
Worms, chaching.
Wounds, luka.

Timbers in Local Use.

Ballow, balau.
Bilian, blian.
Bintangor, bntangor.
Camphor, kapur.
Chingai, chngai.
Damar laut, damar laut.
Daroo, daru-daru.
Ebony, kayu arang.
Iron-wood, blian.
Kamuning, kmnning.
Kranji, kranji.
Mangrove, bakau, api-api.
Meranti, mranti.
Mirabau, merbau.
Russock, rsak.
Sandalwood, chndana.
Sappan wood, spang.
Selangan batu, slangan batu.
Selangan kacha, slangan kacha.
Seraya, sraya.
Tampinis, tmpinis.
Teak, jati.
Tembusu, tmbusu.

Nautical Terms.

Aground, terkandas.
Ahead, di muka.
Anchor, sauh.
Anchor, to, berlaboh.
Anchorage, labohan.
Astern, di blakang.
Awning, chtri.
Back water, to, lais.
Bale out, to, timba ayer.
Ballast, tolak bhara.
Bange, tongkang.
Bay. tlok.
Bilge water, ayer ruang.
Boat, sampan, bot.
Bow. hluan.
Buoy, boya.
Cabin, kurong.
Calm, angin tdoh.
Cape, tanjong.
Capstan, putaran.
Captain, kaptan, kapitan.
Captain (native), nakhoda.
Chart, pta.
Clear, trang.
Cloudy, rdop.
Collide, to, langgar.
Compass, pdoman.
Current, harus.
Dark, glap.
Deck, dek.
Deep, dalam.
Drift, to, hanyut.


Ebb, ayer surut.
Fathom, dpa.
Float, to, timbol.
Flood tide, ayer pasang.
Fog, kabot.
Foul, tcrsangkot.
Founder, to, karam.
Galley, dapur.
Halyards, signal, tali bndera.
Hard over, chkar.
Hatch, palkah.
Hawser, tali bsar.
Heave up, to (windlass), abis.
Heave up, to (anchor), bongkar sa'uh.
Heave the lead, to, buang duga or prum.
Heeling over, serget.
Helm, kmudi.
High water, pasang pnoh.
Hurricane, taufan.
Island, pulau.
Knot, simpol.
Land, darat.
Lead line, tali duga or tali prum.
Leaky, bochor.
Leeward, di bawah angin.
Lighter, tongkang.
Lighthouse, rumah api.
Lightning, kilat.
Lights, lampu, plita.
Log, patent, topdal
Lower awav, to, aria.
Make fast, to, ikat.
Mast, tiang.
Mate, m'alim.
Mist, kabot.
Mud, lumpur.
Oar, dayong.
Pump, bomba.
Quartermaster, juru-mudi.
Raft, rakit.
Rain, hujan.
Rain, heavy, hujan lbat.
Rain, light, hujan rintek-rintek.
Rigging, tali-tmali.
Rock, batu.
Rope, tali.
Rudder, kmudi.
Sail, layer.
Sailing ship, kapal layer.
Sailor, khalasi, anak prahu.
Sand, pasir.
Sand-bank, bting.
Sea, laut.
Sea-sick, mabok laut.
Shallow, tohor, chetek.
Shark, ikan yu.
Ship. kapal.
Shore, pantai, darat.
Shrouds, tmberang.
Sink, to, tngglam.
Slack away chain, to, aria rantai.
Slack tide, ayer tnang.
Smokestack, chorong.
Splice, to, sambong.
Starboard, kanan.
Steady helm, tgar kmudi.
Steam, uap.
Steamer, kapal api.
Steer, pgang kmudi.
Stern, buritan.
Storm, ribot.
Strait, slat.
Supercargo, chinchu.
Surf, pchahan ombak.
Swell, alun.
Tacking, berpal-pal.
Tank, tanki.
Tarpaulin, tarpal.
Thunder, guroh.
Tow, to. tonda.
Twine, tali kchil.
Vessel (European), kapal.
Vessel (native), prahu.
Waterspout, puting bliong.
Wave, ombak, glombang.
Wind, argin.
Windlass, putaran.
Windward, di atas angin.
Wire rope, tali bsi, tali kawat.
Wire, dawai.

The Countries of the World.

Abyssinia, negri Habshi.
Acheen, negri Acheh.
Amboyna, pulau Ambun.
America, negri Merikan.
Arabia, negri 'Arab.
Australia, negri Strelia.
Batavia, Btaiwi.
Bengal, negri Bnggala.
Bombay, Bombai.
Borneo, Brunai.
Burmah, negri Berma.
Celebes, Slebes.
Ceylon, Selon.
China, negri China.
Egypt, negri Masir.
England, negri Inggris or Inglan.
Europe, negri Airopah.
France, negri Fransis.
Germany, negri Jerman.
Greece, negri Grik.
Hindustan, negri Hindi.
Holland, negri Blanda.
India, negri Hindi.
Italy, negri Itali.
Japan, negri Jpun.
Java, tanah Jawa.
Macassar, Mngkasar.
Malacca, Mlaka.
Malaya, tanah Mlayu.
New Guinea, Papua.
Persia, negri Farsi.
Portugal, negri Portugis.
Russia, negri Rusia.
Siam, negri Siam.
Singapore, Singapuro and Slat.
Spain, negri Spanyol.
Sumatra, Pulau Percha.
Syria, negri Sham.
Turkey, negri Turki.

The Points of the Compass.

North, utara.
North-east, timor laut.
East, timor.
South-east, tnggara.
South, slatan.
South-west, barat daya.
West, barat.
North-west, barat laut.