Halaman:Aspek-aspek arkeologi Indonesia No. 7.pdf/45

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the Chinese, thought to represent Brunei : in northwest Kalimantan, was actually BONE in Southwest Sulawesi, which could have been the most important part of Sulawesi for centuries. The description of the country and people suits Bone well. For example: ”lacking earthenware they cooked in bamboo and palm leaves; they sent a letter on a leaf to the Emperor" (Krom 1931' p. 236. The king had a fleet of 100 warships. Krom (1931) p. 305. they were skilled in arithmetic and accounting (p. 399). The facts are in accordance with this information: the Buginese have been sailors for centuries, they have their own script and their manuscripts are called ”lontara" which means, leaf of the tal (palm). Accounting would not be surprising for a trading and sailing nation. Cooking in bamboo and leaves is still practiced in Sulawesi. In an article by Grace Wong (1978) on blue- and- white porcelain appears a list of ports visited by Chinese ships when the eastern sea route already existed:

Sanyu, Ma- ri, Hai- dan (in the Philippines), and afterwards: Bo-ni and Mao- luo- j u (Moluccas). In another source: San-dao, Ma- li -lu, Su-lu (in the Philippines), Dong- chong- gu- la (Tanjungpura? or Donggala?), Wan- nian- gang (P’o-Ni), Wen-lao-gu (Moluccas) and Wen-dan (Banda?)
The impression that P’o-ni was Bone in southern Sulawesi is strengthened by its location between the Philippines and the Moluccas.
17). Van Heekeren: (1958), p. 88.
18). Van Heekeren (1958), p. 80.

19). Van Heekeren (1958), p. 84. Noorduyn (1955) h. 92. Hadimuljono(1972) p.7. Hadimuljono 1972 p.7. mentions the posthumous name of a raja of Bone :

La Tenrirawe Bongkangngeri Gucinna ”who sleeps (lies to rest) in a pot”. (From Sejarah Wajo (1963) and Sejarah Goa (1967) by A.A. Patunru.
20). Hadimuljono p. 12. He mentions also other uses of ceramics.
21). Nagarakertagama, canto 14 : 4,5. Pigeaud (1960) I, p. 12. Contacts with Java could have been existing even earlier, and in the period of the Hindu and Buddhist Kings of Central Java. (8th-10th) century). We suspect that the inscriptions in Old Malay were written by princes with ”foreign” blood, who did not necessary hailed from Sumatra, but perhaps from Sulawesi. The Buginese could have been the mercenaries at sea for the Javanese kings and may have intermarried in the princely families.