Halaman:Aspek-aspek arkeologi Indonesia No. 7.pdf/44

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1). Orsoy de Flines : 1946 1947, 1948, 1949, 1972.

2). Abu Ridho : 1977, 1978.

3). Van Heekeren : 1958, 1974.
4). Soejono, 1977.
5). Dates also obtained from: Martavans in Indonesia — publication of the Ceramic Society of Indonesia..

6). Van Heekeren, The Stone Age in Indonesia, p. 151.

7). Van Heekeren, The Bronze-Iron Age in Indonesia, p. 80-89; Urn cemeteries.
8). Bernet Kempers, 1977, pl. 175, 176 (Mendut) pl. 179. Prambanan. pl.177 Bernet Kempers (1959) pl. 289-291, 322. (Trowulan).
9). Bernet Kempers, Ancient Indonesian art, pl. 248. Portrait-statue of a Queen of Majapahit. From Chandi Rimbi.

10). We wonder whether in Majapahit the ashes of the kings and Queens were interred in martavans or other foreign ceramics, as were the ashes of chiefs in Kalimantan and Sulawesi. Soekmono is his dissertation: "Candi, Fungsi dan pengertiannya" (1976) holds that the ashes were

thrown away in the sea like in Bali, but having seen the urns of the kings of Cambodia in the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh, we wonder whether the kings of Majapahit had followed the same custom. This would explain the appearance of the martavans, flanking the portrait statues of. the Majapahit period (14th-15th century). In this case the ashes were kept in urns and not in the temples, which would explain the absence of human ashes in the stone boxes with nine holes which were put in the shaft under the statue in the cult temple.
11). Uka Tjandrasasmita, The Islamic antiquities of Sendangduwur h. 10. However the mastaka of Sendangduwur was made of copper.
12). Mme Viviane Sukanda-Tessier ( 1977) p. 1128:Le triomphe de Sri en pays soundanais.
13). De Flines (1949) p. 37 - 3 8 : S. Adyatman. (1977 )
14). Abu Ridho (1977) , pl. 88.; Berita Penelitian Purbakala no. l (Demak) pl. 122
15). Bernet Kempers, ( 1959 ), pl. 282.

16). De Flines (1950), h. 12. The appearance of fine porcelain in Bone makes us think that Bone could have been the most important part of Sulawesi for centuries. We wonder whether the toponym spelled as. P'o-Ni by