Wikisource:Pedoman gaya

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Style guide
Jalan pintas:
WS:STYLE
This Manual of Style outlines Wikisource's formatting conventions and guidelines (see Wikipedia's article on style guides). These are not hard rules, and can be ignored where necessary. However, users should follow these guidelines where possible to ensure that Wikisource is consistent and maintains a high standard of quality.

Pedoman gaya

Keluwesan[sunting]

Panduan gaya yang ditampilkan adalah standar yang didukung secara luas, dan bukan merupakan suatu seperangkat aturan yang kaku. Anda boleh melakukan percobaan penyimpangan, tetapi para editor lain mungkin menganggap bahwa penyimpangan itu tidak dapat diterima, dan mengembalikan perubahan tersebut. Mereka memiliki alasan yang dapat dibenarkan untuk melakukan hal itu, seperti halnya anda pula melakukan penyimpangan tersebut. Bersiaplah untuk mendiskusikan perubahan-perubahan tersebut jika anda ingin perubahan anda diterima, dan anda harus membuktikan suatu kasus untuk itu. Kecuali ada alasan yang dapat diterima untuk melakukan penyimpangan, dan standar tersebut dapat dianggap benar. Menolak untuk berdiskusi atau terlibat perang penyuntingan dapat mempengaruhi kredibilitas anda di tempat lain.

General guidelines[sunting]

Page titles[sunting]

  1. Sentence form (most words lowercase) is preferred, unless an original capitalisation is consistently used. Normal exceptions, such as proper nouns, apply.
  2. Subpage titles should be separated from the parent title by a forward slash ([[Title/Chapter 1]]). Sections should be numbered, not named ([[Title/Chapter 1]] and not [[Title/The Dog Returns]]). The section name should reflect those in the original work (Chapter II, Chapter 2, Act 2, et cetera).
  3. Standalone works published as part of a collection, such as most poems, have their own pages (for example, They instead of "The Old Huntsman and Other Poems/They"). The collection page (ie, The Old Huntsman and Other Poems) can be created to link to them if the poems were originally published in that collection.
  4. Disambiguation is needed when multiple works share the same name; see Disambiguation pages below.

Article formatting[sunting]

See also Help:Adding texts and Wikisource:How to edit a page.

  1. The {{header}} template should be used at the top of every article page (see usage information). Editorial notes (publication date, etc.) should be placed in the 'notes' parameter of the header template. See also the header preloading script gadget in your preferences.
  2. <div class="prose"></div> can be wrapped around passages of prose writing to render the passages narrower, justified, and the text column positioned in the middle of the page (which some users prefer).
  3. Similar to the above is the lefttext class, which the same except that the text column is located at the left side of the page. It is up to the individual editor of a text to choose one of these (or neither, although that means that the text will span the full width of the page, which can be difficult to read). The lefttext class should be used for works proofread with the Page: mode. In this case, links to each page are displayed in the left margin.
  4. Small caps are available via the {{small-caps}} template.
  5. Various typography templates are available, for dealing with ligatures, special characters, etc. Please see the templates' documentation for more information.

Headings[sunting]

  1. Pages with headings (such as several poems or chapters on a single page) should use second-level headings for section titles, third-level headings for subsections, et cetera. Top-level headings should never be used, as these are reserved for the page title (see Help:Editing Wikisource).
  2. Headings used where there are no discrete sections or headings in the original text (ie, to separate stanzas) should use {{stanzabreak|number}}. The exceptions are headings used to distinguish between distinct versions of the same text.

Wikilinks[sunting]

  1. Relative wikilinks should be used to link to another page of the same work. This shortens the code and ensures that a work remains linked together even if it is moved or reorganised. The three formats are [[/subpage]] (subpage), [[../]] (parent), and [[../sibling]] (sibling); see the example usage on Template talk:Header. Note that [[../]] will expand to the title of the parent page, which is ideal if the work is renamed at a later time.

    This depends on a page conforming to the page title standards.

  2. Context links: Words or references that may be difficult to understand should optionally be linked to their Wikipedia or Wiktionary entries using the syntax [[w:Article|word]] (Wikipedia) or [[wikt:Article|word]]. Commonly used words or well known references should not be linked.
    • Note: words may be specifically used in a historical or cultural context. For example, the phrase Duke of York may refer to James II of England rather than the actual phrase Duke of York, or a reference to The Prime Minister may refer to Tony Blair rather than the term Prime Minister.

Disambiguation pages[sunting]

A disambiguation page is a page listing multiple works of the same name (such as The Raven).

  1. The page title should be the ambiguous title being disambiguated (for example, "The Raven"). (For guidelines on the titles of other pages, see 'Page titles' above.)
  2. The header is standardized with "{{disambiguation}}" at the top of the page.
  3. Disambiguated works are listed in bulleted form, with no links except the titles and the authors. Only the basic information (title, author, date if known, and type of work) should be listed. If there are multiple works of the same title by the same author, also specify the collection it was first published in if known. For example:
    * [[The Raven (Poe)|The Raven]] (1845), a poem by [[Author:Edgar Allan Poe|Edgar Allan Poe]].
    * [[A Cradle Song (Blake, 1789)|A Cradle Song]] (1789), a poem by [[Author:William Blake|William Blake]] published in ''Songs of Innocence''.
  4. Then use {{similar|The Raven}} in each the works.


Particular guidelines[sunting]

Author pages[sunting]

  • An author, in this case, is any person who has written any text that is included in Wikisource.
  1. Page titles should be in the form [[Author:Author Real Name]], without titles unless needed for disambiguation.
  2. The page should contain the {{author}} template (see usage).
  3. Immediately following the {{author}} template should be a a header named "Works", then links to works on Wikisource (point form). The links should generally point to the cover pages, not individual chapters or sections. The works should be listed alphabetically with, if possible, the year of publication.
    • In the case of very prolific authors who wrote works of various types, subsections—using third-level headings—should be used to simplify locating a particular work.

Poetry and annotations[sunting]

There are supplemental guidelines for poetry and for annotation.

Side by side image view for proofreading (DjVu)[sunting]

See main article Help:Side by side image view for proofreading

Templates[sunting]

Usage[sunting]

Standard templates like {{author}} and {{header}} are normalized, meaning that usage is the same on all pages. This makes it very easy to create new pages by copying the format of existing pages, and allows bots to easily automate updates or changes.

  1. Templates should be copied from the documentation exactly as-is. If there is no value for a parameter (for example, 'deathyear' for a living author), simply leave it blank— do not remove it. Do not re-order parameters, or change the spacing unless technically necessary.

See also[sunting]